Events in History on February 1

  • 772 Adrian I begins his reign as Catholic Pope

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1327 Teenaged Edward III is crowned King of England, but the country is ruled by his mother Queen Isabella and her lover Roger Mortimer.

King of England Edward III
King of England
Edward III
  • 1539 Emperor Karel & King Francois I sign anti-English treaty

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1587 Queen Elizabeth I of England signs death warrant for her cousin, Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots

Queen of Scotland Mary Stuart
Queen of Scotland
Mary Stuart
  • 1662 Dutch garrison on Formosa surrenders to Chinese pirates

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1669 French King Louis XIV limits freedom of religion

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV
  • 1713 The Kalabalik or Tumult in Bendery results from the Ottoman sultan's order that his unwelcome guest, King Charles XII of Sweden, be seized.
  • 1717 Henri d'Aguesseau's 1st appointment as chancellor of France
  • 1720 Sweden and Prussia sign peace treaty
  • 1732 Parliament of Ratisborn accepts Pragmatic Sanctions
  • 1742 Sardinia and Austria sign alliance

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1783 William Herschel announces star Lambda Herculis as apex

Astronomer William Herschel
William Herschel
  • 1788 1st US steamboat patent issued, by Georgia to Briggs & Longstreet
  • 1789 Chinese troops driven out of Vietnam capital Thang Long
  • 1790 US Supreme Court convenes for 1st time (NYC)
  • 1793 France declares war on Great Britain and Netherlands
  • 1793 Patent granted Ralph Hodgson, NY, for oiled silk & linen
  • 1796 The capital of Upper Canada is moved from Newark to York.
  • 1809 Dutch King Louis Napoleon accepts metric system
  • 1810 1st insurance company managed by blacks (American Insurance Co of Philadelphia)
  • 1810 Seville, Spain surrenders to French
  • 1810 US Population: 7,239,881, Black population: 1,377,808 (19%)
  • 1814 Lord Byron's "Corsair" sells 10,000 copies on day of publication
  • 1814 Volcano Mayon on Luzon Philippines erupts killing 1,200
  • 1840 Baltimore College of Dental Surgery, 1st in US, incorporated
  • 1846 Theophile Gautier publishes "Hashish Club" about his initiation
  • 1856 Auburn University is chartered as the East Alabama Male College.
  • 1860 1st rabbi to open House of Representatives, Morris Raphall of NYC
  • 1861 Dike breaks in Gelderland, Netherlands
  • 1861 Texas secedes from the Union (which precipitates the American Civil War)
  • 1862 Julia Howe publishes "Battle Hymn of Republic"
  • 1864 -Feb 8th] Battle of Yazoo River, MS
  • 1864 2nd German-Danish war begins
  • 1864 Austrian and Prussian troops occupy Schleswig-Holstein
  • 1865 13th amendment approved (National Freedom Day)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1865 General Sherman's march through South Carolina begins

  • 1865 JS Rock, 1st black lawyer to practice in US Supreme Court, admitted to bar
  • 1867 Bricklayers start working 8-hour days
  • 1871 Jefferson Long of Georgia is 1st black to make an official speech in House of Reps (opposing leniency to former Confederates)
  • 1880 The first edition of theatrical newspaper The Stage is published.
  • 1881 US Assay Office in St Louis, Missouri authorized
  • 1883 French Lt-Col Gustave Borgnis-Desbordes reaches Bamako on the Niger
  • 1884 1st volume of the Oxford English Dictionary, A-Ant, published
  • 1892 Mrs William Astor invites 400 guests to a grand ball at her mansion thus beginning use of "400" to describe socially elite
  • 1897 Shinhan Bank, the oldest bank in South Korea, opens in Seoul.
  • 1898 1st auto insurance policy in US issued, by Travelers Insurance Co
  • 1902 China's empress Tzu-hsi forbids binding woman's feet
  • 1902 Hermann Sudermanns "Es lebe das Leben" premieres in Berlin
  • 1902 US Secretary of State Hay protests granting Russia exclusive privileges in China, on ground that it runs contrary to the 'open door' policy granting all nations equal rights there
  • 1905 Hungarian premier Count István Tisza resigns
  • 1906 1st federal penitentiary building completed, Leavenworth, Kansas
  • 1906 Dorothy Grey, wife of British Foreign Secretary Edward Grey fatally injured
  • 1908 King Carlos I of Portugal and his hier, Prince Luis Filipe are assassinated by Republican sympathisers in Terreiro do Paco, Lisbon.
  • 1909 US Assay Office in Salt Lake City, Utah opens
  • 1909 US forces withdraw from Cuba after liberal Jose Miguel Gomez becomes president; ensuing political instability will bring a threat of US intervention in 1912
  • 1910 1st British labour exchange opens
  • 1910 Dragoumis government forms in Greece
  • 1914 Pennsylvania State Board of [motion picture] censors appointed
  • 1914 Tanganyika Railway opens
  • 1917 German Admiral Tirpitz announces unlimited submarine war
  • 1918 Russia adopts Gregorian calender (becomes Feb 14)
  • 1920 1st commercial armored car introduced (St Paul, Minn)
  • 1920 Royal Canadian Mounted Police forms as Royal Northwest Mounted Police merge with Dominion Police
  • 1923 Allied ultimatum on Lithuanian occupation of Memel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1923 Fascists Voluntary Militia forms in Italy under Benito Mussolini

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1923 Noel Coward's "Young Idea" premieres in London
  • 1924 Amsterdam's Netherlands Press Museum opens
  • 1924 Ramsay MacDonald's incoming Labour government formally recognizes the Soviet Union
  • 1925 1st national conference of KPD's Rotfrontkämpferbund in Berlin
  • 1926 Kirghiz Autonomous Region in RSFSR becomes Kirghiz ASSR
  • 1926 Land at Broadway & Wall Street sold at a record $7 per sq inch
  • 1929 1st clean & jerk of 400 lbs (182 kg), Charles Rigoulet, 402½ lbs
  • 1933 Colonial government arrests Anton de Kom in Paramaribo Suriname
  • 1933 Dutch bishops forbid membership of non-catholic unions
  • 1933 German Parliament disolves, Gen Ludendorf predicts catastrophe
  • 1934 Austrian Chancellor Dollfuss dissolves all political parties but his
  • 1935 1st "March of Time" newsreel premieres at the Capitol
  • 1935 James T Farrell finishes his "Studs Lonigan" trilogy
  • 1937 Stapleton, Staten Island, becomes a customs-free port
  • 1940 Soviet Union begins new offensive against Finland
  • 1941 US female Figure Skating championship won by Jane Vaughn
  • 1941 US male Figure Skating championship won by Eugene Turner
  • 1942 2nd Norwegian government of Quisling forms
  • 1943 German occupiers make Vidkun Quisling Norwegian premier
  • 1943 Mussert forms pro-Nazi shadow cabinet in Netherlands
  • 1944 Supreme Soviet increases Soviet republics' autonomy
  • 1944 US 7th Infantry/4th Marine Division lands on Kwajalein/Roi/Namur
  • 1945 US Army arrives at Siegfriedlinie
  • 1946 Republic of Hungary proclaimed, Zoltán Tildy as its communist president
  • 1946 Trygve Lie, a Norwegian socialist, becomes 1st Sectary General of the United Nations
  • 1947 Aleide de Gasperi forms Italian government of christian-dems & communists
  • 1947 Dmitri Shostakovitch named professor at conservatoire of Leningrad
  • 1947 NV United Dutch Fokker's Aircraft established

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1948 Nine Malay sultanates and two British Straits Settlements (Penang and Malacca) form the Federation of Malaya

Malaysia's Founding Father Tunku Abdul Rahman
Malaysia's Founding Father
Tunku Abdul Rahman
  • 1948 Palestine Post building in Jerusalem bombed
  • 1949 200" (5.08-m) Hale telescope 1st used [See June 3, 1948]
  • 1950 USSR demands condemnation of Emperor Hirohito for war crimes
  • 1950 Urko Kekkonen elected president of Finland
  • 1951 -50°F (-46°C), Gavilan, New Mexico (state record)
  • 1951 1st X-ray moving picture process demonstrated
  • 1951 1st telecast of atomic explosion
  • 1951 Alfred Krupp & 28 other German war criminals freed
  • 1951 UN condemns People's Republic of China as aggressor in Korea
  • 1951 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1952 General strike against French colonial rule in Tunisia
  • 1952 SN Behrman's "Jane" premieres in NYC
  • 1953 Dr A de Waal appointed as Netherlands' first female assistant secretary of state
  • 1953 Flooding in Netherlands kills 1,835
  • 1954 Scapino Ballet Studio in Amsterdam destroyed by fire
  • 1955 HC Hansen appointed premier of Denmark
  • 1956 Hague Daily Newspaper reveals war crimes of Hague mayor Schokking
  • 1957 1st black pilot (PH Young) on a US scheduled passenger airline
  • 1957 Gijsbert of Hall appointed mayor of Amsterdam
  • 1957 Felix Wankel's first working prototype DKM 54 of the rotary Wankel engine was running at the NSU research and development department Versuchsabteilung TX in Germany
  • 1958 1st US satellite (Explorer I) launched
  • 1958 Egypt & Syria announce plans to merge into United Arab Republic
  • 1959 Swiss men vote against voting rights for women
  • 1959 Texas Instruments requests patent of IC (Integrated Circuit)
  • 1959 US female Figure Skating championship won by Carol Heiss
  • 1959 US male Figure Skating championship won by David Jenkins
  • 1960 4 students stage 1st civil rights sit-in, at Woolworth's in Greensboro, NC
  • 1960 Extreme right-wing rebels in Algiers surrender
  • 1961 1st full-scale test of US Minuteman ICBM is successful
  • 1961 British minister Enoch Powell makes medical insurance more expensive
  • 1962 NL releases its 1st 162-game schedule
  • 1963 Nyasaland (now Malawi) becomes self-governing under Hastings Banda
  • 1964 Indiana Governor Mathew Walsh tries to ban "Louie Louie" for obscenity
  • 1964 Afobaka Dam is completed on the Suriname River
  • 1965 Dutch Queen Juliana opens Brienenoord Bridge in Rotterdam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1965 Martin Luther King Jr. & 700 demonstrators arrested in Selma Ala

Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • 1965 NL adopts emergency team replacement plan to restock any club struck by disaster
  • 1967 Severe brush fires in Tasmania destroy $11 million & take 60 lives

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 Former US VP Richard Nixon announces candidacy for president

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1968 World trade conference Unctad 2 opens in New Delhi

CommunicationExecution of a Viet Cong Prisoner

1968 Saigon police chief Nguyễn Ngọc Loan executes Viet Cong officer Nguyễn Văn Lém with a pistol shot to head. The execution is captured by photographer Eddie Adams and becomes an anti-war icon.

  • 1969 US female Figure Skating championship won by Janet Lynn
  • 1969 US male Figure Skating championship won by Tim Wood
  • 1970 Stalled commuter train rammed by express in Argentina, 139 die
  • 1970 West-Germany & USSR sign gas contract
  • 1970 Northern Ireland PM Chichester-Clark meets British Home Secretary James Callaghan to discuss the economy of Northern Ireland
  • 1972 1st scientific hand-held calculator (HP-35) introduced ($395)
  • 1972 Kuala Lumpur becomes a city by a royal charter granted by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia.
  • 1972 British Prime Minister Edward Heath announces the appointment of Lord Chief Justice Lord Widgery to undertake an inquiry into the 13 deaths on 'Bloody Sunday' (30 January 1972)
  • 1972 The Ministry of Defence also issues a detailed account of the British Army's version of events during 'Bloody Sunday'
  • 1974 Kuala Lumpur is declared a Federal Territory.
  • 1975 "Hoppy, Gene & Me" by Roy Rogers peaks at #65
  • 1975 Lorne Henning scores on 3rd Islander penalty shot
  • 1975 Otis Francis Tabler is 1st open homosexual to get security clearance to work for the Defense Department
  • 1977 Heavy blizzard in New England claims 100 lives

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1978 Harriet Tubman is 1st black woman honored on a US postage stamp

Abolitionist Harriet Tubman
Harriet Tubman
  • 1978 Director Roman Polanski skips bail & fled to France after pleading guilty to charges of engaging in sex with a 13-year-old girl

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1979 Ayatollah Khomeini returns to Iran after 15 years in exile

Supreme Leader of Iran Ayatollah Khomeini
Supreme Leader of Iran
Ayatollah Khomeini
  • 1979 Patricia Hearst is released from prison for bank robbery
  • 1979 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1981 Dutch Antilles census is 231,932
  • 1981 French government accord sends 60 Mirage fighter jets to Iraq
  • 1981 Trevor Chappell bowls underarm to Brian McKechnie, WSC Final MCG
  • 1982 Senegal & Gambia form loose confederation (Senegambia)
  • 1983 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1984 China & Netherlands regain diplomatic relations
  • 1984 Indian diplomat Ravindra Mhatre kidnapped and murdered by Kashmiri terrorists in Birmingham, England
  • 1985 -61°F (-52°C), Maybell, Colorado (state record)
  • 1985 -69°F (-56°C), Peter's Sink, Utah (state record)
  • 1985 Cards trade D Green, Jose Uribe, Dave LaPoint to Giants for Jack Clark
  • 1985 US female Figure Skating championship won by Tiffany Chin
  • 1986 KHJ-AM in Los Angeles CA changes call letters to KRTH
  • 1987 163 day strike against Deere & Co ends, workers accept wage freeze
  • 1989 Comet Schwassmann-Wachmann 1 at perihelion
  • 1989 Diana, Princess of Wales visits NYC
  • 1989 The Western Australian towns of Kalgoorlie and Boulder amalgamate to form the City of Kalgoorlie-Boulder.
  • 1991 Afghanistan/Pakistan hit by earthquake, 1,200 die
  • 1991 Craig McDermott takes 8-97 v England at the WACA
  • 1991 President F W de Klerk, says he would repeal all apartheid laws
  • 1991 US Air & Skywest Fairchild jet collide at LA Airport killing 32
  • 1993 NY Judge Sol Wachtler indicted for harassing Joy Silverman
  • 1993 Soyuz TM-16 lands
  • 1994 Irina Privalova runs world record 50m indoor (6.03 sec)
  • 1994 Large meteorite falls near Kusaie, Pacific Ocean
  • 1995 Amtrak NY-Tampa run ends
  • 1995 Amy van Dikes swims woman's world record 50 m butterfly (26.73)
  • 1995 Andy & Grant Flower make 269 stand vs Pak, brotherly record
  • 1996 The Communications Decency Act is passed by the U.S. Congress.
  • 1998 Australian Mixed: J Gimelstob & V Williams beat Suk & Sukova (62 61)
  • 1998 Lillian E. Fishburne became the first female African American to be promoted to rear admiral.
  • 2003 Space Shuttle Columbia disintegrates during reentry into the Earth's atmosphere, killing all seven astronauts aboard.
  • 2004 251 people are trampled to death and 244 injured in a stampede at the Hajj pilgrimage in Saudi Arabia.
  • 2005 Nepalese King Gyanendra exercises Coup d'état to capture the democracy becoming Chairman of the Councils of ministers.
  • 2005 Canada introduces the Civil Marriage Act, making Canada the fourth country to sanction same-sex marriage.
  • 2009 Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir is elected as the first female Prime Minister of Iceland, becoming the first openly gay Head of Government in the modern world.
  • 2012 At least 73 people are killed in the Egyptian football riots in Port Said
  • 2013 The Nigerian Army bombs a Boko Haram camp, killing 18 people
  • 2013 21 people are killed and 30 are wounded by a market suicide bombing in Hangu, Pakistan
  • 2013 26 people are killed after a fireworks truck explodes and causes a highway to collapse in Henan, China
  • 2013 Zenit-3SL, a Ukranian-Russian carrier rocket, fails 40 seconds after liftoff and crashes into the Pacific Ocean
  • 2014 14 people are killed after Mount Sinabung erupts in Indonesia
  • 2014 Syrian civil war death toll reaches 130,000, while 4 million are displaced
  • 2016 WHO declares a global public health emergency over the rapid spread of zika-linked conditions
  • 2016 Alphabet, Google's parent company surpasses Apple as the world's most valuable company ($568bn vs $535bn), after releasing income results
  • 2016 Myanmar's first freely elected parliament in 50 years has its opening session in Nay Pyi Taw
  • 2016 Poor weather conditions strand 100,000 Chinese New Year travelers at a railway station in Guangzhou, China