Events in History on February 3

  • 1377 Mass execution of population (between 2,500 and 5,000) of Cesena, Italy, by Breton troops of Giovanni Acuto under the command of Robert, Cardinal of Geneva, acting as the legate of Pope Gregory XI
  • 1451 Sultan Mehmed II (the Conqueror) inherits the throne of the Ottoman Empire.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1488 Bartolomeu Dias discovers Mosselbaai (Angra dos Vaqueros)

Portuguese Explorer Bartolomeu Dias
Portuguese Explorer
Bartolomeu Dias
  • 1509 The Battle of Diu, between Portugal and the Ottoman Empire takes place in Diu, India.
  • 1576 Henry of Navarre (future Henry IV) escapes from Paris
  • 1591 German monarchy forms Protestant Union of Torgau
  • 1653 Cardinal Mazarin returns to Paris from exile
  • 1660 General Monck's army reaches London
  • 1690 1st paper money in America issued (colony of Mass)
  • 1740 Charles de Bourbon, King of Naples, invites Jews to return to Sicily
  • 1743 Philadelphia establishes a "pesthouse" to quarantine immigrants
  • 1752 Dutch States-General forbids export of windmills
  • 1781 Dutch West Indies island of St Eustatia taken by British
  • 1783 Spain recognizes US independence
  • 1807 A British military force, under Brig-Gen. Sir Samuel Auchmuty captures the city of Montevideo, then part of the Spanish Empire now capital of Uruguay.
  • 1809 Territory of Illinois organizes (including present-day Wisconsin)
  • 1815 World's first commercial cheese factory established, in Switzerland
  • 1825 Dutch North Sea coast floods
  • 1830 The sovereignty of Greece was confirmed in a London Protocol.
  • 1834 Wake Forest University is established.
  • 1836 Whig Party holds its 1st national convention (Albany NY)
  • 1844 Hector Berlioz' "Carnaval Romain" premieres in Paris
  • 1855 Wisconsin Supreme Coutt declares US Fugitive Slave Law unconstitutional
  • 1860 Thomas Clemson takes office as 1st US superintendent of agriculture
  • 1864 Sherman's march through Mississippi
  • 1865 Hampton Roads Peace Conference, Lincoln & Stephens reach an impasse
  • 1867 Prince Mutsuhito, 14, becomes Emperor Meiji of Japan (1867-1912)
  • 1869 Booth Theater at 23rd & 6th opens in NYC (Romeo & Juliet)
  • 1870 US state of Iowa ratifies the 15th Amendment of the United States Constitution allowing suffrage for all races & colour
  • 1882 Circus owner PT Barnum buys his world famous elephant Jumbo
  • 1887 To avoid disputed national elections, the US Congress creates Electoral Count Act
  • 1892 Russia closes down the Volozhin Yeshiva, a Lithuanian talmudical college
  • 1895 Wilhelm Mauseth skates world record 500 m (46.8 secs)
  • 1900 Rival forces fight for control of the Union Park ball grounds in Balt
  • 1900 Gubernatorial candidate William Goebel is assassinated in Frankfort, Kentucky.
  • 1901 Dutch troops under Gen Van Heutsz conquer Batu Ilië on Sumatra
  • 1903 Frederick Lugard occupies Kano West Africa
  • 1908 Supreme Court rules a union boycott violates Sherman Antitrust Act
  • 1908 Foundation of Panathinaikos in Athens, Greece.
  • 1913 16th Amendment to the US Constitution, federal income tax, ratified
  • 1915 Turkish & German army reach Suez Canal
  • 1916 Canada's original Parliament buildings in Ottawa burn down
  • 1916 Tristan Tzara publishes the Dada manifesto in Zurich, Switzerland
  • 1917 US liner Housatonic is sunk by German submarine, on the same day that US President Wilson breaks off diplomatic relations with Germany
  • 1918 Twin Peaks Tunnel longest (11,920 feet) streetcar tunnel begins service
  • 1919 League of Nations first meeting (Paris)
  • 1919 Socialist conference convenes (Berne, Switzerland)
  • 1919 The Bolshevik army is defeated in a series of clashes with the White Russians, who are fighting to reclaims the government after the 1917 revolution
  • 1923 The Alpha Zeta chapter of Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia founded at Pennsylvania State University.
  • 1924 Alexei Ryko elected as President of People's commission (succeeds Lenin)
  • 1927 Uprising against regime of general Carmona in Portugal

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1928 Paleoanthropologist Davidson Black reports his findings on the ancient human fossils found at Zhoukoudian, China in the journal Nature and declares them to be a new species he names 'Sinanthropus pekinensis' (now known as 'Homo erectus')

Paleoanthropologist Davidson Black
Davidson Black
  • 1929 Revolutionary Socialist Party forms in Amsterdam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1930 William Howard Taft resigns as US chief justice for health reasons

27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft
  • 1930 The Communist Party of Vietnam is established.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1931 Arkansas legislature passes motion to pray for soul of H L Mencken after he calls state "apex of moronia"

Journalist and Critic H. L. Mencken
Journalist and Critic
H. L. Mencken
  • 1931 The Hawke's Bay earthquake, New Zealand's worst natural disaster, kills 258
  • 1933 1st interstate legislative conference in US opens, Washington, D.C.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 German Minister Hermann Goering bans social-democratic newspaper Vorwarts

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • 1933 Marinus van der Lubbe departs to Berlin
  • 1938 Paul Osborn's "On Borrowed Time" premieres in NYC
  • 1941 US Supreme Court upheld Federal Wage & Hour law, sets minimum wages & maximum hours
  • 1942 1st Japanese air raid on Java
  • 1943 4 chaplains drown after giving up their life jackets to others
  • 1944 World War II: United States troops capture the Marshall Islands.
  • 1945 Almost 1,000 Flying Fortresses drop 3,000 tons of bombs on Berlin
  • 1945 Walt Disney's "3 Caballeros" released
  • 1947 -81°F (-63°C), Snag Yukon (North American record)
  • 1947 1st black reporter in US Congressional press gallery (Percival Prattis)
  • 1948 Dick Button becomes 1st world figure skating champion from US
  • 1950 Nuclear physicist Klaus Fuchs arrested on spying charges
  • 1951 Dick Button wins US skating title for 6th time

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1951 Tennessee Williams' "Rose Tattoo" premieres in NYC

Playwright Tennessee Williams
Tennessee Williams
  • 1954 Jeen van den Berg wins Dutch Eleven Cities Skating race (7:32)
  • 1956 Autherine Lucy admitted to University of Alabama, suspended 2/7 after a riot
  • 1958 Royal Teens' "Short Shorts" enters Top 40 chart & peaks at #3
  • 1959 American Airlines Electra crashes in NY's East River, killing 65
  • 1960 UK prime minister Harold Macmillan makes his famous "wind of change" speech in Africa, against the apartheid regime, angering South African politicians
  • 1961 6th largest snowfall in NYC history (17.4" (44.2cm))

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 US President John F. Kennedy bans all trade with Cuba except for food & drugs

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1964 Black & Puerto Rican students boycott NYC public schools
  • 1965 105 USAF cadets resigned for cheating in exams
  • 1965 Geraldine McCullough wins Widener Gold Medal for Sculpture
  • 1965 Orbiting Solar Observatory 2 launches into Earth orbit (552/636 km)
  • 1966 1st operational weather satellite, ESSA-1 launched US
  • 1966 1st soft landing on Moon (Soviet Luna 9)
  • 1967 Ronald Ryan, the last person to be executed in Australia, is hanged in Pentridge Prison, Melbourne.
  • 1969 Northern Ireland Prime Minister Terence O'Neill announces the dissolution of the Stormont parliament and the holding of new elections
  • 1971 A series of house searches by the British Army in Catholic areas of Belfast, resulting in serious rioting and gun battles
  • 1971 OPEC mandates "total embargo" against any company that rejects 55 percent tax rate
  • 1972 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1975 Billy Herman, Earl Averill, & Bucky Harris elected to Hall of Fame
  • 1977 Martin Dihigo John Lloyd elected to Hall of Fame
  • 1978 Australia beat India 3-2 on 6th day of final test, after India are all out for 445 chasing 493 to win

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1978 Egyptian President Anwar al-Sadat and US President Jimmy Carter discuss the Middle East peace process in Washington, D.C.

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
  • 1979 US female Figure Skating championship won by Linda Fratianne
  • 1979 US male Figure Skating championship won by Charles Tickner
  • 1980 Mohammed Ali tours Africa as President Carter's envoy
  • 1981 Gro Harlem Brundtland elected premier of Norway
  • 1982 Columbia Shuttle moves to Vandenberg AFB for mating for STS-3 mission
  • 1982 Greatest helicopter lift, 56,888 kg, Podmoscovnoe, USSR
  • 1982 John Sharples of England finishes 371 hours of disco dancing
  • 1982 Porn star John Holmes ordered to stand trial for murder
  • 1983 US female Figure Skating championship won by Rosalynn Sumners
  • 1984 10th Space Shuttle Mission (41B)-Challenger 4 launched
  • 1986 OPEC fails to agree upon a petroleum production agreement after a 2 day meeting in Vienna

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1986 The Pope and Mother Teresa meet in Calcutta

Catholic Missionary Mother Teresa
Catholic Missionary
Mother Teresa
  • 1987 Expos trade Jeff Reardon to Twins for Neal Heaton
  • 1988 Nurses across the UK strike over pay and funding for the NHS
  • 1989 Military coup overthrows Alfredo Stroessner, dictator of Paraguay
  • 1990 14th Commonwealth Games close in Auckland, New Zealand

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1992 Defense opens calling Noriega "our ally in war on drugs"

Panamanian General and Dictator Manuel Noriega
Panamanian General and Dictator
Manuel Noriega
  • 1992 Labor strike at Royal Canadian Mint ends
  • 1992 Maximum NY State unemployment benefits raised to $300 per week
  • 1993 General Hospital's Tristan Rogers convicted of drunk driving

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1993 Federal trial of 4 police officers charged with civil rights violations in videotaped beating of Rodney King begins in LA Calif

Victim of Police Violence Rodney King
Victim of Police Violence
Rodney King

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1994 President Bill Clinton lifts US trade embargo against Vietnam

42nd US President Bill Clinton
42nd US President
Bill Clinton
  • 1994 STS-60 (Discovery) launches into orbit
  • 1995 STS 63 (Discovery 19), launches into orbit
  • 1997 Carl Sagan Public Memorial at Ithaca NY
  • 1997 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Detroit MI on WKRK 97.1 FM
  • 1998 Stamps commemorating Diana, Princess of Wales, go on sale in Britain
  • 1998 US military plane clips cable car lines in northern Italy, kills 20
  • 1998 Mary Kay LeTourneau, 36, former teacher, violates probation with 14 year-old father of her baby
  • 1998 Karla Faye Tucker is executed in Texas becoming the first woman executed in the United States since 1984.
  • 1998 Cavalese cable car disaster: 20 people killed after NATO aircraft severs a cable car line
  • 1999 In Jammu and Kashmir the political party Democratic Janata Dal (Jammu and Kashmir) is revived.
  • 2007 A Baghdad market bombing kills at least 135 people and injures a further 339.
  • 2011 All available blocks of IPv4 internet addresses are officially distributed to regional authorities.
  • 2013 33 people are killed by a suicide bombing by an explosive-packed truck in Kirkuk, Iraq
  • 2014 2 students are shot & killed in a school shooting in Moscow

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

2016 Rand Paul drops out of the Republican Presidential nomination race

United States Senator Rand Paul
United States Senator
Rand Paul
  • 2016 Lord Lucan's death certificate is granted, 42 years after he disappeared following the murder of nanny Sandra Rivett

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2016 US President Barak Obama visits his first US mosque - the Islamic Society of Baltimore mosque in Maryland

44th US President Barack Obama
44th US President
Barack Obama