Events in History on August 9

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

48 BC Caesar's civil war: Battle of Pharsalus - Julius Caesar decisively defeats Pompey at Pharsalus and Pompey flees to Egypt.

Roman Military Commander and Political Statesman Julius Caesar
Roman Military Commander and Political Statesman
Julius Caesar
  • 378 Battle of Adrianople: Goth army defeats Roman forces under Emperor Valens
  • 681 Bulgaria is founded as a Khanate on the south bank of the Danube, after defeating the Byzantine armies of Emperor Constantine IV south of the Danube delta.
  • 1173 Construction of the Tower of Pisa begins, and it takes two centuries to complete.
  • 1253 Clare of Assisi's rules confirmed by Pope Innocent IV for Clare's Order of Poor Ladies
  • 1329 Quilon the first Indian Diocese was erected by Pope John XXII and Jordanus was appointed the first Bishop
  • 1378 Cardinals declare pope Urbanus VI lawless (anti christian/devil)
  • 1483 Opening of the Sistine Chapel in the Vatican
  • 1559 Willem of Orange becomes viceroy of Holland/Zealand/Utrecht
  • 1596 Henry van Cuyk becomes bishop of Roermond
  • 1638 Jonas Bronck of Holland becomes 1st European settler in Bronx

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1655 Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell divides England into 11 districts

English Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell
English Military and Political Leader
Oliver Cromwell
  • 1666 Rear Admiral Robert Holmes leads a raid on the Dutch island of Terschelling, destroying 150 merchant ships in the Vlie estuary, and pillaging the town of West-Terschelling, an act later known as "Holmes's Bonfire".
  • 1673 Dutch under Admiral Cornelis Evertsen de Jonge recapture NY from English; regained by English in 1674
  • 1726 Netherlands signs Covenant of Hannover
  • 1757 English Fort William Henry, NY, surrenders to French & Indians troops

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1778 Captain James Cook reaches Cape Prince of Wales, Bering straits

Captain/Explorer James Cook
Captain/Explorer
James Cook
  • 1790 Robert Gray's Columbia Rediviva returns to Boston after 3 year journey, 1st American ship to circumnavigate the Globe
  • 1803 1st horses arrive in Hawaii

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1803 Robert Fulton tests his steam paddle-boat on the River Seine, France

Commercial Steamboat Inventor Robert Fulton
Commercial Steamboat Inventor
Robert Fulton

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1810 Napoleon annexes Westphalia as part of the First French Empire.

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1815 Napoleon Bonaparte sets sail for exile on St Helena on board British ship the Northumberland
  • 1829 "Stourbridge Lion" locomotive goes into service
  • 1830 Louis-Philippe formally accepts crown of France, following abdication of Charles X
  • 1831 1st US steam engine train run (Albany to Schenectady, NY)
  • 1841 Erie boat in Buffalo NY catches fire; 242 die
  • 1842 US-Canada border defined by Webster-Ashburton Treaty
  • 1848 Austria & Sardinia sign cease fire

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1848 US Barnburners (anti-slavery) party merges with Free Soil Party nominating Martin Van Buren for president

8th US President Martin Van Buren
8th US President
Martin Van Buren
  • 1849 Hungarian Republic crushed by Austria & Russia

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1854 Henry David Thoreau publishes "Walden"

Naturalist/Pacifist Henry David Thoreau
Naturalist/Pacifist
Henry David Thoreau
  • 1855 Battle of Acapulco during Mexican Liberal uprising
  • 1859 Otis Tuft patents the first passenger elevator in the US
  • 1862 Battle of Cedar Mountain VA during US Civil War (Slaughter Mountain, Southwest Mountain)
  • 1863 Skirmish at Calfkiller Creek, Tennessee - Union troops attack Confederate scouts
  • 1864 Battle of Ft Morgan AL

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1877 Henry Morton Stanley's party reaches Boma, Congo, after 999 days, losing half of the 228 members.

Journalist and Explorer Henry Morton Stanley
Journalist and Explorer
Henry Morton Stanley
  • 1890 First 44 Javans arrive in Suriname to work 5 years on sugar plantations
  • 1893 1st US bowling magazine, Gut Holz, published in New York
  • 1898 Rudolf Diesel of Germany patents the diesel internal combustion engine
  • 1901 34-35°N/98-99°W open for US colonization
  • 1902 Edward VII of Great Britain crowned having succeeded his mother Victoria
  • 1904 Libanus McLouth Todd of Rochester, New York patents his check-writing machine, the Protectograph designed to protect against check forgers
  • 1907 The first Boy Scout camp concludes at Brownsea Island in Poole Harbour, Southern England.
  • 1910 Alva Fisher patents electric washing machine
  • 1914 German U-15 was sunk by the British cruiser, H.M.S. Birmingham
  • 1915 British attack at Chanak Bair at Gallipoli during WWI
  • 1917 Canadian Parliament passes the Compulsory Military Act which is oppossed by many French-Canadians from Québec
  • 1918 Reds manager Christy Mathewson suspects Hal Chase of taking bribes to fix games, and suspends him "for indifferent play"
  • 1920 Bulgarian & allied Peace of Neuilly-sur-Seine goes into effect
  • 1930 113°F (45°C) at Perryville, Tennessee (state record)
  • 1930 Percy Williams runs world record 100m (10.3 sec)

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1941 Winston Churchill reaches Newfoundland for talks with FDR

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1942 200 Jews escape Mir Ghetto in Poland
  • 1942 Vice-Adm Mikawa lands at Guadalcanal, Solomon Island

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1942 Mahatma Gandhi & 50 others arrested in Bombay after passing of a "quit India" campaign by the All-India Congress

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1943 Bertolt Brecht's play "Life of Galileo" premieres in Zurich
  • 1944 12 workers of Dutch illegal paper "Trouw" executed at Camp Vught
  • 1944 Smokey Bear debuts as spokeman for fire prevention
  • 1944 US 79th/90th division enter Le Mans

BattleNuclear Bombing of Nagasaki

1945 US drops 2nd atomic bomb "Fat Man" on Japan destroys part of Nagasaki

  • 1950 Lusty Song wins Hambletonian
  • 1951 Dutch Korea volunteers win US Collective Unit Citation
  • 1952 General strike against overtime conscription in Belgium
  • 1953 Premier Mohammed Abdullah of Kashmir fired
  • 1956 1st state-wide state-supported educational TV network, Alabama
  • 1956 South African women demonstrate against pass laws
  • 1960 Race riot in Jacksonville, Florida
  • 1961 James B Parsons is 1st black appointed to Federal District Court
  • 1965 Fire in Titan II silo in Searcy Arkansas, 53 die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1965 Singapore separates from the Federation of Malaysia and gains its independence

Malaysia's Founding Father Tunku Abdul Rahman
Malaysia's Founding Father
Tunku Abdul Rahman
  • 1967 Biafran offensive against Nigerian army
  • 1968 Yugoslav president Tito visits Prague
  • 1969 Manson family commits Tate-LaBianca murders
  • 1970 Peruvian Airlines jet carrying 45 US exchange students explodes
  • 1971 Operation Demetrius (or Internment) is introduced in Northern Ireland allowing suspected terrorists to be indefinitely detained without trial; the security forces arrested 342 people suspected of supporting paramilitaries
  • 1972 There is widespread and severe rioting in Nationalist areas of Northern Ireland on the anniversary of the introduction of Internment
  • 1973 Henry McCullough & Denny Seiwell quit Wings
  • 1973 USSR launches Mars 7

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1974 Richard Nixon resigns US presidency, VP Gerald Ford swears oath of office to become 38th US president

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
38th US President Gerald Ford
38th US President
Gerald Ford
  • 1975 Dodger Davey Lopes steals record 32nd consecutive base without being caught
  • 1976 Clive Lloyd scores double-ton in 120 mins, WI v Glamorgan
  • 1976 USSR launches Luna 24, last Lunar flight to date from Earth
  • 1977 Chris Old completes a century in 37 mins, Yorks v Warwicks
  • 1977 The military-controlled Government of Uruguay announces that it will return the nation to civilian rule through general elections in 1981 for a President and Congress.
  • 1978 USSR performs (underground) nuclear test
  • 1979 English seaside resort Brighton gets 1st British nude beach
  • 1980 Belgian constitution revised
  • 1981 Six English lifeguards set relay swim record English Channel (7:17)
  • 1981 All star MVP: Gary Carter (Mont Expos)
  • 1981 NL beats AL 5-4 in 52nd All Star Game (Cleveland Stadium)
  • 1984 Daley Thomas of Britain sets decathalon record (8,847) in LA Cal
  • 1984 STS 41-D vehicle again moves out to launch pad
  • 1987 The National Union of Mineworkers begin South Africa's longest wage strike
  • 1988 Just 1 day after 8/8/88 NY's daily number is 888
  • 1990 12 Arab leaders agree to send pan-Arab forces to protect Saudi Arabia
  • 1990 Russian spacecraft Soyuz TM-10 launches
  • 1992 Record temperature in Berlin-Dahlem 99.3°F (37.4°C)
  • 1993 King Albert II of Belgium, crowned
  • 1994 Phil Rizzuto Hall of Fame Night
  • 1994 Stanley Betrian put in charge of Curacao
  • 1995 South Africa celebrates the first National Women's Day
  • 1997 Security guard Abner Louima, attacked by NYC police

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1999 Russian President Boris Yeltsin fires his Prime Minister, Sergei Stepashin, and for the fourth time fires his entire cabinet.

Russian President Boris Yeltsin
Russian President
Boris Yeltsin
  • 1999 The Diet of Japan enacts a law establishing the Hinomaru and Kimi Ga Yo as the official national flag and national anthem.
  • 1999 Charles Kennedy wins the race to succeed Paddy Ashdown as the leader of the Liberal Democrats, UK
  • 2000 South African President Thabo Mbeki unveils the Women's Monument commemorating the role of women in the anti-apartheid struggle

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2001 US President George W. Bush announces his support for federal funding of limited research on embryonic stem cells.

43rd US President George W. Bush
43rd US President
George W. Bush
  • 2012 The death toll from the Philippines' floods rise to 70
  • 2013 8 people are killed and 24 are injured after gunmen open fire on a Sunni mosque in Quetta, Pakistan
  • 2015 At Ferguson anniversary of the shooting of unarmed Michael Brown, a man is shot and a state of emergency declared
  • 2016 Longest ever hunger strike ends, Indian human rights campaigner Irom Sharmila tastes honey after 16 years