Events in History in 1931

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 6 Thomas Edison submits his last patent application

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • Jan 7 Guy Menzies flies the first solo non-stop trans-Tasman flight (from Australia to New Zealand) in 11 hours and 45 minutes, crash-landing on New Zealand's west coast.
  • Jan 22 French government of Steeg falls
  • Jan 22 VARA begins experimental TV broadcast in Diamantbeurs Amsterdam
  • Jan 22 Sir Isaac Isaacs is sworn in as the first Australian-born Governor-General of Australia.
  • Jan 26 Hungary-Austria sign peace treaty
  • Jan 26 Lynn Riggs' "Green Grow the Lilacs" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 31 Philip Barry's "Tomorrow & Tomorrow" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 2 1st siyyum of Talmud celebrated by Daf Yomi students
  • Feb 2 1st use of a rocket to deliver mail (Austria)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 3 Arkansas legislature passes motion to pray for soul of H L Mencken after he calls state "apex of moronia"

Journalist and Critic H. L. Mencken
Journalist and Critic
H. L. Mencken
  • Feb 3 The Hawke's Bay earthquake, New Zealand's worst natural disaster, kills 258
  • Feb 5 Maxine Dunlap becomes 1st US women to earn a glider pilot license
  • Feb 8 Gas explosion Fire in Fushun-coal mine, Manchuria kills 3,000
  • Feb 10 New Delhi becomes capital of India
  • Feb 10 Richard Rodgers/Lorenz Harts premieres in NYC
  • Feb 12 Vatican Radio begins broadcasting with the callsign HVJ
  • Feb 14 Spanish government of General Damasco Berenguer falls
  • Feb 16 Extreme right wing Pehr Evind Svinhufvud becomes president of Finland
  • Feb 17 Hockey's Hershey Bears (now with AHL) 1st game
  • Feb 20 Congress allows California to build Oakland-Bay Bridge
  • Feb 21 Alka Seltzer introduced
  • Feb 28 British politician Oswald Mosley founds the New Party
  • Mar 3 "Star Spangled Banner" officially becomes US national anthem by congressional resolution
  • Mar 4 West Indies beat Australia for the 1st time, by 30 runs at SCG

AgreementTreaty of Interest

Mar 5 Gandhi & British viceroy Lord Irwin sign pact

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Mar 10 Oswald Mosley leaves British Labour party and founds the "New Party"
  • Mar 11 Ready for Labour and Defence of the USSR, abbreviated as GTO, is introduced in the Soviet Union.
  • Mar 16 Genootschap Onze Taal (Our Language) organizes (Neth)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 17 Stalin throws Krupskaya Lenin out of Central Committee

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • Mar 18 1st electric shavers go on sale in US (Schick)
  • Mar 18 Juan Bautista Aznar becomes premier of Spain
  • Mar 19 Nevada legalizes gambling
  • Mar 20 Bishop Schreiber warns against national-socialism in Berlin
  • Mar 21 KRO-broadcast studio initiated in Hilversum Holland
  • Mar 21 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson
  • Mar 21 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Roger Turner

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 23 Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev embrace the gallows during the Indian struggle for independence. Their request to be shot by a firing squad is refused.

Indian Independence Fighter Bhagat Singh
Indian Independence Fighter
Bhagat Singh
  • Mar 25 Scottsboro Boys (accused of raping a white woman) arrested in Alabama
  • Mar 26 Iraq & Trans-Jordan sign peace treaty
  • Mar 26 Leo Bentley bowls 3 consecutive perfect games in Lorain, Ohio
  • Mar 26 New Delhi replaces Calcutta as capital of British-Indies
  • Apr 1 Earthquake devastate Managua Nicaragua, kills 2,000
  • Apr 6 1st Scottsboro (Ala) trial begins - 9 blacks accused of rape
  • Apr 7 Seals Stadium opens in SF
  • Apr 8 "White Horse Inn" opens in London
  • Apr 8 Dmitri Shostakovitch's ballet "The Arrow" premieres
  • Apr 12 Spanish voters reject the monarchy
  • Apr 14 Spain becomes republic with overthrow of King Alfonso XIII
  • Apr 15 1st backwards walk across American begins
  • Apr 22 Egypt & Iraq sign peace treaty
  • Apr 27 100°F (38°C), Pahala, Hawaii (state record)
  • Apr 29 Cleve Indian Wes Ferrell no-hits St Louis Browns, 9-0
  • May 1 Empire State Building opens in New York City
  • May 1 Norway claims Peter I Island
  • May 4 Mustafa Kemal Pasja becomes Turkish president
  • May 8 Operette "Land of Smiles" premieres in London
  • May 11 Credit-Anstalt, Austria's largest bank, fails, beginning financial collapse of Central Europe
  • May 13 Paul Doumer elected president of France
  • May 14 Ådalen shootings: five people are killed in Ådalen, Sweden, as soldiers open fire on an unarmed trade union demonstration.
  • May 15 Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical Quadragesimo anno
  • May 19 Cruiser Deutschland launched in Kiel
  • May 21 Belgian government of Jaspar falls
  • May 22 Canned rattlesnake meat 1st goes on sale in Florida
  • May 23 Whipsnade Zoo opens in Bedfordshire, England
  • May 24 1st air-conditioned train installed-B&O Railroad
  • May 27 1st full scale wind tunnel for testing airplanes, Langley Field Va
  • May 27 Piccard & Knipfer make 1st flight into stratosphere, by balloon
  • May 31 7.1 magnitude Earthquake destroys Quetta in modern-day Pakistan: 40,000 dead.
  • Jun 5 Jules Renkin becomes premier of Belgium
  • Jun 6 "There Ought To Be A Moonlight Saving Time" by Guy Lombardo hits #1
  • Jun 6 Yanks turn triple-play but lose 7-5 to Indians
  • Jun 8 Duke of Kent wed Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark
  • Jun 8 Suriname Work Committee under Louis Doedel forms in Paramaribo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 9 1st rocket-powered aircraft design patented (Robert Goddard)

Rocket Pioneer Robert H. Goddard
Rocket Pioneer
Robert H. Goddard
  • Jun 10 Norway occupies East Greenland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 12 Al Capone is indicted on 5,000 counts of prohibition & perjury

Gangster Al Capone
Gangster
Al Capone
  • Jun 14 French "St Philbert" overturns off St Nazaire France, drowns 450
  • Jun 14 Reinhard Heydrich's 1st meeting with Himmler
  • Jun 15 Poland & USSR sign friendship & trade treaty
  • Jun 16 Austrian government of Ender falls
  • Jun 19 1st photoelectric cell installed commercially West Haven Ct
  • Jun 20 Karl Buresch becomes chancellor of Austrian
  • Jun 22 RVU, Radio-Volks-University, forms
  • Jun 23 Wiley Post & Harold Catty took off for flight around world
  • Jun 24 USSR & Afghanistan sign neutrality treaty
  • Jun 29 109°F (43°C), Monticello, Florida (state record)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 29 Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical on Nun abbiamo bisogno (We do not need fascism and Mussolini)

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Jul 1 Cleveland Municipal Stadium is completed
  • Jul 1 Ice vending machines introduced in LA 25 lbs, 15 cents
  • Jul 1 Trans African Railway in use (Benguela, Angola-Jadotville, Congo)
  • Jul 4 1st fireworks are held at Cleveland Stadium
  • Jul 4 1st trailside museum opens in Cleveland Metroparks
  • Jul 18 1st air-conditioned ship (Mariposa) launched
  • Jul 21 Reno race track, becomes 1st in US to use daily double wagering
  • Jul 23 Ashmore & Cartier Is in Indian Ocean transferred to Australia
  • Jul 24 George Gunn gets 183 & son of a gunn George Vernon 100* same innings

Sports record brokenWorld Record

Jul 24 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 2 mile (8:59.6)

Runner nicknamed the
Runner nicknamed the "Flying Finn"
Paavo Nurmi
  • Jul 24 A fire at a home for the elderly in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania kills 48 people.
  • Jul 27 Chilean president Carlos Ibáñez forced out
  • Jul 27 Grasshoppers in Iowa, Nebr & SD destroyed thousands of acres of crops

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 28 Mob hitman Mad Dog Coll allegedly participates in a kidnapping attempt that results in the shooting death of a child, which earns him the nickname "Mad Dog"

Mob Hitman Mad Dog Coll
Mob Hitman
Mad Dog Coll
  • Aug 2 Spanish Catalonia agrees (99+%) for autonomous status
  • Aug 5 Det Tiger Tommy Bridges perfect game is broken up with 2 outs in 9th
  • Aug 12 Yangtzee River floods after heavy rain crumbles dikes in China
  • Aug 15 Ernest Lassy completes longest canoe journey without port (6,102 mi)
  • Aug 15 Roy Wilkins joined NAACP as asst secretary
  • Aug 19 Lefty Grove wins AL record tying 16th consecutive game
  • Aug 23 Count Gyula Károlyi becomes premier of Hungary
  • Aug 23 Philadelphia A's Lefty Grove, loses 1-0 (Browns) after winning 16 straight
  • Aug 24 France & USSR sign neutrality/no attack treaty
  • Sep 1 Gehrig hits his 3rd grand slam in 4 days & his 6th HR in consecutive games
  • Sep 10 Lord Cecil of British government says War was never so improbable

MurderMurder of Interest

Sep 11 Salvatore Maranzano is murdered by Charles Luciano's hitmen.

  • Sep 13 Capt G H Stainworth flies world speed record (655 kph)
  • Sep 13 Right-radical coup of Dr Pfrimer fails in Austria
  • Sep 15 British naval fleet mutinies at Invergordon over pay cuts
  • Sep 15 Philadelphia A's clinch pennant, beating Cleveland
  • Sep 16 Blimp is moored to Empire State Building (NYC)
  • Sep 17 1st LP record demonstrated (RCA Victor, NYC), venture failed
  • Sep 18 To create a pretext for the invasion of Manchuria, China, a railway explosion is faked by the Japanese
  • Sep 19 Japanese troops conquer Mukden, South Manchuria
  • Sep 21 Britain abandons gold standard; pound devalues 20%
  • Sep 22 Coalition Government forms in New Zealand to combat the Depression (their lack of success led to the election of the First Labour Government in 1935)
  • Sep 27 Closest NL batting race ends Chick Hafey (.3488) beats Bill Terry's
  • Sep 28 200,000 demonstrators demand declaration of war on Japan in Peking
  • Sep 30 Start of "Die Voortrekkers" youth movement for Afrikaners in Bloemfontein, South Africa.
  • Oct 1 Spanish Cortes accept general female suffrage
  • Oct 1 The second (and current) Waldorf-Astoria Hotel is opened in New York.
  • Oct 2 Pope Pius XI encyclical On economic crisis
  • Oct 4 Dick Tracy comic strip by Chester Gould debuts
  • Oct 4 Juan Esteban Montero becomes president of Chile
  • Oct 5 1st nonstop transpacific flight, Japan to Wash (Herndon & Pangborn)
  • Oct 5 Paul Green's "House of Connelly" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 6 Js Van Severen forms Verdinaso (Union of Flemish National Solidarists)
  • Oct 7 1st infra-red photograph, Rochester, NY
  • Oct 10 A J Bennett hits H Garbarino for 1st scoring pass in Canada's Big 4
  • Oct 10 William Waltons "Belshazzar's Feast" premieres in Leeds
  • Oct 11 100,000 extreme-right Germans form "Harzburger Front"
  • Oct 12 1st International Conference on Calendar Reform
  • Oct 13 Noel Coward's "Cavalcade" premieres in London
  • Oct 14 1st broadcast of Dutch Radio Peoples University
  • Oct 14 Spanish Cortes agrees to separation of Church & State
  • Oct 16 Trunk murderess Winnie Ruth Judd chops 1st
  • Oct 18 American gangster Al Capone convicted of tax evasion
  • Oct 20 Frankie Frisch of the Cards named MVP
  • Oct 24 George Washington Bridge linking New York City and New Jersey dedicated, opens the next day
  • Oct 24 Gangster Al Capone is sentenced to 11 years for tax evasion
  • Oct 26 Eugene O'Neill's "Mourning Becomes Electra" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 1 Dupont introduces synthetic rubber
  • Nov 3 First commercially produced synthetic rubber manufactured
  • Nov 4 Jean Genet's "Judith" premieres in Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 7 Chinese People's Republic proclaimed by Mao Zedong

Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong
Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party
Mao Zedong
  • Nov 12 Sibelius/Ashton's ballet "Lady of Shalott" premieres in London
  • Nov 13 Hattie Caraway (D-AK) appointed first US woman senator
  • Nov 14 Ottawa Mint Act is proclaimed in Britain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 17 Charles Lindbergh inaugurates Pan Am service from Cuba to South America in the Sikorsky flying boat "American Clipper"

  • Nov 20 Commercial teletype service begins (AT&T)
  • Nov 22 Ferde Grofe's "Grand Canyon Suite" premieres
  • Nov 23 Nationally Crisis Committee forms in Hague
  • Nov 30 His Master's Voice & Columbia Records merge into EMI
  • Dec 1 Ottawa branch of Royal Mint begins operation as Royal Canadian Mint
  • Dec 3 Alka Seltzer goes on sale
  • Dec 8 Coaxial cable patented
  • Dec 9 Benn W Levy's "Springtime for Henry" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 9 Japanese army attacks Chinese province of Jehol
  • Dec 9 Spain becomes a republic

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 10 Jane Addams (1st US woman) named co-recipient of Nobel Peace Prize

Social Worker and Nobel Laureate Jane Addams
Social Worker and Nobel Laureate
Jane Addams

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Dec 10 Manuel Azaña becomes Prime Minister of Spain with Niceto Zamora as President

President of the Spanish Republic Manuel Azaña
President of the Spanish Republic
Manuel Azaña
  • Dec 11 Japan leaves the Gold Standard
  • Dec 11 Statute of Westminster gives complete legislative independence to Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Ireland (Free State), and Newfoundland (not then part of Canada)
  • Dec 12 Japanese government of Imukai forms
  • Dec 14 1st assembly of Anton Musserts NSB in Utrecht
  • Dec 16 German SPD begins Iron Front against fascism
  • Dec 19 Joseph A Lyons (C) becomes premier of Australia
  • Dec 25 Albert Lonergan scores 137 SA v Qld at Adelaide before 5,697
  • Dec 25 Fleetwood-Smith takes 5-69 Victoria v Tas at Hobart
  • Dec 26 George/Ira Gershwin's "Of Thee I Sing," premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 28 Lin-Sen succeeds Chiang Kai-shek as President of Nanjing-China

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • Dec 29 Identification of heavy water publicly announced, HC Urey
  • Dec 29 Victoria score 7 for 435 in second innings to beat NSW