Events in History in 1960

Events 1 - 200 of 382

  • Jan 1 Bank of France issues new franc, worth 100 times the value of existing francs
  • Jan 1 Cameroon (French Cameroon) gains independence from France
  • Jan 1 Montserrat adopts constitution
  • Jan 1 A photograph of a South African boy in a torn vest is published in the Daily Herald; it was illegal to employ a 'native' under 18 in the mines under the Native Labour Regulation Act
  • Jan 2 1st redshank old world shore bird reported in North America (Halifax)
  • Jan 2 John Reynolds sets age of solar system at 4,950,000,000 years

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 2 Senator John F. Kennedy, announces his candidacy for the US Presidency

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • Jan 4 European Free Trade Association forms in Stockholm
  • Jan 7 The Polaris missile is tested
  • Jan 9 Building of Aswan dam in Egypt, begins
  • Jan 10 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Delmore Schwartz
  • Jan 12 Sobers & Worrell complete 399 stand for 4th wkt v England
  • Jan 14 Tuindorp-Oostzaan in Northern Amsterdam, flooded
  • Jan 14 The Reserve Bank of Australia is established
  • Jan 18 US & Japan sign joint defense treaty
  • Jan 18 Capital Airlines Flight 20 crashes in Virginia, killing all 50 people on-board

AgreementTreaty of Interest

Jan 19 Eisenhower & Premier Kishi sign US-Japanese Security pact

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Jan 20 Patrice Lumumba sentenced to 6 months in Belgian Congo
  • Jan 21 Little Joe 4 suborbital Mercury test reaches 16 km
  • Jan 21 Rock falls traps 437 at Coalbrook, South Africa; 417 die of methane poisoning
  • Jan 23 Bathosphere "Trieste", crewed by Jacques Piccard and US Navy Lieutenant Don Walsh, reaches bottom of Pacific (10,900 m)
  • Jan 24 Algeria uprises against French president De Gaulle
  • Jan 28 1st photograph bounced off Moon, Washington, D.C.
  • Jan 30 CIA OKs Lockheed to produce a new U-2 aircraft (Oxcart)
  • Jan 30 Dutch communist trade union EVC'58 disbands
  • Jan 30 Riot curtails third days play at Port-Of-Spain WI v England
  • Jan 30 US female Figure Skating championship won by Carol Heiss
  • Jan 30 US male Figure Skating championship won by David Jenkins
  • Jan 30 African National Party is founded in Chad
  • Feb 1 4 students stage 1st civil rights sit-in, at Woolworth's in Greensboro, North Carolina
  • Feb 1 Extreme right-wing rebels in Algiers surrender
  • Feb 2 Michale Eufemia sinks 625 balls in pool match without a miss

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 3 British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan makes his famous "wind of change" speech in Africa, against the apartheid regime, angering South African politicians

British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan
British Prime Minister
Harold Macmillan
  • Feb 4 BBWAA voters fail to elect a new Hall of Fame member
  • Feb 4 Giants move their offices to Candlestick Park
  • Feb 7 Old handwriting found in at Qumran, near the Dead Sea
  • Feb 8 Congress opens hearings looking into payola

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 8 Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom issued an Order-in-Council, stating that she and her family would be known as the House of Windsor, and that her descendants will take the name "Mountbatten-Windsor".

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
  • Feb 10 Charles Ives' "Lincoln, the Great Commoner" premieres
  • Feb 12 Chinese army kills 12 Indian soldiers
  • Feb 13 France performs 1st nuclear test at Reggane Proving Grounds Algeria
  • Feb 14 Marshal Ayub Khan elected President of Pakistan
  • Feb 16 US nuclear submarine USS Triton set off on underwater round-world trip
  • Feb 18 Walter O'Malley, LA Dodger owner, purchases Chavez Ravine for $494,000
  • Feb 19 Protest strike in Poznan, Poland
  • Feb 23 Demolition begins on Brooklyn's Ebbets Field (opened in 1913)
  • Feb 24 Italian government of Segni falls
  • Feb 24 2nd Daytona 500: Junior Johnson wins (124.74 MPH)
  • Feb 25 Lillian Hellman's "Toys in the Attic" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 26 Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev voices support for Indonesia

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
  • Feb 26 Verne Gagne beats Doctor X in Omaha, to become NWA wrestling champ

  • Feb 27 Oil pipe line from Rotterdam to Ruhrgebied opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 29 1st playboy club, featuring bunnies, opens in Chicago

Playboy Founder & Businessman Hugh Hefner
Playboy Founder & Businessman
Hugh Hefner
  • Feb 29 Agadir earthquake in Morocco kills a third of the population (12,000-15,000)
  • Feb 29 JFK makes "missile gap" the presidential campaign issue
  • Mar 3 9th largest snowfall in NYC history (14.5")
  • Mar 4 French freighter "La Coubre" explodes in Havana Cuba, killing 100
  • Mar 5 Ice Pairs Championship at Vancouver won by Wagner & Paul (CAN)
  • Mar 5 The Aquatic Ape Hypothesis originates when Alister Hardy publicly announces his idea that ape-human divergence may have been due to a coastal phase.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 6 President Sukarno disbands Indonesia's parliament

1st President of Indonesia Sukarno
1st President of Indonesia
Sukarno
  • Mar 7 Dutch Builders strike for CLA
  • Mar 10 USSR agrees to stop nuclear testing
  • Mar 11 Pioneer 5 launched into solar orbit between Earth & Venus
  • Mar 14 14 die in a train crash in Bakersfield Calif
  • Mar 15 Key Largo Coral Reef Preserve established (1st underwater park)
  • Mar 15 National Observatory at Kitt Peak, Arizona dedicated
  • Mar 17 US President Eisenhower forms anti-Castro-exile army under the CIA
  • Mar 21 Sharpeville Massacre: Police kill 72 in South Africa & outlaws ANC

1stHistoric Invention

Mar 22 1st patent for lasers granted to Arthur Schawlow & Charles Townes

  • Mar 23 Explorer (8) fails to reach Earth orbit
  • Mar 24 US appeals court rules novel "Lady Chatterly's Lover" not obscene
  • Mar 25 1st guided missile launched from nuclear powered sub (Halibut)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 25 DH Lawrence's "Lady Chatterley's Lover" ruled not obscene (NYC)

  • Mar 25 Italian government Tambroni forms
  • Mar 26 Iraq executes 30 after attack on President Kassem
  • Mar 28 Pope John appoints the first Japanese, African & Filipino cardinals
  • Mar 28 Scotch whisky factory explodes burying 20 fire fighters (Glasgow, Scotland)
  • Mar 31 Gore Vidal's "Best Man" premieres in NYC
  • Apr 1 Census determines the resident population of the United States to be 179,245,000
  • Apr 1 2nd French atom bomb explodes (Sahara)
  • Apr 1 France performs nuclear test at Reggane Proving Grounds, Algeria
  • Apr 1 U Nu elected premier of Burma
  • Apr 1 1st weather satellite launched (TIROS 1)
  • Apr 2 Mabry Harper catches a world record 25 lb Walleye in Tennessee
  • Apr 2 Cuba buys oil from USSR
  • Apr 3 Earthquake at Havre, Belgium
  • Apr 4 Oscar awarded to Neth director Bert Haanstra
  • Apr 4 Project Ozma begins at Green Bank radio astronomy center
  • Apr 4 Senegal declares independence from France
  • Apr 8 Neth & Germany sign accord concerning war casualties
  • Apr 8 US Senate passes Civil Rights Bill with measures against discriminatory voting pracrices
  • Apr 9 South African Prime Minister Hendrik Verwoerd survives an assassination attempt by David Pratt despite being twice shot in the face
  • Apr 10 Senate passes landmark Civil Rights Bill
  • Apr 12 Bert Haanstra wins Oscar for "Glass"
  • Apr 12 Bill Veeck & Chicago Comiskey Park debuts "Exploding Scoreboard"
  • Apr 13 France becomes 4th nuclear nation exploding an A-Bomb in Sahara
  • Apr 13 Transit 1B, 1st navigational satellite, placed in Earth orbit
  • Apr 14 1st underwater launching of Polaris missile

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 14 American record company Motown, founded by Berry Gordy Jr., is incorporated as Motown Record Corporation

Record Company Owner Berry Gordy
Record Company Owner
Berry Gordy
  • Apr 15 Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), organizes at Shaw U
  • Apr 15 Guy Carawan sings "We Shall Overcome" to a Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee in Raleigh - popularising the song as a protest anthem
  • Apr 17 American Samoa sets up a constitutional government
  • Apr 19 Comiskey Park's famed "exploding" scoreboard begins operating
  • Apr 21 Brasilia becomes capital of Brazil
  • Apr 21 Founding of the Orthodox Bahá'í Faith in Washington, D.C.
  • Apr 23 1st performance of Ferde Grofe's "San Francisco Suite"
  • Apr 24 14th Tony Awards: Miracle Worker & Fiorello! win
  • Apr 24 Heavy earthquake strikes South Persia, 500 killed
  • Apr 24 Record 4 grand slams hit today
  • Apr 25 1st submerged circumnavigation of Earth completed (Triton)
  • Apr 27 1st atomic powered electric-drive submarine launched (Tullibee)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 27 South Korean President Syngman Rhee resigns

First President of South Korea Syngman Rhee
First President of South Korea
Syngman Rhee
  • Apr 27 Togo (formerly French Togo) declares independence from French administration
  • Apr 28 Elena Kagan, New York, US Supreme Court Judge
  • May 1 India's Bombay state split into Gujarat & Maharashtra states
  • May 1 Russia shoots down Francis Gary Powers' U-2 spy plane over Sverdlovsk
  • May 2 Harry Belafonte 2nd Carnegie Hall performance
  • May 2 Pulitzer prize awarded to Al Drury (Advice & Consent)
  • May 2 House investigating committee, looking into payola questions

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 3 The Anne Frank House opens in Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank
  • May 4 1st great Delta dam closes, North-South Beveland
  • May 6 US President Eisenhower signs Civil Rights Act of 1960
  • May 6 Students attack Dutch embassy in Jakarta
  • May 6 Trotsky's murderer Jacques Mornard (Ramon Mercader) freed in Mexico
  • May 7 LA Dodger Norm Sherry's 11th HR wins the game for brother Larry

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 7 Leonid Brezhnev replaces Kliment Voroshilov as President of USSR

Soviet General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev
Soviet General Secretary
Leonid Brezhnev
  • May 7 Michael Tal beats Botvinnik 12½-8½ for world chess championship
  • May 7 USSR announces Francis Gary Powers confessed to being a CIA spy
  • May 8 USSR & Cuba resume diplomatic relations
  • May 9 Nigeria becomes a member of British Commonwealth
  • May 9 US becomes the first country to legalize the birth control pill
  • May 10 John F. Kennedy wins primary in West Virginia
  • May 10 US atomic submarine USS Triton completes 1st submerged circumnavigation of the globe
  • May 11 French liner "France" launched

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 11 Israeli soldiers capture Adolf Eichmann in Buenos Aires

SS officer Adolf Eichmann
SS officer
Adolf Eichmann
  • May 13 1st launch of Delta satellite launching vehicle; it failed
  • May 14 USSR launch 1st (unmanned) space capsule
  • May 14 Virgil Thomson's "Missa Pro Defunctis" premieres in Potsdam NY
  • May 15 Chic Cub Don Cardwell no-hits St Louis Cards, 4-0
  • May 15 Dmitri Shostakovitch's 7th String quartet premieres in Leningrad
  • May 15 Sputnik 4 launched into Earth orbit; later recovery failed
  • May 15 Taxes took 25% of earnings in US
  • May 16 Big 4 summit in Paris collapses as USSR levels spy charges against US
  • May 16 Theodore Maiman operates the first optical laser, at Hughes Research Laboratories in Malibu, California.
  • May 17 1st atomic reactor system patents, J W Flora of Canoga Park CA
  • May 18 Eillen Fulton begins playing Lisa on As the World Turns (for almost 30 yrs)
  • May 18 Jean Genet's "Le Balcon" premieres in Paris
  • May 19 Alan Freed & eight other DJs accused of taking radio payola
  • May 19 Belgian parliament requires rest day for self employed
  • May 19 USAF Maj Robert M White takes X-15 to 33,222 m
  • May 22 Tsunami strikes Hilo, Hawaii at 01:04 AM, severely damaging virtually all coastal towns between the 37th and 44th parallels
  • May 23 Israel announces capture of Nazi Adolf Eichmann in Argentina
  • May 23 WKBM TV (now WLII) channel 11 in Caguas/San Juan, PR 1st broadcast
  • May 24 1 millionth Dutch telephone installed
  • May 25 George Crowe's record 11th pinch-hit HR
  • May 27 1st use of oversized catching mitt (Balt Oriole Clint Courtney)
  • May 27 Military coup overthrows democratic government of Turkey
  • Jun 6 Roy Orbison releases "Only the Lonely"
  • Jun 6 South African police kill 11 Pondo's at Nqusa Hill
  • Jun 8 1st date in James Clavell's novel "Nobel House"
  • Jun 8 Argentine government demands release of Adolf Eichmann
  • Jun 9 Typhoon Mary in China killed at least 1,600
  • Jun 11 House packed with wedding celebrants collapses killing 30 (Pakistan)
  • Jun 13 "Alley-Oop" by Dyna-Sores peaks at #59
  • Jun 13 Prince Norodom Sihanoek becomes head of Cambodia
  • Jun 15 Argentina complains to UN about Israeli illicit transfer of Eichmann
  • Jun 16 President Eisenhower cancels trip to Japan
  • Jun 20 Federation of Mali (& Senegal) becomes independent of France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 20 "The Huckleberry Hound Show" by Hanna-Barbera becomes the first animated programme to win an Emmy

Animator Joseph Barbera
Animator
Joseph Barbera
Animator William Hanna
Animator
William Hanna
  • Jun 21 Armin Hary runs world record 100m (10.0)
  • Jun 23 Japan signs security treaty with the US
  • Jun 23 1st contraceptive pill is made available for purchase in the U.S.
  • Jun 24 Geoff Griffin takes a hat-trick South Africa v England Lord's
  • Jun 24 10th Berlin International Film Festival: "El Lazarillo de Tormes" wins Golden Bear
  • Jun 25 Earthquake in NE Belgium
  • Jun 25 Madagascar gains independence from France
  • Jun 25 Somaliland is granted independence by British government
  • Jun 26 British Somaliland (now Somalia) gains independence from Britain
  • Jun 26 Hall of Fame allows veteran committee to vote annually
  • Jun 26 Italian Somaliland declares independence from Italian administration
  • Jun 26 Madagascar (formerly Malagasy Rep) declares independence from France
  • Jun 27 British Somaliland becomes part of Somalia
  • Jun 27 Chlorophyll "A" synthesized in Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • Jun 27 Oil pipe line from Rotterdam-Ruhrgebied opens
  • Jun 28 10.40" (26.42 cm) of rainfall, Dunmor, Kentucky (state 24-hour record)
  • Jun 29 KYA-AM in SF changes call letters to KDBQ (for 2 weeks)
  • Jun 30 US stops sugar import from Cuba
  • Jun 30 Zaire (formerly Belgian Congo) declares independence from Belgium
  • Jul 1 Benjamin Britten's cantate "Carmen Baseliense" premieres in Basel
  • Jul 1 The independent Somali Democratic Republic, commonly known as Somalia, is formed out of former British and Italian territories

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 1 Fidel Castro nationalizes Esso, Shell & Texaco in Cuba

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • Jul 1 Ghana becomes a republic
  • Jul 1 No passports needed inside Benelux
  • Jul 1 USSR shoots down US RB-47 reconnaissance plane
  • Jul 1 Robert Bolt's "A Man For All Seasons" premieres in London
  • Jul 4 America's new 50-star flag honoring Hawaiian statehood unfurled
  • Jul 5 Mongolia adopts constitution
  • Jul 6 Dr Barbara Moore completes a 3,207 mile walk from LA to NYC
  • Jul 7 US cemetery officially opens at Margraten, Netherlands
  • Jul 7 USSR shoots down a US aircraft over Barents sea