Events in History on December 16

  • 755 An Lushan revolts against Chancellor Yang Guozhong at Fanyang, initiating the An Shi Rebellion during the Tang Dynasty of China.
  • 882 Marinus I begins his reign as Catholic Pope succeeding John VIII
  • 1392 Nanboku-chō - Emperor Go-Kameyama abdicates in favor of rival claimant Go-Komatsu.
  • 1431 King Henry VI of England crowned king of France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1497 Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama is 1st European to sail along Africa's East Coast, names it Natal

Explorer Vasco da Gama
Vasco da Gama
  • 1538 King Francois I orders renewed pursuit of Protestants
  • 1575 The 1575 Valdivia earthquake takes place.
  • 1577 Danzig surrenders to troops of Polish king Istvan Bathory
  • 1598 Seven Year War: Battle of Noryang Point - The final battle of the Seven Year War is fought between the Korean and Japanese navies, resulting in a decisive Korean victory.
  • 1617 Spanish viceroy Hernando Arias de Saavedra founds provinces Rio de la Plata (Argentina)/Guaira (Paraguay)
  • 1631 Mount Vesuvious, Italy erupts, destroys 6 villages & kills 4,000

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1653 Parliamentarian General Oliver Cromwell appointed as Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland

English Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell
English Military and Political Leader
Oliver Cromwell
  • 1659 General Monck demands free parliamentary election in Scotland
  • 1689 English Parliament passes Bill of Rights establishing limits on crown powers and requirement for regular elections
  • 1707 Last recorded eruption of Mount Fuji in Japan.
  • 1740 Prussian Libya falls to Silezie
  • 1761 Seven Years' War: After four-month siege, Russian army under Pyotr Rumyantsev takes Prussian fortress of Kolobrzeg (German: Kolberg).
  • 1773 Boston tea party incident - Sons of Liberty protesters throw tea shipments into Boston harbour in protest against British imposed Tea Act
  • 1811 Earthquake hits New Madrid, Missouri, causing widespread damage
  • 1817 Leaders of Molukkas uprising hanged in Ambon
  • 1824 Great North Holland Canal opens
  • 1826 Benjamin W. Edwards rides into Mexican controlled Nacogdoches, Texas and declares himself ruler of the Republic of Fredonia.
  • 1835 Fire consumes over 600 buildings in NYC
  • 1838 Boers beat Zulu chieftain Dingaan in South Africa
  • 1838 Battle of Blood River: Zulu impis defeated by Voortrekkers in South Africa (Great Trek)
  • 1850 Ships the Charlotte-Jane and the Randolph bring the first of the Canterbury Pilgrims to Lyttelton, New Zealand
  • 1857 Earthquake in Naples, Italy
  • 1858 Dutch government decides to vacate Schokland Island
  • 1862 Kingdom of Nepal accepts its constitution
  • 1863 Braxton Bragg is replaced by Joseph E. Johnston as commander of the Confederate Army of Tennessee
  • 1864 Battle of Nashville ends after 4400 casualities
  • 1880 Transvaal region declares itself as the Republic of South Africa
  • 1880 Beginning of the First Boer War between British Empire and Boer South African Republic
  • 1883 Tonkin Campaign: The French capture the citadel in Hanoi
  • 1884 Great Britain recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State
  • 1886 Rift at Dutch Reformed Church over "Doleantie"
  • 1890 Negro Methodist Episcopal Church founded in Jackson, TN
  • 1897 1st submarine with an internal combustion engine demonstrated
  • 1900 Boer army under gen Kritzinger take Cape colony
  • 1900 A National Civic Federation is formed in the US to arbitrate labor disputes
  • 1901 Boer general Kritzinger captured
  • 1903 Majestic Theater, NYC, becomes 1st in US to employ women ushers
  • 1903 The Taj Mahal Palace & Tower hotel opens its doors to guests for the first time
  • 1905 "Variety" covering all phases of show business, 1st published
  • 1907 Eugene H Farrar is 1st to sing on radio (Bkln Navy Yard NY)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1907 As a gesture of the US's new presence as a world power, President Theodore Roosevelt sends the US Battle Fleet on a round-the-world cruise, visiting ports internationally

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1908 1st credit union in US forms (Manchester NH)
  • 1909 A conservative revolution and US pressure forces Nicaraguan President Jose Santos from office
  • 1912 1st US postage stamp picturing an airplane, 20 cent parcel post, issued
  • 1912 Austria-Hungary engage in conflict with Serbia
  • 1912 First Balkan War: The Ottoman Navy is defeated by the Royal Hellenic Navy at the Battle of Eli
  • 1914 French offensive in Artois (Pétain)
  • 1914 World War I: German battleships under Franz Von Hipper bombard the English ports of Hartlepool and Scarborough.
  • 1918 German troops evacuate Finland, give over Kiev in the Ukraine to revolutionary forces and pull back from Estonia as Bolshevik forces move in
  • 1920 8.5 earthquake rocks the Gansu province in China, killing an estimated 200,000
  • 1921 The Communist Party of South Africa (CPSA) calls for a united front in a pass burning campaign on Dingaan's Day
  • 1921 The Anglo-Irish Treaty, agreed to by the British Parliament and Sinn Fein, is ratified
  • 1924 Noel Coward's "Vortex" premieres in London

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1924 Hiram Bingham is elected as a Republican to serve in the U.S. Senate forcing him to resign as Governor of Connecticut after serving only one day in office, the shortest term of any Connecticut Governor

Archaeologist and Explorer Hiram Bingham
Archaeologist and Explorer
Hiram Bingham
  • 1925 Alpha Phi Omega national service fraternity is founded at Lafayette College.
  • 1926 WOW-AM in Omaha NE begins radio transmissions
  • 1931 German SPD begins Iron Front against fascism
  • 1933 Abe de Vries & Sipke Castelein win Elfstedentocht
  • 1936 John Monks/Fred Finklehoff's "Brother Rat" premieres in NYC
  • 1937 Theodore Cole and Ralph Roe attempt to escape from the American federal prison on Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Bay; neither is ever seen again.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1938 Adolf Hitler institutes the state decoration and civil order of merit, Cross of Honour of the German Mother

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1940 British air raid on Mannheim
  • 1941 Sarawak occupied by Japanese forces
  • 1942 Hitler orders combat against partisans in Russia & Balkan
  • 1943 "Tamiami Champion" (New York to Florida) trains collide, kills 73 & injures 200
  • 1944 Ardennes campaign ('Battle of the Bulge') begins in Belgium
  • 1944 German V-2 strikes Antwerp bioscope (638 kill)
  • 1944 US 2nd Inf division occupies "Heartbreak Crossroads" Wahlerscheid

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1946 French fashion designer Christian Dior and his backer Marcel Boussac found fashion house Christian Dior

Fashion Designer Christian Dior
Fashion Designer
Christian Dior
  • 1946 Thailand joins the United Nations
  • 1949 Svenska Aeroplan Aktiebolaget, later knows as SAAB, is founded in Sweden.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 US President Harry Truman proclaims state of emergency against "Communist imperialism"

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman

Conference meetingConference of Interest

1953 1st White House Press Conference (President Eisenhower & 161 reporters)

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1953 Charles E Yeager fly > 2,575 kph in Bell X-1A
  • 1957 Sir Feroz Khan Noon replaces Ibrahim Ismail Chundrigar as Prime Minister of Pakistan.
  • 1958 Bogota warehouse fire kills 82
  • 1959 Snow falling in Lowarai Pass West Pakistan kills 48
  • 1960 TWA 266 & United 826 collide over Staten Island, kills 134
  • 1962 Nepal gets constitution/becomes Constitutional Hindu Monarchy
  • 1964 US performs nuclear test at Pacific Ocean
  • 1965 Gemini 6 returns to Earth
  • 1965 Pioneer 6 launched into solar orbit
  • 1965 Taufa'ahau Tupou IV, becomes King of Tonga
  • 1968 Official revocation of the Edict of Expulsion of Jews from Spain at Second Vatican Council
  • 1969 British House of Commons votes 343-185 to abolish the death penalty
  • 1969 "War is Over! If You Want It, Happy Christmas from John & Yoko" posters begin appearing
  • 1970 1st successful landing on Venus (USSR)
  • 1970 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1970 "Love Story" based on the novel by Erich Segal, directed by Arthur Hiller and starring Ryan O'Neal and Ali McGraw is released
  • 1971 Bangladesh (East Pakistan) declares independence from Pakistan
  • 1971 Don McLean's 8+ minute version of "American Pie" released
  • 1971 India's army occupies Dacca, West Pakistani troops surrenders
  • 1972 Bangladesh Constitution goes into effect
  • 1973 US kidnap victem Paul Getty III freed
  • 1974 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1974 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1976 Andrew Young named Ambassador & Chief US Delegate to UN
  • 1976 Charlie Finley's $10 million damage suit against Bowie Kuhn begins
  • 1976 Government halts swine flu vaccination prog following reports of paralysis
  • 1976 Liberian tanker stranded at Nantucket, 180,000 barrels oil in sea
  • 1978 Cleveland, Ohio becomes the first post-Depression era city to default on its loans, owing $14,000,000 to local banks.
  • 1979 4 British Army soldiers are killed by a PIRA landmine near Dungannon, County Tyrone. Another British Army soldier was killed by a PIRA landmine near Forkill, County Armagh
  • 1979 Libya raises crude oil prices, joining four other OPEC nations, which has a dramatic effect on the United States
  • 1981 Dutch Van Agt's 2nd government falls
  • 1982 Tom Seaver agrees to new contract with Mets
  • 1982 The Federal Reserve announces that the operating capacity of factories has gone down to 67.8%.
  • 1983 Riverside, California; judge denies cerebral palsy victim Elizabeth Bouviato request to starve herself to death in a county hospital
  • 1985 Challenger moves to Vandenberg AFB for mating of STS 51-L mission

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1985 John Gotti assumes leadership of New York's Gambino crime family after ordering the executions of Paul Castellano and Thomas Bilotti

Gangster John Gotti
John Gotti
  • 1986 Revolt in Kazakhstan against Communist party, known as Zheltoksan, which becomes the first sign of ethnic strife during Gorbachev's tenure
  • 1987 Roh Tae Woo elected president of South Korea
  • 1988 Political cult leader Lyndon LaRouche convicted of tax, mail fraud
  • 1989 Geoff Marsh completes 355* for WA against South Australia
  • 1989 Protest breaks out in Timişoara in response to an attempt by the government to evict dissident Hungarian pastor, László Tőkés.
  • 1990 Jean-Bertrand Aristide elected President of Haiti
  • 1990 KUSW, Salt Lake City Utah, final shortwave radio transmissions
  • 1990 Rev Jean Betrand Aristide elected president of Haiti
  • 1991 UN reverses ruling that Zionism is racism by 111-25 (13 abstain) vote
  • 1991 Independence of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
  • 1995 The official adoption of the name "Euro"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1997 President Clinton names his Labrador retriever "Buddy"

42nd US President Bill Clinton
42nd US President
Bill Clinton
  • 1998 Iraq disarmament crisis: Operation Desert Fox - the United States and United Kingdom bomb targets in Iraq.
  • 2012 4 people are killed after Cyclone Evan strikes Fiji
  • 2012 A gang rape of a woman on a bus in India that resulted in her death leads to national and international outrage
  • 2013 21 people are killed and 20 are injured after a bus falls from an elevated highway in Manila, Philippines
  • 2014 An Army Public School in Pakistan is attacked by Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan militants who kill 145 people
  • 2015 US Federal Reserve raises interest rates by 0.25% for the first time since 2006