Events in History on January 16

Event of interestEvent of Interest

27 BC The title Augustus is bestowed upon Gaius Julius Caesar Octavian by the Roman Senate.

Roman Emperor Augustus Caesar
Roman Emperor
Augustus Caesar
  • 550 Gothic War (535-552): The Ostrogoths, under King Totila, conquer Rome after a long siege, by bribing the Isaurian garrison.
  • 929 Caliphate of Cordoba is established by Emir Abd-ar-Rahman III
  • 1120 The Council of Nablus is held, establishing the earliest surviving written laws of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem.
  • 1219 Floods in Northern Netherlands after storm, thousands killed
  • 1362 A great storm tide in the North Sea destroys the German island of Strand and the city of Rungholt.
  • 1412 The Medici family is appointed official banker of the Papacy.
  • 1492 The first grammar of a modern language, Spanish, is presented to Queen Isabella.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1493 Columbus leaves the new world and sets sail for Spain on his 1st trip

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus
  • 1531 English Reformation parliament's 2nd sitting
  • 1547 Ivan IV the Terrible (17) crowns himself 1st tsar of Moscow

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1556 Emperor Karel appoints his son Philip II, king of Spain

King of Spain Philip II
King of Spain
Philip II
  • 1572 Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk is tried for treason for his part in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism in England.
  • 1581 English parliament passes laws against Catholicism
  • 1605 The first edition of Book One of "Don Quixote" is published in Spain
  • 1707 The Act of Union is ratified by the Scottish Parliament
  • 1756 Britain & Prussia sign Treaty of Westminster
  • 1761 The British capture Pondicherry, India, from the French.
  • 1765 Charles Messier catalogs M41 (galactic cluster in Canis Major)
  • 1776 Continental Congress approves enlistment of free blacks
  • 1777 Vermont declares independence from NY
  • 1780 Battle at Cape St Vincent: admiral Rodney beats Spanish fleet
  • 1793 French King Louis XVI sentenced to death by the National Convention during the French Revolution
  • 1795 French army under Pichegru occupies Utrecht, Netherlands
  • 1809 Peninsular War: The British defeat the French at the Battle of Corunna
  • 1819 Godert Alexander Gerard Philip, Baron van der Capellen, becomes governor-general of Dutch East Indies

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1832 Charles Darwin lands at San Tiago, Cape Verde

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
  • 1847 John C. Fremont is appointed Governor of the new California Territory.
  • 1862 Hartley Colliery disaster results in 204 deaths
  • 1863 -Aug 23rd) Cruise of CSS Florida
  • 1864 Heavy fighting takes place near Dandridge, Tennessee
  • 1865 Drunken sailor attacks munitions at Ft Fisher NC, 40 die
  • 1865 Gen Wm Sherman issues Field Order #15 (land for blacks)
  • 1865 SF Dramatic Chronicle started
  • 1868 Refrigerator car patented by William Davis, a fish dealer in Detroit
  • 1870 Virginia becomes 8th state readmitted to US after Civil War
  • 1871 Jefferson Long of Georgia sworn in as 2nd black congressman
  • 1877 Color organ (for light shows) patented, by Bainbridge Bishop
  • 1878 Captain Burago with a squadron of Russian Imperial army dragoons liberates Plovdiv from Ottoman rule.
  • 1879 January record 13" of snow falls in NYC (broken Jan 7, 1996)
  • 1883 Pendleton Act creates basis of US Civil Service system
  • 1887 Cliff House damaged when powder cargo of schooner "Parallel" explodes
  • 1889 128°F (53°C), Cloncurry, Queensland (Australian record)
  • 1896 Defeat of Cymru Fydd at South Wales Liberal Federation AGM, Newport, Monmouthshire.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1897 John Dewey's essay "My Pedagogic Creed" appears in School Journal

Philosopher, Psychologist, Writer John Dewey
Philosopher, Psychologist, Writer
John Dewey
  • 1900 The United States Senate accepts the Anglo-German treaty of 1899 in which the United Kingdom renounces its claims to the Samoan islands.
  • 1900 The US gains control over Tutuila in Samoa and several smaller Pacific islands
  • 1906 -Apr 13] Conference of Algeciras (about Morocco)
  • 1908 Pinnacles National Monument, California established
  • 1909 British explorers David, Mawson & Mackay reach south magnetic pole as part of the Nimrod Expedition
  • 1911 Pandora becomes 1st 2-man sailboat to round Cape Horn west to east
  • 1913 British House of Commons accepts Home Rule for Ireland (but the Great War gets in the way of it happening)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914 Writer Maxim Gorky returns to Russia

Playwright & Author Maxim Gorky
Playwright & Author
Maxim Gorky
  • 1915 Congress authorizes $1 & $50 Panama-Pacific Intl Expo gold coin
  • 1917 The Greek Government accepts reparations for Allied losses sustained in recent actions in Greece
  • 1918 Austria and Germany are disrupted by strikes as people express impatience with leaders continuing the war
  • 1919 Prohibition ratified by 3/4 of US states; Nebraska is 36th
  • 1920 1st assembly of the League of Nations (Paris)
  • 1920 Georgia declares independence
  • 1920 Zeta Phi Beta Sorority Incorporated is founded at Howard University
  • 1921 Eleftherios Venizelos becomes Prime Minister of Greece (4th time)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1924 British Government of Stanley Baldwin resigns

British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin
British Prime Minister
Stanley Baldwin
  • 1925 Gen M Froense replaces Trotsky as People's Commissioner of Defense

ReplacementLeadership Contest

1925 In the aftermath of Lenin's death, Stalin and Trotsky battle for leadership; today, Trotsky resigns as chairman of the Russian Revolutionary Military Council

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • 1933 Bert Oldfield flattened by Larwood delivery in Adelaide Test
  • 1936 1st photo finish camera installed at Hialeah Race track in Hialeah Fla
  • 1936 Spanish socialists/communists/anarchists form Unidad Popular
  • 1939 The IRA begins a bombing campaign in England
  • 1941 US vice admiral Bellinger warns of an assault on Pearl Harbor
  • 1941 War Dept forms first Army Air Corps squadron for black cadets
  • 1942 William Knudsen becomes 1st civilian appointed a general in US army
  • 1943 -60°F (-51°C), Island Park Dam, Idaho (state record)
  • 1943 1st US air raid on Ambon
  • 1943 German 2nd SS-Panzer division evacuates Charkow
  • 1943 Red Army recaptures Pitomnik airport at Stalingrad

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 Gen Eisenhower took command of Allied Invasion Force in London

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1945 Scottish 52nd land division/1st Commando brigade-assault at Heinsberg
  • 1945 US 1st & 3rd army meet at Houffalise

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 Adolf Hitler moves into the Fuhrerbunker, his underground bunker

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1947 Vincent Aurial elected president of France
  • 1948 35 Haganah members are ambushed & killed in Gush Etzyon
  • 1950 Belgium, Luxembourg & Netherlands recognize Israel
  • 1951 Viet Minh offensive against Hanoi
  • 1951 World's largest gas pipeline opens (Brownsville Tx, to 134th St, NYC)
  • 1952 New Dutch bible translation finished
  • 1953 Egyptian Premier Gen Naguib disbands all political parties
  • 1956 Egyptian pres Nasser pledges to reconquer Palestine
  • 1957 3 B-52s leave California for 1st non-stop round world flights
  • 1958 William Gibson's "Two for the Seesaw" premieres in NYC
  • 1961 Russian espionage ring detected in Great Britain
  • 1962 Shooting begins on "Dr No"
  • 1962 Suit accuses NYC Board of Education uses "racial quotas"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 Khrushchev claims to have a 100-megaton nuclear bomb

Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Nikita Khrushchev
Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Nikita Khrushchev

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 Tennessee Williams' "Milk Train Doesn't Stop Here Anymore" premieres

Playwright Tennessee Williams
Tennessee Williams
  • 1964 AL owners vote 9-1 against Charlie Finley moving KC A's to Louisville
  • 1965 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1966 Harold R Perry becomes 2nd black Roman Catholic bishop in US
  • 1967 1st black government installed in Bahamas
  • 1967 Lucius Amerson, becomes 1st southern (Ala) black sheriff in 20th cent
  • 1968 Jay Allen's "Prime of Miss Jean Brodie" premieres in NYC
  • 1968 The Youth International Party is founded.
  • 1969 Soviet Soyuz 4 & Soyuz 5 perform 1st transfer of crew in space
  • 1970 AAU player Steve Myers makes a basketball field goal of 92'3½" from out of bounds, Tacoma-it shouldn't have counted, but was allowed
  • 1970 Buckminster Fuller receives the Gold Medal award from the American Institute of Architects

BattleCoup d'état

1970 4 months after leading a coup against monarchy, Muammar Gaddafi takes over rule of Libya

Libyan Leader Muammar Gaddafi
Libyan Leader
Muammar Gaddafi
  • 1971 Ard Schenk skates world record 1500m (1:58.7)
  • 1973 USSR's Lunakhod 2 begins radio-controlled exploration of Moon

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1974 "Jaws" by Peter Benchley is published by Doubleday

Jaws Novelist Peter Benchley
Jaws Novelist
Peter Benchley
  • 1974 L A Landslide kills 9, Canyonville, Oregon
  • 1976 Peter Frampton released platinum live album "Frampton Comes Alive"
  • 1978 Soyuz 27 returns to Earth

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1979 Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi flees Iran for Egypt during the Iranian Revolution

Last Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Last Shah of Iran
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
  • 1979 Bakhtiar government established by the Shah in Iran will preside until unrest in the country subsides
  • 1981 John Lennon releases "Woman" in UK
  • 1981 Protestant gunmen shoot & wound Bernadette Devlin McAliskey & husband
  • 1985 "Playboy" announces end of stapling centerfolds
  • 1986 Police arrested 3 IRA-terrorists in Amsterdam
  • 1986 First meeting of the Internet Engineering Task Force.
  • 1989 Police arrest writer Vaclav Havel in Prague
  • 1989 USSR announces plan for 2-yr manned mission to Mars
  • 1990 2 Bank of Credit & Commerce members plea guilty to money laundering
  • 1991 US & 27 allies attack Iraq for occupying Kuwait (US time)
  • 1992 Chapultepec Peace Accords are signed in Mexico City which ends the 12-year Salvadoran Civil War
  • 1994 Scott skates world record 1000m (1:12.54)
  • 1995 UPN (Universal-Parmount Network) begins telecasting (WWOR in NYC)
  • 1997 Anthony Stuart takes ODI hat-trick, Aus v Pakistan, MCG
  • 2001 Congolese President Laurent-Désiré Kabila is assassinated by one of his own bodyguards.
  • 2001 US President Bill Clinton awards former President Theodore Roosevelt a posthumous Medal of Honor for his service in the Spanish-American War.
  • 2001 A fuel supply tanker runs aground off the island of San Cristobal, causing a 'ecological disaster'

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2002 The UN Security Council unanimously establishes an arms embargo and the freezing of assets of Osama bin Laden, Al-Qaida, and the remaining members of the Taliban.

Islamic Militant & Terrorist Osama bin Laden
Islamic Militant & Terrorist
Osama bin Laden
  • 2003 The Space Shuttle Columbia takes off for mission STS-107 which would be its final one. Columbia disintegrated 16 days later on re-entry.
  • 2005 At 66 years old, Romanian university lecturer Adriana Illiescu becomes the oldest birth mother in the world

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

2006 Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf is sworn in as Liberia's new president. She becomes Africa's first female elected head of state.

Africa's First Elected Female Head of State Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf
Africa's First Elected Female Head of State
Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2011 French politician Marine Le Pen becomes the leader of the National Front Party

President of the National Front Party Marine Le Pen
President of the National Front Party
Marine Le Pen
  • 2013 24 people die after three car bombs exploded in Idlib Governorate, Syria
  • 2013 A four day occupation of an Algerian BP facility by Amenas militants begins, killing 48 hostages
  • 2013 25 people are killed after an apartment block collapses in Alexandria, Egypt
  • 2016 First ever flower grown in space - a zinnia aboard the International Space Station using NASA Veggie system