Events in History in 1893

  • Jan 1 1st US college extension courses for credit, Univ of Chicago
  • Jan 1 Japan adopts the Gregorian calendar
  • Jan 1 The railway line from Germiston to Pretoria, South Africa, is opened to traffic.
  • Jan 2 1st US commemoratives & 1st US stamp to picture a woman issued (Queen Isabella, patron of Columbus)
  • Jan 2 World's Columbian Exposition opens in Chicago [or 0501]
  • Jan 4 US President Cleveland grants amnesty to Mormon polygamy
  • Jan 6 Great Northern Railway connects Seattle with east coast

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 6 The Washington National Cathedral is chartered by Congress. The charter is signed by President Benjamin Harrison.

23rd US President Benjamin Harrison
23rd US President
Benjamin Harrison
  • Jan 7 Hermann Sudermanns "Heimat" premieres in Berlin
  • Jan 10 Richard Drigo's ballet "Magic Flute" premieres, St Petersburg

Sports record brokenWorld Record

Jan 11 Jaap Eden skates world record 1500m (2:35)

Cyclist and Speed Skater Jaap Eden
Cyclist and Speed Skater
Jaap Eden
  • Jan 13 British Independent Labour Party forms (Keir Hardie as its leader)
  • Jan 13 U.S. Marines land in Honolulu from the U.S.S. Boston to prevent the queen from abrogating the Bayonet Constitution.
  • Jan 17 -17°F (-27°C), Millsboro, Delaware (state record)
  • Jan 17 Queen Liliuokalani deposed, Kingdom of Hawaii becomes a republic
  • Jan 19 Henrik Ibsen's play The Master Builder premieres in Berlin.
  • Jan 21 The Tati Concessions Land, formerly part of Matabeleland, was formally annexed to the Bechuanaland Protectorate which is now Botswana.
  • Jan 28 Edward Mcdowell's "Hamlet & Ophelia" premieres in Boston
  • Jan 31 "Westminster Gazette" begins publishing
  • Feb 5 Alfred Naess skates world record 500m (49.4 sec)
  • Feb 9 Canal builder De Lesseps & others sentenced to prison for fraud

1stHistoric Invention

Feb 23 Rudolf Diesel obtains a patent for his internal combustion engine, later known as the diesel engine

Mechanical Engineer Rudolf Diesel
Mechanical Engineer
Rudolf Diesel
  • Feb 24 The American University is chartered by an act of the Congress of the United States of America.
  • Feb 26 2 Clydesdale horses set record by pulling 48 tons on a sledge, Mich
  • Feb 26 Einar Halvorsen skates world record 500m (48 sec)
  • Feb 28 Edward Acheson, Penn, patents an abrasive he names "carborundum"
  • Mar 1 Diplomatic Appropriation Act, authorizes the US rank of ambassador
  • Mar 2 1st federal railroad legislation passed; required safety features
  • Mar 3 Columbian Isabella silver quarter authorized
  • Mar 3 US Congress authorizes 1st federal road agency, in Department of Agriculture
  • Mar 4 Francis Dhanis' army attacks the Lualaba, occupies Nyangwe

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 4 Grover Cleveland (D) inaugrated as 24th US President (2nd term)

US President Grover Cleveland
US President
Grover Cleveland
  • Mar 9 Congo cannibals killed thousands of Arabs
  • Mar 10 Ivory Coast becomes a French colony (Cote d'Ivoire)
  • Mar 10 New Mexico State University cancels its 1st graduation ceremony; its only graduand Sam Steele was robbed & killed the night before
  • Mar 30 Thomas F Bayard becomes 1st US ambassador in Great Britain
  • Apr 3 1st NSW v Queensland F-C game, at Brisbane Exhibition Ground
  • Apr 5 Cleveland passes Park Act (forerunner of Metroparks)
  • Apr 6 Andy Bowen & Jack Burke box 7 hrs 19 mins to no decision (111 rounds)
  • Apr 6 Mormon Temple in Salt Lake City dedicated
  • Apr 8 The Critic reports that ice cream soda is America's national drink
  • Apr 12 Battle at Hoornkrans Southwest-Africa: German Schutztruppen chases away Hottentotten under Hendrik Witbooi
  • Apr 22 Francis Dhanis army occupies Kasongo
  • Apr 22 Paul Kruger elected President of Transvaal for 3rd time
  • Apr 26 1st Cleveland Board of Park Commissioners forms
  • Apr 27 Richard "King Dick" Seddon succeeds John Balance as premier of New Zealand and leader of Liberal Party
  • May 1 World Columbian Exposition opens in Chicago
  • May 5 Panic of 1893: Great crash on NY Stock Exchange
  • May 10 Imperial Institute in London opens
  • May 19 Heavy rain wash "quick clay" into a deep valley, kills 111 (Norway)
  • May 22 Montreal Athletic Association beat Ottawa Generals 2-1, in 1st Cup Game
  • May 27 Audath Yisroel forms at Kattowitz (Katowice) Poland
  • May 31 Whitcomb Judson, Chicago, patents a hookless fastening (zipper)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 7 Gandhi's first act of civil disobedience.

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Jun 16 RW Rueckheim invents Cracker Jack

MurderMurder of Interest

Jun 20 Lizzie Borden acquitted of the 1892 axe murders of her father and stepmother in Fall River, Massachusetts

Acquitted Murderer Lizzie Borden
Acquitted Murderer
Lizzie Borden
  • Jun 21 1st Ferris wheel premieres (Chicago's Columbian Exposition)
  • Jun 22 British fleet under Vice Admiral George Tryon leaves Beirut
  • Jun 27 Great stock crash on NY stock exchange
  • Jun 30 Excelsior diamond (blue-white 995 carats) discovered
  • Jul 6 The small town of Pomeroy, Iowa, is nearly destroyed by a tornado that kills 71 people and injures 200

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 9 Daniel Williams performs 1st successful open heart surgery without anesthesia

Heart surgeon Daniel Williams
Heart surgeon
Daniel Williams
  • Jul 11 The first cultured pearl is obtained by Kokichi Mikimoto.
  • Jul 11 A revolution led by the liberal general and politician, José Santos Zelaya, takes over state power in Nicaragua.
  • Jul 22 Katharine Lee Bates writes "America the Beautiful" in Colorado

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 28 A petition organised by Kate Sheppard, demanding women's suffrage, is delivered to New Zealand's parliament; signed by over 25,000 women, a 5th of the adult European female population

Suffragette Kate Sheppard
Suffragette
Kate Sheppard
  • Jul 31 Henry Perky patents shredded wheat
  • Jul 31 Gaelic League is founded by Douglas Hyde and Eoin MacNeill in order to encourage Irish people to speak the language and take a greater interest in their culture
  • Aug 1 Henry Perky & William Ford patent shredded wheat
  • Aug 7 53rd Congress (1893-95) convenes
  • Aug 9 1st US bowling magazine, Gut Holz, published in New York
  • Aug 10 Chinese deported from San Francisco under Exclusion Act
  • Aug 10 Rudolf Diesel's prime model internal combustion engine, a single 10-foot iron cylinder with a flywheel at its base, ran on its own power for the first time in Augsburg, Germany
  • Aug 14 France introduces motor vehicle registration, includes a driving test
  • Aug 15 US no longer allowed exclusive rights in Bering Sea
  • Aug 20 Shechita (ritual slaughtering) prohibited in Switzerland
  • Aug 24 Tornado destroys coast of Savannah & Charleston, about 1000 die
  • Sep 1 Gladstones' Second Home Rule Bill for Ireland passes in the House of Commons but vetoed by The House of Lords by 419 votes to 41

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 4 English author Beatrix Potter first writes the story of Peter Rabbit for a 5 year old boy

Children's Author Beatrix Potter
Children's Author
Beatrix Potter
  • Sep 11 Bronx Gas & Electric Company opens on Frisby & Tremont Ave
  • Sep 11 Shaku Soen is 1st Zen teacher to visit the West (Chicago)
  • Sep 11 First conference of the World Parliament of Religions is held.
  • Sep 16 Cherokee Strip, Oklahoma, opens white settlement homesteaders
  • Sep 19 New Zealand becomes the first country to grant all women the right to vote
  • Sep 21 Frank Duryea drives the 1st American-made gas propelled vehicle
  • Oct 1 3rd worst hurricane in US history kills 1,800 (Mississippi)
  • Oct 6 Nabisco Foods invents Cream of Wheat
  • Oct 14 George Edwarde's "Gaiety Girl" premieres in London
  • Oct 14 Harry Wright suggests umps keep ball-strike count a secret
  • Oct 23 C Dazey's "In Old Kentucky" premieres in NYC (27 seasons)
  • Oct 25 Battle of Shangani, Matabeleland: Dr Jameson beats Ndebeles
  • Oct 27 Hurricane hits coast between Savannah, Georgia & Charleston, South Carlolina
  • Oct 30 US Senate approves repealing Sherman Silver Purchase Act of 1890
  • Nov 4 British South Africa Company troops under Dr Jamesons occupy Bulawayo, Matabeleland
  • Nov 7 US State Colorado accepts female suffrage
  • Nov 12 The treaty of the Durand Line is signed between present day Pakistan and Afghanistan - the Durand Line has gained international recognition as an international border between the two sister nations.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 14 Gerhart Hauptmann's "Hanneles Himmelfahrt" premieres in Berlin

Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann
  • Nov 18 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Providentissimus Deus
  • Nov 19 1st newspaper color supplement (NY World)
  • Nov 28 Women vote in a national election for the first time, in the New Zealand general election
  • Nov 29 Ziqiang Institute, today known as Wuhan University, is founded by Zhang Zhidong, governor of Hubei and Hunan Provinces in late Qing Dynasty of China after his memorial to the throne is approved by the Qing Government.
  • Dec 5 Electric car built at the Dixon Carriage works in Toronto, could go 15 miles between charges
  • Dec 11 11 fishing ships wash up at Wadden Sea, 22 killed
  • Dec 15 Dvoráks "From the New World" premieres at Carnegie Hall NYC
  • Dec 17 Russia ratifies Double Alliance with France
  • Dec 20 1st state anti-lynching statute approved, in Georgia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 24 Henry Ford completes his first useful petrol / gasoline fuelled engine

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford
  • Dec 28 French lieutenant Boiteux annexes Tumbuktu
  • Dec 30 Russia signs military accord with France