Deaths in History on February 21

  • 556 Maximianus van Ravenna, bishop (Basilica S Stefano), dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1437 James I, King of Scotland (1406-37), murdered in a coup attempt at 42

King of Scotland James I
King of Scotland
James I
  • 1471 John of Rokycan, Czech Catholic archbishop

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1513 Julius II, Italian Pope (1503-13) and patron of Michelangelo, Bramante and Raphael, dies at 69

The Warrior Pope Julius II
The Warrior Pope
Julius II
  • 1554 Hieronymus Bock, German doctor (founder of modern botany), dies
  • 1595 Robert Southwell, English Jesuit/poet, hanged
  • 1624 Dirck van Baburen, Dutch painter (Sepulture), dies at about 28
  • 1648 Christian IV, king of Denmark/Norway, dies
  • 1653 Adriaen Pauw, master of Heemstede/Dutch Grand Pensionary, dies at 71
  • 1668 John Thurloe, English Puritan spy (b. 1616)
  • 1677 [Benedictus] Baruch Spinoza, philosopher, dies at 44
  • 1684 Pieter van den Abeelen, Dutch medallist/jeweller, dies at about 75
  • 1689 Isaacus Vossius, Dutch [Isaac Vos], librarian, dies
  • 1711 Joan van Hoorn, gov-gen of Neth-Indies (1707-09), dies at 57
  • 1715 Charles Calvert, 3rd Baron Baltimore, Governor of the Province of Maryland (b. 1637)
  • 1730 Benedict XIII, [Pietro F Orsini], Pope (1724-30), dies at 81
  • 1788 Johann Georg Palitzsch, German astronomer (b. 1723)
  • 1803 Edward Despard, last person drawn & quartered in England
  • 1821 Georg Friedrich von Martens, German diplomat (b. 1756)
  • 1824 Eugène de Beauharnais, son of Napoleon's wife, Josephine (b. 1781)
  • 1846 Emperor Ninko of Japan (b. 1800)
  • 1862 Justinus A C Kerner, German family doctor/poet/writer, dies at 75
  • 1864 Jeffery Forrest, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle
  • 1872 Pavel P Gagarin, Russian monarch/politician, dies at 82
  • 1879 Peter P van Bosse, Dutch liberal minister of Finance, dies at 69
  • 1894 Gustave Caillebotte, French shipbuilding designer/painter, dies at 45
  • 1901 George Francis FitzGerald, Irish mathematician (b. 1851)
  • 1919 Habib Ullah Chan, emir of Afghanistam (1901-19), murdered at 46
  • 1919 Karl von Hohenzollern, Prince of Belgium, dies
  • 1919 Kurt Eisner, premier Bayern (soc), murdered at 51
  • 1919 Mary Edwards Walker, American surgeon and feminist, only woman awarded Medal of Honor (US Civil War), dies at 86
  • 1920 Jacinta Marto, witness of the Blessed Virgin Mary at Fatima (b. 1910)
  • 1926 Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Dutch physicist (liquid helium, Nobel 1913), dies at 72
  • 1938 George Ellery Hale, astronomer, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1941 Frederick Banting, Canadian physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, dies in a plane crash at 49

  • 1946 José Streel, Belgian World War II collaborator (b. 1911)
  • 1961 Blaise Cendrars [Frederic Sauser-Hall], Swiss poet, dies at 73
  • 1961 Frederick McKinley Jones, American inventor (developments in refrigeration), dies of lung cancer at 67

MurderAssassination

1965 Malcolm X [Little], African American human rights activist and Muslim minister, assassinated in New York City at 39

African American Activist Malcolm X
African American Activist
Malcolm X
  • 1966 Paul Comtois, French Canadian politician, dies at 70
  • 1967 Charles Beaumont, American writer (b. 1929)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1968 Howard Florey, Australian pathologist and pharmacologist who purified penicillin (Nobel 1945), dies at 69

Pathologist and Nobel Laureate Howard Florey
Pathologist and Nobel Laureate
Howard Florey
  • 1971 Robert Manry, American copy editor of the Cleveland newspaper editor who sailed the Atlantic (Tinkerbelle), dies of a heart attack at 52
  • 1972 Eugène Tisserant, French Catholic candinal (b. 1884)
  • 1978 Mieczysław Żywczyński, Polish historian and priest (b. 1901)
  • 1984 Michail A Sholochov, Russian writer (Ocean Don, Nobel 1965), dies
  • 1985 Eric Herfst, Dutch cabaret performer (Floris), dies at 47
  • 1986 Shigechiyo Izumi, Japanese sugarcane farmer, once thought to be the world's oldest man ever but now disputed (b. 1865)
  • 1986 Helen Hooven Santmyer, American writer (b. 1895)
  • 1991 Margot Fonteyn, ballerina (1st lady of British Ballet), dies at 71
  • 1992 Franc Holden, British astronomer (Binary Stars), dies
  • 1992 William S Magginetti, dies at 98
  • 1994 Frederick Edward Nicklin, architect, dies at 68
  • 1994 William Elgin Swinton, child Psychiatrist, dies at 54
  • 1995 Robert Bolt, British playwright (Doctor Zhivago, Bounty), dies at 70
  • 1996 Horace Leonard Gold, sF writer/editor, dies at 81
  • 1996 Jean Burroughs, educationalist, dies at 67
  • 1996 Terence Edward Armstrong, polar geographer, dies at 75
  • 1997 Kenneth Rowntree, painter, dies at 81
  • 1997 Michael Hollings, British Catholic priest/crusader, dies at 75

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1999 Gertrude B. Elion, American biochemist and drug researcher who developed groundbreaking leukemia and herpes drug treatments (Nobel 1988), dies at 81

Biochemist and Drug Researcher Gertrude B. Elion
Biochemist and Drug Researcher
Gertrude B. Elion
  • 2002 Harold Furth, Austrian-American physicist, dies at 72
  • 2002 A. L. [Audrey] Barker, English writer, dies at 83
  • 2004 Guido Molinari, Canadian painter, dies at 70
  • 2005 Gérard Bessette, Quebec novelist and poet (b. 1920)
  • 2005 Guillermo Cabrera Infante, Cuban novelist (b. 1929)
  • 2008 Sunny Lowry, First British woman to swim the English Channel (b. 1911)
  • 2011 Bernard Nathanson, American abortionist turned pro-life activist (b. 1926)
  • 2012 Baron Hooson [Hugh Emlyn], British politician and peer, dies at 86
  • 2012 Colin Ireland, British 'Gay Slayer' serial killer, dies at 57
  • 2012 John Michuki, Kenyan politician, dies from heart attack at 79
  • 2012 Barney Rosset, American publisher and free speech advocate, dies at 89
  • 2012 Eiko Ishioka, Japanese Costume designer, dies from pancreatic cancer at 74
  • 2017 Kenneth Arrow, American economist, (Nobel Prize 1972), dies at 95