Events in History on August 18

  • 293 BC The oldest known Roman temple to Venus is founded, starting the institution of Vinalia Rustica (grape harvest festival)
  • 1201 The city of Riga is founded.
  • 1289 Pope Nicolas IV publishes degree "Supra montem"
  • 1541 A Portuguese ship drifts ashore in the ancient Japanese province of Higo (modern day Kumamoto Prefecture). (Traditional Japanese date: July 27, 1541)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1564 Spanish king Philip II joins Council of Trente

King of Spain Philip II
King of Spain
Philip II
  • 1587 Saul Wahl is elected King of Poland, according to legend.
  • 1605 Spanish army under of general Spinola conquerors Lingen
  • 1634 Urbain Grandier, accused and convicted of sorcery, is burned alive in Loudun, France.
  • 1636 The Covenant of the Town of Dedham, Massachusetts is first signed.
  • 1674 Jean Racine's "Iphigénie" premieres in Versailles
  • 1686 Giovanni Cassini reports seeing a satellite orbiting Venus

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1698 Russian Tsar Peter the Great arrives in Zaandam

Russian Tsar Peter the Great
Russian Tsar
Peter the Great
  • 1700 Swedish, English & Dutch army lands on Seeland, Denmark
  • 1735 Evening Post begins publishing (Boston, Mass)
  • 1759 -19] 2nd sea battle of Lagos: England vs France
  • 1769 A lightning strike on the Bastion of San Nazaro in Brescia, Italy, ignites 90 tonnes of gunpowder, killing 3,000 people
  • 1795 Curacao governor De Veer sends militia to stop rebellious slaves
  • 1817 Gloucester, Mass, newspapers tells of wild sea serpent seen offshore
  • 1835 Last Pottawatomie Indians leave Chicago
  • 1838 1st United States Exploring Expedition departs headed by Charles Wilkes
  • 1840 American Society of Dental Surgeons founded (NY)
  • 1840 French colony established in Akaroa, South Island of New Zealand
  • 1846 General Stephen W Kearney's US forces captures Santa Fe, New Mexico
  • 1848 Camila O'Gorman and Ladislao Gutierrez are executed on the orders of Argentine dictator Juan Manuel de Rosas
  • 1858 Netherlands & Japan sign trade agreement

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1862 General Lee's adjutant Major Stuart captured

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee
  • 1862 Sioux Indians begin uprising in Minnesota (it is later crushed)
  • 1864 6th day of battle at Deep Bottom Run, Virginia: Confederate assault
  • 1864 Petersburg Campaign-Battle of Weldon Railroad day 1 of 3 days
  • 1868 French Astronomer Pierre Janssen discovers helium in solar spectrum during eclipse
  • 1870 Battle at Gravelotte Privat: Prussia beat France, 32,000 casualties
  • 1872 1st mail-order catalog issued by A M Ward
  • 1873 1st ascent of Mount Whitney, California (14,494')
  • 1891 Hurricane hits Martinique, about 700 die
  • 1894 US Congress creates Bureau of Immigration
  • 1896 Adolph Ochs (39) buys NY Times
  • 1904 Chris Watson resigns as Prime Minister of Australia and is succeeded by George Reid

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1909 Mayor of Tokyo Yukio Ozaki presents Washington, D.C. with 2,000 cherry trees, which President Taft decides to plant near the Potomac River.

27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft
  • 1914 -20] Belgian army withdraws to Antwerp
  • 1914 French troops under general Dubail occupy Sarrebourg

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914 US President Woodrow Wilson issues "Proclamation of Neutrality"

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1917 Dutch Naval Air Force forms (MLD)
  • 1917 A Great Fire in Thessaloniki, Greece destroys 32% of the city leaving 70,000 individuals homeless.
  • 1919 Anti-Cigarette League of America forms in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1920 US ratifies the 19th Amendment to the constitution bringing in women's suffrage
  • 1924 France begins withdrawing troops from the Ruhr
  • 1925 Belgium & US sign treaty about war debts
  • 1925 Cardinal Mercier warns Belgians against socialism/liberalism
  • 1926 Weather map televised for 1st time
  • 1930 Eastern Airlines begins passenger service
  • 1932 Auguste Piccard/Max Cosijns reach 16,201m in a balloon
  • 1932 Englishman James Mollisson is 1st to fly east to west over Atlantic
  • 1936 106.5°F-Hottest afternoon ever in Iowa
  • 1937 1st FM radio construction permit issued (W1X0J (WGTR) in Boston MA)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1938 FDR dedicates Thousand Islands Bridge connecting US & Canada

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1940 Battle of Britain - 'The hardest day" Luftwaffe lose 69 aircraft, the RAF 68 in largest ever air battle
  • 1941 German concentration camp Amersfoort opens
  • 1942 Carlson's Raiders land on Makin, Gilbert islands, kill 350 Japanese
  • 1943 Carl Hubbell wins his 253rd & final game, all with Giants
  • 1943 Final convoy of Jews from Salonika, Greece, arrives at Auschwitz
  • 1943 Otto Skorzeny's Heinkel-111 shot down at Sardinia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 Chartres freed by US 3rd Army forces during WWII led by General George S. Patton

US WWII General George S. Patton
US WWII General
George S. Patton
  • 1944 Paris rail workers strike against Nazi occupiers
  • 1944 US 15th Army Corps reaches Mantes-Gassicourt near Paris

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1945 Sukarno elected 1st President of Indonesia by the Preparatory Committee for Indonesian Independence (PPKI)

1st President of Indonesia Sukarno
1st President of Indonesia
  • 1947 Naval torpedo & mine factory explodes at Cadiz, Spain killing 300
  • 1949 Hungary adopts constitution
  • 1950 Julien Lahaut, the chairman of the Communist Party of Belgium is assassinated by far-right elements.
  • 1954 James E. Wilkins is 1st black to attend a US cabinet meeting
  • 1955 -19] Hurricane Diane, kills 400 in US
  • 1955 46.1 cm rainfall at Westfield, Massachusetts (state record)
  • 1955 Sjukri al-Quwatli re-elected president of Syria
  • 1957 Juan-Manuel Fangio, wins his last auto World Championship at 46
  • 1957 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1958 "Lolita" by Vladimir Nabokov published
  • 1958 Betsy Palmer joins Today Show panel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958 Fidel Castro makes a speech on Cuban pirate radio Rebelde

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • 1958 United Kingdom issues regional stamps (N Ireland, Scotland & Wales)
  • 1958 Perez Prado "Mambo King" receives one of the 1st gold records
  • 1958 TV game show scandal investigation starts
  • 1958 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
  • 1958 Verne Gagne beats Edouard Carpentier in Omaha, to become NWA champ
  • 1959 Branch Rickey resigns as Pirates' CEO to be President of Continental League
  • 1960 1st commercial oral contraceptive, Enovid 10 debuts in Skokie, Illinois
  • 1960 1st photograph bounced off a satellite, Cedar Rapids, Iowa and Richardson, Texas
  • 1962 Peter, Paul & Mary release their first hit "If I Had a Hammer"
  • 1963 James Meredith becomes 1st black graduate from U of Mississippi
  • 1964 Charles Helu elected president of Lebanon
  • 1964 USSR launch 3 Kosmos satellites

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1969 Mick Jagger accidentally shot while filming "Ned Kelly"

Rock Star Mick Jagger
Rock Star
Mick Jagger
  • 1971 New Zealand Prime Minister Keith Holyoake announces in Parliament that New Zealand’s combat force would be withdrawn from Vietnam before the end of the year, coinciding with a similar announcement by the Australian government
  • 1976 USSR's Luna 24 soft-lands on Moon
  • 1976 In the Korean Demilitarized Zone at Panmunjeom, the Axe Murder Incident results in the death of two US soldiers.
  • 1977 2 girls are killed by a runaway car outside of Graceland
  • 1978 Memphis Tenn settles with striking police officers & firefighters

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1979 Iran's Ayatollah Khomeini demands Saint War against Kurds

Supreme Leader of Iran Ayatollah Khomeini
Supreme Leader of Iran
Ayatollah Khomeini
  • 1979 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1982 1st time NYSE tops 100 M figure, 132.69 M shares traded
  • 1982 NYSE sets trading record of 132,690,000 shares traded
  • 1982 Japanese election law is amended to allow for proportional representation.
  • 1983 Hurricane Alicia battered Houston & Galveston, Texas
  • 1983 Samantha Druce, age 12y 119d becomes the youngest woman to swim English Channel
  • 1983 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1983 Royals defeat Yanks, 5-4, completing "pine-tar" game (12 minutes). Hal McRae strikes out & Dan Quisenberry retires Yankees in order
  • 1984 Triangle Oil Corp, above-ground storage tank at Jacksonville Fla, spills 2.5 m gallons of oil burned after lightning sparked a fire
  • 1985 Suisei Launch (Halley's Comet Flyby)
  • 1986 Crockett's Tavern opens in Fort Wilderness
  • 1986 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Philadelphia PA on WYSP 94.1 FM
  • 1986 WYSP-FM Philadelphia begins simulcasting Howard Stern Show
  • 1987 Ohio nurse Donald Harvey sentence to triple life (poisoned 24)
  • 1987 Philip Rush of NZ, set record for triple crossing English Channel his time 28:21, 10 hours faster than 1st man to do it
  • 1987 Straatsburg: Manuela Stellmach/Astrid Strauss/Anke Mohring/ Heike Friedrich swims female world record 4x200m freestyle (7:55.47)
  • 1988 FDA approves Minoxidil as a hair loss treatment
  • 1988 Largest house (130 rooms) on Long Island sold for $22 million
  • 1988 Republican Convention in New Orleans select Bush-Quayle ticket
  • 1989 Arturo Barrios of Mexico sets 10K record (27:08.23) in Berlin
  • 1989 Leading presidential hopeful Luis Carlos Galán is assassinated near Bogotá in Colombia.
  • 1991 Hurricane Bob hits NC with 115 MPH wind
  • 1991 Pan American games close in Havana
  • 1993 Historical Kapelbrug in Luzern Switz, destroyed by fire
  • 1994 5.6 earthquake in Algeria, kills 171
  • 1994 15th Commonwealth Games open in Victoria, Canada
  • 1995 Cards reliever Tom Henke earns his 300th career save
  • 1996 Record 6,654 tap at Macy's Tap-o-mania in NYC
  • 2000 A Federal jury finds the US Environmental Protection Agency guilty of discrimination against Dr. Marsha Coleman-Adebayo, under the Civil Rights Act of 1964, later inspiring passage of the No FEAR Act.
  • 2005 Dennis Rader is sentenced to 175 years in prison for the BTK (Bind, Torture, Kill) serial killings in Sedgwick County, Kansas.
  • 2005 Massive power blackout hits the Indonesian island of Java, affecting almost 100 million people.
  • 2008 President Of Pakistan Pervez Musharaf resigned due to pressure from opposition.
  • 2011 The "West Memphis Three" are released from prison after 18 years in imprisonment
  • 2012 Al-Qaeda militants kill 14 people in an attack in Aden, Yemen
  • 2012 NATO air strikes kill at least 13 militants in Afghanistan
  • 2013 6 people are killed by a bomb blast on a bus in West Bengal, India