Events in History on August 19

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

43 BC Octavian, later known as Augustus, compels the Roman Senate to elect him Consul.

Roman Emperor Augustus Caesar
Roman Emperor
Augustus Caesar
  • 440 St Sixtus III ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1071 Battle at Manzikert: Seldjuken sultan Alp Arslan beats Byzantine King
  • 1099 Crusaders beat Saracens in Battle of Ascalon
  • 1263 King James I of Aragon censors Hebrew writing
  • 1399 King Richard II of England surrenders to his cousin Henry
  • 1458 Aenea Silvio Piccolomini chosen Pope Pius II
  • 1493 Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I becomes Archduke of Austria
  • 1504 Battle of Knockdoe in Galway Ireland.
  • 1524 Emperor Charles V's troops besiege Marseille, France
  • 1561 Mary Queen of Scots arrives in Leith, Scotland to assume throne after spending 13 years in France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1587 Sigismund III becomes King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania

  • 1591 French King Henri IV occupies Rouen
  • 1627 Prince Frederik Henry conquerors fort Groenlo
  • 1691 Battle at Szalankemen: Austrians beat Turks
  • 1692 Five more people hanged for witchcraft (20 in all) in Salem, Massachusetts
  • 1702 -24] Battle at Santa Marta Venz: English fleet beat French
  • 1745 Jacobite Rising 1745 : Bonnie Prince Charlie, raises his standard at Glenfinnan, Scotland, igniting the second Jacobite rebellion.
  • 1757 Battle at Gross Jagerndorf: Russian army beats Prussia [NS=Aug 30]
  • 1768 Saint Isaac's Cathedral is founded in Saint Petersburg, Russia.
  • 1772 Gustav III seizes effective control of Swedish government & restores full power of monarchy, which had been subordinate to parliament since 1720

AgreementUnited States Declaration of Independence

1791 Benjamin Banneker sends a copy of his Almanac and writes a letter to Thomas Jefferson criticizing his pro-slavery stance and requesting justice for African Americans using language from the Declaration of Independence

  • 1796 Spain & France sign anti-British alliance
  • 1812 US warship Constitution defeats British warship Guerriere
  • 1813 Gervasio Antonio de Posadas joins Argentina's second triumvirate.
  • 1816 Java again in Dutch hands

BattleCoup d'état

1821 Failed liberal coup against French King Louis XVIII

King of France Louis XVIII
King of France
  • 1826 Canada Co chartered to colonize Upper Canada (Ontario)
  • 1836 HMS Beagle anchors at Angra Azores

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1839 Details of Louis Daguerre's 1st practical photographic process are released in Paris

Photographer and Inventor Louis-Jacques Daguerre
Photographer and Inventor
Louis-Jacques Daguerre
  • 1849 NY Herald reports gold discovery in California
  • 1861 Confederacy Congress allies with government of MO
  • 1864 2nd day of battle at Globe Tavern, Virginia
  • 1887 Dmitri Mendeleev makes a solo ascent by balloon to an altitude of 11,500 feet (3.5 km) above Klin, Russia to observe an eclipse
  • 1891 William Huggins describes astronomical application of spectrum
  • 1895 American frontier murderer and outlaw, John Wesley Hardin, is killed by an off-duty policeman in a saloon in El Paso, Texas.
  • 1897 1st electric taxis drive in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1905 Russian Tsar Nicholas II installs "Imperial Duma", without legislative powers

  • 1911 NY Giant Christy Mathewson loses after beating Reds 22 straight times
  • 1912 Percy Aldridge Grainger's "Shepherd's Key" premieres
  • 1913 Frenchman Adolphe Célestin Pégoud makes 1st parachute jump in Europe
  • 1914 Elmer Rice' "On Trial" premieres in NYC
  • 1914 German army executed 150 Belgians by firing squad
  • 1914 German fleet bombs English coast
  • 1914 Harris Theater (Candler, Coan & Harris) opens at 226 W 42nd St NYC
  • 1914 In a message to the Senate, US President Wilson urges the American people to be 'neutral in fact as well as name'
  • 1915 Rationing laws go into effect in Netherlands
  • 1915 World War I: the Battle of Van begins
  • 1915 British liner "SS Arabic" sunk by German submarine without warning leaving Liverpool for New York; killing 44. Creates diplomatic incident
  • 1919 Afghanistan declares independence from UK
  • 1927 Metropolitan Sergius proclaims the declaration of loyalty of the Russian Orthodox Church to the Soviet state.
  • 1931 Lefty Grove wins AL record tying 16th consecutive game
  • 1934 The first All-American Soap Box Derby is held in Dayton, Ohio.
  • 1936 Trial against Ljev Kamenev & Grigori Zinovjev because of "Trotskyism" opens in Moscow
  • 1939 37.6 cm rainfall at Tuckerton, NJ (state record)
  • 1941 Ump Jocko Conlan ejects Pirate manager Frankie Frisch for coming out on field holding an umbrella to get a rainout
  • 1942 -20] Churchill visits Montgomery's headquarter in Burg-al-Arab
  • 1942 WWII: Over 4,000 Canadian and British soldiers killed, wounded or captured raiding Dieppe, France
  • 1942 WWII: General Paulus orders German 6th Army to conquer Stalingrad
  • 1943 Belgian church excommunicates nazi Leon Degrelle
  • 1943 US air raid on German bases at Gilze-Rijen/Vlissingen
  • 1944 Allied air raid on Maastricht, 80+ killed
  • 1944 Gen Bradley visits Montgomery
  • 1944 Last Japanese troops driven out of India
  • 1944 Nazis give parts of Paris to Resistance
  • 1944 Paris police strike against nazi occupiers
  • 1944 Polish 1st Division occupies Hill 262 (Mont Ormel), Normandy
  • 1944 US 15th Army Corps occupies Mantes-Gassicourt at Paris
  • 1944 US 90th/Polish 1st Division occupy Chambois, Normandy
  • 1947 J Arens & D van Dorpen synthetise vitamin A
  • 1953 The democratically elected Prime Minister of Iran Mohammad Mosaddegh is overthrown in a coup orchestrated by the United Kingdom (under the name 'Operation Boot') and the United States (under the name TPAJAX Project)
  • 1954 Ralph J Bunche named undersecretary of UN
  • 1955 32.4 cm precipitation at Burlington, Connecticut (state record)
  • 1955 Hurricane Diane kills 200 & 1st billion $ damage storm (N.E. US)
  • 1957 US Major David Simons reaches 30,933m in a balloon
  • 1958 NAACP Youth Council begin sit-ins at Oklahoma City Lunch counters
  • 1959 Doctor X beats Wilber Snyder in Omaha, to become NWA wrestling champ
  • 1959 Honolulu seeks a franchise in Continental League
  • 1959 Satellite Discoverer 6 launched into polar orbit
  • 1960 Francis Gary Powers convicted of spying by USSR (U-2 incident)
  • 1960 Sputnik 5 carries 2 dogs, 3 mice into orbit as the first animals launched on a round trip into space (later recovered alive)
  • 1960 The first commercial atomic energy reactor, owned by the Yankee Atomic Electric Company, achieves a self-sustaining nuclear reaction in Rowe, Deerfield River, Massachusetts

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 US vice-president Lyndon B. Johnson visits West Berlin

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
  • 1963 NAACP Youth Council begins sit-ins at lunch counters, Oklahoma City
  • 1964 Communication satellite Syncom 3 launched
  • 1965 Auschwitz trials end with 6 life sentences
  • 1966 Earthquake strikes Varko Turkey: 2,400 killed
  • 1970 The Chinese Community in South Africa is granted 'White' status
  • 1973 France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1976 President Gerald Ford wins Republican presidential nomination at KC convention

38th US President Gerald Ford
38th US President
Gerald Ford
  • 1977 USSR performs nuclear test at Sary Shagan USSR
  • 1979 "My Sharonna" by the Knack hits #1 (stays for 42 days)
  • 1979 Soviet Cosmonauts Vladimir Lyakov and Valery Ryumin return to Earth aboard Soyuz 34 after a record 175 days in space
  • 1980 Saudi Arabian Lockhead Tristar crashes on landing at Riyadh, 301 die
  • 1980 Willy Russell's "Educating Rita" premieres in London
  • 1981 2 US Navy F-14 jet fighters shoot down 2 Soviet-built Libyan SU-22
  • 1982 Soyuz T-7 launched, Svetlana Savtiskaya 2nd woman in space
  • 1985 Japan launches its 2nd probe of Halley's Comet, Suisei
  • 1985 Following the Rubicon speech four days earlier, Archbishop Desmond Tutu snubs P. W. Botha's invitation to attend a meeting to discuss the role and actions of the police and security forces in South Africa
  • 1986 Car bomb kills 20 in Tehran, Iran
  • 1987 Hungerford Massacre: in England, Michael Ryan kills sixteen people with an assault rifle and then commits suicide.
  • 1988 Iran-Iraq begin a cease-fire in their 8-year-old war (11 PM EDT)
  • 1988 Muang Muang succeeds Gen Sein Lwin as president of Burma
  • 1989 Tadeusz Mazowiecki, elected 1st non-communist president of Poland
  • 1990 Dodger Jose Offerman hits HR in his 1st at bat
  • 1991 -20] Hurricane Bob hits US

BattleCoup d'état

1991 Conservative members of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union attempt to depose Mikhail Gorbachev in a coup d'état

General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Mikhail Gorbachev
General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Mikhail Gorbachev
  • 1993 Dow Jones hits record high of 3612.13
  • 1993 George Tiller, abortion doctor, shot in his arms by Rachelle Shannon
  • 1993 Mattel & Fisher Price toy companies merge
  • 1995 After 5 days Shannon Faulkner quits as 1st woman at the Citadel
  • 1996 The major South African political parties begin their submission to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC)
  • 1997 STS 85 (Discovery 23) lands
  • 1998 South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission chairperson, Archbishop D. Tutu, releases documents revealing an alleged plot by Western countries to assassinate UN Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjöld of Sweden

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1999 In Belgrade tens of thousands of Serbians rally to demand the resignation of Slobodan Milošević as president of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

President of Serbia and Yugoslavia Slobodan Milosevic
President of Serbia and Yugoslavia
Slobodan Milosevic
  • 2002 A Russian Mi-26 helicopter carrying troops is hit by a Chechen missile outside of Grozny, killing 118 soldiers.
  • 2003 A Hamas planned suicide attack on a bus in Jerusalem kills 23 Israelis, 7 of them children
  • 2003 A car-bomb attack on United Nations headquarters in Iraq kills the agency's top envoy Sergio Vieira de Mello and 21 other employees.
  • 2005 The first-ever joint military exercise between Russia and China, called Peace Mission 2005 begins
  • 2005 A series of strong storms lashes Southern Ontario spawning several tornadoes as well as creating extreme flash flooding within the city of Toronto and its surrounding communities. In Toronto, it is also dubbed as the Toronto Supercell.
  • 2009 A series of bombings in Baghdad, Iraq, kills 101 and injures 565 others
  • 2010 Operation Iraqi Freedom ends, with the last of the United States brigade combat teams crossing the border to Kuwait
  • 2012 32 people are killed after a plane crash in Talodi, Sudan
  • 2013 24 Egyptian policemen are killed in an attack in Rafah
  • 2013 37 pilgrims are killed in a train accident in India
  • 2013 91 people are killed by floods across China
  • 2014 The 24 hour ceasefire extension renewal between Israel and Palestine is violated as Hamas fire rockets; Israeli Air Force respond, killing 9 Gazans
  • 2015 US Food and Drug administration approves Female Viagra libido pill Addyi