Events in History on April 20

  • 295 8th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
  • 850 Guntherus becomes bishop of Cologne
  • 1139 2nd Lateran Council (10th ecumenical council) opens in Rome
  • 1505 Jews are expelled from Orange Burgandy by Philibert of Luxembourg
  • 1551 John Dudley becomes Earl Marshal of England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1611 First known performance of Shakespeare's tragedy Macbeth at the Globe Theatre, London recorded by Simon Forman

  • 1650 Dutch East India Company (VOC) management sets new guidelines
  • 1653 Cromwell routes English parliament to house
  • 1657 Battle in Santa Cruz Bay, Tenerife: English fleet under Robert Blake sinks Spanish silver fleet
  • 1689 The former King James II of England, now deposed, lays siege to Derry.
  • 1702 Comet C/1702 H1 approaches within 0.0437 AUs of Earth
  • 1715 Nicholas Rowe's play "The Tragedy of Lady Jane Grey" premieres in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1736 French mathematician Pierre Louis Maupertuis begins his expedition to Lapland to measure a degree of latitude and prove the shape of the earth, he is joined by fellow scientists Anders Celsius, Charles Etienne Louis Camus, Alexis Claude Clairaut, and Pierre-Charles Le Monnier

Astronomer Anders Celsius
Anders Celsius
  • 1770 Captain Cook arrives in New South Wales
  • 1777 New York adopts new constitution as an independent state
  • 1785 Thomas Warton appointed British Poet Laureate by King George III
  • 1792 France declares war on Austria, Prussia & Sardinia
  • 1799 Friedrich von Schiller's "Wallensteins Tod" premieres in Weimar

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1809 Napoleon I and French forces defeat Austria at Battle of Abensberg, Bavaria

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1810 The Governors of Caracas declares the national sovereignty from Spain.
  • 1828 Frenchman René Caillié is the first non-Muslim to enter Timbuktu, returns to win 10,000 franc prize from Société de Géographie
  • 1836 Territory of Wisconsin created
  • 1841 1st detective story (Edgar Allen Poe's "Murders in Rue Morgue") published

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1862 The first pasteurization test is completed by Frenchmen Louis Pasteur and Claude Bernard.

Bacteriologist Louis Pasteur
Louis Pasteur
  • 1871 3rd Enforcement Act (President can suspend writ of habeas corpus)
  • 1872 SF Bar Association organized
  • 1879 1st mobile home (horse drawn) used in a journey from London & Cyprus
  • 1884 Pope Leo XIII encyclical "On Freemasonry"
  • 1888 246 reported killed by hail in Moradabad, India
  • 1894 136,000 mine workers strike in Ohio for pay increase
  • 1898 US Assay Office in Deadwood, South Dakota opens
  • 1902 Marie & Pierre Curie isolate the radioactive element radium chloride

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1904 George Bernard Shaw's "Candida" premieres in London

  • 1904 Louisiana Purchase Exposition opens in St Louis
  • 1910 Halley's Comet passes 29th recorded perihelion at 87.9 million km
  • 1914 33 killed by soldiers during mine strike in Ludlow, Colo
  • 1914 US President W Wilson, having dispatched more naval ships to Mexico, asks a joint session of Congress to approve armed force if necessary; Congress approves
  • 1915 The Armenians rise and seize the Turkish town of Van, which they hold until Russians relieve them on 19 May; thousands of Armenians are killed
  • 1916 German-British sea battle off Belgian coast

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1918 Manfred von Richthofen, aka The Red Baron, shoots down his 79th and 80th victims marking his final victories before his death the following day.

World War I Fighter Ace The Red Baron
World War I Fighter Ace
The Red Baron
  • 1919 Polish Army captures Vilno, Lithuania from Soviet Army
  • 1919 King Nicholas of Montenegro abdicates under duress
  • 1920 Balfour Declaration recognized, makes Palestine a British Mandate
  • 1920 Tornadoes kill 219 in Alabama & Mississippi
  • 1926 1st check sent by radio facsimile transmission across Atlantic
  • 1934 Heinrich Himmler becomes inspector Prussian secret state police
  • 1935 "Your Hit Parade" begins broadcasting (becomes #1 quickly)
  • 1936 Jews repel an Arab attack in Petach Tikvah Palestine
  • 1940 1st electron microscope demonstrated (RCA), Philadelphia, Pa
  • 1941 100 German bombers attack Athens
  • 1942 German occupiers forbids Dutch access to their beach
  • 1944 Dutch Communist Party resistance fighter John Postma sentence to death
  • 1945 German occupiers flood Beemster & Fencer
  • 1945 Soviet artillery begins shelling Berlin
  • 1945 US 7th army captured German city of Nuremberg
  • 1945 US forces conquer Motobu peninsula on Okinawa
  • 1947 Frederik IX becomes king of Denmark
  • 1948 NYC hikes subway fare from 5 cents to 10 cents
  • 1948 Walter P Reuther UAW pres shot & wounded at his home in Detroit
  • 1951 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
  • 1951 Velsen city council demands investigation of police collaborators
  • 1957 Yankee Bill Skowron becomes 3rd player to hit a ball out of Fenway
  • 1958 Buses replace Key System trains at 3 AM
  • 1958 Morocco demands departure of Spanish troops
  • 1961 American Harold Graham makes 1st rocket belt flight

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 NASA civilian pilot Neil Armstrong takes X-15 to 63,250 m

Astronaut & 1st Man on the Moon Neil Armstrong
Astronaut & 1st Man on the Moon
Neil Armstrong
  • 1962 New Orleans Citizens Co gives free 1-way ride to blacks to move North
  • 1962 OAS-leader ex-general Salan arrested in Algiers
  • 1963 -30] All Africa Conferences of Churches opens in Kampala Uganda
  • 1964 86% of black students boycott Cleveland schools
  • 1965 People's Republic China offers North Vietnam military aid
  • 1967 French author Régis Debray caught in Bolivia
  • 1967 US Surveyor 3 lands on Moon
  • 1967 US planes bomb Haiphong for 1st time during Vietnam War
  • 1967 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1967 A Globe Air Bristol Britannia turboprop crashes at Nicosia, Cyprus, killing 126.
  • 1968 South African Airways Boeing 707 crashes at Windhoek, 122 killed
  • 1968 English politician Enoch Powell makes his controversial "Rivers of Blood" speech.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 Pierre Trudeau sworn in as Canada's 15th Prime Minister

Prime Minister of Canada Pierre Trudeau
Prime Minister of Canada
Pierre Trudeau
  • 1969 23rd Tony Awards: Great White Hope & 1776 win
  • 1969 Bombs planted by Loyalists members of the Ulster Volunteer Force and the Ulster Protestant Volunteers explode at Silent Valley reservoir in County Down and at an electricity pylon at Kilmore, County Armagh
  • 1970 Bruno Kreisky becomes 1st socialist chancellor of Austria
  • 1970 Ron Hill's 2:10:30 at Boston, sets new US marathon record
  • 1971 US Supreme Court upholds use of busing to achieve racial desegregation
  • 1972 Apollo 16's Young & Duke land on Moon with Boeing Lunar Rover #2
  • 1973 Mass murderer Ed Kemper attempted to dispose of his mother's vocal chords in a domestic waste disposal unit.
  • 1973 Canadian ANIK A2 becomes 1st commercial satellite in orbit
  • 1974 Paul McCartney & Wings release single "Band on the Run"
  • 1974 'The Troubles', the Northern Ireland conflict between republican and loyalist paramilitaries, British security forces, and civil rights groups, claims its 1000th victim
  • 1975 29th Tony Awards: Equus & Wiz win
  • 1977 Supreme Court rules "Live Free or Die" may be covered on NH licenses
  • 1980 Cubans begin to arrive in US from Mariel boatlift
  • 1980 Climax of Berber Spring in Algeria as hundreds of Berber political activists are arrested.
  • 1982 The Provisional Irish Republican Army explode bombs in Belfast, Derry, Armagh, Ballymena, Bessbrook and Magherafelt; 2 civilians are killed and 12 injured
  • 1983 Soyuz T-8 launched; mission aborted when capsule fails to dock
  • 1983 Soyuz T-8 is launched (lands 2 days later)
  • 1984 Russian offensive in Panshirvallei Afghanistan
  • 1985 Firestone World Bowling Tournament of Champions won by Mark Williams
  • 1985 Karyn Marshall of NYC lifted 303 lbs in a clean & jerk lift
  • 1985 ATF raid on The Covenant, The Sword, and the Arm of the Lord compound in northern Arkansas.
  • 1986 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1986 Vladimir Horowitz performs in his Russian homeland
  • 1987 Sri Lanka: Tamils shoot 122 Singalezen dead
  • 1987 US deports Karl Linnas to USSR, charged with Nazi war crimes
  • 1988 US accuses Renamo of killing 100,000 Mozambiquians
  • 1988 Yanks HR 9,999 (D Winfield) 10,000 (C Washington) 10,001 (J Clarke)
  • 1990 8 2/3 inning perfect game pitched by Brian Holman of Oakland A's is spoiled by a home run hit by Ken Philips
  • 1991 1st non stop flight Schiphol-Flamingo airport Bonaire
  • 1991 Raghib "Rocket" Ismael signs with Toronto Argonauts for $26.2 million
  • 1992 All star concert in memory of Freddie Mercury held at Wembley Stadium, London
  • 1992 Expo '92 opens in Seville Spain
  • 1992 Joan Lunden, breaks her left shoulder after being thrown from a horse
  • 1993 Uranus passes Neptune (once every 171 years)
  • 1994 Danny Harold Rolling sentenced to death in Florida for killing 5
  • 1994 Serbian army bombs hospital in Goradze Bosnia, 47 killed
  • 1994 Sohail & Inzamam make world record ODI partnership of 263
  • 1994 Space shuttle STS-59 (Endeavour 6), lands
  • 1997 27th Easter Seal Telethon raises $47,392,682
  • 1997 PGA Seniors Championship
  • 1998 TAME Boeing 727-200 chartered by Air France crashes into Cerro El Cable mountain after takeoff from Bogotá, Colombia, killing 53.
  • 1998 German terrorist group Red Army Faction announces their dissolution after 28 years.
  • 1999 Columbine High School massacre: Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold kill 13 people and injure 24 others before committing suicide at Columbine High School, Colorado
  • 2004 In Iraq, 12 mortars are fired on Abu Ghraib Prison by insurgents, killing 22 detainees and wounding 92.
  • 2007 Johnson Space Center Shooting: A man with a handgun barricades himself in NASA's Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas before killing a male hostage and himself.
  • 2010 Deepwater Horizon drilling rig explosion kills 11 and causes rig to sink, initiating a massive oil discharge in the Gulf of Mexico.
  • 2012 Plane crash near Islamabad, Pakistan, kills 127 people
  • 2012 40 people are killed and 27 injured after a tractor trailer collided with a bus in Alamo, Mexico
  • 2013 193 people are killed and 11,826 are injured after a magnitude 7.0 earthquake strikes Lushan County, China
  • 2013 Giorgio Napolitano is re-elected President of Italy
  • 2015 2015 Pulitzer Prize: Anthony Doerr's novel All the Light We Cannot See & Elizabeth Kolbert's The Sixth Extinction: An Unnatural History