Events in History on February 19

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

197 Lucius Septimius Severus' army beats Clodius Albinus at Lyon

Roman Emperor Septimius Severus
Roman Emperor
Septimius Severus
  • 356 Emperor Constantius II shuts all heathen temples
  • 607 Boniface III begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 842 Medieval Iconoclastic Controversy ends as a council in Constantinople formally reinstated the veneration of icons in the churches
  • 1512 French troops under Gaston de Foix occupy Brescia
  • 1537 Weavers of Leiden, Netherlands, strike
  • 1539 Jews of Tyrnau Hungary (then Trnava Czech), expelled
  • 1574 Spanish troops plunder Krommenie, Wormerveer & Jisp, Netherlands
  • 1582 Francis of Valois becomes duke of Brabant

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1594 Having already inherited the throne of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth through his mother, Catherine Jagellonica of Poland, Sigismund III of the House of Vasa is crowned King of Sweden, succeeding his father John III of Sweden.

  • 1600 The Peruvian stratovolcano Huaynaputina explodes in the most violent eruption in the recorded history of South America.
  • 1634 Battle of Smolensk: King Wladyslaw IV of Poland beats Russians [NS=Mar 1]
  • 1674 Netherlands & England sign Peace of Westminster (NYC becomes English)
  • 1700 Last day of Julian calendar in Denmark
  • 1771 Messier adds M46-M49 to his catalog (galactic clusters in Puppis & Hydra & galaxy in Virgo)
  • 1797 One third of papal domain ceded to France
  • 1803 US Congress accepts Ohio's constitution, statehood not ratified till 1953
  • 1807 British squadron under Admiral Duckworth attempts to force passage of Dardanelles

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1807 VP Aaron Burr arrested in Alabama for treason; later acquitted

3rd Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr
3rd Vice President of the United States
Aaron Burr
  • 1819 British explorer William Smith discovers the South Shetland Islands, and claims them in the name of King George III.
  • 1825 Franz Grillparzer's "Konig Ottokars Gluck" premieres in Vienna
  • 1831 1st practical US coal-burning locomotive makes 1st trial run, Penn
  • 1846 Texas state government formally installed in Austin
  • 1852 The Phi Kappa Psi fraternity is founded at Jefferson College in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania.
  • 1856 Tin-type camera patented by Hamilton Smith, Gambier, Ohio
  • 1861 Russian Tsar Alexander II abolishes serfdom [NS=Mar 3]
  • 1864 Knights of Pythias form 1st lodge in Washington, D.C. (12 members)
  • 1869 US Assay Office in Boise, Idaho authorized

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1878 Thomas Edison patents the gramophone (phonograph)

Inventor Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison
  • 1881 Kansas becomes 1st state to prohibit all alcoholic beverages
  • 1884 Tornadoes in Miss, Ala, NC, SC, Tenn, Ky & In kill 800 people
  • 1900 British troops occupy Hlangwane, Natal
  • 1906 Will Keith Kellogg and Charles D. Bolin found the Battle Creek Toasted Corn Flake Company which is now the multinational food manufacturer Kellogg's
  • 1910 English premiere of Richard Strauss' "Elektra"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1910 Typhoid Mary [Mary Mallon] is freed from her first periods of forced isolation and goes on to cause several further outbreaks of typhoid in the New York area

  • 1913 1st prize inserted into a Cracker Jack box
  • 1913 Mexican General V Huerta takes power with US support
  • 1915 British fleet opens fire on Dardanelles coast

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1919 Pan-African Congress, organized by W.E.B. Du Bois (Paris)

Civil Rights Activist W.E.B. Du Bois
Civil Rights Activist
W.E.B. Du Bois
  • 1920 Netherlands joins League of Nations
  • 1922 Ed Wynn becomes 1st talent to sign as a radio entertainer
  • 1923 Philip Barry's "You & I" premieres in NYC
  • 1927 General strike against British occupiers in Shanghai
  • 1928 Canadian hockey team wins 3rd consecutive gold medal
  • 1929 Medical diathermy machine 1st used, Schenectady, NY

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 William Faulkner completes his novel "Light in August"

Author and Nobel Laureate William Faulkner
Author and Nobel Laureate
William Faulkner
  • 1933 Prussian minister Goering bans all Catholic newspapers
  • 1934 US contract air mail service canceled, replaced by US army for 6 months
  • 1935 Clifford Odets' "Awake & Sing" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 Manuel Azaña becomes Prime Minister of Spain for the second time

President of the Spanish Republic Manuel Azaña
President of the Spanish Republic
Manuel Azaña
  • 1938 Soviet arctic ice research station North Pole 1 evacuated, Denmark
  • 1941 Nazi police attacked & driven away from Koco, Amsterdam (by young Jews)
  • 1941 Nazi raid Amsterdam & round up 429 young Jews for deportation
  • 1942 About 150 Japanese warplanes attack the Australian city of Darwin
  • 1942 Bill Longson beats Managoff & Sandor Szabo, to become wrestling champ

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 FDR orders detention & internment of all west-coast Japanese-Americans

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1942 Japanese troops land on Timor
  • 1943 German tanks under brig gen Buelowius attack Kasserine Pass Tunesia
  • 1944 823 British bombers attack Berlin
  • 1944 U-264 sinks off Ireland
  • 1945 980 Japanese soldiers reportedly killed by crocodiles in 2 days on Ramree Island, Burma
  • 1945 Brotherhood Day-1st celebrated

Victory in battleRaising the Flag on Iwo Jima

1945 US 5th Fleet launches invasion of Iwo Jima against the Japanese with 30,000 US Marines

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1949 1st Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Ezra Pound

  • 1949 Mass arrests of communists in India
  • 1950 Ground-breaking ceremony held for Mississippi Vocational College (later Mississippi Valley State University)
  • 1952 French offensive at Hanoi
  • 1953 Georgia approves US 1st literature censorship board
  • 1953 William Inge's "Picnic" premieres in NYC
  • 1955 South East Asia Collective Defense Treaty goes into effect
  • 1958 Carl Perkins leaves Sun Records for Columbia Records
  • 1959 Britain, Turkey & Greece sign agreement granting Cyprus independence
  • 1959 Gabon adopts its constitution
  • 1959 USAF rocket-powered rail sled attains Mach 4.1 (4970 kph), NM
  • 1960 Protest strike in Poznan, Poland
  • 1961 Albania disavows Chinese "Revisionism"
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 Robert Frost wins Bollingen Prize

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 USSR informs JFK it is withdrawing several thousand troops from Cuba

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1968 1st US Teachers strike (Florida)
  • 1969 1st Test flight of Boeing 747 jumbo jet
  • 1970 AL Cy Young winner Denny McLain suspended for bookmaking
  • 1970 USSR launches Sputnik 52 & Molniya 1-13 communications satellite
  • 1971 Walt Wesley becomes 1st Cleve Cavalier to score 50 pts in a game
  • 1972 Glenn Turner carries his bat for 223* v WI at Kingston
  • 1972 The Asama-Sanso hostage standoff begins in Japan.
  • 1976 Frente Polisario forms Democratic Republic of Sahara
  • 1977 Doug Walters scores 250 v NZ, 217 stand for 7th wicket w/Gilmour
  • 1977 France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
  • 1977 Space shuttle Enterprise makes 1st Test flight atop a 747 jetliner
  • 1978 Brigitte Kraus runs world record 1000 m indoor (2:34.8)
  • 1978 20th Daytona 500: Bobby Allison wins (159.73 MPH)
  • 1982 Hanneke Jagersma installed as Neth's 1st Communist mayor
  • 1982 Sharie Langford, California, sets women's bowling series record of 853
  • 1982 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1983 Fernando Valenzuela wins his salary arbitration of $1 million
  • 1984 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1984 26th Daytona 500: Cale Yarborough wins (150.994 MPH)
  • 1985 150 killed when a Spanish jetliner crashed approaching Bilbao, Spain
  • 1985 ADM of Amsterdam declares bankruptcy
  • 1985 Canned & bottled Cherry Coke introduced by Coca-Cola
  • 1985 Mickey Mouse welcomed in China
  • 1985 William Schroeder is 1st artificial heart patient to leave hospital He spent 15 minutes outside Humana Hospital in Louisville, Ky
  • 1986 King Hussein of Jordan severs ties with PLO
  • 1986 US Senate ratifies UN's anti-genocide convention 37 years later
  • 1986 USSR launches Mir space station into Earth orbit
  • 1987 Anti-smoking ad airs for 1st time on TV, featuring Yul Brynner: he died of smoking-induced lung cancer on 10th October 1985
  • 1987 Minnesota sheriff's office arrest FBI's most wanted, Thomas G. Harrelson
  • 1988 Helga Arendt, Silke-Beate Knoll, Mechthild Kluth, Gisela Kinzel walk indoor female world record 4x200m (1:32.55)
  • 1989 Edgar Bowers wins Bollingen Prize
  • 1989 31st Daytona 500: Darrell Waltrip wins (148.466 MPH)
  • 1990 Police kill 8 demonstrators for multi party system in Nepal
  • 1990 Soyuz TM-9 lands
  • 1992 Peter Collins discovers nova Cygni 1992
  • 1992 Porn producer Jim Mitchell found guilty of killing his brother Artie
  • 1995 Irina Privalova runs indoor woman's European record 200m (22.10 sec)
  • 1995 Kenneth Koch wins Bollingen Prize
  • 1995 Linford Christie runs world record 200m indoor (20.25 sec) and European record 60m indoor (6.47 sec)
  • 1995 Michael Tippett's "Rose Lake," premieres
  • 1995 37th Daytona 500: Sterling Marlin wins (141.71 MPH)
  • 1996 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in York PA on WQXA 105.7 FM
  • 1997 FCC makes available 311 for non-emergency calls & 711 for hearing or speech-impaired emergency calls
  • 1998 Soyuz TM-26 lands
  • 2001 An Oklahoma City bombing museum is dedicated at the Oklahoma City National Memorial.
  • 2002 NASA's Mars Odyssey space probe begins to map the surface of Mars using its thermal emission imaging system.
  • 2004 Nazi-hunter Simon Wiesenthal is awarded an honorary knighthood in recognition of a "lifetime of service to humanity."
  • 2006 48th Daytona 500: Jimmie Johnson wins (142.667 MPH)
  • 2007 Three Salvadoran deputies to the Central American Parliament and their driver are murdered in Guatemala.
  • 2012 44 people killed in prison brawl in Apocada, Mexico, between two rival drug cartels
  • 2013 12 people are killed and 11 are injured after a Yemeni Air Force plane crashes in Sana'a
  • 2014 Death toll in Ukraine reaches 26 after Government crackdown on protesters