Events in History in 1938

Events 1 - 200 of 219

  • Jan 2 Book publisher Simon and Schuster founded
  • Jan 3 March of Dimes established to fight polio

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 6 Bronze memorial statue of Henry Hudson erected in Bronx

Explorer Henry Hudson
Explorer
Henry Hudson
  • Jan 10 Jean Anouilh's "La Sauvage" premieres in Paris
  • Jan 10 Paul Vincent Carroll's "White Seed" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 11 Frances Moulton elected 1st woman president of a US national bank
  • Jan 13 The Church of England accepts the theory of evolution
  • Jan 14 National Society for Legalization of Euthanasia forms (NY)
  • Jan 14 Norway claims Queen Maud Land
  • Jan 17 Supreme Soviet elects Michail Kalinin as presidium chairman

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 17 Joseph P. Kennedy becomes the 44th United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom

Patriarch of the Kennedy family Joseph P. Kennedy
Patriarch of the Kennedy family
Joseph P. Kennedy
  • Jan 19 General Motors begins mass production of diesel engines
  • Jan 21 Dutch government starts obligatory unemployment insurance
  • Jan 22 "Our Town", Thornton Wilder's Pulitzer-winner of small-town life in Grover's Corners, NH, premieres (NJ)
  • Jan 25 Ian Hay's "Bachelor Born" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 3 Paul Osborn's "On Borrowed Time" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 4 Hitler seizes control of German army & puts Nazis in key posts

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Feb 4 Disney's "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs" is officially released
  • Feb 5 Hans Engnestangen skates world record 500m (41.8 sec)
  • Feb 5 3rd British Empire Games open in Sydney, Australia
  • Feb 10 King Carol II of Romania drives out dictator Goga
  • Feb 12 Austrian chancellor Schuschnigg visits Hitler in Berchtesgaden
  • Feb 12 German troops entered Austria
  • Feb 12 The first 'Kindertransport' carrying Jewish refugee children from Nazi Germany arrives in Britain.
  • Feb 12 3rd British Empire Games close in Sydney, Australia
  • Feb 16 US Federal Crop Insurance program authorized
  • Feb 17 1st public experimental demonstration of Baird color TV (London)
  • Feb 19 Soviet arctic ice research station North Pole 1 evacuated, Denmark

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 20 UK Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden resigns stating Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain has appeased Nazi Germany

British Prime Minister Anthony Eden
British Prime Minister
Anthony Eden
British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
British Prime Minister
Neville Chamberlain
  • Feb 24 Du Pont begins commercial production of nylon toothbrush bristles
  • Feb 25 Lord Halifax becomes British Foreign Secretary
  • Feb 26 1st passenger ship equipped with radar
  • Feb 26 US female Figure Skating championship won by Joan Tozzer
  • Feb 26 US male Figure Skating championship won by Robin Lee

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 27 Britain & France recognize Franco government in Spain

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • Mar 2 Landslides & floods cause over 200 deaths (Los Angeles California)
  • Mar 2 Trials of Soviet leaders begins in the Soviet Union
  • Mar 3 American Bowling Congress' largest tournament (24,765 competitors)
  • Mar 11 Artur Seyss-Inquart replaces Kurt von Schuschnigg as Chancellor of Austria; German troops also entered the country
  • Mar 12 Nazi Germany invades Austria (Anschluss)
  • Mar 13 Anschluss - Austria annexed by Nazi Germany
  • Mar 16 Temple defeats Colorado to win 1st NIT
  • Mar 18 Mexico takes control of foreign-owned oil properties
  • Mar 18 NY 1st requires serological blood tests of pregnant women
  • Mar 18 Pres Cardena of Mexico nationalizes US & British oil companies
  • Mar 27 The Battle of Taierzhuang takes place.
  • Apr 1 Nescafé introduces their flagship brand in Switzerland
  • Apr 5 Anti-Jewish riots break out in Dabrowa Poland
  • Apr 6 Teflon invented by Roy J. Plunkett
  • Apr 10 2nd government of Blum replaced by Daladier government in France
  • Apr 10 Austria becomes a state of Germany
  • Apr 10 NY makes syphilis test mandatory in order to get a marriage license
  • Apr 12 1st US law requiring medical tests for marriage licenses (NY)
  • Apr 13 Clifford Goldsmith' "What a Life" premieres in NYC
  • Apr 16 Great Britain recognizes Italian annexation of Abyssinia
  • Apr 18 Headless Mad Butcher victim found in Cleveland
  • Apr 19 Phil Emmett Mueller & Dodger Ernie Koy both homer in their 1st at bat
  • Apr 23 Sudeten Germans in Czechoslovakia demand self government
  • Apr 26 Austrian Jews required to register property above 5,000 Reichsmarks
  • May 2 Pulitzer prize awarded to Thornton Wilder for his play "Our Town"
  • May 3 Concentration camp at Flossenburg goes into use
  • May 3 Lefty Grove defeats Tigers 4-3 for 1st of record 20 consecutive wins at his home field Fenway Park; he doesn't lose there until May 12 1941
  • May 3 Vatican recognizes Franco-Spain
  • May 4 Douglas Hyde (a protestant) becomes 1st president of Eire
  • May 6 Dutch writer Maurits Dekker sentenced to 50 days for "offending a friendly head of state" (Hitler)
  • May 7 Dutch Minister of Justice Goseling calls fugitives of Nazi-Germany "undesired strangers"
  • May 8 Stravinsky's "Dumbarton Oaks" premieres in Washington, D.C.
  • May 10 Banning speech on anti-fascism demonstration in Amsterdam
  • May 12 Sandoz Labs manufactures LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide)
  • May 15 Paul-Henri Spak forms red coalition of Belgium
  • May 16 1st animal breeding society forms (NJ)
  • May 16 38 die in Terminal Hotel fire (Atlanta Ga)
  • May 17 US Congress approves Vinson Naval Act, which funds a two-ocean navy
  • May 25 Spanish Civil War: The bombing of Alicante takes place, with 313 deaths.
  • May 26 US House of Representatives Committee on un-American Activities forms
  • May 28 Foundation for Tel Aviv harbor laid
  • Jun 3 German law on "Entartete Art" legalizes art robbery

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 6 Sigmund Freud arrives in London

Father of Psychology Sigmund Freud
Father of Psychology
Sigmund Freud
  • Jun 7 1st play telecast with original Broadway cast, "Susan & God"
  • Jun 7 Boeing 314 Clipper flying boat 1st flown (Eddie Allen)
  • Jun 7 The Douglas DC-4E makes its first test flight.
  • Jun 8 Gert Terblanche, a local school boy, discovers fossils of an unknown 'robust-type' human ancestor, later named Paranthropus robustus by Robert Broom, at Kromdraai, Blaauwbank River Valley in South Africa
  • Jun 10 Charlie Barnett makes 98 by lunch v Australia at Trent Bridge
  • Jun 11 5.0 Earthquake in Belgium kills 2, strongest in 45 years
  • Jun 11 England declare at 8 for 658 v Australia at Trent Bridge
  • Jun 13 Jews injured & property destroyed in Przemyal, Poland
  • Jun 14 Chlorophyll patented by Benjamin Grushkin
  • Jun 14 Dorothy Lathrop wins 1st Caldecott Medal (kid books author)
  • Jun 17 Japan declares war on China
  • Jun 19 "Olympian Flyer" express train crashes in Montana, killing 47
  • Jun 23 Civil Aeronautics Authority (US) established
  • Jun 23 Marineland opens in Florida-1st aquarium
  • Jun 23 NYC Mayor LaGuardia assigns 21 cops to patrol subway
  • Jun 24 500 ton meteorite lands near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • Jun 25 Federal minimum wage law guarantees workers 25 cents per hour (rising to 40 cents by 1945) and a maximum 44 hour working week
  • Jun 30 Superman 1st appears in DC Comics' Action Comics Series issue #1
  • Jun 30 Final game at Phila's Baker Bowl, Giants beat Phils 14-1
  • Jul 1 The South African Press Association (SAPA) is established as a non-governmental institution by South Africa's major newspapers to facilitate the sharing of news, both national and international

BattleBattle of Interest

Jul 3 President Franklin Roosevelt dedicates the Eternal Light Peace Memorial and lights the eternal flame at Gettysburg Battlefield.

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Jul 4 France-Turkish friendship treaty
  • Jul 5 Herb Caen's 1st column in SF Chronicle
  • Jul 10 "Yankee Clipper" completes 1st passenger flight over Atlantic

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 10 Howard Hughes flies around the world in 91 hours

Aviator and Businessman Howard Hughes
Aviator and Businessman
Howard Hughes
  • Jul 13 Kroller-Muller museum opens in Holland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 14 Benito Mussolini publishes anti-Jewish/African manifesto

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Jul 17 Douglas (Wrong Way) Corrigan leaves NY for LA, wound up in Ireland
  • Jul 18 Douglas "Wrong Way" Corrigan arrives in Ireland-left NY for Calif
  • Jul 21 Paul Hindemith & Leonide Massines ballet premieres in London
  • Jul 25 Jewish artisans not allowed in Germany
  • Jul 25 Revolutionary offensive of Ebro Spain (Hollander Piet)
  • Jul 28 34,000-ton Cunard-White Star liner Mauretania launched at Birkenhead
  • Jul 29 Comic strip "Dennis the Menace," 1st appears
  • Jul 30 Gen Metaxas names himself premier of Greece
  • Jul 31 NY Yanks suspend Jake Powell, after he said on Chicago radio he'd "hit every colored person in Chicago over head with a club"
  • Jul 31 Archaeologists discover engraved gold and silver plates from King Darius in Persepolis.
  • Aug 7 Nazis close theologic department of Innsbruck university
  • Aug 8 Great Trek Centenary Celebrations commence; the Great Trek was a migration involving Boers leaving the Cape Colony and settling in the interior of South Africa
  • Aug 10 119°F (48°C), Pendleton, Oregon (state record)
  • Aug 17 1st aircraft owned by US Forest Service in service (Oakland)
  • Aug 18 FDR dedicates Thousand Islands Bridge connecting US & Canada
  • Aug 21 Italy bars all Jewish teachers in Public & High School
  • Aug 23 England score 7-903 declared v Australia, Len Hutton scores 364
  • Aug 24 England beat Australia by an innings & 579 runs at The Oval
  • Aug 24 Virgil Trucks strikes out his 418th batter, highest season total in organized ball-for Andalusia in an Alabama-Florida League game
  • Aug 26 British leaders & Arabians fight in Palestine
  • Aug 27 Two NYC subway trains collide at 116th Street killing 2 and injuring 51
  • Aug 27 Yanks Monte Pearson no-hits Indians 13-0, DiMaggio hits 3 triples
  • Aug 28 Mauthausen concentration camp opens in Austria
  • Aug 28 Northwestern University awards honorary degree to dummy Charlie McCarthy
  • Aug 28 On Connie Mack Day at Shibe Park, the A's win a doubleheader
  • Sep 1 Benito Mussolini cancels civil rights of Italian Jews
  • Sep 6 Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands celebrates 40th anniversary
  • Sep 12 Adolf Hitler demands self-determination for Sudeten Germans in Czech
  • Sep 14 Graf Zeppelin II, world's largest airship, makes maiden flight

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 15 British PM Neville Chamberlain visits Hitler at Berchtesgaden

British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
British Prime Minister
Neville Chamberlain
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Sep 15 John Cobb sets world auto speed record at 350.2 MPH (lasts 1 day)
  • Sep 15 Only time brothers hit back-to-back HRs (Lloyd & Paul Waner, Pitts)
  • Sep 16 George E T Eyston sets world auto speed record at 357.5 MPH
  • Sep 17 British premier Neville Chamberlain leaves Munich
  • Sep 18 Despite losing a double header, Yanks clinch pennant #10
  • Sep 20 Emlyn Williams' "Corn is Green," premieres in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 21 Winston Churchill condemns Hitler's annexation of Czechoslovakia

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Sep 21 The Great Hurricane of 1938 makes landfall on Long Island in New York. The death toll is estimated at 500-700 people.
  • Sep 23 British premier Neville Chamberlain flies to Munich
  • Sep 23 Time capsule, to be opened in 6939, buried at World's Fair in NYC (capsule contained a woman's hat, man's pipe & 1,100' of microfilm)
  • Sep 26 Hitler issues ultimatum to Czech government, demanding Sudenten Land
  • Sep 27 British ocean liner "Queen Elizabeth" launches at Clydebank, Scotland
  • Sep 27 Jewish lawyers forbidden to practice in Germany
  • Sep 27 League of Nations declares Japan the aggressor against China
  • Sep 28 Clare Boothe's "Boys Goodbye" premieres in NYC
  • Sep 28 Dutch Premier Colijn sends radio message "No war coming"
  • Sep 29 1st archival course is offered at Columbia University in NYC
  • Sep 30 Treaty of Munich signed by Hitler, Mussolini, Daladier and Chamberlain, forces Czechoslovakia to give territory to Germany
  • Oct 1 Germany annexes Sudetenland (1/3 of Czechoslovakia) following the Munich Agreement
  • Oct 2 Indian Bob Feller strikes out record 18 Tigers (Chester Laabs 5 times)
  • Oct 7 Germany requires all Jewish passports be stamped with letter J

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 8 G Kaufman & Moss Hart's "Fabulous Invalid" premieres in NYC

Playwright Moss Hart
Playwright
Moss Hart
  • Oct 10 Germany completes its annexation of Czechoslovakia's Sudetenland
  • Oct 10 Premier of Dmitri Shostakovitch's 1st String Quartet
  • Oct 14 Nazis plan Jewish ghettos for all major cities
  • Oct 15 Robert Sherwoods "Abe Lincoln in Illinois" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 21 Japanese troops occupies Canton
  • Oct 22 Chester Carlson demonstrates 1st Xerox copying machine
  • Oct 24 US forbids child labor in factories
  • Oct 25 Japanese troops occupies Hankou & Wuhan
  • Oct 27 DuPont announces its new synthetic polyamide fiber will be called "nylon"
  • Oct 28 Farewell parade of International Brigade (Barcelona)
  • Oct 31 Great Depression: In an effort to try restore investor confidence, the New York Stock Exchange unveils a fifteen-point program aimed to upgrade protection for the investing public.
  • Nov 1 German colonel-general Gerd von Runstedt retires
  • Nov 1 NL batting champ Ernie Lombardi is named MVP
  • Nov 1 Seabiscuit beats War Admiral in a match race at Pimlico
  • Nov 2 Jimmie Foxx wins his 3rd AL MVP
  • Nov 5 Ottawa Roughriders score on 5-man, 4-lateral, 65-yard punt return
  • Nov 5 Rugers beats Princeton 1st time in 60 yrs as Rutgers Stad dedicated
  • Nov 6 3 DiMaggio brothers play together for 1st time, charity all star game
  • Nov 8 1st African American woman legislator, Crystal Bird Fauset of Philadelphia
  • Nov 9 Al Capp, cartoonist of Lil' Abner, creates Sadie Hawkins Day
  • Nov 9 Kristallnacht begins: pogrom against Jews in Germany and Austria - first large-scale physical act of anti-Jewish violence, begins
  • Nov 10 8.3 earthquake shakes East of Shumagin Islands, Alaska
  • Nov 10 Nobel for literature awarded to Pearl Buck (Good Earth)
  • Nov 10 Second day of Kristallnacht: pogrom against the Jews in Germany and Austria after assassination of a German diplomat in Paris
  • Nov 11 German & Austrian Jewish suffer 1 billion Mark damage in nazi
  • Nov 11 Kristallnacht; Jews forced to wear Star of David

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 12 Hermann Goering announces he wants Madagascar as a Jewish homeland

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • Nov 13 America's first saint, Mother Frances Cabrini, beatified
  • Nov 14 Dutch DC3 crashes at Schiphol, 6 die
  • Nov 15 First telecast of an unscheduled event (fire), W2XBT, NY
  • Nov 15 Farewell Parade of International Brigades in Barcelona
  • Nov 16 K B Regiment refuses round-table conference in East-India
  • Nov 16 LSD (Lysergic acid diethylamide) is first synthesized by Swiss chemist Dr. Albert Hofmann at the Sandoz Laboratories in Basel, Switzerland
  • Nov 17 Italy passes its own version of anti-Jewish Nuremberg laws
  • Nov 18 Trade union members elect John L. Lewis as the first president of the Congress of Industrial Organizations.
  • Nov 20 1st documented anti-semitic remarks over US radio (by Father Coughlin)
  • Nov 21 -24] Belgian king Leopold III visits Netherlands
  • Nov 21 Nazi forces occupy western Czechoslovakia & declared them German citizens
  • Nov 24 Clifford Odets' "Rocket to the Moon" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 30 Fascist coup in Romania fails
  • Nov 30 Germany bans Jews being lawyers
  • Dec 1 School bus & train collide in Salt Lake City Utah
  • Dec 3 AAUs decides to continue linear measuring system over metric