Events in History on April 13

  • 837 Best view of Halley's Comet in 2000 years
  • 989 Battle at Abydos: Byzantine emperor Basilius II beats Bardas Phocas
  • 1055 Bishop Gebhard van Eichstattt named Pope Victor II
  • 1111 Pope Paschalis II crowns Roman catholics-German king Hendrik II
  • 1180 Republic day of Gelnhausen
  • 1204 Crusaders occupy Constantinople
  • 1241 Battle of Theiss: Mongols beat Hungarian King Béla IV
  • 1250 The Seventh Crusade is defeated in Egypt, Louis IX of France is captured.
  • 1256 The Grand Union of the Augustinian order formed when Pope Alexander IV issues a papal bull Licet ecclesiae catholicae.
  • 1346 Pope Clemens VI declares German emperor Louis of Bavaria, envoy
  • 1367 Battle at Nájera Spain: Castile & England beat Aragon & France
  • 1517 Ottoman army occupies Cairo
  • 1556 Portuguese Marranos who revert back to Judaism burned by order of Pope
  • 1598 Edict of Nantes grants political rights to French Huguenots
  • 1640 English Short Parliament forms (- May 5)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1668 John Dryden (36) appointed first English poet laureate by Charles II

  • 1741 Dutch people protest bad quality of bread
  • 1741 Royal Military Academy forms at Woolwich
  • 1759 French beat European Allies in Battle of Bergen
  • 1796 First elephant arrives in US from India

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1796 Battle at Millesimo Italy: Napoleon beats Austrians

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1829 The Roman Catholic Relief Act passed by the British Parliament; it was the culmination of the process of Catholic Emancipation throughout the UK.
  • 1834 HMS Beagle anchors at river mouth of Rio Santa Cruz, Patagonia
  • 1842 Lord Rosse successfully casts 72" (183-cm) mirror for a telescope
  • 1849 Hungarian Republic proclaimed
  • 1860 1st Pony Express reaches Sacramento, California
  • 1861 After 34 hours of bombardment, Fort Sumter surrenders to Confederates (US Civil War)
  • 1863 Battle of Irish Bend, LA (Ft Bisland)
  • 1863 Hospital for Ruptured & Crippled in NY is 1st orthopedic hospital
  • 1865 Raleigh, North Carolina captured by Union forces
  • 1868 Abyssinian War ends as British and Indian troops capture Magdala and Ethiopian Emperor commits suicide

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1869 Steam power brake patented (George Westinghouse)

Entrepreneur and Engineer George Westinghouse
Entrepreneur and Engineer
George Westinghouse
  • 1870 Metropolitan Museum of Art forms in NYC
  • 1873 Colfax Massacre in Grant Parish Louisiana (60 blacks killed)
  • 1882 Anti-Semitic League forms in Prussia
  • 1883 US prospecter Alfred Packer convicted of manslaughter though accused of cannibalism

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1902 J C Penney opens his first store in Kemmerer, Wyoming

Department Store Founder James Cash Penney
Department Store Founder
James Cash Penney
  • 1904 Battle at Oviumbo Africa: Hereros chase away German army
  • 1904 US Congress authorizes Lewis & Clark Expo $1 gold coin
  • 1904 A squadron of the Russian fleet is decoyed out of Port Arthur by Japanese maneuvers, when they realize they are sailing into a trap; their battleship Petropavlovsk hits a mine and sinks, with a loss of 700 men
  • 1906 Mutiny on Portuguese battleships Dom Carlos & Vasco da Gama
  • 1909 In Constantinople the primarily Albanian First Army Corps seizes the parliament building and telegraphs offices, forcing the Ottoman statesman Hilmi Pasha to resign
  • 1911 Polo Grounds grandstand & left field bleachers go up in flames
  • 1911 The US House of Representatives votes to institute direct elections of senators to Congress, a step towards direct democracy
  • 1912 Royal Flying Corps forms (later Royal Air Force)
  • 1914 1st Federal League Game: Balt Terrapins beat Buffalo 3-2
  • 1918 Electrical fire kills 38 mental patients at Oklahoma State Hospital
  • 1919 British troops open fire on demonstrators in Amritsar, India, killing 350
  • 1919 The Establishment of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea.
  • 1920 1st woman US Civil Service Commissioner, Helen Hamilton appointed
  • 1921 Foundation of the Spanish Communist Workers' Party.
  • 1923 US Army wins 1st college three-weapon fencing championships
  • 1924 Greek plebiscite for a republic
  • 1925 Virginia Theater (ANTA, Guild) opens at 245 W 52nd St NYC
  • 1928 1st trans atlantic flight Europe-US (Fitzmaurice-von Hunefeld-Köhl)
  • 1933 1st flight over Mount Everest (Lord Clydesdale)
  • 1934 4.7 million US families report receiving welfare payments
  • 1934 US Congress passes Johnson Debt Default Act
  • 1936 Metaxas proclaims himself dictator of Greece
  • 1938 Clifford Goldsmith' "What a Life" premieres in NYC
  • 1939 W Saroyan's "My Heart's in the Highlands" premieres in NYC
  • 1939 In India the Hindustani Lal Sena (Indian Red Army) is formed and vows to engage in armed struggle against the British.
  • 1940 2nd battle of Narvik; 8 German destroyers destroyed
  • 1941 Heavy German assault on Tobruk
  • 1941 Pact of neutrality between the USSR and Japan is signed.
  • 1943 Catholic University Nijegen closes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 FDR dedicates Jefferson Memorial

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1943 Nazis discover mass grave of Polish officers near Katyn
  • 1944 South Carolina rejects black suffrage
  • 1944 Transport #71 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • 1944 Diplomatic relations are established between New Zealand and the Soviet Union.
  • 1945 Canadian army liberates Teuge & Assen Neth from Nazis
  • 1945 Red Army occupies Vienna
  • 1945 US Marines conquer Minna Shima off Okinawa
  • 1946 Belgian premier Acker proclaims wage & price freeze over
  • 1948 75 scientists ambushed on way to Mount Scopus

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 Robert Oppenheimer accused of being a communist

Father of the Atomic Bomb Robert Oppenheimer
Father of the Atomic Bomb
Robert Oppenheimer
  • 1955 20.33" (51.64 cm) of rainfall, Axis, Alabama (state record)
  • 1957 11th Tony Awards: Long Days Journey into the Night & My Fair Lady win
  • 1957 Due to lack of funds, Saturday postal delivery in US is temporarily halted
  • 1958 12th Tony Awards: Sunrise at Campobello & Music Man win
  • 1958 Van Cliburn is the first American to win the Chaikovsky Compettion in Moscow.
  • 1959 USAF launches Discoverer II into polar orbit
  • 1959 Vanguard SLV-5 launched for Earth orbit (failed)
  • 1959 Vatican edict forbids Roman Catholics from voting for communists
  • 1960 France becomes 4th nuclear nation exploding an A-Bomb in Sahara
  • 1960 Transit 1B, 1st navigational satellite, placed in Earth orbit
  • 1961 UN General Assembly condemns South-Africa's apartheid
  • 1962 US steel industry forced to give up price increases
  • 1963 Pirate's Bob Friend balks 4 times in a game
  • 1964 Ian Smith becomes Prime Minister of Rhodesia
  • 1964 New Zealander Colin Bosher shears a record 565 sheep in 1 work day
  • 1965 1st US Senate black page, Lawrence W Bradford Jr, 16, appointed by NY Sen Jacob Javits
  • 1966 Pan Am places $525,000,000 order for 25 Boeing 747s
  • 1969 Closure of the Brisbane tramway network.
  • 1970 Apollo 13 announces "Houston, we've got a problem!" as Beech-built oxygen tank explodes en route to Moon
  • 1970 Oakland uses gold-colored bases during the club's home opener: Rules Committee subsequently bans this innovation
  • 1975 Chad military coup by General Odingar
  • 1975 Christian Falange kills 27 Palestinians, begins Lebanese civil war
  • 1976 $2 bill re-introduced as US currency
  • 1976 US Federal Reserve begins issuing $2 bicentennial notes
  • 1978 Jackson slugs a 3-run HR in the 1st inning, & the field is showered
  • 1979 Christian Turks occupy St Jansbasiliek
  • 1979 Longest doubles ping-pong match ends after 101 hours
  • 1979 Yusuf Lule becomes premier of Uganda
  • 1981 Pulitzer prize awarded to Beth Henley for "Crimes of the Heart"
  • 1981 Wash Post Janet Cooke wins Pulitzer Prize (later admits story a hoax)
  • 1983 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1984 11th Space Shuttle Mission (41C)-Challenger 5-returns to Earth
  • 1985 Space Shuttle Atlantis ferried to Kennedy Space Center via Ellington AFB, Texas
  • 1985 Ramiz Alia succeeds Enver Hoxha as party leader of Albania

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1986 Pope John Paul II met Rome's Chief Rabbi Elio Toaff at Rome synagogue

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1986 Spanish Grand Prix decided by 0.014 of a second
  • 1987 Portugal signs agreement to return Macau to China (in 1999)
  • 1988 Italian government of De Mita forms
  • 1991 BPAA US Open by Pete Weber
  • 1992 Magnitude 5.5 earthquake hits Netherlands
  • 1992 American Airlines reduce its 1st-class fares 20%-50%
  • 1992 Crystal Pepsi begins test marketing in Providence, Denver & Dallas
  • 1992 Great Chicago Flood - Chicago's underground tunnels flood

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1993 Tom Stoppard's "Arcadia" premieres in London

Playwright Tom Stoppard
Tom Stoppard
  • 1994 Presidential guard at Kigali, Rwanda, chops 1,200 church members to death
  • 1994 Target date for Israeli complete withdrawal, doesn't occur
  • 1994 United Arab Emirates' 1st official ODI, losing to India
  • 1995 Yankees beat the Mets 2-0
  • 1997 Travis Fryman homers off R Hernandez in both games of double header 1st time since 1961 that 2 doubleheaders are played in the same city Giants vs Mets & Oakland A's vs Yankees in NY
  • 2002 Pedro Carmona, interim president of Venezuela, resigns one day after taking office.
  • 2006 Powerful tornadoes rip through Iowa City, Iowa.
  • 2012 North Korean long range rocket testing ends in failure after the rocket broke up after launch
  • 2013 8 people are killed after a bomb explodes on a bus in Peshawar, Pakistan
  • 2013 20 civilians are killed by the government bombing of Saraqib, Idlib
  • 2015 Migrant ship carrying around 550 sinks off the Libyan coast, about 400 drown.