Events in History on February 16

  • 374 9th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
  • 600 Pope Gregory the Great decrees saying "God bless You" is the correct response to a sneeze
  • 1249 Andrew of Longjumeau is dispatched by Louis IX of France as his ambassador to meet with the Khan of the Mongols.
  • 1486 Maximilian I is elected King of the Romans at Frankfurt
  • 1512 Battle at Valeggio: French troops beat Venetianen
  • 1559 Pope Paul IV calls for deposition of sovereigns supporting heresy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1641 English king Charles I accepts Triennial Act

King Charles I
Charles I
  • 1646 Battle of Great Torrington, Devon - the last major battle of the first English Civil War.
  • 1659 1st known cheque (£400) (on display at Westminster Abbey)
  • 1666 Netherlands & Brandenburg sign treaty
  • 1677 Earl of Shaftesbury arrested and confined in the Tower of London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1741 Benjamin Franklin's General Magazine begins publishing

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin
  • 1742 Earl of Wilmington becomes British premier (First Lord of the Treasury)
  • 1751 1st publication of Gray's "Elegy Written in a Country Church Yard"
  • 1760 Native American hostages killed in Fort Prince George, SC
  • 1771 Messier presents his original list of 45 M-objects to French Academy
  • 1777 Messier adds M53 to his catalog (globular cluster in Coma Berenice)
  • 1804 US Navy Lt Stephen Decatur raids Tripoli Harbor & burns Navy frigate "Philadelphia" after pirates seized it
  • 1824 Athenaeum club founded in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1832 HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin reaches St-Pauls (1°N, 29°W)

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
  • 1838 Kentucky passes law permitting women to attend school under conditions
  • 1838 Weenen Massacre: Hundreds of Voortrekkers along the Blaukraans River, Natal are killed by Zulu warriors
  • 1840 American Charles Wilkes discovers Shackleton Ice Shelf, Antarctica
  • 1846 Battle of Sobraon ends 1st Sikh War in India
  • 1852 Studebaker Brothers wagon company, precursor of the automobile manufacturer, is established.
  • 1857 Gallaudet College (National Deaf Mute college) forms in Washington, D.C.
  • 1859 The French Government passes a law to set the A-note above middle C to a frequency of 435 Hz, in an attempt to standardize the pitch.
  • 1860 Dutch Rochussen/Van Bosse government resigns

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1862 Fort Donelson is captured by General Ulysses S. Grant following the surrender of around 12,000 Confederate soldiers

US President & Union General Ulysses S. Grant
US President & Union General
Ulysses S. Grant
  • 1864 Battle of Mobile, AL - operations by Union Army
  • 1866 Spencer Compton Cavendish, Marquess of Hartington becomes the British Secretary of State for War.
  • 1868 Benevolent & Protective Order of Elks forms (NY)
  • 1878 Silver dollar became US legal tender
  • 1880 American Society of Mechanical Engineers forms (NYC)
  • 1883 "Ladies Home Journal" begins publishing
  • 1887 1st newspaper convention (Rochester NY)
  • 1887 Eduard Douwes Dekker writes his last text (Lf8-c5)
  • 1894 British troops occupy Ilorin, Gold Coast
  • 1899 President of France Félix Faure dies in office.
  • 1899 Knattspyrnufélag Reykjavíkur Iceland's first football club is founded.
  • 1900 1st Chinese daily newspaper in US publishes (Chung Sai Yat Po-SF)
  • 1903 -59°F (-51°C), Pokegama Dam, Minnesota (state record)
  • 1905 1st US Esperanto club organizes in Boston
  • 1909 1st subway car with side doors goes into service (NYC)
  • 1909 Serbia mobilizes against Austria-Hungary

AgreementAgreement of Interest

1913 US President Taft agrees not to intervene in Mexico

27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft
  • 1914 1st airplane flight from LA to SF
  • 1915 Frank Home Run Baker, 28, announces retirement following a contract dispute with Connie Mack. He sits out 1915 season
  • 1916 Russian troops conquer the Ottoman Empire city of Erzurum during WWI
  • 1916 The US rejects the right of Germany and Austria-Hungary to sink armed merchant ships
  • 1916 The German ambassador in Washington announces that Germany will pay an indemnity for American lives lost on the Lusitania
  • 1917 1st synagogue in 425 years opens in Madrid
  • 1918 Lithuania declares independence from Russia & Germany (National Day)
  • 1923 Allies accept Latvia's occupation of Memel territory

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1923 Howard Carter opens the inner burial chamber of the Pharaoh Tutankhamen's tomb and finds the sarcophagus

Archaeologist and Discoverer of Tutankhamun Howard Carter
Archaeologist and Discoverer of Tutankhamun
Howard Carter
  • 1923 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld Blanchard
  • 1923 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Sherwin Badger
  • 1927 Noel Coward's "Marquise" premieres in London
  • 1927 US restores diplomatic relations with Turkey
  • 1929 KID-AM in Idaho Falls ID begins radio transmissions
  • 1931 Extreme right wing Pehr Evind Svinhufvud becomes president of Finland
  • 1932 1st patent for a tree issued to James Markham for a peach tree
  • 1933 Catholic newspaper Germania warns against nazis/communists
  • 1933 England regains the Ashes, thanks to "bodyline" tactics
  • 1934 Austrian Civil War ends with the defeat of the Social Democrats and the Republican Schutzbund.
  • 1934 Commission of Government is sworn in as form of direct rule for the Dominion of Newfoundland.
  • 1936 Spanish Frente Popular (People's Front) wins elections
  • 1937 DuPont Corp patents nylon, developed by employee Wallace H Carothers
  • 1937 Jean Anouilh's "Le Voyageur Sans Baggage" premieres in Paris
  • 1938 US Federal Crop Insurance program authorized
  • 1940 British search plane finds German supply ship Altmark, used to accommodate aliied sailors from vessles sunk by the Graf Spee, off Norway
  • 1942 German submarines attack Aruba oil refinery
  • 1943 -32°F (-36°C), Falls Village, Connecticut (state record)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 British premier Winston Churchill contracts pneumonia

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1943 Withdrawing Afrika Korps reaches Mareth-line in North Africa
  • 1943 Sign on Munich facade: "Out with Hitler! Long live freedom!" done by "White Rose" student group, caught on 2/18, beheaded on 2/22
  • 1943 World War II: The USSR reconquers Kharkov.
  • 1945 US forces land on Corregidor, complete conquest on March 3
  • 1945 Venezuela declares war on Nazi Germany
  • 1946 1st commercially designed helicopter tested, Bridgeport Ct
  • 1948 Miranda, famous moon of Uranus, photographed for 1st time
  • 1951 NYC passes bill prohibiting racism in city-assisted housing
  • 1951 SF City Hall dome fire

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 Fidel Castro names himself Cuba's premier after overthrowing Batista

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • 1959 Leonard Spigelgass' "Majority of One" premieres in NYC
  • 1960 US nuclear submarine USS Triton set off on underwater round-world trip
  • 1961 1st all-solid-propellant rocket put in orbit, Wallops Island, Va
  • 1961 China uses its 1st nuclear reactor
  • 1961 US satellite Explorer 9 is launched
  • 1963 1st round-trip swim of Strait of Messina, Italy (Mary Revell of US)
  • 1963 C & A Building in Amsterdam burns down
  • 1965 Pegasus 1 launched to detect micro-meteors
  • 1966 Bob Cowper makes 307 v England at the MCG, 727 mins, 20 fours
  • 1966 France performs underground nuclear test at Ecker, Algeria
  • 1967 Red Ruffing selected to Hall of Fame
  • 1968 US 1st 911 phone system went into service in Haleyville, Ala
  • 1972 German mass murderers "Three of Breda" freed
  • 1973 WI v Australia at Kingston, 1st time since 1955 without Sobers
  • 1975 17th Daytona 500: Benny Parsons wins (153.649 MPH)
  • 1977 USSR performs nuclear test at Sary Shagan
  • 1978 1st Computer Bulletin Board System (Ward & Randy's CBBS, Chicago)
  • 1979 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk
  • 1980 Continuous traffic jam extends 176 km north of Lyons, France
  • 1982 Agatha Barbara elected as 1st female president of Malta
  • 1982 Assembled STS-3 vehicle moves from Vandenberg AFB to launch pad
  • 1983 The Ash Wednesday bushfires in Victoria and South Australia claim the lives of 75 people in Australia's worst ever fires.
  • 1985 The founding of Hezbollah.
  • 1986 French air force bombs Ouadi Doum airport in Chad
  • 1986 Karlstad skates world record 10 km (14:12.14)
  • 1986 Mario Soares (Socialist) elected Portugal's 1st civilian pres
  • 1986 28th Daytona 500: Geoffrey Bodine wins (148.124 MPH)
  • 1987 John Demjanjuk, accused of being "Ivan the Terrible" trial begins
  • 1988 1st documented combat action by US military advisors in El Salvador
  • 1989 Egypt, Iraq, Jordan & North Yemen form common market
  • 1989 William Hayden becomes governor-general of Australia
  • 1991 Dutch PPR, Political Party Radicals, disbands
  • 1991 US female Figure Skating championship won by Tonya Harding
  • 1992 Former silver Goodyear blimps are now painted yellow & blue
  • 1992 34th Daytona 500: Davey Allison wins (160.256 MPH)
  • 1993 Western Australia's and Australia's first woman Premier, Carmen Lawrence, is voted out of office.
  • 1994 6.5 earthquake strikes SE Sumatra, kills 200
  • 1994 Johann Olav Koss skates world record 1500m (1:51.29)
  • 1994 Premier Alfonso Bustamente ends government in Peru
  • 1996 Gary Kirsten scores 188* for South Africa v UAE at Rawalpindi
  • 1997 39th Daytona 500: Jeff Gordon wins (148.295 MPH)
  • 1998 Tellabs Inc acquires Coherent Communications Systems for $670 million
  • 1999 Across Europe, Kurdish rebels take over embassies and hold hostages after Turkey arrested one of their rebel leaders, Abdullah Öcalan.
  • 2003 45th Daytona 500: Michael Waltrip wins (133.87 MPH)
  • 2005 The Kyoto Protocol comes into force following its ratification by Russia.
  • 2006 The last Mobile Army Surgical Hospital (MASH) is decommissioned by the United States Army.
  • 2013 84 people are killed and 190 are injured after a market bombing in Hazara Town, Pakistan
  • 2013 Anthony Carmona is elected President of Trinidad and Tobago
  • 2016 Former French President Nicholas Sarkozy is placed under investigation for campaign funds
  • 2016 China announces it will relocate 9,000 people in Guizhou province, before completion of world's largest telescope (FAST), designed to look for extraterrestrial life