Events in History on August 15

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

778 Battle of Roncevaux Pass: Roland, commander of the rearguard of Charlemagne's army is defeated by the Basques

Holy Roman Emperor Charlemagne
Holy Roman Emperor
  • 927 The Saracens conquer and destroy Taranto.

BattleBattle of Interest

1040 King Duncan I of Scotland killed in battle against his first cousin and rival Macbeth (not murdered in his sleep as in Shakespeare's play). The latter does succeed him as King.

King of Scotland Macbeth
King of Scotland
  • 1185 The cave city of Vardzia is consecrated by Queen Tamar of Georgia.
  • 1248 Construction of Cologne Cathedral begun
  • 1308 Knights of St John conquer Rhodes
  • 1457 Earliest dated book, "Mainz Psalter," completed
  • 1461 Empire of Trebizond surrenders to forces of Sultan Mehmet II - last Byzantine Empire remnant to fall. Emperor David exiled and later murdered.
  • 1517 Seven Portuguese armed vessels led by Fernão Pires de Andrade meet Chinese officials at the Pearl River estuary.
  • 1519 Panama City founded by Spanish conquistador Pedro Arias Dávila
  • 1534 Ignatius of Loyola forms society of Jesus/Jesuits
  • 1537 Asunción, Paraguay, is founded.
  • 1540 Arequipa, Peru, is founded.
  • 1548 Mary Queen of Scotland arrives in France, aged 6.
  • 1549 Jesuit priest Saint Francis Xavier comes ashore at Kagoshima (Traditional Japanese date: July 22, 1549).
  • 1599 Nine Years War: Battle of Curlew Pass - Irish forces led by Hugh Roe O'Donnell successfully ambush English forces, led by Sir Conyers Clifford, sent to relieve Collooney Castle.
  • 1620 Mayflower sets sail from Southampton, England, with 102 Pilgrims
  • 1635 1st recorded north American hurricane hit the Plymouth Colony
  • 1653 -16] Dutch ship "Sperwer" stranded at Tsjedzjoe Korea
  • 1658 France/Sweden/Bavarian/Brunswick/Munster/Hessen-Kassel form Confederation of the Rhine
  • 1668 Confederation of the Rhine disbands
  • 1684 Spain & Germany sign cease fire with France
  • 1741 French troops attack the Rhine
  • 1748 United Lutheran Church the American colonies organized
  • 1760 Battle at Leignitz: Prussia beats Austria & Russia
  • 1785 French cardinal De Rohan arrested
  • 1795 Joseph Haydn leaves England forever
  • 1824 Freed American slaves establish Liberia on the West African coast through the American Colonization Society (ACS)
  • 1832 Gregory XVI encyclical On liberalism & religious indifferentism
  • 1843 National black convention meets (Buffalo NY)
  • 1843 Tivoli Gardens amusement park opens in Copenhagen, world's 2nd oldest
  • 1848 M Waldo Hanchett patents dental chair
  • 1858 Regular mail to Pacific coast begins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1861 Abraham Lincoln orders reinforcements be sent to Missouri

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • 1863 Submarine "HL Hunley" arrives in Charleston on railroad cars
  • 1863 The Anglo-Satsuma War begins between the Satsuma Domain of Japan and the United Kingdom (Traditional Japanese date: July 2, 1863).
  • 1864 Off New England coast, CSS Tallahassee captures 6 yankee schooners
  • 1865 Battle of Lone Jack, Missouri
  • 1867 The Representation of the People Act (1867) extends suffrage in the UK
  • 1869 The Meiji government in Japan establishes six new ministries, including one for Shinto.
  • 1870 Transcontinental Railway actually completed in Colorado
  • 1876 US law removes Indians from Black Hills after gold find
  • 1886 Guy Hecker scores 7 runs in 1 game
  • 1891 San Sebastian Church in Manila, the first all-steel church in Asia, is officially inaugurated and blessed.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1892 4th & last British government of William Gladstone forms

British Prime Minister William Gladstone
British Prime Minister
William Gladstone
  • 1893 US no longer allowed exclusive rights in Bering Sea
  • 1899 Louisville's Henry Dowling struck out 5 times in a game
  • 1900 The Boxer Rebellion: In China, the Empress, her family and court retainers flee while foreign troops move through Peking in an attempt to quell the rebellion
  • 1900 Russian troops advance further unto Manchuria
  • 1901 Arch Rock, a danger to San Francisco Bay shipping, blasted with 30 tons of nitro
  • 1901 Great Britain issues a proclamation calling on the Boers to surrender by 15 September or face banishment and confiscation of their property
  • 1905 Philadelphia A's Rube Waddell no-hits St Louis Browns, 2-0 in 5 innings
  • 1906 1st freight delivery tunnel system begins, underneath Chicago

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1906 King Edward VII of Great Britain visits German Emperor Wilhelm II to discuss the escalating rivalry between their nations' naval forces

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • 1911 Procter & Gamble unveils its Crisco shortening
  • 1912 Yankee Guy Zinn sets record by stealing home twice in a game

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914 Dinant, Belgium, destroyed by German bombs. Lt Charles de Gaulle (24), injured

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • 1914 Japan joins side of allies
  • 1914 Panama Canal opens (under cost)

MurderMurder of Interest

1914 A male servant of American architect Frank Lloyd Wright sets fire to the living quarters of the architect's Wisconsin home, Taliesin, murders seven people and burns the living quarters to the ground.

  • 1914 The first large public gathering of Boers in South Africa who do not want to support Britain in a war against Germany; British authorities will try to repress this movement, but discontent spreads

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914 US Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan, in a letter to J P Morgan, declares that loans to any of the belligerents go against US neutrality

US Politician William Jennings Bryan
US Politician
William Jennings Bryan
  • 1915 Journalist Albert Siegfried Bettelheim, convicted of murder in Georgia
  • 1920 With the strategic help of the French, Polish troops defeat the Soviets at the Battle of Warsaw (Miracle upon the Vistula)
  • 1923 Eamon de Valera arrested in Irish Free State
  • 1923 Mexico & US reaches accord over oil concession of 1917
  • 1925 Norway annexes Spitsbergen
  • 1931 Ernest Lassy completes longest canoe journey without port (6,102 mi)
  • 1931 Roy Wilkins joined NAACP as asst secretary
  • 1939 13 Stukas dive into the ground during a disastrous air-practice at Neuhammer. No survivors.
  • 1940 1st edition of Jewish Weekly newspaper in Amsterdam (under Nazis)
  • 1940 Heavy dogfights above England: 75 German aircraft damaged
  • 1941 Kovono Lithuanian Jews are herded into Slobodka ghetto
  • 1942 5 hostages executed by Nazis in St-Michielsgestel
  • 1943 Allies land on Kiska Aleutians
  • 1944 Allied air raid on train in North Netherlands, 32 killed
  • 1944 German field marshal Günther von Kluge vanishes for one day; he killed himself on the 19th in the aftermath of the attempt to assassinate Adolf Hitler
  • 1944 Operation Anvil: Allies land on French Mediterranean sea coast
  • 1944 Operation Dragoon: Allied troops land in Provence
  • 1944 US 12 Army corps enters Le Mans through Orleans
  • 1944 US 7th Armour division reaches Chartres
  • 1945 A riot ensued in SF while the city was celebrating the end of WW II
  • 1945 US wartime rationing of gasoline & fuel oil ends
  • 1945 World War II: Korean Liberation Day.

Victory in battleVictory over Japan Day

1945 Victory over Japan Day, the Japanese surrender and the end of WWII is announced in Japan (due to time zones 14th Aug in the Americas)

  • 1947 India gains independence from Great Britain, remains a dominion until 1950
  • 1948 Republic of Korea (South Korea) proclaimed (National Day)
  • 1950 8.6 earthquake in India kills 20,000 to 30,000
  • 1950 Indians make their 1st triple play at Cleveland Stadium
  • 1950 Joseph Pholien becomes Belgian premier

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 Sukarno proclaims the unitary Republic of Indonesia and becomes its 1st President

1st President of Indonesia Sukarno
1st President of Indonesia
  • 1950 Rotterdam dock strike begins
  • 1950 Srikakulam district is formed in Andhra Pradesh, India.
  • 1952 9 inches of rain fall creates a 20 ft wave in Lynmouth, England, killing 34
  • 1954 Alfredo Stroessner names himself president of Paraguay
  • 1955 Hurricane Connie dissipates after killing 43 in NC, SC, Virginia & Maryland
  • 1957 David Simons reaches 30,942 m in Man High 2 balloon
  • 1957 USAF Capt Joe B Jordan reaches 31,513 m in F-104 jet fighter
  • 1958 Soviet Marshal Bulganin resigns as director of State Bank
  • 1960 Congo (formerly Congo/Brazzaville) declares Independence from France
  • 1960 UFO is sighted by 3 California patrolmen
  • 1961 Keiyo Road is specified as the first driveway in Japan.
  • 1962 Netherlands & Indonesia sign accord over New Guinea
  • 1962 Shady Grove Baptist Church burned in Leesburg, Georgia
  • 1963 Fulbert Youlou resigns as President of Congo-Brazzaville
  • 1964 Race riot in Dixmoor (Chicago suburb) Ill
  • 1965 Japanese community of SF holds Masanori Murakami Day at Candlestick Park to honor 1st Japanese player to play in major leagues
  • 1966 Radio Free Asia (South Korea) begins radio transmission
  • 1967 Pope Paul VI publishes constitution Regimini Ecclesiae Universae
  • 1967 UK's Marine Offences Bill making pirate radio stations a crime goes into effect, pirate station Radio 355 closes down
  • 1968 Pirate Radio Free London begins transmitting

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 Romanian president Nicolae Ceausescu visits Prague

Dictator of Romania Nicolae Ceausescu
Dictator of Romania
Nicolae Ceausescu
  • 1968 USSR performs nuclear test at Sary Shagan USSR
  • 1971 Bahrain gains independence from Britain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1971 US President Richard Nixon announces 90-day freeze on wages, prices & rents

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1971 The Social Democratic and Labour Party announce a campaign of civil disobedience in response to the introduction of Internment in Northern Ireland
  • 1973 Black September kills 3 and wounds 55 in Athens
  • 1973 David Storey's "Cromwell" premieres in London
  • 1973 USSR performs nuclear test
  • 1974 France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
  • 1974 Hurricane/floods ravage Bangladesh, 4,000 killed
  • 1974 South Korean President Park Chung-Hee escapes assassination
  • 1975 Bangladesh military coup under Khondakar Moustaque Ahmed
  • 1975 Joanne Little acquitted of murder charges
  • 1975 Miki Takeo makes the first official pilgrimage to Yasukuni Shrine by an incumbent prime minister on the anniversary of the end of World War II.
  • 1977 Herbert Kappler, head of Nazi police and security services in Rome during WWII, escapes from prison hospital in Rome
  • 1978 US House of Representatives approves (233-169), 39-month extension for ERA
  • 1979 Andrew Young resigns as US ambassador to the United Nations
  • 1982 Equatorial Guinea adopts constitution
  • 1984 The PKK in Turkey starts a campaign of armed attacks upon the Turkish military
  • 1985 PW Botha gives the "Rubicon" Speech in Durban, South Africa, dissapointing many by refusing to consider immediate and major reforms in the country's apartheid system
  • 1985 First Iraqi air raid on Iran's main oil export terminal, Kharg Island
  • 1987 At Pan Am games in Indianapolis, USA & Cuba are tied with 2 outs in 9th, Ty Griffin HR, Cuba 1st loss in 20 years of Pan Am competition
  • 1988 At 4PM LILCO consumers used a record 3,813 megawatts
  • 1988 NYC begins $70 million program to rebuild 900 Bronx apartments
  • 1989 Frederik de Klerk becomes president of South Africa
  • 1990 Phils Terry Mulholland no-hits Giants 6-0 (8th no hitter of 1990)
  • 1990 At least 150 people die in clashes between the African National Congress and Inkatha Freedom Party, South Africa
  • 1991 750,000 attend Paul Simon's free concert in Central Park
  • 1991 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1992 Colombo '92 closes in Genoa Italy
  • 1993 NYC radio (WFAN) personality Don Imus' lung collapes for 2nd time
  • 1993 Televangelist Robert Tilton announces he is divorcing Marte

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1994 South African President Nelson Mandela receives Anne Frank Penning

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela
  • 1994 Terrorist Carlos the Jackal, captured in Khartoum Sudan
  • 1997 Dow Jones drops 247.37 pts
  • 1998 Omagh bombing in Northern Ireland, the worst terrorist incident of The Troubles, kills 29 people and injures about 220
  • 1999 Beni Ounif massacre in Algeria; some 29 people are killed at a false roadblock near the Moroccan border, leading to temporary tensions with Morocco.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2006 Der Spiegel, Spiegel Online, publishes documents confirming German writer Günter Grass membership of the Waffen-SS in WWII

Writer and playwright Günter Grass
Writer and playwright
Günter Grass
  • 2007 An 8.0-magnitude earthquake off the Pacific coast devastates Ica and various regions of Peru killing 514 and injuring 1,090.
  • 2008 Lee Berger and his nine-year-old son, Matthew, discover the two-million-year-old fossils of a new species of human ancestor (Australopithecus sediba) at Malapa Cave, South Africa
  • 2009 Portugal leaves recession after three consecutive quarters of negative growth having its GDP recover by 0.3% in the second quarter of 2009
  • 2013 20 people are killed and 200 are injured in an explosion in Beirut
  • 2015 North Korea creates its own time zone -moving its clocks back half an hour to GMT+8.5