Deaths in History on October 31

  • 1147 Robert, 1st Earl of Gloucester, English politician (bc. 1090)
  • 1448 Johannes VIII Palaeologus, Emperor of Byzantine, dies
  • 1517 Fra Bartolommeo, Italian artist (b. 1472)
  • 1556 John Sleidanus, German humanist/historian (Commentary), dies at 50
  • 1641 Cornelis Jol, Dutch admiral and privateer, dies at about 41
  • 1659 John Bradshaw, English judge (b. 1602)
  • 1661 Mehmed Koprulu, Albanian great vizier of Turkey, dies
  • 1664 Willem Frederik of Nassau-Dietz, viceroy of Friesland, dies at 51
  • 1723 Cosimo III de' Medici, monarch of Florence (1670-1723), dies at 81
  • 1732 Victor Amadeus II of Savoy (b. 1666)
  • 1733 Eberhard IV Ludwig, Duke of Württemberg (b. 1676)
  • 1765 Duke of Cumberland, English politician/uncle of George III, dies
  • 1793 Pierre V Vergniaud, French politician/police leader, guillotined at 40
  • 1806 Sophie Mereau, writer, dies at 36
  • 1851 Peter II Petrovic Njegos, bishop of Montenegro (1830-51), dies at 37
  • 1860 Johan Nathan, murderer, hanged
  • 1860 Thomas Cochrane, 10th Earl of Dundonald, British admiral (b. 1775)
  • 1863 Louis Ludwig Blenker, German/US brigadier general (Union), dies at 51
  • 1865 William Parson, 3rd Earl of Rosse & maker of large telescopes, dies
  • 1879 Big Snake, brother of Ponca chief Standing Bear, dies
  • 1879 Jacob Abbott, American author (b. 1803)
  • 1879 Joseph Hooker, American General (b. 1814)
  • 1881 George Washington De Long, American Arctic Explorer, dies during his disastrous expedition to the North Pole at 37
  • 1883 Swami Dayananda Saraswati, founder of Arya Samaj
  • 1884 Marie Bashkirtseff, Russian painter (b. 1858)
  • 1895 Franz Hedrich, Austria writer, dies at about 62
  • 1913 William Evans-Gordon, British politician (b. 1857)
  • 1916 Charles Taze Russell, American founder of the Jehovah's Witnesses (b. 1852)
  • 1918 Egon Schiele, Austria painter/graphic artist, dies at 28
  • 1918 Stephen Tisza, Hungarian PM (-1917), assassinated by soldiers
  • 1920 Alphonse Desjardins, founder of the Caisses populaires Desjardins (b. 1854)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1926 Harry Houdini, [Erich Weisz], magician, dies in Detroit of gangrene and peritonitis that developed after his appendix ruptured

Magician & Escape Artist Harry Houdini
Magician & Escape Artist
Harry Houdini
  • 1929 António José de Almeida, Portuguese politician and 6th President of Portugal (b. 1866)
  • 1939 Otto Rank, [Rosenfeld], Austria psychoanalyst (Trauma of Geburt), dies
  • 1941 Herwarth Walden, writer, dies at 63
  • 1943 Max Reinhardt, Austrian stage manager (Turandot), dies
  • 1948 Cissy van Marxfield, [Setske Beek-de Han], writer, dies
  • 1949 Edward Stettinius Jr. 48th US Secretary of State (1944-45) and diplomat, dies at 49
  • 1950 Carel T Scharten, Dutch poet/writer (Lost Paradise), dies at 72
  • 1950 Jozef C Bittremieux, Flemish theologist, dies at 72
  • 1952 U Chit Hlaing, Burmese politician (b. 1879)
  • 1959 Jean Cabannes, French physicist (b. 1885)
  • 1960 H L Davis, American writer (Honey in the Horn, Pulitzer prize), dies at 64
  • 1964 Theodore C Freeman, astronaut, dies at 34 in a T-38 jet air crash
  • 1967 Jan Mens, Dutch writer (Honor to God Alone), dies at 70
  • 1971 Gerhard von Rad, German old testament expert, dies at 70
  • 1984 Eduardo De Filippo, director (7 Deadly Sins, Shoot Loud), dies at 84

MurderAssassination

1984 Indira Gandhi, 4th Prime Minister of India (1966-77, 1980-84), assassinated by two of her bodyguards at 66

4th Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi
4th Prime Minister of India
Indira Gandhi
  • 1985 Nikos Engonopoulos, Greek painter and poet (b. 1907)
  • 1986 Robert S. Mulliken, American chemist and physicist (Nobel 1966), dies at 90
  • 1987 Joseph Campbell, mythologist (Mythic Image), dies at 83

  • 1988 Alfred Pellan, Québécois painter (b. 1906)
  • 1990 Graig Russel, Canadian travel expert/transvestite, dies
  • 1990 Hugh McPhillips, dies at 70
  • 1991 James Marshall, US children's book writer/illustrator, dies at 50
  • 1991 Joseph Papp, Broadway producer (Chorus Line), dies of cancer at 70
  • 1993 Adriaan Venema, Dutch journalist/art dealer, commits suicide at 52
  • 1993 Edwin A Walker, US Maj-Gen, dies of lung cancer at 84
  • 1994 John Wyndham Pope-Hennessy, English art historian, dies at 80
  • 1994 William John Readings, literary theorist, dies at 34
  • 1995 Derek Anthony Enright, politician, dies at 60
  • 1995 Henry A Walter Richard Percy, 11th Duke of Northumberland, dies at 42
  • 1995 Lavad "Dr Hepcat" Durst, vocal/piano, dies at 82
  • 1995 Leonard Ernest John Chant, social Worker, dies at 57
  • 1995 Wallace Edward Rowling, PM of NZ (1974-1975), dies at 68
  • 1996 Andrew Hutchings, teachers' leader, dies at 88
  • 1996 Granville James Leveson Gower, land owner, dies at 77
  • 1996 John Gorman, printer and socialist historian, dies at 66
  • 1996 Peter Muir Doig, politician, dies at 85
  • 1997 Wilfrid Ewart Oulton, airman, dies at 86
  • 2001 Régine Cavagnoud, French skier (b. 1970)
  • 2002 Lionel Poilâne, French baker and entrepreneur, dies at 57
  • 2002 Michail Stasinopoulos, Greek politician, former president of Greece (b. 1903)
  • 2003 Richard Neustadt, American political historian (b. 1919)
  • 2005 Hal Anger, American biophysicist (b. 1920)
  • 2006 Pieter Willem Botha, President of South Africa (b. 1916)
  • 2009 Qian Xuesen, Chinese scientist (b. 1911)
  • 2009 Tom Wheatcroft, English businessman (b. 1922)
  • 2010 Theodore Sorensen, American lawyer and special counsel to John F. Kennedy (b. 1928)
  • 2015 Gus Savage, American politician (Rep-D-IL, 1981- 93), dies at 90
  • 2016 James Galanos, American fashion designer (Coty Hall of Fame), dies at 92
  • 2016 Natalie Babbitt, American children's writer (Tuck Everlasting), dies of lung cancer at 84