Events in History on August 23

  • 79 Mount Vesuvius begins stirring, on feast day of Vulcan, Roman god of fire (goes on to destroy Pompeii)

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

406 Battle at Florence: Stilicho's Roman army beats Radagaisus' Barbarians

Roman General Stilicho
Roman General
  • 476 Odoacer proclaimed King of of Italy, 1st barbarian King of Italy
  • 1046 King Henry III gives money to Utrecht Deventer diocese


1305 William Wallace, Scottish patriot, is executed for high treason by Edward I of England.

Scottish nobleman William Wallace
Scottish nobleman
William Wallace
  • 1328 Battle at Kassel: French troops stop uprising of Flemish farmers
  • 1328 King Philip VI of France, crowned
  • 1441 Holland & Hanzesteden sign cease fire treaty
  • 1514 Battle of Chaldiran ended with a decisive victory for the Sultan Selim I, Ottoman Empire, over the Shah Ismail I, Safavids founder.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1541 French explorer Jacques Cartier lands near Quebec City in his third voyage to Canada

French Explorer Jacques Cartier
French Explorer
Jacques Cartier
  • 1542 Rabbi Joseph Caro completes his commentary of Tur Code
  • 1553 Bishop Stephen Gardiner appointed English Lord Chancellor
  • 1555 Calvinists are granted rights in the Netherlands.
  • 1566 Beeldenstorm reaches Amsterdam
  • 1566 Land guardian Margaretha van Parma grants Calvinists rights
  • 1582 French van Valois pays tribute to earl of Flanders
  • 1595 Michael the Brave confronts the Ottoman army in the Battle of Calugareni.
  • 1614 University of Groningen opens
  • 1617 1st one-way streets open (London)
  • 1708 Meidingnu Pamheiba is crowned King of Manipur.
  • 1711 Admiral Hovenden Walkers fleet reach St Lawrence
  • 1784 Eastern Tennessee settlers declare their area an independent state & name it Franklin; a year later the Continental Congress rejects it
  • 1796 African Methodist Episcopal Church incorporated

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1799 Napoleon leaves Egypt for France en route to seize power.

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1813 Battle of Grossbeeren - Prussians under Von Bulow repulse French
  • 1821 Mexico declares independence
  • 1838 Mt Holyoke Female Seminary (South Hadley, Mass) 1st graduating class
  • 1839 British capture Hong Kong from China
  • 1850 1st US National Women's Rights Convention convenes in Worcester, Massachusetts
  • 1862 Skirmish at Big Hill, Kentucky (2 Federal regiments)
  • 1864 Union troops/fleet occupy Fort Morgan, Alabama
  • 1866 Treaty of Prague ends Austro-Prussian war
  • 1869 1st carload of freight (boots & shoes) arrives in SF, from Boston
  • 1872 1st Japanese commercial ship visits SF, carrying tea
  • 1873 Albert Bridge crossing the river Thames in London opens
  • 1879 Governor-general Charles Gordon of Sudan returns to Cairo
  • 1889 1st ship-to-shore wireless message received in US (SF)
  • 1896 First Cry of the Philippine Revolution is made in Pugad Lawin (Quezon City), in the province of Manila.
  • 1900 National Negro Business League organizes (Boston)
  • 1903 6th Zionist Congres, Theodor Herzl declares Jewish state
  • 1904 Automobile tire chain patented
  • 1906 Cuba's 1st president Tomés Estrada Palma asks for US intervention
  • 1910 Fred Clarke makes a record 4 outfield assists for Pittsburgh
  • 1911 British premier Herbert Asquith holds secret meeting about British strategy in case of war with Germany
  • 1914 -24] German troops plunder Belgium
  • 1914 Battle of Mons: General Alexander von Kluck's troops forced a British withdrawal.
  • 1914 Gen von Hausen executes 612 inhabitants of Dinant, Belgium
  • 1914 Japan declares war on Germany in World War I
  • 1915 Tsar Nicolaas II takes control of Russian Army
  • 1916 Military court of Berlin sentences socialist Karl Liebknecht to 4 years
  • 1917 Race riot in Houston Texas (2 blacks & 11 whites killed)
  • 1920 M R Rinehart & A Hopwood's "Bat" premieres in NYC
  • 1921 British declare a truce with Irish Nationalists Sinn Fein
  • 1921 Austria and the US formally end war; the US does the same with Germany on the 25th, and Hungary on the 29th
  • 1923 Capt. Lowell Smith and Lt. John P. Richter performed the first mid-air refueling on De Havilland DH-4B, setting an endurance flight record of 37 hours.
  • 1924 Mars' closest approach to Earth since 10th century
  • 1929 Arabs attack Jews in Israel
  • 1930 1st British Empire Games close in Hamilton, Canada
  • 1931 Count Gyula Károlyi becomes premier of Hungary
  • 1931 Philadelphia A's Lefty Grove, loses 1-0 (Browns) after winning 16 straight

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 Mahatma Gandhi released from Indian jail following yet another hunger strike

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1936 17 year old Bob Feller's 1st game, he strikes out 15 St Louis Browns
  • 1938 England score 7-903 declared v Australia, Len Hutton scores 364
  • 1939 John Cobb (Britain) drives 365.85 MPH (593.48 KPH) at Bonneville Flats

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1939 Molotov-Ribbentrop pact: USSR & Germany sign a non-agression pact

Foreign Minister of the German Reich Joachim von Ribbentrop
Foreign Minister of the German Reich
Joachim von Ribbentrop
Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin
Soviet Union Premier
Joseph Stalin
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1940 German Luftwaffe begins night bombing on London
  • 1940 Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands dismisses premier De Geer
  • 1942 1st US flights to land on Guadalcanal
  • 1942 Battle of Stalingrad: 600 Luftwaffe planes bomb Stalingrad (40,000 die)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 British Premier Winston Churchill flies back to London from Cairo

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1942 World War II: last cavalry charge in history takes place at Isbushenskij, Russia; the Italian Savoia Cavalleria charges Soviet infantry
  • 1943 Red army recaptures Charkow
  • 1944 94.5°F (34.7°C) in De Bilt Netherlands & 101.5°F (38.6°C) in Warnsvelt
  • 1944 Allied troops capture Marseille, France
  • 1944 General George Leclerc's troops advance towards Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 General Montgomery consults with Generals Bradley and Eisenhower

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1944 Romanian Royal coup: King Michael orders forces to cease fire against Allies and dismisses pro-Axis premier, Marshal Ion Antonescu
  • 1944 Sammellager Drancy freed
  • 1944 US 20th Army corp enter Fontainebleau/Melun de Seine
  • 1944 US B-24 crashes into school in Freckelton England, 76 killed
  • 1946 Ordinance No. 46 of the British Military Government constitutes the German Land (state) of Schleswig-Holstein.
  • 1946 "The Big Sleep" directed by Howard Hawks and starring Humphrey Bogart (Philip Marlowe) and Lauren Bacall first premieres
  • 1947 US President Truman's daughter, Margaret's 1st public singing concert
  • 1948 Earl Bernadotte asks aid for fugitives to Palestine
  • 1948 World Council of Churches formed by 147 churches from 44 countries
  • 1950 West Germany & Japan readmitted to Intl Amateur Athletic Federation
  • 1952 Arab League security pact goes into effect
  • 1952 Giants Bob Elliott is ejected for arguing a strike, Bobby Hoffman completes his bat, he strikes out & is also ejected for arguing
  • 1953 Dutch DC-6 crashes near Ymuiden in North Sea, 21 die
  • 1953 USSR performs nuclear test

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 President Getulio Vargas of Brazil resigns temporarily

President and Dictator of Brazil Getulio Vargas
President and Dictator of Brazil
Getulio Vargas
  • 1954 First flight of the C-130 Hercules transport aircraft.
  • 1957 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1958 China PR resumes fire on Quemoi & Matsoe
  • 1958 Marie Ashton completes playing piano a female record 133 hours
  • 1958 Chinese Civil War: The Second Taiwan Strait crisis begins with the People's Liberation Army's bombardment of Quemoy.
  • 1960 World's largest frog (3.3 kg) caught (Equatorial Guinea)
  • 1961 Belgium sends troops to Rwanda-Urundi
  • 1961 East Germany imposed new curbs on travel between West & East Berlin
  • 1961 US lunar probe Ranger 1 reaches 190 km from Earth, falls back
  • 1963 Ringo admits he wrote a song "Don't Pass Me By"
  • 1963 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1966 Lunar Orbiter 1 takes 1st photograph of Earth from Moon
  • 1968 Yanks & Tigers play 3-3 tie in 19 due to 1 AM curfew
  • 1972 4 civilians and 1 British soldier are injured in separate overnight shooting incidents in North Ireland
  • 1973 Intelsat communications satellite launched
  • 1974 John Lennon reports seeing a UFO in NYC
  • 1975 Classical Way wins Championship Cup at Roosevelt Raceway
  • 1975 Communists take over Laos
  • 1975 Ethiopian junta under Mengistu Haile
  • 1975 Philip Kapleau conducts 1st jukai ceremony in Poland
  • 1975 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1976 Heavy earthquake strikes China, 1,000s die
  • 1977 1st man-powered flight of a mile (Bryan Allen in Gossamer Condor)
  • 1977 Marxist philosopher Rudolf Bahro imprisoned in German DR
  • 1978 Iranian students occupies Iranian embassy at Wassenaar
  • 1979 Iranian army opens offensive against Kurds
  • 1979 UN's Vienna office opens
  • 1980 Charlie Finley sells A's for $127M to Haas (owners of Levi Strauss)
  • 1982 Lebanese falangist leader Bechir Gemayel elected as president
  • 1982 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1985 Said Aouita of Morocco sets 1.5k record (3:29.46) in Berlin
  • 1985 South African attorney/UDF leader "Dulah" Omar arrested
  • 1985 West German top counter espionage Hans Tiedge moves to German DR
  • 1986 Vrijkomend vulkaangas kills 1500 people in Nyos-more, Cameroon
  • 1987 15-year old boy hijacks KLM B737, demands $1 billion
  • 1987 Violent rainfall/floods in Bangladesh, kills 100s
  • 1989 Lewis/Everett/Burrell/Heard run world record 4x200 m (1:19.38)
  • 1990 Armenia declares independence
  • 1990 East & West Germany announced that they would unite on Oct 3
  • 1990 US begins call up of 46,000 reservists to the Persian Gulf
  • 1992 Wilhelm Verwoerd, grandson of former South African Prime Minister, Hendrik Verwoerd, main architect of apartheid, joins the African National Congress
  • 1993 NY Dow Jones index reaches record high of 3,638.96 points
  • 1995 Indians' Jose Mesa sets record with his 38th consecutive save

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1996 Osama bin Laden issues message entitled 'A declaration of war against the Americans occupying the land of the two holy places.'

Islamic Militant & Terrorist Osama bin Laden
Islamic Militant & Terrorist
Osama bin Laden
  • 2000 A Gulf Air Airbus A320 crashes into the Persian Gulf near Manama, Bahrain, killing 143.
  • 2000 Nicaragua becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty. This essentially deprecated the Buenos Aires Convention treaty, because as of this date, all members of the BA Convention were also signatories to Berne.
  • 2005 Hurricane Katrina forms over the Bahamas, later becoming a category 5 hurricane
  • 2005 TANS Peru Flight 204 crashes near Pucallpa, Peru, killing 41.
  • 2006 Natascha Kampusch, who was abducted at the age of 10, managed to escape from her captor Wolfgang Priklopil, after 8 years of captivity.
  • 2010 Manila hostage crisis, which occurred at the Quirino Grandstand in Manila, where a dismissed police officer took hostage a tour bus full of Chinese nationals.
  • 2011 5.8 earthquake occurrs in Mineral, Virginia felt as far north as Ontario and as far south as Atlanta, Georgia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2011 Libyan leader Muammar al-Gaddafi is overthrown after the National Transitional Council forces take control of Bab al-Azizia compound during the 2011 Libyan Civil War.

Libyan Leader Muammar Gaddafi
Libyan Leader
Muammar Gaddafi
  • 2012 Four people are killed and 28 injured in a hot air ballooning accident in Slovenia
  • 2012 At least 30 are killed as a result of monsoon rain in Rajasthan, India
  • 2013 50 people are killed in mosque bombings in Tripoli, Lebanon
  • 2013 26 people are killed and 55 are injured by a suicide bombing in Baghdad, Iraq
  • 2013 UN inspectors are stopped by Syrian government from investigating a reported site of a chemical massacre
  • 2015 Destruction by IS of the 1st century AD temple of Baalshamin in ancient ruins of Palmyra confirmed by Syrian officials
  • 2015 12 year old boy trips and rips 17th-century painting "Flowers" by Paolo Porpora worth $1.5m at exhibition in Taiwan