Events in History on December 1

  • 772 Pope Adrian I [Hadrian I] elected

Event of interestEvent of Interest

800 Charlemagne judges the accusations against Pope Leo III in the Vatican.

Holy Roman Emperor Charlemagne
Holy Roman Emperor
  • 1167 Northern Italian towns form Lombardi League
  • 1420 Henry V of England enters Paris.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1566 Spanish king Philip II names Fernando Alvarez, duke of Alva

King of Spain Philip II
King of Spain
Philip II
  • 1626 Pasha Muhammad ibn Farukh tyrannical gov of Jerusalem, driven out
  • 1640 Portugal regains independence after 60 years of Spanish rule
  • 1641 Massachusetts becomes the first colony to give statutory recognition to slavery
  • 1656 Germany promises Poland aid against Sweden
  • 1708 Great Alliance occupies Brussels
  • 1742 Empress Elisabeth orders expulsion of all Jews from Russia
  • 1750 First school in America to offer manual training courses opens in Maryland
  • 1768 The slave ship Fredensborg sinks off Tromøy in Norway.
  • 1783 Jacques Charles and Nicolas Roberts make first untethered ascension with gas hydrogen balloon in Paris
  • 1821 Santo Domingo (Dominican Rep) proclaims independence from Spain
  • 1822 Dom Pedro crowned emperor of Brazil

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1824 US House of Representatives begins to decide outcome of election deadlock between John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson (Adams wins)

6th US President John Quincy Adams
6th US President
John Quincy Adams
US President & General Andrew Jackson
US President & General
Andrew Jackson
  • 1831 Erie Canal closes for entire month due to cold weather
  • 1843 1st chartered mutual life insurance company opens
  • 1852 Telegraph company opens throughout Netherlands
  • 1864 Raid at Stoneman: Knoxville, TN to Saltville, VA
  • 1864 Skirmish at Millen Brutal, Georgia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1868 John D. Rockefeller begins anti oil war

Oil Industrialist John D. Rockefeller
Oil Industrialist
John D. Rockefeller
  • 1878 1st White House telephone installed
  • 1884 American Old West: Near Frisco, New Mexico, deputy sheriff Elfego Baca holds off a gang of 80 Texan cowboys who want to kill him for arresting Charles McCarthy.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1884 Society of Independent Artists hold 1st exhibition in Polychrome Pavilion, Paris, includes Georges Seurat's "Bathers at Asnières"

Post-Impressionist Painter Georges Seurat
Post-Impressionist Painter
Georges Seurat
  • 1887 Sherlock Holmes 1st appears in print: "Study in Scarlet"
  • 1887 Sino-Portuguese treaty recognizes Portugal's control of Macao
  • 1896 1st certified public accountants receive certificates (NY)
  • 1900 Exiled South African President of Transvaal Paul Kruger visits Flanders and on the same day is declined a visit from the German Kaiser
  • 1900 Portifiro Diaz is inaugurated for his 6th consecutive term as President of Mexico
  • 1903 "The Great Train Robbery", the 1st Western film, released
  • 1906 Cinema Omnia Pathe, world's 1st cinema, opens (Paris)
  • 1906 German Shoemaker Wilhelm Voigt (Capt of Köpenick) sentenced to 4 years for forgery after posing as Prussian officer
  • 1909 1st Christmas Club payment made, to Carlisle Trust Co, Pa
  • 1909 1st Israeli kibbutz founded, Deganya Alef
  • 1913 1st drive-up gasoline station opens (Pitts)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1913 Ford Motor Company institutes world's 1st moving assembly line for the Model T Ford

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford
  • 1913 Flag of Greece officially raised at Firka Fortress, Chania Crete symbolising the union of Crete and Greece.
  • 1915 The US requests that Germany withdraw its military and naval attaches from the Embassy in Washington
  • 1916 There is virtual civil war in Greece as royalists fight Venizelist, and the Allies determine on a Venizelist victory
  • 1917 Boys Town founded by Father Edward Flanagan west of Omaha, Nebraska
  • 1918 Danish parliament passed an act to grant Iceland independence under Danish crown
  • 1918 Serbian-Croatian-Slovic kingdom proclaimed in Belgrade
  • 1918 Yugoslavia declares independence; monarchy established
  • 1919 AA Milne's "Mr Pim Passes By" premieres in Manchester
  • 1919 Lady Nancy Astor sworn-in as 1st female member of British Parliament
  • 1921 1st US helium-filled dirigible makes 1st flight
  • 1921 US Post Office establishes philatelic agency
  • 1922 1st skywriting over US-"Hello USA"-by Capt Turner, RAF
  • 1922 Polish state Chief Marshal Jozef Pilsudski resigns

  • 1924 Plutarco Elías Calles becomes President of Mexico

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1924 "La Révolution surréaliste" publishes its first issue in Paris, edited by André Breton

Writer and Surrealist André Breton
Writer and Surrealist
André Breton
  • 1925 Treaty of Locarno signed
  • 1928 Railroad museum opens in Utrecht Neth
  • 1929 Game of Bingo invented by Edwin S Lowe
  • 1931 Ottawa branch of Royal Mint begins operation as Royal Canadian Mint

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 Rudolf Hess & Ernest Rohm become ministers in Hitler government

Nazi leader Rudolf Hess
Nazi leader
Rudolf Hess
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler


1934 Leningrad mayor Sergey Kirov assassinated, Stalin uses as excuse to begin the Great Purge of 1934-38

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • 1935 Austria has world's 1st Day of Postage Stamp
  • 1936 Bell Labs tests coaxial cable for TV use
  • 1936 EW Brundin & FF Lyon obtain patent on soilless culture of plants

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1937 Japan recognizes Franco government

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • 1938 School bus & train collide in Salt Lake City Utah

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939 SS-Fuhrer Himmler begins deportation of Polish Jews

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • 1941 British cruiser Devonshire sinks German sub Python
  • 1941 Japanese emperor Hirohito signs declaration of war
  • 1941 US Civil Air Patrol (CAP) organizes
  • 1942 Gasoline rationed in US
  • 1942 The Beveridge Report is published by the British government unveiling plans for a post-war welfare state
  • 1943 FDR, Churchill & Stalin agree to Operation Overlord (D-Day)
  • 1944 Mail routing resumes in free South Netherlands
  • 1944 Prokofjev's 8th Piano sonata, premieres
  • 1948 Arabic Congress names Abdullah of Trans Jordan as King of Palestine
  • 1948 Piet Roozenburg becomes world champion checker player
  • 1951 Golden Gate Bridge closes due to high winds
  • 1952 The New York Daily News reports the first successful sexual reassignment operation
  • 1954 Nationalist China & US sign dike agreement

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1955 Rosa Parks is arrested for refusing to move to the back of a bus and give her seat to a white passenger in Montgomery, Alabama

Civil Rights Activist Rosa Parks
Civil Rights Activist
Rosa Parks
  • 1956 Frank Robinson (NL) & Luis Aparicio (AL) voted Rookie of the Year
  • 1956 Indonesian VP Mohammed Hatta resigns
  • 1958 Central African Rep made autonomous member of Fr Comm (National Day)
  • 1958 Our Lady of Angels School fire kills 92 students & 3 nuns in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1959 12 nations sign treaty for scientific peaceful use of Antarctica
  • 1959 The 1st color photograph of Earth received from outer space
  • 1960 Patrice Lumumba caught in the Congo
  • 1961 The independent Republic of West Papua is proclaimed in modern-day Western New Guinea.
  • 1962 7th British Empire Games and Commonwealth Games close in Perth, Australia
  • 1963 Nagaland becomes a state of Indian union

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 Martin Luther King Jr. speaks to J. Edgar Hoover about his slander campaign

First Director of the FBI J. Edgar Hoover
First Director of the FBI
J. Edgar Hoover
Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • 1965 Airlift of refugees from Cuba to US began
  • 1965 South Africa's government says children of white fathers are white
  • 1966 Georg Kiesinger elected West German chancellor
  • 1966 Radio time signal WWV moves from Greenbelt, Maryland to Boulder, Colorado
  • 1967 Queen Elizabeth inaugurates 98-inch (249-cm) Isaac Newton telescope
  • 1967 Seattle awarded one of the 2 AL expansion franchise teams
  • 1968 Gonzalo Barrios, Venezuelan presidential candidate
  • 1968 Pirate Radio Modern (259) (England) begins transmitting
  • 1969 US government holds its 1st draft lottery since WW II
  • 1969 LAPD Police Chief Edward Davis announces warrants for the arrest of the Manson cult for murder
  • 1970 Luis Echeverria Alvarez sworn in as president of Mexico
  • 1970 Independent People's Republic of South Yemen renames itself as People's Democratic Republic of Yemen
  • 1971 Cambodian Civil War: Khmer Rouge rebels intensify assaults on Cambodian government positions, forcing their retreat from Kompong Thmar and nearby Ba Ray.
  • 1972 2 people killed and 127 injured when 2 car bombs explode in the centre of Dublin, Republic of Ireland
  • 1973 Australia grants self-government to Papua New Guinea
  • 1974 Boeing 727 crashes in Upperville Virginia, 92 died
  • 1974 LA Skid Row slasher kills 1st of 8

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1975 US President Gerald Ford visits People's Republic of China

38th US President Gerald Ford
38th US President
Gerald Ford
  • 1975 Kuwait and Gulf and BP agree on terms of nationalization
  • 1976 Angola admitted to the UN
  • 1976 Bangladesh General Ziaur Rahman declares himself president

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1978 US President Jimmy Carter more than doubles national park system size

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
  • 1978 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1980 US Justice Dept sues Yonkers siting racial discrimination
  • 1981 Yugoslavian charter flight crashes into Mont San-Pietro in Corsica, 180 killed
  • 1982 Dentist Barney B Clark gets 1st artificial heart
  • 1982 Miguel de la Madrid inaugurated as President of Mexico
  • 1983 Rita Lavelle, former head of EPA, convicted of perjury
  • 1984 France performs nuclear test
  • 1985 STS 61-C vehicle moves to launch pad
  • 1985 South Africa's Cosatu union centre forms
  • 1986 Musée d'Orsay opens in Paris
  • 1987 Digging begins to link England & France under English Channel
  • 1988 596 dead after cyclone hits Bangladesh, half a million homeless

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1988 Benazir Bhutto named 1st female Prime Minister of a Muslim country (Pakistan)

Pakistani Politican Benazir Bhutto
Pakistani Politican
Benazir Bhutto
  • 1988 Chinese minister of Foreign affairs Qian Qichen visits Moscow
  • 1989 "Day Without Art" - Artists demonstrate against AIDS
  • 1989 East Germany drops communist monopoly from its constitution
  • 1989 Mark Langston signs record $3.2 million per year Cal Angels contract

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1989 USSR President Mikhail Gorbachev meets Pope John Paul II at the Vatican

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev
Soviet General Secretary
Mikhail Gorbachev
  • 1990 British & French workers meet in English Channel's tunnel (Chunnel)
  • 1990 Hissène Habré of Chad flees to Cameroon
  • 1990 Iraq accepts Bush's offer for talks
  • 1990 Lithuania, Estonia & Latvia hold their 1st joint session
  • 1991 Colorado party wins Paraguay parliamentary election
  • 1991 Nursultan Nazarbayev sworn in as president of Kazakhstan
  • 1991 US 75th manned space mission "STS 44" Atlantis 10 lands
  • 1991 Ukrainian people vote for independence
  • 1992 2 C-141B Starlifters collide in Montana & crash, 13 die
  • 1992 Amy Fisher sentenced 5-15 yrs for shooting Mary Jo Buttafuoco
  • 1993 Northwest Airlink plane crashes in Minn, killing 18
  • 1994 Ernesto Zedillo innaugrated as president of Mexico
  • 1994 PTL leader Jim Bakker released from jail
  • 1997 GS Warrior guard Latrell Sprewell, attacks his coach P J Carlesimo
  • 1997 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Davenport IA on KORB 93.5 FM
  • 1998 Exxon announces a $73.7 billion USD deal to buy Mobil, creating Exxon-Mobil, the world's largest company.
  • 2001 Captain Bill Compton brings Trans World Airlines Flight 220, an MD-83, into St. Louis International Airport bringing to an end 76 years of TWA operations following TWA's purchase by American Airlines.
  • 2008 The US economy has been in recession since December 2007, the National Bureau of Economic Research announces today
  • 2012 8 people are killed and 36 injured after a bus overturns in Bolivia
  • 2012 Enrique Peña Nieto sworn in as President of Mexico
  • 2012 Ukranian Anna Ushenina wins the Women's World Chess Championship 2012
  • 2016 Crown Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn is declared King of Thailand, succeeding his father King Bhumibol Adulyadej
  • 2016 UN admits its peacekeepers were responsible for the cholera epidemic in Haiti in 2010 that killed 30,000

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2016 French President Francois Hollande announces he will not seek a 2nd term - 1st modern French leader not to do so

French President François Hollande
French President
François Hollande