Events in History on January 15

  • 588 BC Nebuchadrezzar II of Babylon lays siege to Jerusalem under Zedekiah's reign. The siege lasts until July 23, 586 BC.
  • 69 Otho seizes power in Rome, proclaiming himself Emperor, only rules for three months before committing suicide
  • 708 Sisinnius begins his reign as Pope (dies 20 days later)
  • 946 Caliph al-Mustaqfi blinded and ousted
  • 1346 Emperor Louis IV of Bavaria gives his wife Margaretha, Holland and Zealand

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1535 Henry VIII declares himself head of the Church in England

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII

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1541 King Francis I of France commissions Jean-Francois Roberval to settle the province of New France

  • 1552 France signs secret treaty with German Protestants

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1559 Elizabeth I crowned Queen of England in Westminster Abbey

Queen of England and Ireland Elizabeth I
Queen of England and Ireland
Elizabeth I
  • 1562 3rd sitting of Council of Trente opens
  • 1582 Russia cedes Livonia & Estonia to Poland, loses access to Baltic
  • 1586 Battle at Boxum: Spanish troops under Tassis beat state army
  • 1752 Tobias Smollett publishes pamphlet accusing Henry Fielding of plagiarism
  • 1754 Riot at burial of Orangist leader Daniel Raap in Amsterdam
  • 1759 British Museum opens in Montague House, London
  • 1762 Fraunces Tavern opens in NYC
  • 1777 People of New Connecticut (Vermont) declare independence from England
  • 1780 American Continental Congress establishes court of appeals
  • 1782 Robert Morris, Superintendent of Finance, recommends to U.S. Congress establishment of decimal coinage and a national mint
  • 1797 1st top hat worn by John Etherington of London
  • 1815 War of 1812: the USS President, an American frigate, is captured by four British frigates
  • 1822 Greek War of Independence: Demetrius Ypsilanti is elected president of the legislative assembly.
  • 1831 1st US-built locomotive to pull a passenger train makes 1st run
  • 1831 1st US railroad honeymoon trip, Mr & Mrs Pierson, Charleston, South Carolina
  • 1833 HMS Beagle anchors at Goeree Tierra del Fuego
  • 1844 University of Notre Dame receives its charter in Indiana
  • 1847 1st Swedish magazine in US, Skandinavia, published in NYC
  • 1851 General Mariano Arista replaces Mexican President José Joaquín de Herrera
  • 1857 1st first-class game in Sydney, NSW v Vic at The Domain

1stHistoric Invention

1861 Steam elevator patented by Elisha Otis

Inventor and Elevator Industrialist Elisha Otis
Inventor and Elevator Industrialist
Elisha Otis
  • 1863 1st US newspaper printed on wood-pulp paper, Boston Morning Journal
  • 1865 Ft Fisher, NC, falls to Union troops
  • 1870 Donkey first used as symbol of Democratic Party, in Harper's Weekly
  • 1876 "Die Afrikaanse Patriot", the first newspaper in Afrikaans, is published in Paarl
  • 1877 US Assay Office in Helena, Montana opens
  • 1882 1st US ski club forms (Berlin NH)
  • 1886 Weekly Herald, 1st newspaper in Vancouver, BC, publishes 1st issue
  • 1895 Albert Trott takes 8-43 on Test debut, then a record
  • 1895 French fleet reaches Majunga, Madagascar
  • 1896 Henry Arthur Jones' "Michael & his Lost Angel" premieres in London

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1902 Abdulaziz Ibn Saud leads 40 men over the walls of Riyadh and takes the city, marking the beginning of the Third Saudi State

Founder of Saudi Arabia Ibn Saud
Founder of Saudi Arabia
Ibn Saud
  • 1907 3-element vacuum tube patented by Dr Lee De Forest
  • 1907 Gold dental inlays first described by William Taggart, who invented them
  • 1908 C Hill & R J Hartigan make 8th wkt partnership 243 for Australia
  • 1908 Alpha Kappa Alpha sorority: first Greek-letter organization established by African American college for women
  • 1910 Constructions ends on the Buffalo Bill Dam in Wyoming
  • 1915 Japan claims economic control of China
  • 1919 Great Molasses Flood; 2 million gallons of molasses flood Boston Massachusetts, drowning 21, injuring 150
  • 1919 Frank Wedekind's "Die letzten Tage der Menschheit" premieres
  • 1919 Semana Tragica (Tragic Week): Bloodbath in Buenos Aires
  • 1919 W Collison & O Harbach's "Up in Mabel's Room" premieres in NYC

  • 1919 Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht, two of the most prominent socialists in Germany, are tortured and murdered by the Freikorps
  • 1922 Arthur Griffith is elected president of the Irish Free State after Eamon de Valera resigns in opposition to the Anglo-Irish Treaty (De Valera will lead a military opposition seeking a unified and independent Ireland)
  • 1924 3rd Dutch government Ruijs de Beerenbrouck forms
  • 1925 Hans Luther forms German government, with DNVP
  • 1927 The Tennessee Supreme Court overturns (on a technicality) John T Scopes' guilty verdict for teaching evolution — but the law itself remains in force
  • 1930 George Headley scores century on debut v England (made 176)
  • 1934 8.4 earthquake in India/Nepal, 10,700 die
  • 1934 While robbing the First National Bank in East Chicago, Indianapolis, Dillinger is shot several times by officer William O'Malley, but survives because he is wearing a bullet proof vest.
  • 1935 300 Dutch ice cream salesmen protest against Italian competition
  • 1935 Clifford Odets' "Waiting for Lefty" premieres in NYC
  • 1936 1st all-glass windowless structure in US completed, Toledo, Ohio
  • 1936 Non-profit Ford Foundation incorporates
  • 1937 Spanish Civil War: Second Battle of the Corunna Road ends after both forces withdraw
  • 1939 Municipal Railway & Market St RR begin service to Transbay Terminal
  • 1940 German U-Boot torpedoes Dutch merchant ship Arendskerk (Eagle's Church)
  • 1943 1st transport of Jews from Amsterdam to concentration camp Vught
  • 1943 World's largest office building, the Pentagon is completed
  • 1943 1,000 workers complete air conditioning system for Pentagon
  • 1943 World War II: The Soviets begin a counter-offensive at Voronezh
  • 1944 European Advisory Commission decides to divide Germany

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1944 General Eisenhower arrives in England

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1944 Vught Concentration Camp puts 74 women in 1 cell, 10 die
  • 1945 Every Amsterdammer gets 3 kg of sugar beets
  • 1945 Red Army frees Crakow-Plaszow concentration camp
  • 1945 The Manhattan Project's G-5 Group, headed by Physicist's Donald Kerst and Seth Neddermeyer, take their first betatron pictures of a nuclear implosion at the Los Alamos Laboratory

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1947 The brutalized corpse of Elizabeth Short ("The Black Dahlia") found in Leimert Park, Los Angeles, California

Murder victim Elizabeth Short
Murder victim
Elizabeth Short
  • 1949 Mao's Red army conquers Ten-tsin
  • 1950 4,000 attend National Emergency Civil Rights Conference in Washington, D.C.
  • 1951 "Cloud of Death" rolls down Mount Lamington, New Guinea kills 3-5,000
  • 1951 Supreme Court rule "clear & present danger" of incitement to riot is not protected speech & can be a cause for arrest
  • 1951 Ilse Koch, also known as "The Witch of Buchenwald", is sentenced to life imprisonment by a West German court
  • 1953 16 car Federal Express train loses brakes & crashes in Washington, D.C. station
  • 1953 GDR Min of Foreign affairs Georg Dertingen arrested for "espionage"
  • 1953 East Germany purges senior officials, accused of spying for 'imperialistic powers' and plotting against the state
  • 1955 1st official act of Princess Beatrice, launches tanker Vasum
  • 1955 Dmitri Shostakovitch's "From Jewish Folk Poetry" premieres in Leningrad
  • 1955 USSR ends state of war with German Federal Republic
  • 1956 Dmitri Shostakovitch appointed honorary member of Academia Santa Cecilia
  • 1961 Supremes signed with Motown Records
  • 1962 Dutch & Indonesian navy encounter in Etna Bay New Guinea
  • 1964 Teamsters negotiate 1st national labor contract
  • 1965 Rock group Who releases first album "I Can't Explain"
  • 1965 Washtenaw Community College in Ann Arbor, Michigan, forms
  • 1965 Soviet underground nuclear test creates the atomic lake Chagan, Kazakhstan
  • 1966 The First Nigerian Republic is overthrown in a military coup d'etat
  • 1966 Kaduna Nzeogwu and Emmanuel Ifeajuna lead a coup d'état in Nigeria, the Prime Minister of Nigeria and other senior political and military figures are killed
  • 1969 Nuclear test at Pacific Ocean
  • 1969 Soyuz 5 launched by Soviet Union
  • 1969 Prime Minister of Northern Ireland Terence O'Neill announces that an official inquiry will analyse the 'troubles' in Northern Ireland
  • 1970 Republic of Biafra disbands and joins Nigeria
  • 1970 Riots break out in the Ardoyne area of Belfast

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1970 Muammar Gaddafi is proclaimed premier of Libya

Libyan Revolutionary and Authoritarian Leader Muammar Gaddafi
Libyan Revolutionary and Authoritarian Leader
Muammar Gaddafi
  • 1970 Nigerian Civil War, or Biafran War, ends in a Nigerian victory with the state of Biafra rejoining Nigeria
  • 1971 Aswan Dam official opens in Egypt
  • 1973 4 Watergate burglars plead guilty in federal court
  • 1973 Gene Shalit joins Today Show panel
  • 1973 Pope Paul VI holds an audience with Golda Meir at the Vatican

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1973 US President Richard Nixon suspends all US offensive action in N Vietnam

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1974 Expert panel reports 18½ minute gap in Watergate tape, 5 separate erasures
  • 1975 Portugal signs accord for Angola's independence
  • 1975 Space Mountain opens at Disneyland

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1976 Sara Jane Moore sentenced to life for attempting to shoot US President Gerald Ford

38th US President Gerald Ford
38th US President
Gerald Ford
  • 1976 US-German Helios B solar probe launched into solar orbit
  • 1976 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1977 Festac '77, the Second World Black and African Festival of Arts and Culture, begins in Lagos, Nigeria
  • 1978 Theodore Bundy kills Fla State U coeds Lisa Levy & Margaret Bowman
  • 1980 Pam Gems' "Piaf!" premieres in London

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1981 Pope John Paul II receives Lech Wałęsa and Solidarity delegation at the Vatican

Polish Politician and Labor Activist Lech Wałęsa
Polish Politician and Labor Activist
Lech Wałęsa
264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1982 "Forbidden Broadway" by/with Gerard Alessandrini premieres in NYC
  • 1982 Mark Thatcher, son of UK prime minister Magaret Thatcher, makes his way home after 6 days missing in the Sahara
  • 1983 Dutch political party DS'70 disbands
  • 1983 Javed Miandad & Mudassar Nazar make 451 stand v India
  • 1983 Thom Syles keeps a life saver intact in his mouth for over 7 hours
  • 1984 Schonbrun skates world record 5 km (7:39.44)
  • 1984 Tony Benn, described as a “leftwing rebel” wins Labour's nomination for the by-election in Chesterfield, UK
  • 1985 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to John Ashbery & Fred Chapell
  • 1985 Mike Gatting & Graeme Fowler both scores 200 v India
  • 1985 Tancredo Neves becomes 1st elected President of Brazil in 21 years, bur dies before taking office
  • 1986 Living Seas opens (Disneyland)
  • 1987 Police officer who mistakenly shot and paralysed an innocent woman in Brixton, UK, is cleared of all criminal charges
  • 1988 Jimmy "The Greek" Snyder makes racist remarks about black athletes
  • 1988 Kiran More stumps five WI batsman at Madras, world Test record
  • 1988 Narendra Hirwani takes 16-136 (8-61 & 8-75) v WI on Test debut
  • 1989 Cerberal Palsy telethon raises 22,600,000
  • 1990 AT&T experiences long distance problems due to a computer glitch
  • 1991 UN's deadline for Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait (they don't)

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1991 Elizabeth II signs letters patent that allows Australia to institute its own Victoria Cross, the first Commonwealth realm to do so

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
  • 1992 Bulgaria recognizes Macedonia
  • 1992 Cleaning woman finds intimate photos of Sarah Ferguson with US man
  • 1992 Supreme Court rules 5-3 that Joseph Doherty isn't entitled to asylum
  • 1993 7.5 earthquake strikes northern Japan, 2 die
  • 1993 Top mafia leader Salvatore "Toto" Riina arrested in Palermo
  • 1994 15th ACE Cable Awards: Michael Fuchs wins the Golden CableACE for outstanding achievements in advancing the development of cable programming
  • 1994 Hague motorist with .51% alcohol in blood, breaks Dutch record (.47%)
  • 1994 Queen Elizabeth falls off her horse & breaks her left wrist
  • 1995 Southern Alabama begins using new area code 334
  • 1995 Western Washington begins using new area code 360
  • 1997 Space Shuttle Atlantis docks with Mir Space Station

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1997 Diana, Princess of Wales, calls for an international ban on landmines, angering ministers in the UK

Princess of Wales Diana Spencer
Princess of Wales
Diana Spencer

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1998 NASA announces John Glenn, 76, may fly in space again

Astronaut and Politician John Glenn
Astronaut and Politician
John Glenn
  • 1999 The Racak incident: 45 Albanians in the Kosovo village of Racak are killed by Yugoslav security forces
  • 2001 Wikipedia a free Wiki content encyclopedia is launched by Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger
  • 2005 ESA's SMART-1 lunar orbiter discovers elements such as calcium, aluminum, silicon, iron, and other surface elements on the moon.
  • 2005 An intense solar flare blasts X-rays across the solar system.
  • 2007 Barzan Ibrahim al-Tikriti, former Iraqi intelligence chief and half-brother of Saddam Hussein, and Awad Hamed al-Bandar, former chief judge of the Revolutionary Court, are executed by hanging in Iraq.

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2007 Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie’s novel about the Biafran War, "Half of a Yellow Sun", is published

  • 2009 Chesley Sullenberger lands US Airways Flight 1549 on the Hudson River shortly after takeoff from LaGuardia Airport in NYC. All passengers and crew members survive in what becomes known as the "Miracle on the Hudson"
  • 2011 Wikipedia the free internet encyclopedia turns 10 years old
  • 2013 83 people are killed and 150 are injured in a rocket attack on Aleppo University, Syria
  • 2013 19 Egyptian Army recruits are killed and 120 are injured in a train accident in Giza
  • 2016 American Museum of Natural History in Manhattan unveils newest exhibit replica skeleton of a Titanosaur dinosaur (found 2010 Argentina), largest known dinosaur at 70 tons, 37m
  • 2016 Islamist militants attack a hotel in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso killing 28, injuring 56