Events in History in 1975

Events 1 - 200 of 415

  • Jan 1 Haldeman, Ehrlichman, Mitchell & Mardian convicted of Watergate crimes
  • Jan 1 International Women's Year begins
  • Jan 1 Sweden adopts constitution
  • Jan 1 U.S. Federal oil depletion allowance eliminated for large producers
  • Jan 2 US Department of Interior designates grizzly bear a threatened species
  • Jan 4 Ford Executive Order on CIA Activities within the US (No 11828)
  • Jan 4 Ice thickness measured at 4776 m, Wilkes Land, Antarctica
  • Jan 5 Salyut 4 with crew of 2 is launched for 30 days
  • Jan 5 14 die when British freighter "Lake Illawarra" rams pylon bridge between Derwent & Hobart, Tasmania & ship sinks
  • Jan 7 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to AR Ammons (Sphere)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 8 Judge John Sirica orders release of Watergate's John W. Dean III, Herbert W. Kalmbach and Jeb Stuart Magruder from prison

US Federal Judge John Sirica
US Federal Judge
John Sirica
  • Jan 9 600 employees of Royal Canadian Mint go on strike
  • Jan 9 Australia beat England by 171 runs in 4th Test to regain Ashes
  • Jan 11 Soyuz 17 carries 2 cosmonauts to space station Salyut 4
  • Jan 12 Chrysler Corp offers 1st car rebates

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 13 Henry Kissinger hints at military action against oil countries in case of "actual strangulation of the industrialized world" in the wake of oil shock

Politician, statesman Henry Kissinger
Politician, statesman
Henry Kissinger
  • Jan 14 USSR breaks trade agreement with US
  • Jan 14 17-year-old Lesley Whittle is kidnapped in Shropshire, England
  • Jan 15 Portugal signs accord for Angola's independence
  • Jan 15 Space Mountain opens at Disneyland
  • Jan 19 4 mail truck assault on El Al B-747 in Paris, escape to Iraq
  • Jan 19 Triple J begins broadcasting in Sydney, Australia.
  • Jan 20 Terrence McNally's "Ritz" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 22 Landsat 2, an Earth Resources Technology Satellite, launched
  • Jan 24 Fastest Earth-bound object, 7200 kph, in vacuum centrifuge, England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 25 Bangladeshi parliament disposes of premier Sheikh Mujibur Rahman

Founding Father of Bangladesh Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
Founding Father of Bangladesh
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 26 Edward Albee's "Seascape" premieres in NYC

Playwright Edward Albee
Playwright
Edward Albee
  • Jan 28 8th ABA All-Star Game: East 151 beats West 124 at San Antonio
  • Jan 29 West Indies win fifth test against India to take exciting series 3-2

1stHistoric Invention

Jan 30 Ernő Rubik applies for a patent for his "Magic Cube" invention, later to be known as a Rubik's cube

Inventor Ernő Rubik
Inventor
Ernő Rubik
  • Feb 1 "Hoppy, Gene & Me" by Roy Rogers peaks at #65
  • Feb 1 Lorne Henning scores on 3rd Islander penalty shot
  • Feb 1 Otis Francis Tabler is 1st open homosexual to get security clearance to work for the Defense Department
  • Feb 2 Army offensive against rebels in Eritrea
  • Feb 2 US female Figure Skating championship won by Dorothy Hamill
  • Feb 2 US male Figure Skating championship won by Gordon McKellen Jr
  • Feb 3 Billy Herman, Earl Averill, & Bucky Harris elected to Hall of Fame
  • Feb 4 Haicheng earthquake, M 7.3, strikes Haicheng, Liaoning, China
  • Feb 6 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Feb 8 1800 Unification church couples wed in Korea
  • Feb 9 Soyuz 17 returns to Earth
  • Feb 10 The Provisional Irish Republican Army agrees to a truce and ceasefire with the British government and the Northern Ireland Office; Seven "incident centres" are established in nationalist areas to monitor the ceasefire

ReplacementLeadership Contest

Feb 11 Margaret Thatcher defeats Edward Heath for leadership of the British Conservative Party

British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
British Prime Minister
Margaret Thatcher
  • Feb 13 Turkish Cypriot leader Rauf Denktash procliams Turkish-Cypriot Federation
  • Feb 14 Bomb explodes at annex of Amsterdam metro station
  • Feb 16 17th Daytona 500: Benny Parsons wins (153.649 MPH)
  • Feb 18 Italy broadens abortion law
  • Feb 20 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Feb 20 A feud begins between the official Irish Republican Army and the Irish National Liberation Army; the two groups assassinate a number of each other's volunteers until the feud ends in June 1975
  • Feb 21 Watergate figures John Mitchell, H. R. Haldeman & John D Ehrlichman sentenced to 2½-8 yrs for conspiracy and obstruction of justice
  • Feb 23 In response to the energy crisis, daylight saving time commences nearly two months early in the United States.

  • Feb 25 Ewen Chatfield flattened by Peter Lever & seriously injured
  • Feb 26 1st televised kidney transplant (Today Show)
  • Feb 27 CDU-politician Peter Lorentz kidnapped in West Berlin
  • Feb 27 US House of Representatives pass $21.3 billion anti-recession tax-cut bill
  • Feb 28 41 killed in London Underground, as train speeds past final stop
  • Feb 28 EG signs accord of Lome with 46 developing countries
  • Feb 28 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Feb 28 A major tube train crash at Moorgate station, London kills 43 people.
  • Mar 3 Linda McCartney is charged in US with possession of marijuana
  • Mar 6 Algiers Accord: Iran and Iraq announce a settlement of their border dispute.
  • Mar 7 US Senate revises filibuster rule, allows 60 senators to limit debate
  • Mar 7 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Mar 8 Royal Canadian Mint announces branch opening in Winnipeg, Manitoba
  • Mar 9 Construction of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System begins.
  • Mar 10 Dog spectacles patented in England
  • Mar 10 Sanyo Shinkansen open between Osaka and Fukuoka.
  • Mar 11 Rightist military coup in Portugal under General António de Spínola fails
  • Mar 11 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Mar 12 Vietcong conquer Ban me Thuot South Vietnam
  • Mar 13 Bernard Slade's "Same Time, Next Year" premieres in NYC
  • Mar 15 Bundy victim Julie Cunningham disappears from Vail, Colorado
  • Mar 15 Jevgeni Kulikov skates world record 500m (37.99 sec)
  • Mar 15 "That's the Way of the World" 6th studio album by Earth, Wind & Fire is released (Billboard Album of the Year 1975)
  • Mar 16 US Mariner 10 makes 3rd & final fly-by of Mercury
  • Mar 17 Valeri Muratov skates world record 1000m (1:16.92)
  • Mar 18 Kurds end fight against Iraqi army
  • Mar 21 Ethiopia abolishes its monarchy after 3,000 years
  • Mar 22 AIAW Women's Basketball Tournament, Delta State beats Immaculata 90-81 in Harrisonburg
  • Mar 22 Walt Disney World Shopping Village opens
  • Mar 22 A fire at the Browns Ferry Nuclear Power Plant in Decatur, Alabama causes dangerous lowering of cooling water levels.
  • Mar 26 "Tommy" premieres in London
  • Mar 26 The Biological Weapons Convention enters into force.
  • Mar 28 Wash Caps win 1st game on road after 37 straight road loses also
  • Mar 31 John Wooden's final game, UCLA, wins 10th NCAA championship in 12 yrs
  • Apr 1 Cambodia President Lon Nol flees for Red Khmer
  • Apr 2 Vietnam War: Thousands of civilian refugees flee from the Quang Ngai Province in front of advancing North Vietnamese troops.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 3 Bobby Fischer stripped of world chess title for refusing to defend it

Chess Champion Bobby Fischer
Chess Champion
Bobby Fischer
  • Apr 3 James Rupers kills his family to inherit
  • Apr 4 130 killed as USAF plane evacuating Vietnamese orphans crashes
  • Apr 4 Steve Miller is arrested for burning his girlfriend's clothes
  • Apr 4 USAF transport carrying orphans from Saigon crashes killing 155

CommunicationFounding of Microsoft

Apr 4 Microsoft is founded as a partnership between Bill Gates and Paul Allen to develop and sell BASIC interpreters for the Altair 8800

  • Apr 5 Soyuz 18A launch aborted short of orbit; cosmonauts return safely
  • Apr 6 Bundy victim Denise Oliverson disappears from Grand Junction, Colo
  • Apr 6 Fastest hat trick by a Wash Cap 3 mins 26 secs (Stan Gilbertson)
  • Apr 7 Preliminary meeting in Paris on world economic crisis between oil-exporting, oil-importing, and non-oil Third World countries
  • Apr 9 24 OECD members sign an agreement to establish a $25 billion lending facility to provide assistance to industrial nations hurt by high oil prices
  • Apr 12 Linda Ronstadt releases "When Will I Be Loved"
  • Apr 12 Six Catholic civilians are killed in a Ulster Volunteer Force gun and grenade attack on Strand Bar in Belfast, North Ireland
  • Apr 13 Chad military coup by General Odingar
  • Apr 13 Christian Falange kills 27 Palestinians, begins Lebanese civil war
  • Apr 15 1st appearance of San Diego Chicken
  • Apr 15 Gabon amends constitution
  • Apr 16 Cambodian Red Khmer occupy Phnom Penh
  • Apr 17 Khmer Rouge captures Phnom Penh, Cambodia (Kampuchea National Day)
  • Apr 19 India launches 1st satellite with help of USSR
  • Apr 20 29th Tony Awards: Equus & Wiz win

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 21 Last South Vietnam President Nguyen Van Thieu resigns after 10 years

Vietnamese Politican Nguyen Van Thieu
Vietnamese Politican
Nguyen Van Thieu
  • Apr 23 Harold Pinter's play "No Man's Land" premieres in London
  • Apr 24 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Apr 25 1st Boeing Jetfoil revenue service, Hong Kong to Macao

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Apr 25 Mário Soares' Socialist Party wins Portugal's first free election since 1925

President of Portugal Mário Soares
President of Portugal
Mário Soares
  • Apr 25 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • Apr 25 West German embassy blown up in Stockholm, Sweden
  • Apr 26 Mário Soaress' Socialist Party wins 1st free election in Portugal
  • Apr 27 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 28 John Lennon appears on "Tonight" & Ringo Starr on "Smother Brothers"

Beatles Drummer Ringo Starr
Beatles Drummer
Ringo Starr
  • Apr 28 South-Vietnam Gen Duong Van Minh sworn in as president till April 30
  • Apr 29 Ethiopia nationalizes all land

Victory in battleThe Fall of Saigon

Apr 29 Vietnam War: US begins to evacuate its citizens from Saigon in Operation Frequent Wind in response to advancing North Vietnamese forces, bringing an end to US involvement in the war

  • Apr 29 Charles McMahon and Darwin Judge are the last two United States servicemen killed in Vietnam during the Vietnam War
  • Apr 30 North Vietnamese troops capture Saigon, ending the Vietnam War
  • May 2 Apple records closes down
  • May 4 Ed Bullins' "Taking of Miss Jane" premieres in NYC
  • May 5 Pulitzer prize awarded to Michael Shaara (Killer Angels)
  • May 5 A's release pinch runner Herb Washington (played 104 games without batting, pitching, or fielding He stole 30 bases, & scored 33 runs)
  • May 6 Bundy victim Lynette Culver disappears from Pocatello, Idaho
  • May 6 Early warnings provided by REACT (ham radio operators) means only
  • May 6 3 people die in tornado that strikes Omaha, Nebraska

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 7 US President Gerald Ford declares an end to "Vietnam Era"

38th US President Gerald Ford
38th US President
Gerald Ford
  • May 7 Small Astronomy Satellite Explorer 53 launched to study X-rays
  • May 10 Brian Oldfield of US put shot 75', an unofficial record
  • May 11 Israel signs an agreement with European Economic Market
  • May 12 US merchant ship Mayaguez seized by Cambodian forces
  • May 14 French press reports massive deportation from Cambodia
  • May 14 US forces raid Cambodian island of Koh Tang to free Mayaguez ship
  • May 14 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • May 15 11th Mayor's Trophy Game, Yanks beat Mets 9-4
  • May 16 India annexes Principality of Sikkim
  • May 16 Junko Tabei from Japan becomes 1st woman to reach summit of Mt Everest
  • May 17 10CC releases "I'm Not in Love"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 17 Mick Jagger punches a restaurant window, gets 20 stitches

Rock Star Mick Jagger
Rock Star
Mick Jagger
  • May 19 Farm truck packed with wedding party struck by a train, killing 66 in truck, 40 miles south of Poona, India
  • May 21 Lowell W Perry confirmed as chairman of US Equal Opportunity Commission
  • May 21 Trial against Baader-Meinhof-group begins in Stuttgart
  • May 24 Dutch government of De Uyl decides to obtain an F-16
  • May 25 Cleve's Dennis Eckersley, debuts shuting out the A's 6-0

Music releaseMusic Single

May 26 "Rhinestone Cowboy" single released by Glen Campbell (Billboard Song of the Year 1975)

Actor and Country Singer Glen Campbell
Actor and Country Singer
Glen Campbell
  • May 27 Worst motor vehicle disaster in UK; bus full of elderly women plunges Dibble's Bridge Yorkshire, killing 38
  • May 28 Soviet spacecraft Soyuz 18 launches
  • May 28 Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) is established by the Treaty of Lagos
  • May 30 European Space Agency (ESA) forms
  • May 31 Fred Newman makes 12,874 baskets in a one-day exhibition
  • May 31 "Fight the Power" single released by The Isley Brothers (Billboard Song of the Year 1975)
  • Jun 1 Cars in Netherlands must have seatbelts
  • Jun 2 First recorded snowfall in London in June
  • Jun 2 James A Healy, 1st black Roman Catholic bishop, consecrated (Maine)
  • Jun 2 VP Rockefeller finds no pattern of illegal activities at CIA
  • Jun 4 Oldest animal fossils in US discovered in NC
  • Jun 5 48th US National Spelling Bee: Hugh Tosteson wins spelling incisor
  • Jun 5 United Kingdom electorate votes 67% to 33% in a referendum to remain part of the European Common Market

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 5 Egyptian president Anwar Sadat reopens Suez Canal (closed since 1967)

President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate Anwar Sadat
President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate
Anwar Sadat
  • Jun 5 The California Agricultural Labor Relations Act (CALRA), which establishes collective bargaining for farmworkers, becomes law
  • Jun 6 British voters decide to remain in Common Market
  • Jun 6 Provisional Revolutionary Government of South Vietnam established
  • Jun 7 Dennis Lillee takes 1st one-day 5WI, 5-34 v Pakistan World Cup
  • Jun 8 2 passenger trains collided near Munich Germany killing 35
  • Jun 8 USSR launches Venera 9 for Venus landing
  • Jun 9 Fire in prison hospital at Sanford, Florida, kills 10 prisoners & 1 guard
  • Jun 9 UK House of Commons is broadcast live by radio for first time
  • Jun 9 Tony Orlando & Dawn receives gold record for "He Don't Love You"
  • Jun 10 Rockefeller panel reports on 300,000 illegal CIA files on Americans
  • Jun 10 Yanks sponsor Army Day at temporary home, Shea Stadium during 21-gun salute, part of fence is blown away, & another part is set afire
  • Jun 11 1st oil pumped from North Sea oilfield
  • Jun 11 Greece adopts constitution
  • Jun 12 Billy Williams's 400th career HR
  • Jun 14 Janis Ian releases "At Seventeen"
  • Jun 14 USSR launches Venera 10 for Venus landing
  • Jun 16 Bucks trade Kareem Abdul-Jabber & Walt Wesley to LA for 4 players
  • Jun 16 Italy's Communist party PCI, wins
  • Jun 16 Randy Farland finds a 14-leaf clover near Sioux Falls, SD
  • Jun 16 Supreme Court rules uniform minimum legal fees are a violation
  • Jun 17 Voters in Northern Mariana Islands approve commonwealth status with US
  • Jun 21 Soyuz 19 returns to Earth
  • Jun 22 Ulster Volunteer Force try to derail a train by planting a bomb on the railway line near County Kildare, Ireland; a civilian who tries to stop them is stabbed-to-death (his actions delay the explosion to let the train pass safely)
  • Jun 24 Eastern 727 crashes at JFK Airport NY, kills 113
  • Jun 24 Moon tremor perceived (hit by Taurid meteors)
  • Jun 25 After a prolonged liberation struggle against Portuguese colonial rulers, Mozambique becomes independent as People Republic of Mozambique.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 26 Indian PM Indira Gandhi declares a state of emergency

4th Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi
4th Prime Minister of India
Indira Gandhi
  • Jun 26 Two FBI agents and a member of the American Indian Movement are killed in a shootout on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota; Leonard Peltier is later convicted of the murders in a controversial trial.
  • Jun 26 U.S. Supreme Court's rules unanimously in "O'Connor v. Donaldson" that non-dangerous people can't be confined to psychiatric facilities without adequate treatment if able to live viably in outside society
  • Jun 27 25th Berlin International Film Festival: "Adoption" wins the Golden Bear
  • Jun 29 8.10" (20.57 cm) of rainfall, Litchville No Dakota (state 24-hr rec)
  • Jun 30 Bundy victim Shelley Robertson disappears in Colorado
  • Jun 30 University of California reports galaxy 3C123 at 8 billion light years distance
  • Jul 1 WEDway People Mover opens in Tomorrowland, Disney World, Florida

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 4 Ted Bundy victim Nancy Baird disappears from Layton, Utah

Serial Killer Ted Bundy
Serial Killer
Ted Bundy
  • Jul 5 Cape Verde Is gain independence after 500 years of Portuguese rule
  • Jul 6 Argentine government falls