Events in History on December 4

  • 1110 Syrian harbor city Saida (Sidon) surrenders to Crusaders
  • 1154 Adrian IV elected Pope. The only Englishman to become pontiff, Nicholas Breakspear was a member of the family which until recent years brewed beer in Henley-on-Thames, Oxfordshire.
  • 1197 Crusaders wound Rabbi Elezar ben Judah
  • 1259 Treaty of Paris: English King Henry III & French King Louis IX
  • 1489 Battle of Baza - Spanish army captures Baza from Moors
  • 1534 Turkish sultan Suleiman occupies Baghdad
  • 1563 Council of Trent holds last session, after 18 years
  • 1619 38 colonists from Berkeley Parish in England disembark in Virginia and give thanks to God. Considered by many as the first Thanksgiving in the Americas.
  • 1644 First European peace congress opens in Munster
  • 1655 Middelburg Neth forbids building of synagogue
  • 1665 Jean Racine's "Alexandre le Grand" premieres in Paris
  • 1674 Father Marquette builds first dwelling in what is now Chicago
  • 1676 Battle of Lund: A Danish army under the command of King Christian V of Denmark engages the Swedish army commanded by Field Marshal Simon Grundel-Helmfelt.
  • 1680 Hen in Rome lays an egg imprinted with comet not seen until Dec 16th
  • 1682 First General Assembly in Pennsylvania (Chester)
  • 1688 General John Churchill (later 1st Duke of Marlborough) changes allegiance from James II to William of Orange
  • 1691 Emperor Leopold I takes control of Transsylvania
  • 1691 Spanish king Carlos II names Maximilian II viceroy of S Netherlands
  • 1745 Bonnie Prince Charles reaches Derby
  • 1783 Gen Washington bids officers farewell at Fraunce's Tavern, NYC
  • 1791 Britain's Observer, oldest Sunday newspaper in the world, first published
  • 1798 Rebellious Flemish farmers occupy Hasselt
  • 1812 Peter Gaillard of Lancaster, Pa, patents a horse-drawn mower

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1816 James Monroe (VA), elected 5th pres, defeating Federalist Rufus King

5th US President James Monroe
5th US President
James Monroe
  • 1829 Britain outlaws "suttee" in India (widow burning herself to death on her husband's funeral pyre)
  • 1832 French army begins bombing citadel of Antwerp
  • 1833 American Anti-Slavery Society formed by Arthur Tappan in Philadelphia
  • 1836 Whig party holds its first national convention, Harrisburg, Pa
  • 1843 Manila paper (made from sails, canvas & rope) patented, Mass
  • 1843 Robert Schumann's "Das Paradies und die Peri" premieres in Leipzig

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1844 James Knox Polk elected 11th US President

11th US President James Knox Polk
11th US President
James Knox Polk
  • 1851 Pres Louis Napoleon Boaparte's forces crush an attempted coup d'etat in France
  • 1863 Storm flood ravages Netherlands coastal provinces
  • 1864 Battle of Waynesborough (Brier Creek) GA
  • 1864 Romanian Jews are forbidden to practice law
  • 1867 Former Minnesota farmer Oliver Hudson Kelley founds the Order of the Patrons of Husbandry (better known today as the Grange).
  • 1872 The ship the Mary Celeste discovered mysteriously abandoned by her crew in the Atlantic Ocean

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1875 William Marcy "Boss" Tweed (NYC-Tammany Hall) escapes from jail

Politician Boss Tweed
Boss Tweed
  • 1881 The first edition of the Los Angeles Times is published.
  • 1889 Stanley's expedition reaches Bagamoyo in Indian Ocean
  • 1899 56th Congress (1899-1901) convenes
  • 1899 Webb Hayes, son of US President Rutherford Hayes, receives medal of honor
  • 1901 Anne Russell's 'Girl and the judge' premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1905 British government of Arthur Balfour resigns

British Prime Minister Arthur Balfour
British Prime Minister
Arthur Balfour
  • 1906 Alpha Phi Alpha, first Black Greek Letter Fraternity, forms
  • 1908 Haiti's president General Alexis Nord flees from military coup
  • 1908 The world's ten leading maritime nations attend a Naval Conference in London; they agree on rules for blockade, convoys, and seizure of contraband
  • 1915 F F Fletcher is first US admiral to receive Congressional Medal of Honor
  • 1915 Ku Klux Klan receives charter from Fulton County, Ga
  • 1915 Panama-Pacific International Exposition closes in San Francisco

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1915 Henry Ford's peace ship, Oscar II, sails for Europe 'to get the boys out of the trenches by Christmas'

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford

Conference meetingConference of Interest

1918 US President Woodrow Wilson sails for Versailles Peace Conference in France, 1st President to travel outside US while in office

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1920 1st Pro football playoff game Buffalo-7, Canton-3 at Polo Grounds
  • 1921 The Virginia Rappe manslaughter trial against Roscoe 'Fatty' Arbuckle ends in a hung jury.
  • 1922 Lucille Atcherson, becomes first woman legation sect-US foreign service
  • 1923 WEAF radio begins broadcasting Eveready Hour (variety show)
  • 1927 Pirates Paul Waner wins NL MVP
  • 1930 Vatican approves rhythm method for birth control

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 FDR creates Federal Alcohol Control Administration

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1933 Jack Kirkland's "Tobacco Road" premieres in NYC
  • 1935 1,200 at St Joseph's College (Philadelphia) enroll in anticommunism class
  • 1941 Nazi ordinance places Jews of Poland outside protection of courts
  • 1942 First US citizenship granted to an alien on foreign soil (James Hoey)
  • 1942 FDR orders dismantling of Works Progress Administration
  • 1942 US bombers struck Italian mainland for first time in WW II
  • 1942 Holocaust: In Warsaw, Zofia Kossak-Szczucka and Wanda Filipowicz set up the Żegota organization.
  • 1943 -Dec 6] 2nd conference of Cairo: FDR, Winston Churchill & Turkish president İsmet İnönü
  • 1943 Yugoslavian resistance forms provisionary government under Dr Ribar
  • 1944 Germans destroy Rhine dikes, Betuwe flooded
  • 1945 Senate approves US participation in United Nations
  • 1947 USSR joins International Amateur Athletic Union
  • 1948 SS Kiangya hits mine in Whangpoo River, China, sinks killing 2,750 die
  • 1949 Duncan Stewart, 2nd British Governor of Sarawak is fatally stabbed in the streets of Sibu by Malay student Rosli Dhoby with help from Morshidi Sidek with the goal of helping neighbouring Indonesia to take over British Sarawak
  • 1951 Superheated gasses roll down Mount Catarman, Philippines, killing 500 people
  • 1951 Mir Waiz Maulvi Muhammad Yusouf is appointed President of Azad Kashmir Government.
  • 1952 Killer fogs begin in London, England; "Smog" becomes a word
  • 1952 Walter P Reuther chosen chairman of CIO
  • 1954 The first Burger King is opened in Miami, Florida, USA
  • 1955 Mgr Alfrink installed as Archbishop of Utrecht
  • 1957 First edition of "Chase's Annual Events" published
  • 1957 2 commuter trains collide in heavy fog killing 92 (St John's, England)
  • 1958 Dahomey (Benin), Ivory Coast become autonomous within French Community
  • 1958 Finnish government of Fagerholm resigns

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 Museum of Modern Art hangs Matisse's Le Bateau upside down for 47 days

Impressionist Painter Henri Matisse
Impressionist Painter
Henri Matisse
  • 1961 Tanganyika becomes 104th member of UN
  • 1961 The female contraceptive 'pill' becomes available on the National Health Service in Britain
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 Aldo Moro forms Italian government (1963-1968)

Italian Prime Minister Aldo Moro
Italian Prime Minister
Aldo Moro
  • 1963 Pope Paul VI closes 2nd session of 2nd Vatican Council
  • 1965 2 passenger planes collide above Danbury, Conn, 4 die
  • 1965 Gemini 7 (Borman & Lovell) launched
  • 1968 Following a civil rights march in Dungannon, Northern Ireland, there is a violent clash between Loyalists and those who are taking part in the march
  • 1970 Unemployment in US increases to 5.8%
  • 1971 The UN Security Council calls an emergency session to consider the deteriorating situation between India and Pakistan.
  • 1971 The Indian Navy attacks the Pakistan Navy and Karachi.
  • 1971 McGurk's Bar bombing: the UVF explode a bomb at a Catholic-owned pub in Belfast, killing fifteen Catholic civilians and wounding seventeen others; this was the highest death toll from a single incident in Belfast during 'the Troubles'
  • 1974 Dutch DC-8 charter crashes in Sri Lanka killing 191 Muslim pilgrims

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1974 Jean-Paul Sartre visits Red Army Faction leader Andreas Baader in prison

  • 1975 6 South Molukkans occupy Indonesian consulate in The Hague, 1 dead
  • 1977 Jean-Bedel Bokassa crowns himself ruler of Central African Empire

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977 Neil Simon's "Chapter Two" premieres in NYC

Playwright and screenwriter Neil Simon
Playwright and screenwriter
Neil Simon
  • 1978 Dianne Feinstein is named as San Francisco's 1st female & Jewish mayor
  • 1978 Dutch war criminal Pieter Menten freed
  • 1978 Pioneer Venus 1 goes into orbit around Venus
  • 1981 According to South Africa, Ciskei gains independence Not recognized as an independent country outside South Africa
  • 1982 China adopts its constitution
  • 1982 Police & racist demonstrators clash in Antwerp
  • 1983 US jet fighters strike Syrian anti-aircraft positions in Lebanon
  • 1984 Hezbollah militants hijack a Kuwait Airlines plane, killing four passengers.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1985 French President Mitterrand receives Polish leader Jaruzelski

21st President of France Francois Mitterrand
21st President of France
Francois Mitterrand
  • 1986 NASA launches Fltsatcom-7
  • 1986 Neil Simon's "Broadway Bound" premieres in NYC
  • 1987 Karlstad skates world record 10 km (13:48.51)
  • 1988 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1990 Due to Persian Gulf crisis gas hits $1.60 per gallon price in NYC
  • 1990 Iraq announces it will release all 3,300 Soviet hostages
  • 1990 An Iraqi official reports that Iraq will withdraw if it can retain control of the Rumailah field and keep Bubiyan and Werbah islands; also says that demands that the Palestinian issue be treated separately would not be surmountable
  • 1991 Judds final concert (Nashville)
  • 1991 Muslim Shi'ites release last US hostage Terry Anderson (held 6½ years)
  • 1991 Pan American World Airways ceased operations
  • 1991 Patricia Bowman testifies that William Kennedy Smith raped her

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1992 Somali Civil War: President George H. W. Bush orders 28,000 US troops to Somalia in Northeast Africa.

41st US President George H. W. Bush
41st US President
George H. W. Bush
  • 1993 Dan Jansen skates world record 500m (35.92 sec)
  • 1993 Johann Koss skates world record 5K (6:35.53)
  • 1993 A truce is concluded between the government of Angola and UNITA rebels.
  • 1995 Atherton (185*) bats for 643 minutes to save Johannesburg Test
  • 1996 NASA's 1st Mars rover launched from Cape Canaveral
  • 1997 Nizar Hamdoon warns that Iraq will not allow oil to flow during a third six-month phase of the UN's oil-for-food sale until the UN approves an aid distribution plan
  • 1998 The Unity Module, the second module of the International Space Station, is launched.
  • 2005 Tens of thousands of people in Hong Kong protest for democracy and call on the Government to allow universal and equal suffrage.
  • 2006 An adult giant squid is caught on video by Kubodera near the Ogasawara Islands, 1,000 km (620 miles) south of Tokyo.
  • 2012 29 people are killed by a mortar attack in Bteeha, Syria
  • 2012 Typhoon Bopha makes landfall in the Philippines killing at least 81 people
  • 2013 Xavier Bettel becomes Luxenberg's first openly gay Prime Minister
  • 2014 The United Nations warns that the world is on course for the warmest year since records began
  • 2014 Ukraine and Pro-Russian rebels agree to cease fire in the eastern war zone, beginning December 9
  • 2014 US authorities promise a "fair" investigation into the death of African American Eric Garner, after a white New York City police officer held him in a choke-hold faces no charges
  • 2015 Floods in Chennai and Tamil Nadu state, India start receding after a month of heavy rainfall, leaving more 260 dead and thousands stranded