Events in History on April 5

  • 456 Saint Patrick returns to Ireland as a missionary bishop
  • 823 Pope Peschalis I crowns Lotharius I as co-emperor of France
  • 1058 Bishop Giovanni "Minchus" ["the thin"] elected as Anti-Pope Benedict X

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1242 Alexander Nevsky of Novgorod defeats Teutonic Knights in the Battle of the Ice

Key Figure of Medieval Rus Alexander Nevsky
Key Figure of Medieval Rus
Alexander Nevsky
  • 1566 200 Brussel nobles offer Margaretha of Parma a petition
  • 1585 Clemens Crabbeels becomes bishop of Hertogenbosch

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1603 New English King James I (James VI of Scotland) departs Edinburgh for London

King of Great Britain James I and VI
King of Great Britain
James I and VI
  • 1609 Daimyo (Lord) of the Satsuma Domain in southern Kyūshū, Japan, completes his successful invasion of the Ryūkyū Kingdom in Okinawa.
  • 1614 2nd parliament of King James I begin session (no enactments)
  • 1621 Mayflower sails from Plymouth on a return trip to England
  • 1648 Spanish troops/feudal barons strike down people's uprising in Naples
  • 1722 Jacob Roggeveen discovers Easter Island
  • 1739 French emperor Karel VI sign secret treaty
  • 1751 Adolf Frederik of Holstein-Gottorp crowns himself king of Sweden
  • 1762 British take Grenada, West Indies, from French
  • 1768 1st US Chamber of Commerce forms (NYC)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1792 George Washington casts 1st presidential veto

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1804 High Possil Meteorite: The first recorded meteorite in Scotland falls in Possil.
  • 1806 Isaac Quintard patents apple cider
  • 1812 British storm Badajoz fortress in Extremadura, Spain, held by French & Spanish
  • 1814 Netherlands Bank issues its 1st banknotes
  • 1815 Eruption of Tambora volcano (Sumbawa Java)

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1818 In the Battle of Maipú, Chile's independence movement - led by Bernardo O'Higgins and José de San Martín - win a decisive victory over Spain, leaving 2,000 Spaniards and 1,000 Chilean patriots dead.

Revolutionary Leader José de San Martín
Revolutionary Leader
José de San Martín
  • 1861 Federals abandon Ft Quitman, Texas
  • 1862 Siege of Yorktown Virginia, begins by Army of the Potomac (US Civil War)
  • 1865 Battle at Amelia Springs/Jetersville Va (Appomattox Campaign)
  • 1874 Birkenhead Park, the first civic public park, designed by Joseph Paxton, opens in Birkenhead, England
  • 1879 Chile declares war on Bolivia and Peru, starting the War of the Pacific.
  • 1881 Transvaal regains independence under British suzerainty

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1887 Anne Sullivan teaches "water" to Helen Keller

Author Helen Keller
Author
Helen Keller
  • 1889 Start of Sherlock Holmes' "Adventure of Copper Beeches" (BG)
  • 1893 Cleveland passes Park Act (forerunner of Metroparks)
  • 1894 11 strikers killed in riot at Connellsville, Penn
  • 1894 Start of Sherlock Holmes' "Adventure of Empty House" (BG)
  • 1895 Start of Sherlock Holmes' "Adventure of 3 Students" (BG)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1895 Oscar Wilde loses libel case against Marquess of Queensberry, who accused him of homosexual practices

Writer and Poet Oscar Wilde
Writer and Poet
Oscar Wilde
  • 1897 The Greco-Turkish War, also called "Thirty Days' War", is declared between Greece and the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1900 Attempted assassination of Edward, Prince of Wales in Brussels, fails
  • 1901 Under threats from the Ottoman Turkish Government, Bulgaria is forced to arrest the leaders of the Macedonian Committee
  • 1902 Maurice Ravel's "Pavane pour une infante defunte" premieres in Paris
  • 1902 In Glasgow, Scotland the Ibrox disaster occurs after a section of a grandstand collapses killing 25 and injuring 517
  • 1905 James Barrie's "Alice-sit-by-the-fire" premieres in London
  • 1906 St Pius X encyclical "On the Mariavites or Mystic Priests of Poland"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1908 British Prime Minister Henry Campbell-Bannerman resigns

British Prime Minister Henry Campbell-Bannerman
British Prime Minister
Henry Campbell-Bannerman
  • 1911 MCC tour match v Jamaica finishes in a tie
  • 1911 Waldorf W Aster acquires Daily Observer
  • 1915 French begin Woëvre-offensive
  • 1916 French troops occupy Bois de Caillette
  • 1919 Eamon de Valera becomes president of Dail Eireann
  • 1919 Polish Army executes 35 young Jews
  • 1922 KOB-AM in Albuquerque NM begins radio transmissions
  • 1922 WDZ-AM in Decatur IL begins radio transmissions

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1923 Firestone Tire and Rubber Company starts producing inflatable tires

Tire Industrialist Harvey Firestone
Tire Industrialist
Harvey Firestone
  • 1925 Belgian Workers Party wins parliamentary election
  • 1927 Johnny Weissmuller set records in 100 & 200 m free style
  • 1929 Lithuania signs Litvinov-pact
  • 1930 England out for 849 v WI Kingston, Sandham out for 325
  • 1932 Dutch textile strike broken by trade unions
  • 1932 Dominion of Newfoundland: 10,000 rioters seize the Colonial Building leading to the end of self-government.
  • 1935 Croatian Farmers Party wins Yugoslavian election
  • 1936 Tupelo Mississippi virtually annihilated by a tornado, 216 die
  • 1938 Anti-Jewish riots break out in Dabrowa Poland
  • 1939 Membership of Hitler Youth becomes obligatory
  • 1941 San Francisco Castro & Fillmore streetcars replaced by buses
  • 1943 Allies bomb Mortsel, Belgium's worse lose of life during WWII (936 civilians)
  • 1943 Japanese troops conquer Indin
  • 1943 Chinese steward Poon Lim is found off the coast of Brazil after being adrift 133 days
  • 1944 140 Lancasters bomb aircraft factory in Toulouse
  • 1944 World War II: 270 inhabitants of the Greek town of Kleisoura are executed by the Germans.
  • 1945 Almelo Netherlands freed
  • 1945 Kuniaki Koiso resigns as PM of Japan; replaced by Kantaro Suzuki
  • 1949 60 year old St Anthony's Hospital n Effingham, Illinois, catches fire, 77 people killed
  • 1950 Prague espionage trial against bishops & priests begins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1951 Julius & Ethel Rosenberg, atomic spies, sentenced to death

Alleged Soviet Spy Ethel Rosenberg
Alleged Soviet Spy
Ethel Rosenberg
  • 1952 Henry Wittenberg wins his 8th AAU wrestling title

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1955 Anthony Eden succeeds Winston Churchill as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

British Prime Minister Anthony Eden
British Prime Minister
Anthony Eden
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1956 In Sri Lanka, the Mahajana Eksath Peramuna win the general elections in a landslide and S.W.R.D. Bandaranaike is sworn in as the Prime Minister.
  • 1958 Ripple Rock, an underwater threat to navigation in the Seymour Narrows in Canada is destroyed in one of the largest non-nuclear controlled explosions of the time.
  • 1961 Dutch governor Platteel installs New Guinea Council
  • 1962 Herb Gardner's "Thousand Clowns" premieres in NYC
  • 1962 Mgr J Daems appointed bishop of Antwerp

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 NASA civilian pilot Neil Armstrong takes X-15 to 54,600 m

Astronaut & 1st Man on the Moon Neil Armstrong
Astronaut & 1st Man on the Moon
Neil Armstrong
  • 1962 St Bernard Tunnel finished-Swiss/Italians workers shake hands
  • 1963 Susuga Malietoa Tanumafili II becomes chief of Western Samoa
  • 1964 1st driverless trains run on London Underground
  • 1965 Lava Lamp Day celebrated
  • 1965 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1967 ATS II launched but fails to reach orbit
  • 1968 Jack Murphy Stadium in San Diego opens
  • 1968 US marine base Khe San Vietnam, appalled
  • 1969 Vietnam War: Massive antiwar demonstrations occur in many U.S. cities.
  • 1971 Fran Phipps is 1st woman to reach North Pole
  • 1971 Mount Etna erupts in Sicily
  • 1971 US Lt William Calley sentenced to life imprisonment for murdering 22 unarmed South Vietnamese civilians in the My Lai Massacre
  • 1971 In Sri Lanka, Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna launches insurrection against the United Front government of Mrs. Sirimavo Bandaranaike.
  • 1972 Mets trade Ken Singleton to Expos for Rusty Staub
  • 1973 Pioneer 11 launched to Jupiter
  • 1975 Soyuz 18A launch aborted short of orbit; cosmonauts return safely

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1976 Harold Wilson resigns as James Callaghan becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

British Prime Minister James Callaghan
British Prime Minister
James Callaghan
British Prime Minister Harold Wilson
British Prime Minister
Harold Wilson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1976 Tom Stoppard's "Dirty Linen" premieres in London

Playwright Tom Stoppard
Playwright
Tom Stoppard
  • 1977 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1979 Balt manager Earl Weaver wins his 1,000th game as a skipper
  • 1979 Ex-premier Pol Jar flees out of Cambodia
  • 1982 Aircraft carriers Invincible and Hermes with escort vessels left Portsmouth for the Falkland Islands
  • 1982 Cards' Jim Kaat, pitches in record 24th consecutive season
  • 1982 Lord Carrington, British foreign secretary resigns due to Falklands war
  • 1983 France throws out 47 Soviet diplomats
  • 1986 Record for a throw-and-return boomerang toss is set (121m)
  • 1986 US soldier & Turkish woman killed in West Berlin disco bombing
  • 1989 Orel Hershiser ends his 59 consecutive scoreless pitched inning streak
  • 1989 Solidarity grants legal status in Poland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1991 Kitty Kelly publishes a book knocking Nancy Reagan

US First Lady Nancy Reagan
US First Lady
Nancy Reagan
  • 1991 Southeast Airlines Embracer 120 crashes in Georgia, killing 23
  • 1991 Space Shuttle STS 37 (Atlantis 8) launched
  • 1991 US begins air drops to Kurd refugees in Northern Iraq

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1992 Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori suspends the constitution and dissolves Congress

President of Peru Alberto Fujimori
President of Peru
Alberto Fujimori
  • 1992 Thailand General Suchinda Kraprayoon installed as president

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1992 Wrestlemania VIII, 62,167 at Hoosier Dome, Hulk Hogan DQs Sid Justice

WWF Wrestler Hulk Hogan
WWF Wrestler
Hulk Hogan
  • 1992 Several hundred-thousand abortion rights demonstrators march in Washington, D.C.
  • 1993 73,293 see Yankees beat Indians 9-1
  • 1993 Republican Guard kills 64 in Chad
  • 1996 John Bobbitt is put under house arrest in Las Vegas for 120 days
  • 1997 Galileo, 3rd Ganymede Flyby (Orbit 7)
  • 1999 Two Libyans suspected of bringing down Pan Am flight 103 in 1988 are handed over for eventual trial in the Netherlands.
  • 2009 North Korea launches its controversial Kwangmyŏngsŏng-2 rocket. The satellite passed over mainland Japan, which prompted an immediate reaction from the United Nations Security Council, as well as participating states of Six-party talks
  • 2012 Severe storms in Argentina kill 14 people
  • 2012 77-year old pensioner's suicide outside Greek parliament prompts further protests in Athens
  • 2012 International internet group Anonymous hack several Chinese bureaus in opposition to censorship
  • 2013 Japan’s Nikkei 225 reaches its highest level in five years
  • 2013 60 people are killed in Nigeria after a bus collides with an oil tanker
  • 2015 Rolling Stone Magazine retracts its "Rape on Campus" story about a gang rape at the University of Virginia after being discredited
  • 2016 Iceland's Prime Minister Sigmundur David Gunnlaugsson resigns after the Panama Papers leak show a conflict of interest
  • 2016 San Francisco becomes the first US city to mandate paid parental leave
  • 2016 PayPal announces it is cancelling a $3.6 million investment in North Carolina after the state passes anti-gay legislation