Events in History on April 19

  • 607 Comet 1P/607 H1 (Halley) approaches within 0.0898 AUs of Earth
  • 1012 Martyrdom of Alphege in Greenwich, London.
  • 1451 Alam Shah of Delhi resigns throne
  • 1524 Pope Clemens VII fires Neth inquisitor-general French Van de Holly
  • 1529 2nd Parliament of Spiers bans Lutheranism
  • 1539 Charles, protestant German monarch, signs Treaty of Frankrfurt
  • 1552 Mauritius of Saksen captures Karel
  • 1591 Chartres surrenders to king Henri IV in France
  • 1619 Theatrum Anatomicum opens in Amsterdam
  • 1713 Emperor Karel VI ends Pragmatic Sanctions
  • 1770 Amsterdam buys Van Aerssens family 1/3 part of Suriname

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1770 British explorer Captain James Cook first sights Australia

Captain/Explorer James Cook
Captain/Explorer
James Cook
  • 1775 Minutemen Capt John Parker orders not to fire unless fired upon
  • 1775 American Revolution begins - Lexington Common, shot "heard round the world"
  • 1775 New England militiamen begin the siege of Boston, hemming in the British army garrison

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1775 Paul Revere, William Dawes and Samuel Prescott are captured by British troops riding from Lexington to Concord, Prescott escapes to warn Concord

American Patriot Paul Revere
American Patriot
Paul Revere

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1782 John Adams secures Dutch Republic's recognition of the United States as an independent government and house he purchased in The Hague, Netherlands became first American embassy.

2nd US President John Adams
2nd US President
John Adams
  • 1810 Venezuela achieves home rule: Vicente Emparan, Governor of the Captaincy General is removed by the people of Caracas and a Junta is installed.
  • 1825 33 patriotic exiles return to Uruguay
  • 1836 Nikolai Gogol's "Revisor" premieres in St Petersburg
  • 1837 Cheyney University forms as the Institute for Colored Youth
  • 1839 Treaty of London constitutes Belgium an independent kingdom & Luxembourg a Grand Duchy
  • 1852 California Historical Society forms
  • 1853 Netherlands Van Hall government forms
  • 1861 Baltimore riots-4 soldiers, 9 civilians killed
  • 1861 Lincoln orders blockade of Confederate ports (Civil War)
  • 1863 Union troops/fleet occupy For Huger, Virginia
  • 1874 Barracks on Alcatraz Island destroyed in fire

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1890 Henry Morton Stanley inaugurated in Brussels

Journalist and Explorer Henry Morton Stanley
Journalist and Explorer
Henry Morton Stanley
  • 1892 Charles Duryea takes 1st American-made auto out for a spin (Mass)
  • 1896 Herzl's "The Jewish State" is published

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1901 In the Philippines, recently captured insurgent leader Emilio Aguinaldo issues a proclamation advising his countrymen to end their rebellion and use of peaceful means to work with the US toward independence.

Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines Emilio Aguinaldo
Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines
Emilio Aguinaldo
  • 1904 Much of Toronto destroyed by fire
  • 1906 Belgian naval education ship Comte The Stain de Naeyer sets sail
  • 1906 SF Earthquake ends killing 452

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1909 Joan of Arc receives beatification by the Roman Catholic Church

French Soldier and National Heroine Joan of Arc
French Soldier and National Heroine
Joan of Arc
  • 1909 A convention with Turkey recognizes Bulgarian independence
  • 1910 Halley's comet seen by naked eye 1st time this trip (Curacao)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1911 George Bernard Shaw's "Fanny's First Play" premieres in London

  • 1916 "Bing Boys are Here" opens in London
  • 1916 Italians troops conquer Col di Lana at Merano
  • 1916 Alderman Kelly reads the 'Castle Order' to a meeting of Dublin Corporation; this forged document supposedly from Dublin Castle, indicated that there was to be mass arrests of Irish Volunteers to prevent "trouble"
  • 1919 French assembly decides on 8 hour work day
  • 1919 Leslie Irvin of US makes 1st parachute jump & free fall
  • 1921 Funeral of last German Emperoress, Augusta Victoria
  • 1923 New Egyptian law allows suffrage for men, except soldiers
  • 1927 "Vagabond King" opens in London
  • 1928 Japanese troops occupies Sjantung-schiereiland
  • 1928 Yanks are out of 1st place for 1st time since May 1926
  • 1928 The 125th and final fascicle of the Oxford English Dictionary is published.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 President Herbert Hoover suggests 5 day work week

31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 Bonnie Parker is captured in a failed hardware store burglary, and subsequently jailed. A grand jury fails to indict her, however, and she is released a few months later

American Outlaw Bonnie Parker
American Outlaw
Bonnie Parker

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 FDR announces US will leave gold standard

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1936 Anti-Jewish riots break out in Palestine
  • 1936 First day of the Great Uprising in Palestine.
  • 1938 Phil Emmett Mueller & Dodger Ernie Koy both homer in their 1st at bat
  • 1939 Connecticut finally approves Bill of Rights (148 years late)
  • 1940 "Lake Shore Ltd" derails speed killing 34 near Little Falls NY
  • 1940 Dutch prime minister De Geer declares state of siege
  • 1941 Bertolt Brecht's play "Mother Courage and her Childeren" premieres in Zurich
  • 1941 Bulgarian troops invade Macedonia
  • 1941 Milk rationed in Holland
  • 1943 SS-lt-gen Jurgen Stoop leads destruction of ghetto of Warsaw
  • 1943 Bicycle Day - Swiss chemist Dr. Albert Hofmann deliberately takes LSD for the first time.
  • 1944 Allied fleet attack Sabang Sumatra
  • 1945 US aircraft carrier Franklin heavy damaged in Japanese air raid
  • 1945 US offensive against Shuri-barrier on Okinawa
  • 1945 The diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Guatemala are established.
  • 1946 Yankees switch from 3rd base to 1st base dug out
  • 1947 AAU record for a 25-foot rope climb is set in 4.7 seconds
  • 1947 French ship explodes in Texas City harbor, kills about 522

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1948 Chiang Kai-shek elected President of Nationalist China

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1951 Gen Douglas MacArthur ends his military career

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
  • 1955 The German automaker Volkswagen, after six years of selling cars in the United States, founds Volkswagen of America in Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey to standardize its dealer and service network.
  • 1959 Uprising in La Paz Bolivia, fails
  • 1960 Comiskey Park's famed "exploding" scoreboard begins operating
  • 1962 NASA civilian pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 46,900m
  • 1964 Rightist coup in Laos, Suvanna Phuma remains premier
  • 1965 1st all news radio station (WINS 1010 AM in NYC) begins operating
  • 1965 T.A.M.I. Show premieres in London
  • 1965 At a cost of $20,000, the outer Astrodome ceiling is painted because of sun's glare, this causes the grass to die
  • 1966 In 1st regular season game at Anaheim Stadium, Angels lose 3-1 to Chic
  • 1967 Yugoslav author Mihaljo Mihaljov sentenced 4½ years
  • 1968 Belgian construction workers strike
  • 1968 NL owners approve expansion for 2 new teams
  • 1969 Serious rioting in the Bogside area of Derry following clashes between Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association marchers and Loyalists and members of the Royal Ulster Constabulary
  • 1970 24th Tony Awards: Borstal Boy & Applause win
  • 1971 Sierra Leone becomes a republic (National Day)
  • 1971 USSR Salyut 1 launched; 1st manned lab in orbit
  • 1972 Bangladesh becomes a member of British Commonwealth
  • 1972 Hungary revises its constitution to declare itself a socialist state
  • 1972 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1972 British Prime Ministe rEdward Heath confirms that a plan to conduct an arrest operation, in the event of a riot during the march on 30 January 1972, was known to British government Ministers in advance
  • 1973 Steinbrenner replaces Mike Burke with Gabe Paul as Yankee president
  • 1973 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1975 India launches 1st satellite with help of USSR
  • 1978 Yitzhak Navron elected 5th president of Israel
  • 1979 FCC raids & shuts down pirate radio station WFAT (Brooklyn New York)
  • 1979 Johnson brawl, Gossage sustains a sprained ligament in his left thumb
  • 1981 Oakland A's runs record to 11-0
  • 1982 Guinon Bluford announced as 1st African American NASA astronaut

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1982 Sally Ride announed will be 1st American woman astronaut

1st American Woman in Space Sally Ride
1st American Woman in Space
Sally Ride
  • 1982 USSR Salyut 7 space station put into orbit
  • 1983 France performs nuclear test
  • 1984 Nemesis, death star of dinosaurs 1st appears in print (Nature magazine)
  • 1985 16th Space Shuttle Mission (51-D)-Discovery 4 returns to Earth
  • 1985 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1985 Advance Australia Fair is proclaimed as Australia's national anthem, and green and gold as the national colours.
  • 1987 Jacqueline Blanc, sets women's downhill ski speed rec (124.902 mph)
  • 1987 Last wild condor captured on California wildlife reserve
  • 1987 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1989 Gun turret explodes on USS Iowa, killing 47 sailors
  • 1989 Republic Day in Sierra Leone
  • 1989 Violent assault and rape of jogger Trisha Meili in NYC's Central Park. Known as the Central Park jogger incident it became according to the NY Times "one of the most widely publicized crimes of the 1980s."
  • 1990 Contra guerrillas, leftist Sandinistas & incoming government agree to truce
  • 1990 Marla Maples appears on ABC's Prime-Time
  • 1990 Truce in Nicaragua's civil war
  • 1991 Greyhound Bus posts $195 million loss for 1990
  • 1992 Balki & Mary Ann wed on "Perfect Strangers"
  • 1993 After a 51 day siege by the FBI 76 Branch Davidians die in a fire near Waco Texas (accident, suicide, tear gas are disputed causes)
  • 1993 Fire in psychiatric institute in South Korea, kills 40
  • 1993 South Dakota governor George Mickelson and seven others are killed when a state-owned aircraft crashed lands in Iowa.
  • 1994 Inkatha ends boycott of South African multi-racial election

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1994 Rodney King award $3,800,000 in compensation for his police beating

Victim of Police Violence Rodney King
Victim of Police Violence
Rodney King
  • 1994 Supreme Court outlaws excluding people from juries because of gender
  • 1995 Oklahoma City bombing - a truck bomb at Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building kills 168 & injures 500
  • 1996 South Africa defeat Pakistan to win the Pepsi Cup in Sharjah
  • 1997 Renee Slaughter crowned 14th Miss Hawaiian Tropic Intl
  • 1999 The German Bundestag returns to Berlin.

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

2005 Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger elected Pope Benedict XVI on the second day of the Papal conclave.

265th Pope  Benedict XVI
265th Pope
Benedict XVI

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2011 Fidel Castro resigns from the Communist Party of Cuba's central committee after 45 years of holding the title.

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • 2013 Boston bombing suspects killed and captured in Boston after 4 days
  • 2015 Boat carrying approx. 850 migrants is shipwrecked in the Mediterranean between Italian and Libya, with only 27 migrants rescued.