Events in History on January 12

  • 475 Basiliscus becomes Byzantine Emperor, with a coronation ceremony in the Hebdomon palace in Constantinople.
  • 1493 Last day for all Jews to leave Sicily
  • 1528 Gustav I of Sweden "father of the nation" crowned King of Sweden. Rules 37 years
  • 1552 Dutch west coast hit by heavy storm, hundreds killed
  • 1554 Bayinnaung is crowned King of Burma. He would go on to assemble the largest empire in the history of Southeast Asia
  • 1583 Holland begins use of Gregorian calendar (yesterday was 1/1/1583)
  • 1598 Pope Clement VIII seizes duchy of Ferrara on death of Alfonso
  • 1616 Brazilian city Belem (the entrance gate to the Amazon) founded by Captain Major Francisco Branco
  • 1701 Frisia & Groningen (Netherlands) begin use of Gregorian calendar
  • 1755 Tsarina Elisabeth establishes 1st Russian University
  • 1773 First public museum established in north American colonies (Charlestown, SC)
  • 1777 Mission Santa Clara de Asis founded in California
  • 1803 US Senate approves Thomas Jefferson's nomination of James Monroe and Robert Livingstone to negotiate purchase New Orleans from France
  • 1806 French evacuate Vienna
  • 1807 Gunpowder-ship explodes in Leiden, Netherlands, 150 die
  • 1808 The organizational meeting that led to the creation of the Wernerian Natural History Society, a former Scottish learned society, is held in Edinburgh.
  • 1809 British take Cayenne (French Guiana) from French (until 1814)
  • 1812 1st cargo arrives in New Orleans by steam, from Natchez
  • 1816 France decrees Bonaparte family excluded from the country forever
  • 1820 Astronomical Society of London (now the Royal Astronomical Society) founded in England
  • 1836 Battle of Wetumka, Fla

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1836 HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin reach Sydney Australia

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
  • 1839 Anthracite coal 1st used to smelt iron, Mauch Chunk, Penn
  • 1842 Franciscan nuns begin missionary work on Netherland Antilles
  • 1848 Palermo rising against the Bourbon Kingdom of the Two Sicilies takes place in Sicily
  • 1861 Florida state troops demand surrender of Fort Pickens (US Civil War)
  • 1863 President Davis delivers his "State of Confederacy" address
  • 1865 -13] Union fleet bombs Fort Fisher NC
  • 1866 The Royal Aeronautical Society is formed in London.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1867 Leo Tolstoy's "Smert Ioonna Groznogo" premieres in St Petersburg

Novelist Leo Tolstoy
Leo Tolstoy
  • 1872 Yohannes IV is crowned Emperor of Ethiopia in Axum, the first imperial coronation in that city in over 200 years.
  • 1875 Kwang-su becomes emperor of China.
  • 1895 The National Trust is founded in Britain.
  • 1896 1st X-ray photo in US (Dr Henry Smith, Davidson NC)
  • 1898 Itō Hirobumi begins his third term as Prime Minister of Japan.
  • 1899 Lynmouth Lifeboat rescues 18 people from the stricken schooner Forest Hall off the coast of Devon
  • 1900 Freeland Colony founded in US
  • 1902 Uddevalla Suffrage Association is formally dissolved

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1903 Harry Houdini performs at Rembrandt theater, Amsterdam

Magician & Escape Artist Harry Houdini
Magician & Escape Artist
Harry Houdini
  • 1904 Southwest Africa uprising under Samuel Maherero against German garison
  • 1906 1st time Dow Jones closes above 100 (100.26)
  • 1906 Football rules committee legalizes forward pass

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1906 Henry Campbell-Bannerman's cabinet (which included H. H. Asquith, David Lloyd George, and Winston Churchill) embarks on sweeping social reforms after a Liberal landslide in the British general election

British Prime Minister Henry Campbell-Bannerman
British Prime Minister
Henry Campbell-Bannerman
British Prime Minister H. H. Asquith
British Prime Minister
H. H. Asquith
British Prime Minister David Lloyd George
British Prime Minister
David Lloyd George
  • 1907 Britain grants responsible government to former colony of Transvaal
  • 1908 A long-distance radio message is sent from the Eiffel Tower for the first time.
  • 1911 The University of the Philippines College of Law is formally established; three future Philippine presidents are among the first enrollees.
  • 1912 -47°F (-44°C), Washta, Iowa (state record)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1913 After using other pseudonyms over the years, Josef Dzhugashvili signs himself as Stalin ("man of steel") in a letter to the paper, Social Democrat

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • 1915 US House of Representatives rejects proposal to give women right to vote
  • 1916 Britain proclaims Gilbert & Ellice Islands as a colony in Pacific
  • 1916 Max Immelmann and Oswald Boelcke receive the Pour le Merite, the German Empire's highest military award, for achieving eight aerial victories each over Allied aircrafts
  • 1918 Finland's "Mosaic Confessors" law went into effect, making Finnish Jews full citizens.
  • 1924 History of Science Society organized at Boston
  • 1925 John Howard Lawson's "Processional" premieres in NYC
  • 1928 Philip Barry & Elmer Rice's "Cock Robin" premieres in NYC
  • 1929 Seatrain (RR cars on ships) service begins, New Orleans-Havana
  • 1932 Hattie W Caraway elected 1st woman senator (D-Ark)
  • 1932 Philip Barry's "Animal Kingdom" premieres in NYC
  • 1933 US Congress recognize independence Philippines
  • 1933 Uprising of Guardia Civil in Spain, 25 dies
  • 1937 Plough for laying submarine cable patented
  • 1940 World War II: Soviets bombs cities in Finland.
  • 1942 British troops reconquer Sollum
  • 1942 Dutch troops on Tarakan surrender
  • 1942 National War Labor Board created
  • 1943 Frankfurters replaced by Victory Sausages (mix of meat & soy meal)
  • 1944 Churchill & de Gaulle begin a 2-day wartime conference in Marrakesh
  • 1944 Failed resistance raid on distribution office of Borgerstraat, Amsterdam
  • 1945 German forces in Belgium retreat in Battle of Bulge
  • 1945 US Task Force 38 destroys 41 Jap ships in Battle of South China Sea
  • 1945 The Soviets begin a large offensive against the Nazis in Eastern Europe
  • 1946 Edouardo de Filippo's "Questi Fantasmi!" premieres in Rome
  • 1948 1st Supermarket in UK opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1948 Mahatma Gandhi begins his final fast

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1948 US Supreme Court decision (Sipuel v Oklahoma State Board of Regents)
  • 1949 Dutch court affirms death sentence against SS chief Hanns Rauter
  • 1950 Swedish tanker rams British submarine Truculent in Thames, 64 die
  • 1950 USSR re-introduces death penalty for treason, espionage & sabotage
  • 1952 University of Tennessee admits it's 1st black student
  • 1953 9 "Jewish" physicians arrested for "terrorist activities" in Moscow
  • 1954 Austria's worst avalanche-kills 200; 9hrs later 2nd one-kills 115

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 Queen Elizabeth II opens New Zealand parliament

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
  • 1956 FBi arrests 6 members of the Great Brink's robbery gang, 6 days before statute of limitations runs out
  • 1957 Southern Christian Leadership Council (SCLC) founded
  • 1959 Rediscovery of the Caves of Nerja in Spain
  • 1960 Sobers & Worrell complete 399 stand for 4th wkt v England
  • 1961 UN genocide pact goes into effect
  • 1962 Operation Chopper begins, America's first combat mission in the Vietnam War
  • 1963 Spin bowler Bobby Simpson takes 5-57 for Australia v England
  • 1964 Revolution overthrows Sultan of Zanzibar, 1 month after independence
  • 1965 At 10:58 am PST burn up a nuclear rocket in Nevada
  • 1966 12 day NYC transit strike ends

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1966 LBJ says US should stay in South Vietnam until communist aggression ends

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
  • 1966 3 British Members of Parliament are attacked in a hotel in Salisbury, Rhodesia (now Harare, Zimbabwe)
  • 1967 Dr. James Bedford becomes the first person to be cryonically preserved with intent of future resuscitation.
  • 1970 Nigerian civil war ends, Biafra surrenders to Nigeria
  • 1971 Congressional Black Caucus organizes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1971 US Federal grand jury indicts Rev Philip Berrigan & 5 others, including a nun & 2 priests, on charges of plotting to kidnap Henry Kissinger

Politician, statesman Henry Kissinger
Politician, statesman
Henry Kissinger
  • 1971 Negotiations over price of petroleum begin in Tehran between 6 OPEC Persian Gulf states and 22 oil companies
  • 1971 2 bombs explode at UK Employment Secretary Robert Carr's home
  • 1972 Tigers sign a lease to build a $126M domed stadium (doesn't happen)
  • 1974 Libya & Tunisia announces they are merging as "Islamic Arab Republic"
  • 1975 Chrysler Corp offers 1st car rebates
  • 1976 UN Security Council votes 11-1 to seat Palestine Liberation Organisation
  • 1979 LA's Hillside Strangler, Kenneth Bianchi, arrested in Bellingham
  • 1979 Record blizzard struck midwest killing over 100
  • 1981 -35°F (-37°C), Chester, Massachusetts (state record)
  • 1983 Brooks Robinson & Juan Marichal elected to Hall of Fame
  • 1986 24th space shuttle (61-C) mission-Columbia 7-launched
  • 1986 Chic Blackhawk Denis Savard scores at 4 seconds of 3rd period

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1987 Britain's Prince Edward resigns from his Royal Marines training

Earl of Wessex Prince Edward
Earl of Wessex
Prince Edward
  • 1989 6 claim to survive in rubble, 35 days after Armenian quake (hoax)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1989 Ex-dictator of Uganda Idi Amin expelled from Zaire

Ugandan Dictator Idi Amin
Ugandan Dictator
Idi Amin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990 Civil Rights activist Rev Al Sharpton is stabbed in Bensonhurst Bkln

Minister and Civil Rights Activist Al Sharpton
Minister and Civil Rights Activist
Al Sharpton
  • 1990 Romania bans Communist party (1st Warsaw Pact member to do so)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1991 US Congress gives George H. W. Bush authority to wage war against Iraq

41st US President George H. W. Bush
41st US President
George H. W. Bush
  • 1992 Last building in Gateway area in Cleveland is demolished
  • 1992 US male Figure Skating championship won by Christopher Bowman
  • 1992 Algeria's general elections canceled after strong gains by Islamic Salvation Front in the 1st round
  • 1992 A new constitution, providing for freedom to form political parties, is approved by a referendum in Mali.

MurderMurder of Interest

1994 Malcolm X's daughter arrested for plotting Louis Farrakham's murder

African American Activist Malcolm X
African American Activist
Malcolm X
  • 1995 Major earthquake kills 5,092 in Kobe Japan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1995 Pope John Paul II begins visit to SE Asia

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1996 Russian troops arrived in Bosnia (joint operation with US)
  • 1997 HAL became operational (2001: A Space Odyssey)
  • 1997 Space Shuttle STS 81 (Atlantis 18), launches into space
  • 1998 Nineteen European nations agree to forbid human cloning.
  • 2001 Downtown Disney opens to the public in Anaheim
  • 2004 The world's largest ocean liner, RMS Queen Mary 2, makes its maiden voyage.
  • 2005 Deep Impact (space mission) launches from Cape Canaveral on a Delta 2 rocket.
  • 2006 A stampede during the Stoning the Devil ritual on the last day at the Hajj in Mina, Saudi Arabia, kills at least 362 Muslim pilgrims.
  • 2006 Turkey releases Mehmet Ali Ağca from jail after he served 25 years for shooting Pope John Paul II.
  • 2006 The French warship Clemenceau reaches Egypt and is barred access to the Suez Canal. Greenpeace activists board the ship.
  • 2006 The foreign ministers of the United Kingdom, France, and Germany declare that negotiations with Iran over its nuclear program have reached a dead end and recommend that Iran be referred to the United Nations Security Council.
  • 2007 Comet McNaught reaches perihelion becoming the brightest comet in more than 40 years.
  • 2010 Earthquake occurs in Haiti killing 230,000 and destroying the majority of the capital Port-au-Prince
  • 2010 Colombia officially leaves the recession after achieving 2% economic growth in the last quarter of 2009
  • 2013 A failed attempt to rescue a French hostage in Bulo Marer, Somalia, results in 18 deaths
  • 2013 Beijing’s level of air pollution is declared to be at levels that are hazardous to human health
  • 2014 Stephen Bunting and Lisa Ashton win the 2014 BDO World Darts Championship

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2017 US President Barack Obama in surprise presentation awards Vice President Joe Biden with the Presidential Medal of Freedom

47th Vice President of the United States Joe Biden
47th Vice President of the United States
Joe Biden
44th US President Barack Obama
44th US President
Barack Obama