Events in History in 1959

Events 1 - 200 of 306

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 1 Cuban Dictator Fulgencio Batista flees Cuba for the Dominican Republic

Cuban President and Dictator Fulgencio Batista
Cuban President and Dictator
Fulgencio Batista
  • Jan 1 Chad becomes autonomous republic in French Community
  • Jan 1 Rohan Kanhai completes 256 v India at Calcutta
  • Jan 2 USSR launches Mechta (Luna 1) for 1st lunar fly-by, 1st solar orbit
  • Jan 3 Alaska admitted as 49th US state
  • Jan 4 Luna 1 (Mechta) becomes 1st craft to leave Earth's gravity
  • Jan 5 "Bozo the Clown" live children's show premieres on TV

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 7 US recognizes Fidel Castro's Cuban government

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 7 American gangster Meyer Lansky flees Cuba for the Bahamas due to the Cuban Revolution and rise of Fidel Castro

Mobster Meyer Lansky
Mobster
Meyer Lansky

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 8 Charles de Gaulle inaugurated as president of France's 5th Republic

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • Jan 9 Dam across Tera River in Northwestern Spain collapses after heavy winter rains, killing 135
  • Jan 9 Pat O'Connor beats Dick Hutton in St Louis, to become NWA champ
  • Jan 11 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Theodore Roethke
  • Jan 12 Rediscovery of the Caves of Nerja in Spain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 12 American record company Motown is founded by Berry Gordy Jr. as Tamla Records

Record Company Owner Berry Gordy
Record Company Owner
Berry Gordy
  • Jan 13 French President Charles de Gaulle grants amnesty to 130 Algerians sentenced to death
  • Jan 13 King Boudouin promises Belgian Congo independence
  • Jan 20 Dmitri Shostakovitch's Moscow-Tsjerjomoesjki premieres in Moscow
  • Jan 22 USAF concludes that less than 1% of UFOs are unknown objects
  • Jan 25 1st transcontinental commercial jet flight (American) (LA to NY for $301)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 25 Pope John XXIII proclaims 2nd Vatican council

  • Jan 26 Italy government of Fanfani resigns
  • Jan 29 Walt Disney's "Sleeping Beauty" released
  • Jan 29 'The Great Smog' hits London, many die of chest and lung-related illnesses
  • Jan 30 Australia 1-200 1st day 4th Test v England, Adelaide Oval
  • Jan 30 MS Hans Hedtoft sinks, 95 die
  • Jan 31 Joe Cronin signs 7 year pact to become head of AL
  • Feb 1 Swiss men vote against voting rights for women
  • Feb 1 Texas Instruments requests patent of IC (Integrated Circuit)
  • Feb 1 US female Figure Skating championship won by Carol Heiss
  • Feb 1 US male Figure Skating championship won by David Jenkins
  • Feb 3 American Airlines Electra crashes in NY's East River, killing 65
  • Feb 4 Israel begins exporting copper ore
  • Feb 5 Australia regain the Ashes with a 10 wicket victory at Adelaide
  • Feb 6 1st successful test-fire of Titan ICBM
  • Feb 6 Fidel Castro is interviewed by Edward R Murrow
  • Feb 7 Fidel Castro proclaims new Cuban constitution
  • Feb 7 Cessna lands in Las Vegas after 65 d without landing (refuels in air)
  • Feb 9 Coasters's "Charlie Brown" peaks at #2
  • Feb 10 Dutch Princess Wilhelmina publishes "Lonely, but not alone"
  • Feb 10 Tornado in St Louis kills 19 & injures 265
  • Feb 13 Miro Cardon, premier of Cuba, resigns
  • Feb 14 $3.6 million heroin seizure in NYC
  • Feb 15 Antonio Segni forms Italian government
  • Feb 16 Fidel Castro becomes the 16th Prime Minister of Cuba after overthrowing Fulgencio Batista
  • Feb 16 Leonard Spigelgass' "Majority of One" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 17 1st weather satellite launched, Vanguard 2, 9.8 kg
  • Feb 19 Britain, Turkey & Greece sign agreement granting Cyprus independence
  • Feb 19 Gabon adopts its constitution
  • Feb 19 USAF rocket-powered rail sled attains Mach 4.1 (4970 kph), NM

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 20 The Avro Arrow program to design and manufacture supersonic jet fighters in Canada is cancelled by the Diefenbaker government amid much political debate.

13th Prime Minister of Canada John Diefenbaker
13th Prime Minister of Canada
John Diefenbaker
  • Feb 28 Ice Pairs Championship at Colorado Springs won by Wagner & Paul of CAN
  • Feb 28 Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Colo Spr won by Carol Heiss USA
  • Feb 28 Launch of Discoverer 1 (WTR)-1st polar orbit
  • Feb 28 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Colo Spr won by David Jenkins USA
  • Mar 1 Archbishop Makarios returns to Cyprus after 3 years
  • Mar 3 1st US probe to enter solar orbit, Pioneer 4, launched
  • Mar 3 British government arrests Hastings Banda of Nyasaland, ends emergency crisis
  • Mar 4 US Pioneer IV misses Moon & becomes 2nd (US 1st) artificial planet
  • Mar 5 Iran & US sign economic & military treaty
  • Mar 6 Farthest radio signal heard (Pioneer IV, 400,000 miles)
  • Mar 7 1st aviator to fly a million miles (1.61 M km) in a jet (MC Garlow)
  • Mar 7 West Indies all out 76 v Pakistan at Dacca, Fazal Mahmood 6-34
  • Mar 8 Groucho, Chico & Harpo's final TV appearance together
  • Mar 8 Pro-Egyptian coup fails in Mosul Iraq
  • Mar 9 1st known radar contact is made with Venus
  • Mar 9 Barbie makes her debut at the American Toy Fair in New York. Over a billion have been sold worldwide since.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 10 Tennessee Williams' "Sweet Bird of Youth" premieres in NYC

Playwright Tennessee Williams
Playwright
Tennessee Williams
  • Mar 10 Tibetan uprising against Chinese occupation force in Lhasa, Tibet
  • Mar 11 "Raisin in the Sun", 1st Broadway play by a black woman, opens
  • Mar 12 Dutch Liberal Party wins 2nd parliamentary elections
  • Mar 12 US House joins Senate approving Hawaii statehood
  • Mar 15 Robert Foster sets record by staying underwater 13 m 42.5 s
  • Mar 16 Iraq & USSR sign economic/technical treaty
  • Mar 17 Australia & USSR restore diplomatic relations

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 18 US President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs Hawaii statehood bill

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Mar 24 Iraq withdraws from the Baghdad Pact
  • Mar 24 The Party of the African Federation (PFA) is launched by Léopold Sédar Senghor and Modibo Keita.
  • Mar 25 French President De Gaulle acknowledges Oder-Neisse boundary
  • Mar 26 Test debut for Mushtaq Mohammad v WI age 15 yrs 124 days
  • Mar 28 11 days after Tibet uprising, China dissolves Tibet's government & installs Panchen Lama

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 30 Dalai Lama flees China and is granted political asylum in India

14th Dalai Lama Tenzin Gyatso
14th Dalai Lama
Tenzin Gyatso
  • Apr 4 Fed of Mali, consisting of Senegal & French Sudan (dissolved 1960)
  • Apr 7 Oklahoma ends prohibition, after 51 years
  • Apr 7 Radar 1st bounced off Sun, Stanford Calif
  • Apr 9 NASA names 1st 7 astronauts for Project Mercury
  • Apr 11 Dutch prince Bernhard visits Lockheed factory
  • Apr 12 13th Tony Awards: J B & Redhead win
  • Apr 12 France Observator reports torture practice by French army in Algeria
  • Apr 13 USAF launches Discoverer II into polar orbit
  • Apr 13 Vanguard SLV-5 launched for Earth orbit (failed)
  • Apr 13 Vatican edict forbids Roman Catholics from voting for communists
  • Apr 14 (Robert) Taft Memorial Bell Tower dedicated in Washington DC
  • Apr 15 Fidel Castro begins US goodwill tour

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 15 US Secretary of State John Foster Dulles resigns

US Secretary of State John Foster Dulles
US Secretary of State
John Foster Dulles
  • Apr 16 Datu Abdul Rozak inaugurated as premier of Malaysia federation
  • Apr 19 Uprising in La Paz Bolivia, fails
  • Apr 21 1211-kg great white shark becomes largest fish ever caught on a rod
  • Apr 21 Alf Dean using a rod & reel hooks a 2,664lb, 16' 10" white shark
  • Apr 23 1st heliport in Britain opens in London
  • Apr 25 St Lawrence Seaway linking Atlantic, Great Lakes opens to shipping
  • Apr 25 Then-bishop Karol Wojtyla's celebrates newly completed Nowa Huta, Poland's first ever Mass at midnight of Christmas morning
  • Apr 27 "Today" show goes abroard 1st time (Paris France)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 27 Mao Zedong resigns as Chairman of the PRC after the disastrous failure of the Great Leap Forward

Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong
Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party
Mao Zedong
  • Apr 27 The last Canadian missionary leaves the People's Republic of China.
  • May 1 West Germany introduces 5 day work week
  • May 3 Tiger's Charlie Maxwell hits 4 consecutive HRs in a doubleheader
  • May 4 Pulitzer Prize awarded to Archibald Macleish (JB)
  • May 6 Iceland gunboats shoot at British fishing vessels
  • May 8 3-deck Nile excursion steamer springs a leak panicking passengers who capsized ship. 200 drown just yards from shore
  • May 10 Soviet forces arrive in Afghanistan
  • May 10 Giants Jim Hearn allows 2 runs against Pirates, game is suspended, Hearn is released & charged with loss 2 months after his retirement
  • May 19 Jan de Quay becomes premier of Netherlands
  • May 19 The USS Triton, the first submarine with two nuclear reactors, is completed
  • May 20 Ford wins battle with Chrysler to call its new car "Falcon"
  • May 20 Japanese-Americans regain their citizenship
  • May 20 Shah of Persia visits Netherlands
  • May 20 Yanks sink to last place, 1st time since May 25, 1940
  • May 21 Cleveland Metroparks Zoo Children's Petting Farm opens
  • May 22 Benjamin O Davis Jr becomes 1st black major general in US Air Force
  • May 24 1st house with built-in bomb shelter exhibited (Pleasant Hills, Pa)
  • May 24 Empire Day renamed Commonwealth Day in Great Britain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 25 Khrushchev visits Angola

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
  • May 26 Harvey Haddix pitches 12 perfect innings, loses in 13th
  • May 28 Congressional Committee of Astronautics meets Project 7 astronauts
  • May 28 Monkeys Able & Baker zoom 300 mi (500 km) into space on Jupiter missile, became 1st animals retrieved from a space mission
  • May 29 Charles de Gaulle forms French government
  • May 29 Saunders-Roe SR.N1, the first practical hovercraft, performs its first engine run
  • May 30 Iraq withdraws from the Baghdad Pact (Iran, Iraq, Pakistan, Turkey, and the United Kingdom)
  • May 30 President Luis Somoza Debayle ends emergency crisis in Nicaragua
  • May 30 President Stroessner disbands Paraguay's parliament
  • May 30 The Auckland Harbour Bridge is officially opened in Auckland, New Zealand.
  • Jun 1 2-time champ Monterrey Mexico barred from 1959 Little League competition for using players outside predetermined geographical area
  • Jun 1 Constitution of Tunisia promulgated (National Day)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 2 Allen Ginsberg writes his poem "Lysergic Acid", SF

Beat Poet Allen Ginsberg
Beat Poet
Allen Ginsberg
  • Jun 3 1st US Air Force Academy graduation in Colorado Springs, Colorado
  • Jun 3 US President Eisenhower routes Canadian premier Diefenbaker a message off the Moon
  • Jun 3 Singapore adopts constitution
  • Jun 5 Bob Dylan graduates from Hibbing High School in Minnesota

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 5 The first independent government of the State of Singapore is sworn in with Lee Kuan Yew as Prime Minister

Founder of Modern Singapore Lee Kuan Yew
Founder of Modern Singapore
Lee Kuan Yew
  • Jun 7 KLX-AM in Oakland California changes call letters to KEWB (now KNEW)
  • Jun 8 1st official "missile mail" lands (Jacksonville, Fla)
  • Jun 8 X-15 makes 1st unpowered flight, from a B-52 at 11,500 m
  • Jun 9 1st ballistic missile sub launched (George Washington-Groton, Ct)
  • Jun 10 Rocky Colovito hits 4 consecutive HRs in 1 game
  • Jun 11 Saunders-Roe SR.N1, the first practical hovercraft, performs its first public flight
  • Jun 11 Postmaster General bans D H Lawrence's book, Lady Chatterley's Lover (overruled by US Court of Appeals in Mar 1960)
  • Jun 16 South African Apartheid government efforts to remove Black people from Cato Manor close to the Durban city center to newly established black township Kwa Mashu, on outskirts met with violent resistance
  • Jun 17 Eamon de Valera elected President of Ireland
  • Jun 18 1st telecast transmitted from England to US
  • Jun 18 Governor of Louisiana Earl K. Long is committed to a state mental hospital; he responds by having the hospital's director fired and replaced with a crony who proceeds to proclaim him perfectly sane
  • Jun 19 Senate rejects Ike's appointment of Lewis Strauss for Secetary of Commerce
  • Jun 22 "Along Came Jones" by Coasters peaks at #9
  • Jun 22 Eddie Lubanski bowls 2 consecutive perfect games
  • Jun 22 Shunryu Suzuki completes his historical Japan to SF voyage
  • Jun 22 Vanguard SLV-6 launched for Earth orbit (failed)
  • Jun 23 Convicted Manhattan Project spy Klaus Fuchs is released after only nine years in prison and allowed to emigrate to Dresden, East Germany (where he resumed a scientific career)
  • Jun 23 A fire in a resort hotel in Stalheim, Norway kills 34 people
  • Jun 26 Queen Elizabeth & President Eisenhower open St Lawrence Seaway
  • Jun 26 9th Berlin International Film Festival: "The Cousins" wins Golden Bear
  • Jun 27 Players vote Henry Aaron unanimously for the All-Star Game
  • Jun 28 Meldrim trestle disaster; freight train derails over Ogeechee River in Georgia causing IPG tanks to explode killing 23
  • Jun 29 Pope John XXIII 1st encyclical "On truth, unity, & peace, in charity"
  • Jun 30 During a game in Wrigley Field, 2 balls were in play at same time
  • Jul 1 Heinrich Lubke elected president of West Germany
  • Jul 1 Israeli Knesset agrees to weapon sales to West Germany
  • Jul 1 World Refugee Year begins
  • Jul 1 The Party of the African Federation (PFA) holds its constitutive conference.
  • Jul 4 America's new 49-star flag honoring Alaska statehood unfurled
  • Jul 4 Cayman Islands separated from Jamaica, made a crown colony
  • Jul 4 Island Records founded in Jamaica
  • Jul 5 Ben-Gurion's Israeli government resigns
  • Jul 5 Indonesia restores constitution
  • Jul 5 Jack Gelber's "Connection" premieres in NYC
  • Jul 6 Saar becomes part of German Federal Republic
  • Jul 14 USS Long Beach, first nuclear powered cruiser launched at Quincy, Mass
  • Jul 15 The US steel strike of 1959 begins, leading to significant importation of foreign steel for the first time in United States history.
  • Jul 17 2,000 ft long by 1,300 foot wide section of ridge falls into Madis
  • Jul 17 Tibet abolishes serfdom
  • Jul 17 River Canyon extending man-made Lake Hebgen by 5 miles. (Montana)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 17 Paleoanthropologist Mary Leakey discovers partial skull of a new species of early human ancestor, Zinjanthropus boisei or 'Zinj' (now called Paranthropus boisei) lived in Africa almost 2 million years ago

Paleoanthropologist Mary Leakey
Paleoanthropologist
Mary Leakey
  • Jul 21 1st nuclear powered merchant ship, NS Savannah, named, Camden NJ
  • Jul 22 Benjamin Britten's "Missa Brevis" in D premieres
  • Jul 22 Natural gas found at Slochteren, Groningen, Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 23 VP Richard Nixon begins visit on USSR

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • Jul 24 500,000th Dutch TV set registered
  • Jul 24 US VP Richard Nixon argues with Nikita Khrushchev, known as "Kitchen Debate"
  • Jul 25 SR-N1 hovercraft crosses the English Channel from Calais to Dover in just over 2 hours.
  • Jul 27 Abbas Ali Baig scores 112 for India v England on debut
  • Jul 28 United Kingdom starts using postal codes
  • Jul 28 Hawaii's 1st US election sends 1st Asian-Americans to Congress
  • Jul 29 First United States Congress elections in Hawaii as a state of the Union.
  • Jul 31 1st exhibit of bongos at Cleveland Metroparks Zoo opens
  • Aug 1 Pope John XXIII publishes encyclical Sacerdotii nostri primordia
  • Aug 2 Milwaukee Brave Bill Bruton hits 2 bases loaded triples
  • Aug 3 50 killed in uprising in Guinea-Bissau
  • Aug 3 AL beats NL 5-3 in 27th All Star Game (Dodger Stadium)
  • Aug 5 42.4 cm rainfall in Decatur Co, Iowa (state record)
  • Aug 7 Explorer 6 transmits 1st TV photo of Earth from space
  • Aug 7 The Lincoln Memorial design on the U.S. penny goes into circulation. It replaces the "sheaves of wheat" design