Events in History on February 14

  • 842 Charles II & Louis the German sign treaty
  • 1009 First known mention of Lithuania, in the annals of the monastery of Quedlinburg.
  • 1014 Pope Benedict VIII crowns Henry II Roman German Emperor

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1076 Pope Gregory VII excommunicates Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV (for the 1st time)

Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV
Holy Roman Emperor
Henry IV
  • 1130 Jewish Cardinal Pietro Pierleone elected as anti-pope Anacletus II
  • 1540 Emperor Charles V enters Ghent without resistance, executes rebels
  • 1556 Archbishop Thomas Cranmer declared a heretic

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1610 Polish king Sigismund III, Forges Dimitri #2 & Romanov family sign covenant against Tsar Vasili Shushki

  • 1630 Dutch fleet of 69 ships reaches Pernambuco, Brazil
  • 1670 Roman Catholic emperor Leopold I chases Jews out of Vienna
  • 1689 English parliament places Mary Stuart/Prince William III on the throne
  • 1743 Henry Pelham becomes Britain's First Lord of Treasury
  • 1747 Astronomer James Bradley presents his discovery of the wobbling motion of the Earth on its axis to the Royal Society, London
  • 1766 Dutch governor Falck and King Keerthisiri Rajasinghe of Kandy sign Treaty of Batticaloa
  • 1778 "Stars & Stripes" arrives in foreign port for 1st time (France)
  • 1794 1st US textile machinery patent granted, to James Davenport, Phila

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1797 The Battle of Cape St Vincent: British fleet under Admiral Sir John Jervis defeats larger Spanish fleet under Admiral Don José de Córdoba y Ramos near Cape St. Vincent, Portugal. Captain Horatio Nelson distinguishes himself.

British Admiral Horatio Nelson
British Admiral
Horatio Nelson
  • 1803 Apple parer patented by Moses Coats, Downington, Penn

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1803 Chief Justice John Marshall declares that any act of U.S. Congress that conflicts with the Constitution is void.

Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States John Marshall
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
John Marshall
  • 1804 Karadjordje leads the First Serbian Uprising against the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1831 Ras Marye of Yejju marches into Tigray and defeats and kills Dejazmach Sabagadis in the Battle of Debre Abbay.
  • 1844 Lt. John C. Frémont first European to discover Lake Tahoe in the US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1849 In New York City, James Knox Polk becomes first serving US President to have his photograph taken (by Matthew Brady).

11th US President James Knox Polk
11th US President
James Knox Polk
  • 1855 Texas is linked by telegraph to the rest of the United States, with the completion of a connection between New Orleans and Marshall, Texas.
  • 1859 Oregon admitted as 33rd state of the Union
  • 1862 Galena, 1st US iron-clad warship for service at sea, launched, Connecticut
  • 1867 Hartford Steam Boiler Inspection & Insurance Co issues 1st policy
  • 1867 Morehouse College organizes (Augusta Georgia)
  • 1872 1st state bird refuge authorized (Lake Merritt CA)
  • 1876 A G Bell & Elisha Gray apply separately for telephone patents Supreme Court eventually rules Bell rightful inventor
  • 1879 Chilean troops occupy Antofagasta
  • 1883 1st state labor union legislation; NJ legalizes unions
  • 1889 1st train load of fruit (oranges) leaves LA for east
  • 1894 Venus is both a morning star & evening star

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1895 Oscar Wilde's "Importance of Being Earnest," opens in London

Writer/Poet Oscar Wilde
Oscar Wilde
  • 1896 George Lohmann takes a hat-trick v South Africa, 8-7 for inning
  • 1896 South Africa all out for 30 v England - their lowest ever
  • 1896 Theodor Herzl publishes "Der Judenstaat"
  • 1899 US Congress begins using voting machines
  • 1900 Russia responds to international pressure to free Finland by tightening imperial control over the country.
  • 1903 US Department of Commerce & Labor forms
  • 1907 1st US foxhound association forms in NYC
  • 1912 1st US submarines with diesel engines commissioned, Groton, Ct
  • 1912 Arizona was admitted to the Union as the 48th state
  • 1914 High Council of Labor forms in Hague Netherlands
  • 1918 USSR adopts New Style (Gregorian) calendar (originally Feb 1)
  • 1919 United Parcel Service forms
  • 1919 The Polish-Soviet War begins.
  • 1920 League of Women Voters forms in Chicago
  • 1921 Canadian 5 cent nickel coin is authorized
  • 1921 Little Review faces obscenity charges for publishing "Ulysses," NY
  • 1924 IBM Corporation founded by Thomas Watson
  • 1925 State of emergency crisis in Bavaria ends, NSDAP re-allowed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1929 St Valentine's Day Massacre in Chicago, 7 gangsters killed, allegedly on Al Capone's orders

Gangster Al Capone
Al Capone
  • 1931 Spanish government of General Damasco Berenguer falls
  • 1932 South Africa all out for 36 in 1st innings v Aust (Ironmonger 5-6)
  • 1936 National Negro Congress organizes in Chicago
  • 1936 US female Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson
  • 1936 US male Figure Skating championship won by Robin Lee
  • 1940 British merchant vessel fleet is armed
  • 1941 One millionth vehicle traverses the NY Midtown Tunnel
  • 1941 Carson McCuller's "Reflections in a Golden Eye" published
  • 1941 Cebrie Park in the Bronx renamed Halsey Street
  • 1941 German Afrika Korps lands in Tripoli, Libya
  • 1942 Japanese parachutists land near oil center Palembang, Sumatra
  • 1942 Rotterdam's Maas tunnel opens
  • 1942 WWII: Battle of Pasir Panjang contributes to the fall of Singapore.
  • 1943 German offensive through de Faid-pass Tunisia
  • 1943 Soviets recapture Rostov
  • 1943 World War II: Rostov-on-Don, Russia is liberated.
  • 1944 Anti-Japanese revolt on Java
  • 1945 Second day of the bombing of Dresden by Allies air forces
  • 1945 Peru, Paraguay, Chile & Ecuador joins UN
  • 1945 World War II: Prague is bombed probably due to a mistake in the orientation of the pilots bombing Dresden.
  • 1945 World War II: Mostar is liberated by Yugoslav partisans.
  • 1949 1st session of Knesset (Jerusalem Israel)
  • 1949 Dutch Drees government presents plan for the building of 30,000 houses
  • 1950 USSR & China sign peace treaty

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 Sen John F. Kennedy appears on "Meet the Press"

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1956 20th Congress of CPSU opens in Moscow
  • 1956 Indonesia withdraws from Neth Indonesian Union
  • 1956 Verhoeven/Nauta/De King/Wijnhout win Dutch 11 city skate
  • 1958 Arab Federation of Iraq & Jordan forms
  • 1959 $3.6 million heroin seizure in NYC
  • 1960 Marshal Ayub Khan elected president of Pakistan
  • 1961 Element 103, Lawrencium, 1st produced in Berkeley Calif

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 US 1st lady Jacqueline Kennedy conducts White House tour on TV

  • 1963 US launches communications satellite Syncom 1
  • 1965 7th Daytona 500: Fred Lorenzen wins (141.539 MPH)
  • 1966 Australian currency is decimalised, and decimal currency postage stamps introduced
  • 1966 Writers Andrei Sinjavski & Joeij Daniel found guilty
  • 1967 Aretha Franklin records "Respect"
  • 1967 Latin American nuclear free zone proposal drawn up
  • 1968 Pennsylvania Railroad/NYC Central merge into Penn Central

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1971 Richard Nixon installs secret taping system in White House

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1971 Tehran agreement signed; oil companies accept 55 percent tax rate, immediate increase in posted prices, and further successive increases
  • 1971 13th Daytona 500: Richard Petty wins (144.462 MPH)
  • 1972 Luna 20 (Russia) launched to orbit & soft landing on Moon
  • 1972 Lord Widgery arrives in Coleraine, where the 'Bloody Sunday' (30 January 1972) Tribunal was to be based, and holds a preliminary hearing
  • 1975 Bomb explodes at annex of Amsterdam metro station
  • 1976 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1978 1st "micro on a chip" patented by Texas Instruments
  • 1979 In Kabul, Muslims kidnap the American ambassador to Afghanistan, Adolph Dubs who is later killed during a gunfight between his kidnappers and police.
  • 1980 US launches Solar Maximum Mission Observatory to study solar flares
  • 1981 Stardust Disaster: A fire in a Dublin nightclub kills 48 people
  • 1982 24th Daytona 500: Bobby Allison wins (153.991 MPH)
  • 1986 36th Berlin International Film Festival: "Stammheim" wins the Golden Bear
  • 1988 Alfredo Stroessner re-elected president of Paraguay
  • 1988 30th Daytona 500: Bobby Allison wins (137.531 MPH)
  • 1989 African National Congress (ANC) opens office in Amsterdam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1989 Ayatollah Khomeini orders Muslims to murder "Satanic Verses" novelist Rushdie

Supreme Leader of Iran Ayatollah Khomeini
Supreme Leader of Iran
Ayatollah Khomeini
  • 1989 Union Carbide agrees to pay $470 mill damages for Bhopol disaster
  • 1989 World's 1st satellite Skyphone opens
  • 1989 The first of 24 satellites of the Global Positioning System are placed into orbit.
  • 1990 Alan Ayckbourn's "Man of the Moment," premieres in London
  • 1990 Perrier recalls 160 million bottles of sparkling water after traces of benzene, a carcinogen, are found in some
  • 1990 Space probe Voyager 1 takes photograph of entire solar system
  • 1991 NL Cy Young winner Doug Drabek wins record $3 mil salary arbitration
  • 1992 Andre Cason runs world record 6 m indoor (6.41 sec)
  • 1992 Cease fire in Somalia begins
  • 1992 Merlene Ottey runs world record 60m indoor (6.96 sec)
  • 1993 Fire in Linxi department store in Tangshan China, kills 79
  • 1993 35th Daytona 500: Dale Jarrett wins (154.972 MPH)
  • 1994 Andrei Chikatilo, a Russian serial killer is executed by shooting.
  • 1995 Wellington 2-498d & 4-475 beat Canterbury 496 & 2-476d
  • 1998 Authorities in the United States announce that Eric Robert Rudolph is a suspect in an Alabama abortion clinic bombing.
  • 1999 41st Daytona 500: Jeff Gordon wins (161.551 MPH)
  • 2000 The spacecraft NEAR Shoemaker enters orbit around asteroid 433 Eros, the first spacecraft to orbit an asteroid.
  • 2002 Fishing vessel Tullaghmurray Lass sinks off the coast of Kilkeel, County Down, Northern Ireland killing three members of the same family on board
  • 2004 In a suburb of Moscow, Russia, the roof of the Transvaal water park collapses, killing more than 25 people, and wounding more than 100 others.
  • 2005 Lebanon's former Prime Minister, Rafik Hariri, is assassinated, prompting the country to fall into chaos.
  • 2005 Seven people are killed and 151 wounded in a series of bombings by suspected Al-Qaeda-linked militants that hit the Philippines' Makati financial district in Metro Manila, Davao City, and General Santos City.
  • 2008 Northern Illinois University shooting: a gunman opened fire in a lecture hall of the DeKalb County, Illinois university resulting in 24 casualties; 6 fatalities (including gunman) and 18 injured.
  • 2010 52nd Daytona 500: Jamie McMurray wins (137.284 MPH)
  • 2011 The 2011 Bahraini uprising commenced.
  • 2013 A suicide bombing kills 4 police officer and injures 5 in Dagestan
  • 2013 Oscar Pistorius, a South African amputee sprinter, is charged with the murder of Reeva Steenkamp
  • 2013 The Large Hadron Collider (LHC), the world's largest and highest-energy particle accelerator, will be switched off for two years for upgrading
  • 2013 The recession in the Eurozone economy deepens with a fall of 0.6% in GDP in the fourth quarter of 2012
  • 2013 Japan remains in recession as the economy shrinks by a further 0.1%
  • 2014 Italian Prime Minister Enrico Letta resigns after less than a year in office