Events in History on April 3

  • 419 [Etalius] ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1043 Edward the Confessor crowned king of England
  • 1077 The first Parliament of Friuli is created.
  • 1312 2nd council of Vienna, Knights Templars supressed
  • 1367 Battle of Navarrete, near Nájera, in the province of La Rioja, Castile: an alliance including Castile & England beat Aragon & France
  • 1376 Battle of Navarrete (Najera), English beat French
  • 1559 Spain & France sign 2nd Treaty of Le Cateau-Cambrésis
  • 1582 French van Valois honored as duke of Gelre/earl of Zutphen
  • 1645 English Long Parliament passes the Self-Denying Ordinance, limiting regional armies, significant step toward New Model Army

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1657 English Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell refuses crown

English Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell
English Military and Political Leader
Oliver Cromwell

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1679 Edmond Halley meets Johannes Hevelius in Danzig

Astronomer, Mathematician and Physicist Edmond Halley
Astronomer, Mathematician and Physicist
Edmond Halley

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1721 Robert Walpole becomes Britain's 1st Lord of the Treasury - effective Prime Minister, although that term was never officially used (indeed, it was considered an insult) until much later.

1st British Prime Minister Robert Walpole
1st British Prime Minister
Robert Walpole
  • 1764 Austrian Archduke Jozef crowned himself Holy Roman Emperor Josef II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1776 George Washington receives honorary Ll.D. degree from Harvard College

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1783 Sweden & US sign a treaty of Amity & Commerce
  • 1790 Revenue Marine Service (US Coast Guard) created
  • 1834 The generals in the Greek War of Independence stand trial for treason.
  • 1848 Thomas Douglas becomes 1st SF public teacher

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1848 German explorer Ludwig Leichhardt is seen for the last time at McPherson's Station, Coogoon, before he disappears on the same expedition to reach the Swan River

Explorer and Naturalist Ludwig Leichhardt
Explorer and Naturalist
Ludwig Leichhardt
  • 1856 Gunpowder in church explodes killing 4,000 in Rhodos
  • 1860 Pony Express began between St Joseph Mo & Sacramento Calif
  • 1864 Skirmish at Okolona, Arkansas
  • 1865 Battle at Namozine Church, Virginia (Appomattox Campaign)
  • 1865 Union forces occupy Confederate capital of Richmond & Petersberg, Virginia
  • 1868 A Hawaiian surfs on highest wave ever - a 50-foot tidal wave
  • 1882 Wood block alarm invented, when alarm rang, it dropped 20 wood blocks

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1882 American outlaw Jesse James is killed by Robert Ford at home in St Joseph

Outlaw Jesse James
Outlaw
Jesse James
  • 1889 Savings Bank of Order of True Reformers opens in Richmond, Va
  • 1893 1st NSW v Queensland F-C game, at Brisbane Exhibition Ground
  • 1910 Highest mountain in North America, Alaska's Mt McKinley claimed to have been 1st climbed by 4 local men
  • 1911 Harry James Smith's "Mrs Bumsted-Leigh" premieres in NYC
  • 1913 British suffragette Emmeline Pankhurst sentenced to 3 years in jail

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 Lenin arrives in Petrograd from Switzerland [NS=April 16]

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 Alfred Stieglitz opens 1st one-person show of Georgia O'Keeffee's work at 291 art gallery in New York

Painter and Sculptor Georgia O’Keeffe
Painter and Sculptor
Georgia O’Keeffe
Photographer Alfred Stieglitz
Photographer
Alfred Stieglitz
  • 1918 US House of Representatives accepts American Creed written by William Tyler
  • 1919 Austria expels all Habsburgers

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1922 Joseph Stalin appointed General Secretary of the Russian Communist Party by Vladimir Lenin

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • 1925 Great Britain goes back to gold standard
  • 1925 Netherlands & Belgium sign accord of Westerschelde

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1926 Second flight of a liquid-fueled rocket by Robert Goddard

Rocket Pioneer Robert H. Goddard
Rocket Pioneer
Robert H. Goddard
  • 1926 Italy establishes corp of force in order to break powerful unions
  • 1927 Interstate Commerce Comm transfers Ohio to Eastern time zone
  • 1929 Persia agrees to Litvinov Pact
  • 1929 RMS Queen Mary is ordered from John Brown & Company Shipbuilding and Engineering by Cunard Line.
  • 1933 1st airplane flight over Mt Everest
  • 1933 Then longest North American hockey game requires a 1:44:46 overtime as Maple Leaf Ken Doraty scores to beat Canadiens 1-0
  • 1936 Al Carr KOs Lew Massey on 1 punch, :07 of 1st round
  • 1941 Churchill warns Stalin of German invasion
  • 1941 Rasjid al-Gailani forms pro-German regime in Iraq
  • 1941 Walton's overture "Scapino" premieres in Chicago
  • 1943 Jan Dieters (leader of illegal CPN) arrested
  • 1944 British dive bombers attack battle cruiser Tirpitz
  • 1944 US Supreme Court (Smith v Allwright) "white primaries" unconstitutional
  • 1945 Hengelo freed from Nazi control by Canadian army
  • 1945 Nazis begin evacuation of camp Buchenwald
  • 1945 US 1st army conquers Hofgeismar
  • 1946 Netherlands-German postal relations resume
  • 1948 1st US figure skating championships held

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1948 US President Harry Truman signs Marshall Plan ($5B aid to 16 European countries)

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1948 US female Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill
  • 1948 US male Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button
  • 1951 Christopher Fry's "Sleep of Prisoners" premieres in Oxford
  • 1952 Dutch Queen Juliana speaks to US Congress
  • 1954 Don Perry climbs a 20' rope in under 2.8 seconds (AAU record)
  • 1955 Fire in cinema in Sclessin, Belgium, kills 39
  • 1955 Night express train in Guadalajara derails, killing 300

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1955 The American Civil Liberties Union announces it will defend Allen Ginsberg's book Howl against obscenity charges.

Beat Poet Allen Ginsberg
Beat Poet
Allen Ginsberg
  • 1956 Bulgarian vice premier Traitsjo Kostov rehabilitated
  • 1956 German war criminals Hinrichsen/Ruhl/Siebens/Viebahn freed
  • 1956 Hudsonville-Standale Tornado: The western half of the Lower Peninsula of Michigan is struck by a deadly F5 tornado.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 Samuel Beckett's "Endgame" premieres in London

Playwright, novelist, and poet Samuel Beckett
Playwright, novelist, and poet
Samuel Beckett
  • 1957 USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958 Fidel Castro's rebels attacked Havana

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • 1960 Earthquake at Havre, Belgium
  • 1961 Connie Mack Stadium in Philadelphia is sold to J Schleifer Properties
  • 1962 Lt General Marshall S Carter, USA, becomes deputy director of CIA
  • 1964 US & Panama agree to resume diplomatic relations
  • 1965 1st atomic powered spacecraft (snap) launched
  • 1966 Soviet Luna 10 completes its first orbit of the Moon
  • 1966 Tom Seaver signs with the Mets for a reported $50,000 bonus
  • 1967 113 East Europeans attending World Amateur hockey championships in Vienna, ask for political asylum
  • 1968 N Vietnam agrees to meet US reps to set up preliminary peace talks
  • 1968 "Planet of the Apes" United States wide premiere
  • 1969 Vietnam War: U.S. Secretary of Defense Melvin Laird announces that the United States will start a policy of "Vietnamization", reducing American involvement
  • 1970 Miriam Hargrave of England passes her drivers test on 40th attempt
  • 1970 As part of a new 'get tough' policy in Northern Ireland, Ian Freeland of the British Army, warned that those throwing petrol bombs could be shot dead
  • 1973 The first portable cell phone call is made in New York City, United States.
  • 1974 148 tornadoes are reported over an area covering a dozen states
  • 1974 Gold hits record $197 an ounce in Paris
  • 1974 The Super Outbreak : tornadoes in the east, south & midwest United States killed approximately 315 people, with nearly 5,500 injured

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1975 Bobby Fischer stripped of world chess title for refusing to defend it

Chess Champion Bobby Fischer
Chess Champion
Bobby Fischer
  • 1975 James Rupers kills his family to inherit
  • 1976 France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977 Egyptian President Anwar Sadat's 1st meeting with US President Jimmy Carter

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate Anwar Sadat
President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate
Anwar Sadat
  • 1977 Netherlands/Belgium/Luxembourg adopt summer time
  • 1978 European market & China signs trade agreement
  • 1978 Larry King moves his radio show from Miami to Washington, D.C.
  • 1979 Belgium's Martens government forms
  • 1979 Jane M Byrne (D), elected 1st woman mayor of Chicago, Illinois
  • 1980 France performs nuclear test
  • 1980 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1981 Arnie Boldt of Saskatchewan jumped 6' 8.25," with 1 leg
  • 1981 Race riots in London's Brixton area
  • 1982 UN Security Council demanded Argentina withdraw from Falkland Islands
  • 1984 Bombay beat Delhi on 1st innings to win Ranji Trophy
  • 1984 Guinea suspends constitution after coup
  • 1984 Soyuz T-11 carries 3 cosmonauts (1 Indian-Rakesh Sharma) to Salyut 7
  • 1985 French government adopts equal electoral system
  • 1985 Players' Association agrees to expand LCS from 5 to 7 games
  • 1985 Vic Elliot pockets 15,780 pool balls in 24 hours in London
  • 1986 Maureen O'Boyle (future host of "A Current Affair") is raped
  • 1986 US national debt hits $2,000,000,000,000
  • 1987 Duchess of Windsor's jewels auctioned for £31,380,197
  • 1987 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1988 Somalia & Ethiopia sign accord about Ogaden desert
  • 1988 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1989 "Sunrise" a Gannett newspaper begins publishing for Bronx
  • 1989 Mets win 11th consecutive home opener 8-4 over St Louis at Shea Stad
  • 1991 Thomas Bos skates world record 3 km (3:65.16)
  • 1991 UN Security Council adopts Gulf War truce resolution

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1995 Howard Stern gets in trouble for disparaging remarks about Selena

Radio shock jock Howard Stern
Radio shock jock
Howard Stern
  • 1997 Thalit massacre begins in Algeria; all but 1 of the 53 inhabitants of Thalit are killed by guerrillas.
  • 2004 Islamic terrorists involved in the 11 March 2004 Madrid attacks are trapped by the police in their apartment and kill themselves.
  • 2007 Conventional train world speed record: a French TGV train on the LGV Est high speed line sets an official new world speed record.
  • 2009 Australia formally adopts the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.
  • 2012 Spanish unemployment reaches record high, youth unemployment stands at 50%
  • 2012 Moscow fire kills 17 migrant workers

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

2012 US President Barack Obama officially secures Democratic presidential nomination

44th US President Barack Obama
44th US President
Barack Obama
  • 2013 46 people are killed and 100 are injured by a court-house suicide bombing in Farah, Afghanistan
  • 2013 50 people are killed by flooding across Argentina
  • 2013 24 people are killed after a bus plunges off a cliff in Papua New Guinea
  • 2014 Marie Louise Coleiro Preca is elected President of Malta
  • 2016 Panama Papers published - 11.5 million confidential documents from offshore law firm Mossack Fonseca expose widespread illegal activities including fraud, kleptocracy, tax evasion and the violation of international sanctions by the world's elite in the world's largest ever data leak
  • 2016 ICC World Twenty20 won by the West Indies, beating at England by 4 wickets with 2 balls to spare at Eden Gardens in Kolkata
  • 2017 Bomb on St Petersburg metro kills 11, 2nd bomb defused