Events in History on August 31

  • 1056 Byzantine Empress Theodora becomes ill, dying suddenly a few days later, without children to succeed the throne, ending the Macedonian dynasty
  • 1142 Possible date for establishment of the Iroquois (Haudenosaunee) League - with the aid of Hiawatha and Deganawidah
  • 1230 Bishop Willebrand of Utrecht grants Swells state justice
  • 1310 German king Heinrich VII makes his son Johan king of Bohemia
  • 1422 Henry VI becomes King of England at the age of 9 months.
  • 1745 Jacobite Rising 1745: Bonnie Prince Charlie reaches Blair Castle, Scotland
  • 1751 British troops under Sir Robert Clive occupy Arcot, India
  • 1772 Hurricane destroy ships off Dominica
  • 1778 British kill 17 Stockbridge indians in Bronx during Revolution
  • 1836 HMS Beagle anchors in Postage Praia, Cape Verde Islands
  • 1842 Micah Rugg patents a nuts & bolts machine
  • 1842 US Naval Observatory authorized by an act of Congress
  • 1843 Liberty Party nominates James Birneyas presidential candidate
  • 1850 California pioneers organized at Montgomery & Clay Streets
  • 1864 Atlanta Campaign: Battle of Jonesboro Georgia, 1900 casualties
  • 1876 Ottoman sultan Murat V is deposed and succeeded by his brother Abd-ul-Hamid II.
  • 1886 1st major earthquake recorded in eastern US, at Charleston SC, 110 die
  • 1886 Crocker-Woolworth National Bank organized

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1887 Thomas Edison patents Kinetoscope, a device which produces moving pictures

Inventor Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison
  • 1888 The body of Jack the Ripper's first victim, Mary Ann 'Polly' Nichols, is found in Whitechapel , in London's East End.
  • 1889 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Cardboard Box" (BG)
  • 1894 The Industrial Conciliation and Arbitration Act passed by Richard Seddon’s Liberal government, making New Zealand the first country in the world to outlaw strikes in favour of compulsory arbitration
  • 1895 1st pro football game (QB John Brallier paid $10 & won 12-0)
  • 1896 Louis Napoleon Parker's "Rosemary" premieres in NYC
  • 1897 General Kitchener occupies Berber, North of Khartoum
  • 1900 British troops over run Johannesburg
  • 1902 Split skirt 1st worn by Mrs Adolph Landeburg (horse rider)
  • 1903 Joe McGinnity wins his 3rd doubleheader of month
  • 1905 Mbunga rebellion takes German Fort Mahenge East Africa
  • 1907 Britain & Russia sign treaty with Afghanistan, Persia & Tibet
  • 1907 Britain, Russia & France form Triple Entente

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1910 Theodore Roosevelt makes a speech in Kansas advocating a 'square deal': property shall be 'the servant and not the master of the commonwealth'

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1911 Anthony Fokker's demonstrates aircraft "Snip"
  • 1913 Massive protest rally on Sackville Street attacked by the Dublin Metropolitan Police; two strikers killed by the police
  • 1914 24.8 cm rainfall at Bloomingdale, Michigan (state record)
  • 1914 General von Kluck decides not to attack Paris
  • 1914 German troops reconquer Soldau/Neidenburg East-Prussia
  • 1914 Ecuador becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 1915 Brazil becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 1917 In China, Sun Yat-sen and his supporters' 'rump' parliament establishes a military government and elects Sun Yat-sen as commander-in-Chief
  • 1919 John Reed forms American Communist Labor Party in Chicago
  • 1919 Petlyura's Ukrainian Army kills 35 members of a Jewish defense group
  • 1919 Ukranian (Petlyura) Army recaptures Kiev
  • 1920 Belgium starts paying old age pensions
  • 1920 Detroit radio station is 1st to broadcast a news program on the air
  • 1923 League of Nations gives Belgium mandate of Ruanda-Urundi (was German)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1923 Italian troops occupy Corfu

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1923 Mussolini orders the Greek Government to apologize for the deaths of an Italian general and his staff on the Greco-Albanian border

Sports record brokenWorld Record

1924 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 10,000m (30:06.2)

Runner nicknamed the
Runner nicknamed the "Flying Finn"
Paavo Nurmi
  • 1935 1st national skeet championship (Indianapolis)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1935 FDR signs an act prohibiting export of US arms to belligerents

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1935 Russian Aleksei Stachanov digs 105 tons of cabbages in 6 hours
  • 1937 Det's rookie Rudy York sets record for HRs of 18 HRs in August
  • 1939 Japanese invasion army driven out of Mongolia
  • 1939 Staged "Polish" assault on radio station in Gleiwitz
  • 1940 1st edition of illegal opposition newspaper Free Netherlands
  • 1940 56 U-boats sunk this month (268,000 ton)
  • 1940 RAF Fighter Command loses 39 aircraft against Luftwaffe's 41
  • 1940 German occupiers in Netherlands begin soap rationing
  • 1940 US National Guard assembles
  • 1941 23 U-boats sunk this month (80,000 ton)
  • 1942 Battle at Alam Halfa: German & Italians assault
  • 1942 U-boats this month sank 108 ships (544,000 ton)
  • 1943 1st battle of Essex/new Yorktown: US assault on Marcus Island
  • 1943 Japanese occupiers intern Jewish Congregation of Sorabajo
  • 1944 Allied offensive at "Gothen-linie" Italy
  • 1944 French provisional government moves from Algiers to Paris
  • 1944 French troops liberate Bordeaux
  • 1944 Russian & Romanian troops march into Bucharest

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 The Liberal Party of Australia is founded by Robert Menzies

12th Australian Prime Minister Robert Menzies
12th Australian Prime Minister
Robert Menzies
  • 1947 Hungarian communist party wins election
  • 1948 Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands celebrates golden jubilee
  • 1951 1st 33 1/3 album introduced in Dusseldorf
  • 1954 Hurricane Carol hits New England, 70 die, Costliest ever hurricane at the time and 1st storm name to be retired.
  • 1954 Indians beat Yanks 6-1 for record tying 26 wins in August (1931 A's)
  • 1955 1st microwave TV station operated (Lufkin, Tx)
  • 1955 1st sun-powered automobile demonstrated, Chicago, Ill

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 Federation of Malaya gains independence from Great Britain

Malaysia's Founding Father Tunku Abdul Rahman
Malaysia's Founding Father
Tunku Abdul Rahman
  • 1959 Sandy Koufax breaks Dizzy Dean's NL mark of 18 strikeouts in a game
  • 1960 Agricultural Hall of Fame forms
  • 1961 Amsterdam National Ballet forms
  • 1962 Trinidad & Tobago gain independence from Britain (National Day)
  • 1964 Ground is broken for Anaheim Stadium, future home of Angels
  • 1965 US Congress establishes Department of Housing & Urban Development
  • 1965 The Aero Spacelines Super Guppy Aircraft makes its first flight.
  • 1968 12,000 die in 7.8 quake destroys 60,000 buildings in NE Iran
  • 1968 Roy Face ties W Johnson's record of 802 pitching appearances with club
  • 1968 Verne Gagne beats Dick Beyers (Dr X) in Minn, to become NWA champ
  • 1970 Lonnie McLucas, a Black Panther activist, convicted
  • 1970 Molukkers occupy Indonesian ambassador's home in Wassenaar
  • 1970 Peter Yarrow arrested for taking "immoral liberties" with girl, 14
  • 1971 An inquiry into allegations of brutality by the security forces against those interned without trial in Northern Ireland is announced
  • 1973 PBA National Championship Won by Earl Anthony
  • 1974 Pirate Radio Veronica moves into Scheveningen harbor
  • 1976 Mexican peso devalued
  • 1976 Trinidad & Tobago adopts constitution
  • 1977 Aleksandr Fedotov sets aircraft alt rec of 38.26 km (125,524')
  • 1977 Spyros Kyprianou appointed president of Cyprus
  • 1977 Ian Smith, espousing racial segregation, wins Rhodesian general election with 80% of overwhelmingly white electorate's vote
  • 1978 Constitution adopted by Sri Lanka
  • 1978 Emily & William Harris plead guilty to 1974 kidnapping of Patty Hearst
  • 1978 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1979 Comet Howard-Koomur-Michels collides with Sun
  • 1979 Donald McHenry named to succeed Andrew Young as UN ambassador
  • 1980 Poland's Solidarity trade union federations forms and is offically recognised by the Polish goverment
  • 1980 The Gdańsk Agreement is signed.
  • 1981 Royals manager Jim Frey is fired & replaced by Dick Howser
  • 1982 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1983 Edwin Moses of USA sets 400m hurdle record (47.02) in Koblenz
  • 1985 "Prakas" sets trotting mile record of 1:53.4 at Du Quoin, Ill
  • 1985 Night Stalker suspect that terrorized California captured in East Los Angeles
  • 1986 Aeromexico DC-9 & small plane collide in LA, killing 82 (15 on the ground)
  • 1986 Russian cargo ship crashes into cruise ship Admiral Nakhimov; 398 die
  • 1987 South Africa's longest mine strike in history ends
  • 1988 5-day power blackout of downtown Seattle begins
  • 1988 Arbitrator George Nicolau rules owners conspired against free agents
  • 1988 Bomb attack on office of South Africa Council of Churches
  • 1989 Arbitrator T Roberts orders owners to pay $105 million for collusion
  • 1990 Dennis Eckersley saves his 40th game of the season
  • 1990 East & West Germany sign a treaty to join legal & political systems
  • 1991 Richard J Kerr, ends term as deputy director of CIA
  • 1991 Rockies bat out of order against Expos in 1st inning
  • 1991 William H Webster, ends term as 14th director of CIA
  • 1992 Dynamite explosion in Philipines mine; 500 die
  • 1992 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Cleveland, Ohio on WNCX 98.5 FM
  • 1993 Venezuela president Carlos Perez flees
  • 1993 HMS Mercury, the Royal Navy's communications training establishment, closes after 52 years in commission.
  • 1994 Last Russian soldiers leave Estonia & Latvia
  • 1994 Sinn Fein proclaims ceasefire in Northern Ireland
  • 1994 Pentium computer beats world chess champ Gari Kasparov
  • 1994 The Provisional Irish Republican Army declares a ceasefire
  • 1997 Last episode of Rolanda airs
  • 1997 Diana, Princess of Wales, dies in a car crash in a road tunnel in Paris
  • 1998 North Korea reportedly launches Kwangmyongsong, its first satellite.
  • 1999 The first of a series of apartment bombings in Moscow, killing one person and wounding 40 others.
  • 1999 A LAPA Boeing 737-200 crashes during takeoff from Jorge Newbury Airport in Buenos Aires, killing 65, including 2 on the ground.
  • 2005 A stampede on Al-Aaimmah bridge in Baghdad kills 1,199 people.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2006 Stolen on August 22, 2004, Edvard Munch's famous painting "The Scream" is recovered from a raid by Norwegian police. The painting was said to be in a better-than-expected condition.

Painter and Print Maker Edvard Munch
Painter and Print Maker
Edvard Munch
  • 2012 Apple loses its patent dispute with Samsung in Tokyo, Japan
  • 2015 Violent protests in Kiev after Ukraine parliament vote leave 1 national guard dead, 100 injured

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2015 President Obama officially re-designates Alaska’s Mt. McKinley as Denali, its native American name

44th US President Barack Obama
44th US President
Barack Obama
  • 2015 US President Barak Obama arrives in Alaska on a 3 day tour highlighting climate change
  • 2016 Brazilian Senate votes to impeach President Dilma Rousseff, removing her from office