Events in History on April 18

  • 310 St Eusebius begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 387 Bishop Ambrosius of Milan baptizes Augustinus
  • 1025 Bolesław Chrobry is crowned in Gniezno, becoming the first King of Poland.
  • 1506 The cornerstone of the current St. Peter's Basilica in the Vatican, is laid.
  • 1518 Bona Sforza is crowned as queen consort of Poland.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1521 Diet of Worms: Cardinal Alexander questions Martin Luther

Founder of Protestanism Martin Luther
Founder of Protestanism
Martin Luther
  • 1552 Mauritius of Saksen occupies Linz
  • 1663 Osman declares war on Austria
  • 1666 Peace of Kleef: Netherlands & bishop Von Galen of Munster
  • 1676 Sudbury, Massachussetts, attacked by Indians
  • 1738 Real Academia de la Historia ("Royal Academy of History") founded in Madrid.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1775 Paul Revere & William Dawes ride from Charleston to Lexington warning the "regulars are coming!"

American Patriot Paul Revere
American Patriot
Paul Revere
  • 1783 Fighting ceases in the American Revolution, eight years to the day since it began.
  • 1797 France & Austria sign ceasefire

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1834 Charles Darwin sails to Rio Santa Cruz up Patagonia

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
  • 1835 William Lamb (Lord Melbourne) forms British government
  • 1838 Wilkes' expedition to South Pole sails
  • 1848 American victory at the battle of Cerro Gordo opens the way for invasion of Mexico.
  • 1853 1st train in Asia (Bombay to Tanna, 36 km)
  • 1856 Russian Chancellor Count Nesselrode resigns
  • 1861 Battle of Harpers Ferry, Virginia, part of the Maryland Campaign (US Civil War)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1861 Colonel Robert E. Lee turns down offer to command Union armies (US Civil War)

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee
  • 1862 Battle of Ft Jackson, Ft St Philip & New Orlean's, LA
  • 1864 Battle of Poison Springs, AR (Camden Expedition)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1865 Confederate Gen Johnson surrendered to General William T. Sherman in North Carolina

  • 1868 San Francisco Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals formed

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1874 David Livingstone, African explorer, buried in Westminster Abbey

Physician and Explorer David Livingstone
Physician and Explorer
David Livingstone
  • 1876 Daniel O'Leary completes a 500 mile walk in 139 hrs 32 min
  • 1879 Trial of Standing Bear-Crook on indians citizen rights begins
  • 1880 An F4 tornado strikes Marshfield, Missouri, killing 99 people and injuring 100.
  • 1881 Natural History Museum opens in South Kensington, England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1881 Billy the Kid escapes from the Lincoln County jail in Mesilla, New Mexico.

Frontier Outlaw Billy the Kid
Frontier Outlaw
Billy the Kid
  • 1890 NY Commission of Emigration ends, closing Castle Clinton
  • 1899 John McGraw, at 36, managerial debut as Oriole manager

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1899 The St. Andrew's Ambulance Association is granted a Royal Charter by Queen Victoria.

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
  • 1902 Denmark is first country to adopt fingerprinting to identify criminals
  • 1904 L'Humanité, under Jean Jaurès begins publishing
  • 1906 Calvinist Reformed Union in Neth Church forms in Utrecht

CommunicationSan Francisco Earthquake of 1906

1906 San Francisco earthquake and fire kills nearly 4,000 while destroying 75% of the city

  • 1906 The Los Angeles Times story on the Azusa Street Revival launches Pentecostalism as a worldwide movement.
  • 1907 Augustus Thomas' "Witching Hour" premieres in NYC
  • 1907 Fairmont Hotel opens in San Francisco
  • 1912 The Cunard liner RMS Carpathia brings 705 survivors from the RMS Titanic to New York City.
  • 1912 Tripolitan War: in continuing hostilities, Turkey closes the Dardanelles Straits after an Italian naval bombardment of the coastline
  • 1915 French pilot Roland Garros is shot down and glides to a landing on the German side of the lines during World War I.
  • 1916 US Secretary of State Warns Germany that the USA may break diplomatic relations unless torpedo attacks on unarmed ships stop
  • 1921 Junior Achievement incorporated in Colorado Spring
  • 1921 Philip James Barry's "Punch for Judy" premieres in NYC
  • 1923 74,000 (62,281 paid) on hand for opening of Yankee Stadium
  • 1923 Poland annexes Central Lithuania
  • 1924 1st crossword puzzle book published (Simon & Schuster)
  • 1925 World's Fair opens in Chicago
  • 1926 Rhein Stadium opens in Dusseldorf Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1927 Chiang Kai-shek forms anti-government in China

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • 1929 Palace for People's industry in Amsterdam devastated by fire
  • 1930 Attempted raid on the armoury of police and auxiliary forces in Chittagong in Bengal province, British India by armed pro-independence revolutionaries led by Surya Sen popularly known as Master-da.
  • 1934 1st "Washateria" (laundromat) opens (Fort Worth, Tx)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934 Hitler names Joachim von Ribbentrop ambassador for disarmament

Foreign Minister of the German Reich Joachim von Ribbentrop
Foreign Minister of the German Reich
Joachim von Ribbentrop
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1935 Gen Sarazen's double eagle on 15th, wins him his 2nd Masters
  • 1935 Netherlands election (Musserts NSB wins 8% of vote)
  • 1936 Pan-Am Clipper begins regular passenger flights from San Francisco to Honolulu
  • 1938 Headless Mad Butcher victim found in Cleveland
  • 1939 Franz von Papen becomes German ambassador in Turkey
  • 1939 Hubert Pierlot forms Belgian government
  • 1942 "Stars & Stripes" paper for US armed forces starts

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 James Doolittle bombs Tokyo & other Japanese cities

Aviation Pioneer Jimmy Doolittle
Aviation Pioneer
Jimmy Doolittle
  • 1944 Leonard Bernstein & Jerome Robbins' ballet premieres in NYC
  • 1945 Epe freed (by corporal G van Aken)
  • 1945 Clandestine Radio 1212, after broadcasting pro-nazi propoganda for months used their influence to trap 350,000 German army group B troops
  • 1945 Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Bolivia are established.
  • 1946 League of Nations dissolves (3 months after UN starts)
  • 1946 US recognizes Tito's Yugoslavia government
  • 1948 International Court of Justice opens at Hague Netherlands
  • 1949 Republic of Ireland withdraws from British Commonwealth
  • 1950 1st opening night-game, Cards beat Pirates, 4-2
  • 1950 Polish Catholic church & government sign accord over relations
  • 1951 Dutch Antilles government of Da Costa Gomez forms
  • 1951 France, West Germany & Benelux form European Steel & Coal Community
  • 1954 Colonel Gamal Abdal Nasser seizes power & becomes Prime Minister of Egypt
  • 1955 1st "Walk"/"Don't Walk" lighted street signals installed
  • 1955 1st Bandoeng Conference - Afro-Asian conference opens
  • 1956 Egypt & Israel agree to a cease fire
  • 1958 Government troops reconquer Padang, Middle-Sumatra Indonesia
  • 1958 NL single-game record of 78,682, Giants lose to Dogers 6-5, in LA

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958 A United States federal court rules that poet Ezra Pound is to be released from an insane asylum.

  • 1961 CONCP is founded in Casablanca as a united front of African movements opposing Portuguese colonial rule.
  • 1963 Dr James Campbell performed the 1st human nerve transplant
  • 1964 Artisans strike in Belgium ends
  • 1964 Sandy Koufax is 1st to strike out the side on 9 pitches
  • 1964 Van Joe Orton's "Entertaining Mr Sloane"
  • 1968 178,000 employees of US Bell Telephone System go on strike
  • 1968 Dutch Department of Amnesty International forms
  • 1968 London Bridge is sold to US oil company (to be erected in Arizona)
  • 1968 Mart Crowley's "Boys in the Band" premieres in NYC
  • 1968 Peter Luke's "Hadrian VII" premieres in London
  • 1968 San Francisco's Old Hall of Justice demolished
  • 1968 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1969 Melina Mercouri establishes Greek Aid Fund
  • 1971 Gavaskar makes 220 in 2nd inning v WI after 124 in 1st
  • 1972 The Widgery Report on 'Bloody Sunday' in Northern Ireland is published, causing outrage among the people of Derry who call it the "Widgery Whitewash"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1973 US Government ends Mandatory Oil Import Program, established in 1959 by President Eisenhower

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1974 Red Brigade kidnaps Italian attorney general Mario Sossi
  • 1976 30th Tony Awards: Travesties & Chorus Line win

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977 Alex Haley, author of "Roots", awarded Pulitzer Prize

Writer Alex Haley
Alex Haley
  • 1977 Pulitzer prize awarded to Michael Cristofer for "Shadow Box"
  • 1978 Senate votes to turn Panama Canal over to Panama on Dec 31, 1999
  • 1979 Major Haddad declares South-Lebanon independent
  • 1980 Zimbabwe (formerly Southern Rhodesia) declares independence from UK
  • 1982 Canada Constitution Act replaces British North America Act
  • 1982 Zimbabwean capital Salisbury renamed Harare
  • 1983 A lone suicide bomber kills 63, at US Embassy in Lebanon
  • 1983 KMO-AM in Tacoma Wash changes call letters to KAMT (now KKMO)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1983 Pulitzer Prize awarded to Alice Walker for "The Color Purple"

Novelist Alice Walker
Alice Walker
  • 1984 Space Shuttle Challenger flies back to Kennedy Space Center via Kelly Air Force Base
  • 1986 Robert M Gates becomes deputy director of CIA
  • 1986 Titan rocket explodes seconds after liftoff from Vandenberg AFB
  • 1987 Bob Land wins his 6th straight Kenduskeag Stream Canoe Race
  • 1987 Pat Knauff, France sets 1-leg downhill ski speed record (115.012 mph)
  • 1990 Bankruptcy court forces Frank Lorenzo to give up Eastern Airlines
  • 1990 Supreme Court rules states could make it a crime to possess or look at child pornography, even in one's home
  • 1991 US Census Bureau said it failed to count up to 63 million in 1990 census
  • 1991 Congress ends railroad worker 1 day strike
  • 1994 Arsenio Hall announces he will end his show in May 1994
  • 1994 Brian Lara scores 375 for WI vs England to beat Sobers' record
  • 1994 Former President Nixon suffered a stroke & dies 4 days later
  • 1994 Lebanon drops relations with Iran
  • 1994 STS-59 (Endeavour) lands [approx]
  • 1995 Houston Post folds after 116 years
  • 1996 In Lebanon, at least 106 civilians are killed when the Israel Defense Forces accidentally shell the UN compound at Quana.
  • 2007 The Supreme Court of the United States upholds the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act in a 5-4 decision.
  • 2012 The Casoria Contemporary Art Museum in Naples begins burning artworks after cultural institution budget cuts
  • 2013 27 people are killed and 65 are injured in a cafe bombing in Baghdad, Iraq
  • 2013 Two earth-like planets are discovered orbiting the star Kepler-62
  • 2014 12 Nepalese climbers are killed by an avalanche on Mt Everest