Events in History on April 8


217 Roman Emperor Caracalla is assassinated (and succeeded) by his Praetorian Guard prefect, Marcus Opellius Macrinus.

Roman Emperor Caracalla
Roman Emperor
  • 1093 The new Winchester Cathedral is dedicated by bishop Walkelin
  • 1139 Roger II of Sicily is excommunicated.
  • 1149 Pope Eugene III takes refuge in the castle of Ptolemy II of Tusculum.
  • 1195 Alexius III Angelus drives out brother Isaak II as Byzantine emperor
  • 1341 Francesco Petrarca crowned in Rome
  • 1378 Bartolomeo Prignano elected as Pope Urban VI

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1455 Alfonso de Borgia elected as Pope Callistus III

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1500 Battle at Novara: King Louis XII beats duke Ludovico Sforza

Duke of Milan Ludovico Sforza
Duke of Milan
Ludovico Sforza
  • 1730 1st Jewish congregation in US forms synagogue, "Shearith Israel, NYC"
  • 1759 British troops chase French out of Masulipatam India
  • 1766 1st fire escape patented, wicker basket on a pulley & chain
  • 1767 Ayutthaya kingdom falls to Burmese invaders

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1783 Catherine II of Russia annexes the Crimea

Empress of Russia Catherine the Great
Empress of Russia
Catherine the Great
  • 1789 First meeting of the US House of Representatives

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1796 Carl Friedrich Gauss, German mathematician, proves the quadratic reciprocity law (the ability to determine the solvability of any quadratic equation in modular arithmetic)

Mathematician, Astronomer, and Physicist Carl Friedrich Gauss
Mathematician, Astronomer, and Physicist
Carl Friedrich Gauss
  • 1801 Soldiers riot in Bucharest, kill 128 Jews
  • 1802 French Protestant church becomes state-supported & -controlled
  • 1808 The Roman Catholic Diocese of Baltimore was promoted to an archdiocese, with the founding of the dioceses of New York, Philadelphia, Boston, and Bardstown (now Louisville) by Pope Pius VII.
  • 1820 The famous ancient Greek statue, Venus de Milo is discovered on the Aegean island of Melos

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1832 Charles Darwin begins trip through Rio de Janeiro

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
  • 1838 Steamship "Great Western" maiden voyage (Bristol, England, to NYC)
  • 1848 1st battle at Gioto: Sardinia-Piemonte beats Austrians
  • 1848 Battle at Xaquixaguana, Peru: Pedro de la Gasca beats Gonzalo Pizarro
  • 1861 US mint at Dahlonega, Georgia, seized by confederacy (US Civil War)
  • 1862 John D Lynde patents aerosol dispenser
  • 1864 Battle of Mansfield, La; Federals routed by Gen Richard Taylor
  • 1866 Italy and Prussia ally against Austria-Hungary.
  • 1869 American Museum of Natural History opens (NYC)
  • 1879 Khedive Ismael of Egypt fires French/British ministers
  • 1879 Milk was sold in glass bottles for 1st time

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1886 William Ewart Gladstone introduces the first Irish Home Rule Bill into the British House of Commons.

British Prime Minister William Gladstone
British Prime Minister
William Gladstone
  • 1886 First Home Rule Bill for Ireland presented by Gladstone, the Liberal Prime Minister of Britain, to the House of Commons
  • 1893 The Critic reports that ice cream soda is our national drink
  • 1898 Battle of Atbara River, Anglo-Egyptian forces crush 6,000 Sudanese
  • 1902 Russia and China sign the Convention of Evacuation under which Russia agrees to evacuate Manchuria within 18 months
  • 1902 Demonstration organised by socialists in Belgium as people demand better education, living conditions, the right to strike and universal male suffrage result in a riot and some deaths
  • 1904 Great Britain and France establish their Entente Cordiale, a technical treaty settling long-standing disagreements over Morocco, Egypt, Africa, and the Pacific
  • 1904 British mystic Aleister Crowley transcribes the first chapter of the Book of the Law.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1908 H. H. Asquith succeeds Henry Campbell-Bannerman as British Prime Minister

British Prime Minister H. H. Asquith
British Prime Minister
H. H. Asquith
British Prime Minister Henry Campbell-Bannerman
British Prime Minister
Henry Campbell-Bannerman
  • 1912 Steamers collide in Nile, drowning 200
  • 1913 17th amendment, requiring direct election of senators, ratified
  • 1913 Opening of China's 1st parliament takes place in Peking (now Beijing)
  • 1914 US & Colombia sign a treaty concerning Panama Canal Zone
  • 1916 Norway approves active & passive female suffrage
  • 1924 South African State pass the Industrial Conciliation Act No 11: the act provided for job reservation, excluded blacks from membership of registered trade unions,and prohibited registration of black trade unions

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1929 Indian Independence Movement: At the Delhi Central Assembly, Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt throw handouts and bombs to court arrest.

Indian Independence Fighter Bhagat Singh
Indian Independence Fighter
Bhagat Singh
  • 1931 "White Horse Inn" opens in London
  • 1931 Dmitri Shostakovitch's ballet "The Arrow" premieres
  • 1933 Manchester Guardian warns of unknown Nazi terror
  • 1935 Bartoks 5th String quartet premieres in Wash DC
  • 1935 Works Progress Administration approved by Congress
  • 1939 King Zog I of Albania flees
  • 1940 German battle cruisers sink British aircraft carrier Glorious
  • 1943 Hakuun Yasutani Roshi, founder of Sanbo Kyodan, receives dharma

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt, in an attempt to check inflation, freezes wages and prices, prohibits workers from changing jobs unless the war effort would be aided thereby, and bars rate increases to common carriers and public utilities.

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1945 Nazi occupiers executed, Nazi general Christiansen flees Netherlands
  • 1946 League of Nations assembles for last time
  • 1947 Largest recorded sunspot (7,000) observed
  • 1948 Soen Nakagawa & Nyogen Senzaki (Zen teachers) meet in SF
  • 1952 US President Harry Truman seizes steel mills to avert a strike

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 Jomo Kenyatta convicted of involvement with the Mau Mau rebellion and sentenced to 7 years jail in Kenya

Founding Father of Kenya Jomo Kenyatta
Founding Father of Kenya
Jomo Kenyatta
  • 1956 6 marine recruits drown during exercise at Paradise Is SC
  • 1956 M Bandaranaike's People's front wins election in Ceylon
  • 1960 Neth & Germany sign accord concerning war casualties
  • 1960 US Senate passes Civil Rights Bill with measures against discriminatory voting pracrices
  • 1961 British liner "Dara" explodes in Persian Gulf, kills 236
  • 1962 Accords of Evian (Algeria) accepted by referendum in France
  • 1964 Unmanned Gemini 1 launched
  • 1965 India & Pakistan forces engage in a border fight
  • 1966 OAO 1, 1st orbiting astronomical observatory, launched
  • 1966 Time publishes its "Is God Dead" issue - its first issue without an image
  • 1968 Czechoslovakia Cernik government forms
  • 1968 New socialist constitution of East Germany takes effect

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 Gangsters Henry Hill and Jimmy Burke commit the Air France robbery, stealing $420,000

Mobster and FBI informant Henry Hill
Mobster and FBI informant
Henry Hill
  • 1970 Senate rejects Nixon's nomination of Carswell to Supreme Court
  • 1971 1st legal off-track betting system begins (OTB-New York)
  • 1973 Thirty-two terrorist bombings in Cyprus take place.
  • 1974 Discovery Island opens
  • 1977 Israeli premier Rabin resigns
  • 1979 People's Republic of China joins IOC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1983 In front of a live audience of 20 tourists, David Copperfield makes the Statue of Liberty disappear

  • 1985 Amdahl releases UTS/V, 1st mainframe Unix
  • 1985 India files suit against Union Carbide over Bhopal disaster
  • 1990 "Twin Peaks" created by David Lynch and starring Kyle MacLachlan premieres on ABC-TV
  • 1990 King Birendra of Nepal lifts 30-year ban on political parties
  • 1990 Norwegian ferry Scandinavian Star catches fire; 159 people die
  • 1990 New Democracy wins the national election in Greece.
  • 1991 Oakland A's stadium becomes 1st outdoor arena in USA to ban smoking
  • 1992 After 151 years Britain's "Punch Magazine" final issue
  • 1993 Indians' Carlos Baerga is 1st to switch hit HRs in same inn (vs Yanks)
  • 1993 STS-56 (Discovery) launches into orbit
  • 1994 Japans premier Morihiro Hosokawa resigns
  • 1994 Smoking banned in Pentagon & all US military bases
  • 1995 BPAA US Open won by Dave Husted
  • 1997 Microsoft releases Internet Explorer 4 Beta
  • 1997 STS 83 (Columbia 22) lands
  • 1999 Haryana Gana Parishad, a political party in the Indian state of Haryana, merges with the Indian National Congress.
  • 2000 Nineteen US Marines are killed when a V-22 Osprey tilt-rotor aircraft crashes near Marana, Arizona
  • 2004 Darfur conflict: The Humanitarian Ceasefire Agreement is signed by the Sudanese government and two rebel groups

Battle9/11 Attack on New York's World Trade Towers

2004 U.S. National Security Advisor Condoleezza Rice testifies before the 9/11 Commission

  • 2006 Shedden massacre: The bodies of eight men, all shot to death, are found in a field in Ontario, Canada. The murders are soon linked to the Bandidos motorcycle gang.
  • 2008 The construction of the world's first building to integrate wind turbines completes, in Bahrain.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2012 Günter Grass labelled persona non gratta by Israeli internal affairs minister Eli Yishai

Writer and playwright Günter Grass
Writer and playwright
Günter Grass

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2012 Pope Benedict XVI calls for an end to Syrian blood shed in papal Easter message

265th Pope  Benedict XVI
265th Pope
Benedict XVI
  • 2013 15 people are killed and 53 are wounded by a car bombing in Damascus
  • 2013 163 people are killed and 50,000 are displaced after tribal violence erupts in Darfur, Sudan
  • 2013 Filip Vujanović’s election as President of Montenegro is confirmed by the electoral commission