Events in History on April 30

  • 311 Roman Emperor Galerius issues Edict of Toleration, ending persercution of Christians in the Roman Empire
  • 313 Licinius unifies the entire Eastern Roman Empire under his rule.
  • 711 Islamic conquest of Iberia: Moorish troops led by Tariq ibn-Ziyad land at Gibraltar to begin their invasion of the Iberian Peninsula (Al-Andalus).

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1064 German King Henry IV gives away Utrecht county of West Friesland

Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV
Holy Roman Emperor
Henry IV
  • 1315 Enguerrand de Marigny is hanged on the public gallows at Montfaucon.
  • 1349 Jewish community at Radolszell, Germany, exterminated
  • 1396 Crusaders & Earl of Nevers depart from Dijon
  • 1483 Orbital calculations suggest that on this day, Pluto moved inside Neptune's orbit until July 23, 1503.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1492 Columbus is given royal commission to equip his fleet

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus
  • 1492 Spain announces it will expel all Jews
  • 1506 Philip of Burgundy & England sign trade agreement

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1527 Henry VIII of England and Francis I of France signed the Treaty of Westminster, pledging to combine their forces against Holy Roman Emperor Charles V in an attempt to win the War of the League of Cognac

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
  • 1562 1st French colonists in North America: Jean Ribault & colonists arrive in Florida
  • 1563 Jews are expelled from France by order of Charles VI

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1616 King James I of England leaves Brielle/Vlissingen

King of Great Britain James I and VI
King of Great Britain
James I and VI
  • 1650 French rebel Henri de la Tour Turenne signs treaty with Spain
  • 1661 Tsjeng Tsj'eng-Kung begins siege of Dutch fort Zeelandia, Formosa
  • 1671 Petar Zrinski, the Croatian Ban from the Zrinski family, is executed.
  • 1695 William Congreve's "Love for Love" premieres in London
  • 1722 Game of Billiards is mentioned in New England Courant
  • 1725 Emperor Charles VI & King Philip IV of Spain sign Treaty of Vienna
  • 1748 Ceasefire at Aken ends
  • 1763 Member of Parliament and journalist John Wilkes confined in the Tower of London, charged with seditious libel
  • 1772 John Clais patents 1st scale
  • 1774 Pope Clement XIV proclaims a universal jubilee for the second time

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1789 George Washington is inaugurated as the first President of the United States of America

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1790 Colonial troops occupy Bonni's marroon village
  • 1794 The Battle of Boulou is fought, in which French forces defeated the Spanish under General Union.
  • 1798 US Department of the Navy forms
  • 1803 US doubles in size through Louisiana Purchase ($15 million)
  • 1804 The New Hague Theater opens in The Hague, the Netherlands
  • 1808 1st practical typewriter finished by Italian Pellegrini Turri
  • 1812 (Eastern) Louisiana admitted as 18th US state
  • 1838 Nicaragua declares independence from Central American federation
  • 1857 San Jose State University forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1859 Charles Dickens' "A Tale Of Two Cities" is first published in literary periodical "All the Year Round" (weekly installments until Nov 26)

Novelist Charles Dickens
Charles Dickens
  • 1859 Paul Morphy returns from 10-month chess tour of Europe, retires
  • 1860 Navaho indians attack Fort Defiance (Canby)
  • 1861 President Lincoln ordered Federal Troops to evacuate Indian Territory (US Civil War)
  • 1862 Swift Run Gap, WV skirmishes

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1863 -5/1] Battle of Snyder's Bluff, Virginia (part of the Vicksburg Campaign of the American Civil War): General Sherman beaten by Confederate forces

  • 1863 Mexican forces attacked the French Foreign Legion in Hacienda CamarĂ³n, Mexico.
  • 1864 Battle of Jenkin's Ferry, Arkansas; Gen W R Scurry is killed
  • 1864 New York becomes 1st state to charge a hunting license fee
  • 1869 Hawaiian YMCA organized
  • 1871 The Camp Grant Massacre of Apaches in Arizona Territory, perpetrated by white & Mexican adventurers; 144 die
  • 1888 Hail stones kills about 250 in Moradabad district of Delhi
  • 1889 1st US national holiday, on centennial of Washington's inauguration
  • 1898 Championship wrestling match at Met turns into a brawl
  • 1900 Casey Jones dies in a train wreck in Vaughn, Mississippi, while trying to make up time on the Cannonball Express.
  • 1904 Ice cream cone makes its debut
  • 1907 Honolulu, Hawaii becomes an independent city.
  • 1911 Portugal approves female suffrage
  • 1916 Germany ratifies bill bringing in Daylight Saving Time - first country in the world
  • 1920 The British Government ends military conscription
  • 1921 American Professional Football Association reorganizes in Akron
  • 1921 Pope Benedict XV encyclical "On Dante"
  • 1925 Automaker Dodge Brothers, Inc is sold to Dillon, Read & Company for $146 million plus $50 million for charity.
  • 1927 Princess Juliana gets seat in Dutch Council of State
  • 1928 Cherkess Autonomous Region forms in RSFSR (until 1957)
  • 1929 Earnest Streeruwitz becomes chancellor of Austria
  • 1934 Austria gets "Austrian facist" constitution
  • 1935 World Congress for Women's Rights concludes in Istanbul
  • 1937 The Philippines holds a plebiscite for Filipino women on whether they should be extended the right to suffrage; over 90% would vote in the affirmative.
  • 1939 New York World's Fair opens
  • 1939 Tropicana ballet of Havana, Cuba, forms
  • 1941 Spread of Judaism begins in Croatia
  • 1942 1st submarine built on Great Lakes launched, (Peto), Manitowoc, Wi
  • 1943 Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp for Jews forms
  • 1943 Dutch strike against forced labor in Nazi Germany's war industry
  • 1943 Noel Coward's "This Happy Breed" premieres in London
  • 1944 NY Giant Phil Weintraub gets 11 RBIs
  • 1944 NY Giant, Mel Ott scores 6 runs in 1 game drawing 5 walks for 4th time
  • 1945 Concentration camp Munchen-Allag freed
  • 1945 Lord Haw-Haw (William Joyce) calls for crusade against the Bolsheviks
  • 1945 Red Army occupies Demmin

Victory in battleRaising a Flag over the Reichstag

1945 Red Army opens attack on German Reichstag building in Berlin

  • 1945 Russian Army frees Ravensbruck concentration camp
  • 1945 US troops attack the Elbe
  • 1947 Boulder Dam renamed in honor of Herbert Hoover
  • 1948 Org of American States charter signed at Bogota, Colombia
  • 1948 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
  • 1953 Little-Bigger League changes its name to Babe Ruth League
  • 1954 Darius Milhauds 4th Concert for piano/orch premieres in Haifa
  • 1955 Element atomic number 101, Mendelevium, announced
  • 1955 Imperial Bank of India nationalized
  • 1955 West German unions protest for 40-hour work week & higher wages
  • 1961 1st shuttle flights between Washington, D.C., Boston & NYC begin (Eastern)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 Premier Fidel Castro of Cuba receives Lenin-Peace Prize

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • 1962 NASA civilian pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 75,190 m
  • 1966 Anton LaVey founds the Church of Satan in San Francisco, California
  • 1967 Highest tower to the world finished, 537m (USSR)
  • 1970 US troops invade Cambodia
  • 1972 "Arthur Godfrey Time" ends a 27 year run on radio
  • 1973 President Nixon announces the resignation of Haldeman, Ehrlichman, et al

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1974 US President Richard Nixon hands over partial transcripts of Watergate tape recordings

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon

Victory in battleThe Fall of Saigon

1975 Last US helicopter leaves US embassy grounds, Saigon surrenders

  • 1976 Royal Canadian Mint opens a branch in Winnipeg, Manitoba
  • 1977 Ron Cey sets record of 29 RBIs in April
  • 1980 Ronald Harwood's "The Dresser" premieres in London
  • 1980 Terrorists seize Iranian Embassy in London
  • 1980 Juliana, Queen of the Netherlands, abdicates; Princess Beatrix Wilhelmina Armgard becomes Queen
  • 1982 Alvaro Magana chosen to succeed Jose N Duarte as President of El Salvador
  • 1982 Iranian offensive in Khusistan
  • 1984 1,700 skiers participate in an alpine event at Are, Sweden
  • 1985 Dale Murphy drives in record tying 28th & 29th runs of April
  • 1985 France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
  • 1985 Last edition of Brink Daily Mail/Sunday Express in South Africa
  • 1986 Ashrita Furman peformed 8,341 somersaults over 12 miles
  • 1986 Mariners strike out 16 times, set record of 36 in 2 consecutive games
  • 1988 Largest banana split ever, at 455 miles long, was made in Pennsylvania
  • 1988 NY Knights 1st arena football game beats Cobras 60-52 (10,157 in LA)
  • 1988 NY Yank Dave Winfield gets his 29th RBI of April-Sets AL & ties ML Rec
  • 1988 World Exposition, Expo 88 opens in Brisbane Australia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1989 Pope John Paul II beatifies Victoire Rasoamanarivo of Madagascar

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1990 Seattle's Brian Holman's perfect game broken up with 2 outs in 9th
  • 1990 US 66th manned space mission STS 31 (Discovery 10) returns from space
  • 1990 US hostage Frank Reed freed after 4 years in hands of pro-Iranians
  • 1991 In Bangladesh a cyclone killed over 131,000 & left 9 million homeless
  • 1993 The World Wide Web is born at CERN.
  • 1993 Virgin Radio broadcasts for the first time in the United Kingdom.
  • 1995 After 120 years the last 15 A & S dept stores close
  • 1996 Dutch/Itallian Beppo-SAX launches from Cape Canaveral
  • 1996 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Grand Rapids MI on WKLQ 94.5 FM

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1996 US President Clinton approves the sale of $227 million of crude oil from the Strategic Petroleum Reserve; US gas prices are at their highest levels in 5 years

42nd US President Bill Clinton
42nd US President
Bill Clinton
  • 1997 Big Ben stops at 12:11 PM for 54 minutes
  • 1997 President Clinton's daughter Chelsea chooses to attend Stanford College
  • 1997 Tajik Prest Imomali Rakhmonov wounded in assassination attempt
  • 1997 Tino Martinez hits record 34 RBIs in April
  • 1999 Cambodia joins the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) bringing the total members to 10.
  • 2001 The Mitchell Report on the Arab-Israeli conflict is published.
  • 2001 US Vice President Cheney calls for increased domestic production of fossil fuels and increased usage of nuclear power to meet America's energy demand
  • 2002 A referendum in Pakistan overwhelmingly approves the Presidency of Pervez Musharraf for another five years.
  • 2004 U.S. media release graphic photos of American soldiers abusing and sexually humiliating Iraqi prisoners at Abu Ghraib prison.
  • 2008 Two skeletal remains found near Ekaterinburg, Russia, were confirmed by Russian scientists to be the remains of Alexei Nikolaevich, Tsarevich of Russia and one of his sisters.
  • 2009 Chrysler automobile company files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy.
  • 2009 Failed attack on the Dutch Royal Family results in 7 deaths and 17 injured.
  • 2009 The United Kingdom formally ends combat operations in Iraq.
  • 2012 The unfinished One World Trade Center overtakes the Empire State building to become the tallest building in New York
  • 2012 Spain's economy double dips after a 0.3% contraction and 25% unemployment rate
  • 2012 Overloaded ferry in the Brahmaputra River, India, killing 103 people
  • 2013 13 people are killed after a bomb explodes in Damascus
  • 2013 Willem-Alexander becomes the first male Monarch of Netherlands in 123 years
  • 2013 Apple offers the largest bond offering from a private company of 17 Billion
  • 2013 Hannah Warren, who was born without a trachea, at 2, becomes the youngest patient to receive a stem cell bioengineered organ
  • 2014 Masked gunmen and pro-Russian separatists take control of more buildings in eastern Ukraine

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2015 US senator Bernie Sanders announces he will seek the Democratic Party's nomination for President

US Senator Bernie Sanders
US Senator
Bernie Sanders