Events in History in 1961

Events 1 - 200 of 400

  • Jan 1 Briggs Stadium is renamed Tigers Stadium
  • Jan 1 Houston Oilers beat LA Chargers 24-16 in AFL championship game
  • Jan 1 Largest check issued, National Bank of Chicago to Sears ($960.242 billion)
  • Jan 1 Russia introduces a new ruble worth $1.11
  • Jan 2 1st AFL Championship Game, Houston Oilers beat LA Chargers 24-16
  • Jan 2 Hawaii's, then all time low temperature, 14°F recorded atop Haleakale
  • Jan 3 Adam Clayton Powell elected Chairman of US House Education & Labor Committee
  • Jan 3 US breaks diplomatic relations with Cuba
  • Jan 4 Longest recorded strike ends-33 yrs-Danish barbers' assistants
  • Jan 7 Trucial States (now UAE) issue their 1st postage stamps
  • Jan 8 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Yvor Winters
  • Jan 8 The French vote for Algerian independence from French rule in the wake of seven years of guerrilla war
  • Jan 9 Twins agree on $500,000 payment to AA for Minn/St Paul territory
  • Jan 11 Racial riot at University of Georgia
  • Jan 12 UN genocide pact goes into effect
  • Jan 15 Supremes signed with Motown Records
  • Jan 16 Russian espionage ring detected in Great Britain

MurderAssassination

Jan 17 Eisenhower allegedly orders assassination of Congo's Patrice Lumumba

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Jan 17 President Dwight D. Eisenhower delivers a televised farewell address to the nation three days before leaving office, in which he warns against the accumulation of power by the "military-industrial complex".
  • Jan 18 Zanzibar's Afro-Shirazi party wins 1 seat by a single vote & parliament by a single seat
  • Jan 19 1st episode of "Dick Van Dyke Show" is filmed
  • Jan 20 Francis Poulenc's "Gloria" premieres in Boston

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 20 Robert Frost recites "Gift Outright" at JFK's inauguration

Poet Robert Frost
Poet
Robert Frost
35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • Jan 20 Yugoslav ex-vice-president Milovan Djilas flees
  • Jan 20 The Democrat J.F. Kennedy is inaugurated as President of the United States, the youngest ever sworn in
  • Jan 21 Portuguese rebels seize cruise ship Santa Maria
  • Jan 23 Venezuela adopts constitution

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 24 Edward Albee's "American Dream" premieres in NYC

Playwright Edward Albee
Playwright
Edward Albee
  • Jan 24 Lazard Brothers Ltd draw a check for $334,867,807.68

Conference meetingConference of Interest

Jan 25 1st live, nationally televised presidential news conference (JFK)

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • Jan 25 Military coup in El Salvador
  • Jan 26 1st woman personal physician to a US president - Janet G. Travell (to John F. Kennedy)
  • Jan 28 Republic of Rwanda proclaimed
  • Jan 29 US female Figure Skating championship won by Laurence Owen
  • Jan 29 US male Figure Skating championship won by Bradley Lord
  • Jan 30 JFK asks for an Alliance for Progress & Peace Corps
  • Jan 30 Lance Gibbs takes hat-trick (Mackay, Grout, Misson) at Adelaide

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 31 David Ben-Gurion resigns as Prime Minister of Israel

First Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion
First Israeli Prime Minister
David Ben-Gurion
  • Jan 31 Ham the chimpanzee is 1st primate in space (158 miles) aboard Mercury/Redstone 2
  • Jan 31 Houston voters approve bond to finance luxury domed stadium
  • Jan 31 Kanhai completes twin tons (117 & 115) v Aust at Adelaide
  • Jan 31 NATO secretary-general Paul-Henri Spaak says he'll resign
  • Jan 31 USAF launches Samos spy satellite to replace U-2 flights
  • Feb 1 1st full-scale test of US Minuteman ICBM is successful
  • Feb 1 British minister Enoch Powell makes medical insurance more expensive
  • Feb 2 Prince Bernhard opens new RAI building in Amsterdam
  • Feb 3 6th largest snowfall in NYC history (17.4" (44.2cm))
  • Feb 4 Sputnik 7 launches into Earth orbit; probable Venus probe failure
  • Feb 6 "Jail, No Bail" Jail-in movement starts in Rock Hill, South Carolina
  • Feb 9 Joseph Ileo appointed Premier of Congo
  • Feb 10 Niagara Falls hydroelectric project begins producing power

  • Feb 11 Robert Weaver sworn in with then highest federal post by a black
  • Feb 12 USSR launches Venera 1 toward Venus
  • Feb 13 Soviet Union fires a rocket from Sputnik V to Venus
  • Feb 14 Element 103, Lawrencium, 1st produced in Berkeley Calif
  • Feb 15 Entire US figure skating team of 18, dies in Belgian Sabena 707 crash
  • Feb 16 1st all-solid-propellant rocket put in orbit, Wallops Island, Virginia
  • Feb 16 China uses its 1st nuclear reactor
  • Feb 16 US satellite Explorer 9 is launched
  • Feb 19 Albania disavows Chinese "Revisionism"
  • Feb 21 Friedrich Durrenmatt's "Die Physiker" premieres in Zurich
  • Feb 21 Gabon adopts constitution
  • Feb 21 Mercury-Atlas 2 reentry Test reaches 172 km
  • Feb 24 Explorer (10) fails to reach Earth orbit
  • Feb 25 Paul Bikle in glider climbs from 1208 m at release to record 14,10
  • Feb 26 3rd Daytona 500: Marvin Panch wins (149.601 MPH)
  • Feb 27 The first congress of the Spanish Trade Union Organisation is inaugurated.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 28 JFK names Henry Kissinger special advisor

Politician, statesman Henry Kissinger
Politician, statesman
Henry Kissinger
35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • Mar 1 US President JFK establishes the Peace Corp
  • Mar 3 King Hassan II ascends to throne of Morocco
  • Mar 4 Paul-Henri Spaak resigns as sec-gen of NATO
  • Mar 6 1st London minicabs introduced
  • Mar 6 Dutch Queen Juliana celebrates 12½ year jubilee
  • Mar 6 Dutch guilder revalued 4.74%
  • Mar 8 Jean Kerr's "Mary, Mary" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 8 US nuclear submarine Patrick Henry arrives at Scottish naval base of Holy Loch from SC in a record underseas journey of 66 days 22 hrs

American Revolutionary and Founding Father Patrick Henry
American Revolutionary and Founding Father
Patrick Henry
  • Mar 9 Soviet flight Sputnik 9 carries and returns from orbit a dog named Chernushka (Blackie), frogs and a guinea pig
  • Mar 9 Mine cave-in in Japan, kills 72
  • Mar 9 Sputnik 9 carries Chernushka (dog) into orbit
  • Mar 13 Elizabeth Gurley Finn (70) becomes President of US Communist Party
  • Mar 13 JFK sets up the Alliance for Progress
  • Mar 13 Landslide in USSR, kills 145
  • Mar 13 Old type, black & white notes cease to be legal tender
  • Mar 15 South Africa withdrews from British Commonwealth
  • Mar 17 NY DA arrests professional gamblers who implicate Seton Hall players
  • Mar 17 South Africa leaves British Commonwealth
  • Mar 25 Explorer 10 launched into elongated Earth orbit (177/181,000 km)
  • Mar 25 Sputnik 10 carries a dog into Earth orbit; later recovered
  • Mar 27 Black demonstrators in Charleston staged ride-ins on street cars
  • Mar 27 Failed assassination attempt on King Saif al-Islam Achmad of Yemen
  • Mar 29 23rd Amendment to the US Constitution ratified, allowing Washington, D.C. residents to vote in presidential elections

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 29 After a 4½ year trial Nelson Mandela is acquitted of treason in Pretoria

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela
  • Mar 30 NASA civilian pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 169,600' (51,690 m)
  • Mar 30 The Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs is signed at New York.
  • Mar 31 Aklilou Habtewold becomes 1st premier of Ethiopia
  • Apr 3 Connie Mack Stadium in Philadelphia is sold to J Schleifer Properties
  • Apr 5 Dutch governor Platteel installs New Guinea Council
  • Apr 8 British liner "Dara" explodes in Persian Gulf, kills 236
  • Apr 10 Dutch foreign minister Luns talks to JFK about New Guinea

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 11 Trial of Adolf Eichmann for war crimes in World War II begins in Jerusalem, Israel

SS officer Adolf Eichmann
SS officer
Adolf Eichmann
  • Apr 11 Austrian 4th & last government of Raab resigns

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 12 Russian cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin becomes the first person to orbit Earth (Vostok 1)

Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin
Cosmonaut
Yuri Gagarin
  • Apr 13 UN General Assembly condemns South-Africa's apartheid
  • Apr 14 Cuban-American invasion army departs Nicaragua
  • Apr 14 US element 103 (Lawrencium) discovered
  • Apr 16 15th Tony Awards: Becket & Bye Bye Birdie win

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 17 1,400 Cuban exiles land in Bay of Pigs in a doomed attempt to overthrow Fidel Castro

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • Apr 18 CONCP is founded in Casablanca as a united front of African movements opposing Portuguese colonial rule.
  • Apr 20 American Harold Graham makes 1st rocket belt flight
  • Apr 21 Dirk Stikker chosen as secretary general of NATO
  • Apr 21 French army revolts in Algeria
  • Apr 21 USAF Maj Robert M White takes X-15 to 32,000 m
  • Apr 22 Uprising of French parachutist of Gen Salan/Challe in Algeria
  • Apr 23 Algiers putsch by French generals.
  • Apr 24 JFK accepts "sole responsibility" following Bay of Pigs

CommunicationThe Sinking of the Vasa

Apr 24 17th century Swedish warship Vasa, which sunk on her maiden voyage in 1628, is salvaged

  • Apr 25 Belgium government of Gaston Eyskens falls over the Unitary Law
  • Apr 25 France performs nuclear test at Reggane Proving Grounds Algeria
  • Apr 25 Mercury/Atlas rocket lifted off with an electronic mannequin
  • Apr 25 Premier Moise Tsjombe of Katanga arrested in Congo
  • Apr 25 Robert Noyce patents integrated circuit
  • Apr 25 Unmanned Mercury test explodes on launch pad
  • Apr 26 French paratroopers' revolt suppressed in Algeria
  • Apr 27 NASA launches Explorer 11 into Earth orbit to study gamma rays
  • Apr 27 Sierra Leone declares independence from UK
  • Apr 28 Lt Col Gueorgui Mossolov takes E-66A to 34,714 m altitude
  • Apr 30 1st shuttle flights between Washington, D.C., Boston & NYC begin (Eastern)
  • Apr 30 Premier Fidel Castro of Cuba receives Lenin-Peace Prize
  • Apr 30 "Tossin' and Turnin'" single released by Bobby Lewis (Billboard Song of the Year 1961)
  • May 1 1st US airplane hijacked to Cuba
  • May 1 Fidel Castro announces there will be no more elections in Cuba

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 1 Pulitzer prize awarded to Harper Lee for her novel "To Kill a Mockingbird"

Author Harper Lee
Author
Harper Lee
  • May 1 Tanganyika granted full internal self-government by Britain
  • May 3 Warren Spahn pitches a 2 hitter after pitching a no hitter
  • May 4 1st on-the-road Spacemobile lecture given.
  • May 4 CORE begins freedom rides from Washington, D.C.
  • May 4 Malcolm Ross & Victor Prather reach 34,668 m (record) in balloon
  • May 4 South Africa ANC leader John Nkadimeng arrested
  • May 5 Alan Shepard becomes 1st American in space (aboard Freedom 7)
  • May 6 Omer Vanaudenhove chosen chairman of Belgium Liberal Party
  • May 8 1st practical sea water conversion plant-Freeport, Texas
  • May 8 Alan Shepard receives NASA Distinguished Service Medal, Washington
  • May 9 FCC Chairman Newton N Minow criticizes TV as a "vast wasteland"
  • May 9 Jim Gentile is 4th to hit grand slams in consecutive innings
  • May 10 "Beyond the Fringe" premieres in London
  • May 12 Mikhail Botvinnik wins world chess championship for 3rd time
  • May 14 Bus with 1st group of Freedom Riders bombed & burned in Alabama
  • May 14 Stirling Moss wins the 1961 Monaco Grand Prix
  • May 15 36 Unification church couples wed in Korea

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 15 Pope John XXIII publishes encyclical Mater et Magistra

  • May 17 Fidel Castro offers to exchange Bay of Pigs prisoners for 500 bulldozers
  • May 19 New pier opens in Scheveningen
  • May 20 Mauritania adopts constitution
  • May 20 White mob attacks "Freedom Riders" in Montgomery, Alabama
  • May 21 Governor Patterson declares martial law in Montgomery
  • May 22 1st revolving restaurant (Top Of The Needle in Seattle) opens
  • May 24 27 Freedom Riders arrested in Jackson, Mississippi
  • May 24 NASA Explorer Ionosphere research mission fails to reach Earth orbit
  • May 24 Cyprus joins the Council of Europe.
  • May 25 JFK announces US goal of putting a man on Moon before the end of decade
  • May 25 NASA civilian pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 32,770 m
  • May 26 Freedom Ride Coordinating Committee establishes in Atlanta
  • May 26 USAF bomber flies Atlantic in a record of just over 3 hours
  • May 27 1st black light is sold
  • May 28 Amnesty Intl founded (Nobel Peace Prize 1977)
  • May 28 Last trip (Paris to Bucharest) on Orient Express (after 78 years)
  • May 28 Record 27 HRs hit in 7 AL games
  • May 30 Dutch DC-8 crashes after takeoff at Lisbon, 62 die
  • May 30 Maris hits his 10th & 11th of 61 HRs
  • May 30 Long time Dominican dictator Rafael Trujillo is assassinated in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic.
  • May 31 Arthur Michael Ramsey appointed the 100th Archbishop of Canterbury
  • May 31 Chuck Berry's amusement park, Berryland in St Louis, opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 31 JFK visits Charles de Gaulle in Paris

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • May 31 Judge Irving Kaufman orders Board of Ed of New Rochelle, to integrate
  • May 31 Union of South Africa becomes a republic, leaves Commonwealth
  • Jun 1 FM multiplex stereo broadcasting 1st heard
  • Jun 3 JFK & Khrushchev meet in Vienna

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 4 US President John F. Kennedy and Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev meet at the Vienna Summit in Austria

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • Jun 11 Norm Cash becomes 1st Det Tiger to hit a ball out of Tiger Stadium
  • Jun 12 Dutch Lockheed Electricity "Sirius" accident at Cairo, kills 20
  • Jun 14 106°F, hottest temperature in SF
  • Jun 15 Expansion Washington Senators are 30-30, latest date an expansion team will be at .500, Washington will lose their next 10 games
  • Jun 16 Dave Garroway is fired as Today Show host
  • Jun 16 Discoverer 25 launched
  • Jun 19 "Little Egypt (Ying-Yang)" by Coasters peaks at #23
  • Jun 19 Charlie Finley, changes A's manager Joe Gordon (26-33) for Hank Bauer
  • Jun 19 Kuwait declares independence from UK
  • Jun 19 US Supreme Court struck down a provision in Maryland's constitution requiring state office holders to believe in God
  • Jun 22 Moise Tsjombe freed from prison in Congo
  • Jun 23 The Antarctic Treaty, ensuring that Antarctica is used for peaceful purposes; for international cooperation in scientific research; and does not become the scene or object of international discord, comes into force
  • Jun 23 USAF Major Robert M White takes X-15 to an altitude of 32,830 m
  • Jun 23 11th Berlin International Film Festival: "The Night" wins the Golden Bear
  • Jun 24 Iraq demands dominion over Kuwait
  • Jun 25 Iraq announces that Kuwait is a part of Iraq (Kuwait disagrees)
  • Jun 27 Ghana imposes a total ban on exports to South Africa and South West Africa
  • Jun 28 Phils & SF set then record longest night game (5h11m) 7-7 15 inn tie
  • Jun 29 Launch of Transit 4a, with 1st nuclear power supply (SNAP-3)
  • Jun 29 The International Labour Organisation (ILO) calls for South Africa's withdrawal at the Geneva Conference in protest of the racial policies of the South African government
  • Jun 30 Buddy Rogers beats Pat O'Conner in Chicago, to become NWA champ
  • Jun 30 NASA Explorer Micrometeoroid research mission fails to reach Earth orbit