Events in History on January 2

  • 69 Roman Lower Rhine army proclaims its commander, Vitellius, emperor
  • 366 The Alamanni cross the frozen Rhine River in large numbers, invading the Roman Empire.
  • 533 John II begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1235 Emperor Joseph II orders Jews of Galicia Austria to adopt family names
  • 1492 Muhammad XII. (Boabdil) last Nasird ruler of Moorish fortress Alhambra surrenders to the Catholic Monarchs

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1570 Tsar Ivan the Terrible's march to Novgorod begins

Russian Tsar Ivan the Terrible
Russian Tsar
Ivan the Terrible
  • 1585 Spain & Catholic France sign Saint League of Joinville
  • 1602 Spanish force in Ireland surrender to the English army at Kinsdale
  • 1678 Staatsoper Hamburg opens with Theiles "Adam und Eva"
  • 1757 British troops occupy Calcutta India
  • 1776 1st revolutionary flag displayed
  • 1776 Austria ends interregation torture

AgreementConstitution of the United States

1788 Georgia is 4th state to ratify US constitution

  • 1791 Big Bottom massacre in the Ohio Country, marking the beginning of the Northwest Indian War.
  • 1800 Free African American community of Philadelphia petitions US Congress to abolish the slave trade
  • 1811 US Sen Thomas Pickering is 1st senator censured (revealed confidential documents communicated by the president of the US)
  • 1814 Lord Byron completes "The Corsair"
  • 1818 Lord Byron completes "Childe Harold's Pilgrimage" (4th canto)
  • 1818 The British Institution of Civil Engineers is founded.
  • 1831 Liberator, abolitionist newspaper, begins publishing in Boston
  • 1832 1st Curling club in US (Orchard Lake Curling Club) opens
  • 1833 Re-establishment of British rule on the Falklands.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1839 1st photo of the Moon (French photographer Louis Daguerre)

Photographer and Inventor Louis-Jacques Daguerre
Photographer and Inventor
Louis-Jacques Daguerre
  • 1842 1st US wire suspension bridge for general traffic opens in Penn
  • 1861 SC seizes inactive Ft Johnson in Charleston Harbor
  • 1861 Colonel Charles Stone is put in charge of organizing DC militia
  • 1863 Battle of Murfreesboro (Stone's River) ends
  • 1871 King Amadeus I of Spain inaugurated at 25
  • 1879 British battleship Thunder explodes in Gulf of Ismid, 9 die
  • 1879 Dr Benjamin E Mays, named president of Atlanta Board of Education
  • 1881 Camille Saint-Saëns' 3rd Concerto in B, premieres
  • 1882 Because of anti-monopoly laws, Standard Oil is organized as a trust
  • 1883 Battle of Boschberg takes place in South Africa as part of the Mapoch War
  • 1885 General Wolseley receives last distress signal of General Gordon in Khartoum
  • 1890 Alice Sanger becomes 1st female White House staffer
  • 1890 Record 19'2" alligator shot in Louisiana by E A McIlhenny
  • 1893 1st US commemoratives & 1st US stamp to picture a woman issued (Queen Isabella, patron of Columbus)
  • 1893 World's Columbian Exposition opens in Chicago [or 0501]
  • 1896 Battle at Doornkop, South Africa (Boers beat Dr Jamesons troops)
  • 1900 E Verlinger begins manufacturing 7" single-sided records (Montreal)
  • 1900 John Hay announces the Open Door Policy to promote trade with China.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1903 US President Theodore Roosevelt shuts down post office in Indianola Miss, for refusing to accept its appointed postmistress because she was black

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1905 Elara, a satellite of Jupiter, discovered by Charles Dillon Perrine in San Jose, California
  • 1905 Japanese troops capture Port Arthur from Russia, a blow to national morale and causing further discontent within Russia
  • 1905 The American anarcho-syndicalist union known as the Industrial Workers of the World forms.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1906 Willis Carrier recieves a US patent for the world's first air conditioner

Engineer Willis Carrier
Willis Carrier
  • 1908 Canadian branch of the Royal Mint opens in Ottawa
  • 1909 1st official Dutch 11 city skate (Minne Hoekstra in 13:50)
  • 1910 1st junior high schools in US opens (Berkeley California)
  • 1913 National Woman's Party forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1913 Mahatma Gandhi leaves the Tolstoy Farm in Transvaal, South Africa.

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1914 Philips installs research dept in Eindhoven
  • 1917 Royal Bank of Canada takes over Quebec Bank
  • 1919 Anti-British uprising in Ireland
  • 1919 Lithuania gains independence
  • 1920 Responding to global fear of communism caused by the Russian Revolution, US Attorney General Palmer authorizes raids across the country on unionists and socialists
  • 1921 1st religious service radio broadcast in US, KDKA-Pittsburgh
  • 1921 DeYoung Museum in Golden Gate Park opens
  • 1923 Ku Klux Klan surprise attack on black residential area Rosewood Fla, 8 killed (compensation awarded in 1995)
  • 1925 Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region established (now in Tadzhik SSR)
  • 1929 US & Canada agree to preserve Niagara Falls
  • 1932 Young gang shoot dead 6 police in Springfield Missouri
  • 1933 Bruins beat Rangers in NY 13-3
  • 1933 Ijmuider fishing strike begins (till July 11th)
  • 1933 US troops leave Nicaragua
  • 1934 1st state liquor stores open, in Pennsylvania
  • 1935 Bruno Hauptmann trial begins for kidnap-murder of Charles Lindbergh's baby
  • 1936 1st electron tube to enable night vision described, St Louis, Mo
  • 1938 Book publisher Simon and Schuster founded
  • 1941 World War II: German bombing severely damages the Llandaff Cathedral in Cardiff, Wales.
  • 1941 World War II: The U.S. government announces its Liberty ship program to build freighters in support of the war effort.
  • 1942 WWII: 28 nations at war with Axis powers, pledge no separate peace deals
  • 1942 German troops in Bardia surrender
  • 1942 Japanese troops occupy Manila Philippines
  • 1942 The United States Navy opens a blimp base at Lakehurst, New Jersey.
  • 1944 1st use of helicopters during warfare (British Atlantic patrol)
  • 1945 Allied air raid on Nuremberg
  • 1945 Radio Orange ends cooperation at Liese-Aktion
  • 1947 Mahatma Gandhi begins march for peace in East-Bengali
  • 1949 Luis Muñoz Marín becomes the first democratically elected Governor of Puerto Rico.
  • 1951 Philip Barry's "Second Threshold," premieres in NYC
  • 1954 Herman Wouks "Caine Mutiny," premieres in NYC
  • 1955 Panamanian president Jose Antonio Remon is assassinated.
  • 1956 Poujadists/communists win French parliamentary elections
  • 1958 Dmitri Shostakovitch' 2nd Piano concert, premieres in NY
  • 1959 USSR launches Mechta (Luna 1) for 1st lunar fly-by, 1st solar orbit
  • 1960 1st redshank old world shore bird reported in North America (Halifax)
  • 1960 John Reynolds sets age of solar system at 4,950,000,000 years

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960 Senator John F. Kennedy, announces his candidacy for the US Presidency

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1961 1st AFL Championship Game, Houston Oilers beat LA Chargers 24-16
  • 1961 Hawaii's, then all time low temperature, 14°F recorded atop Haleakale
  • 1964 Failed assassination attempt on president Nkrumah of Ghana
  • 1965 Ayub Khan elected president of Pakistan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1965 Martin Luther King Jr. begins a drive to register black voters

Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • 1965 Obverse design of all Canadian coins is changed to depict present-day
  • 1966 1st Jewish child born in Spain since 1492 expulsion
  • 1968 Christian Barnard performs 2nd heart transplant

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 Cecil Day-Lewis is appointed British Poet Laureate by Queen Elizabeth II

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
  • 1969 Lorraine Hansberry's "To be Young, Gifted & Black," premieres in NYC
  • 1969 Luis Ferré becomes the first statehooder Governor of Puerto Rico.
  • 1969 Operation Barrier Reef begins in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1969 Australian Rupert Murdoch gains control of the 'News of the World'

Media Mogul Rupert Murdoch
Media Mogul
Rupert Murdoch
  • 1970 US population is 293,200,000; Black population: 22,600,000 (11.1%)
  • 1972 Mariner 9 begins mapping Mars
  • 1972 An anti-internment rally is held in Belfast, North Ireland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1974 55 MPH speed limit imposed by Richard Nixon

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1974 Worst fire in Argentine history destroys 1.2 million acres
  • 1975 US Department of Interior designates grizzly bear a threatened species
  • 1979 30th Islander shut-out opponent-Glenn Resch 9-0 vs Vancouver
  • 1979 Gavaskar gets twin tons for India for the third time (v WI)
  • 1980 British Steel workers go on a national strike
  • 1981 Mary Terstegge Meagher swims female record 200 m butterfly (2:05.65)
  • 1981 Sylvester Clarke knocks out spectator with brick, WI v Pakistan
  • 1983 Gary Trudeau takes a 20-month break from writing "Doonesbury"
  • 1983 Ken Anderson of Cincinnati completes record 20 consecutive passes
  • 1983 Several African National Congress(ANC) members detained in Swaziland decide to leave the country voluntarily for Mozambique.
  • 1984 Riot in Tunis kills over 100
  • 1984 Wilson Goode, sworn-in as Phila's 1st black mayor

BattleCoup d'état

1984 Major-General Muhammadu Buhari is declared Head of State in Nigeria, following a military coup.

President of Nigeria Muhammadu Buhari
President of Nigeria
Muhammadu Buhari
  • 1985 90th hat trick in Islander history-Brent Sutter
  • 1985 Australia beat WI by innings at SCG, Bob Holland 10 match wkts

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1985 Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak reappoints Coptic pope Shenuda III

Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak
Egyptian President
Hosni Mubarak
  • 1986 191.66 million shares traded in NY Stock Exchange
  • 1987 Troops of Chad President Habré conquer Fada oasis
  • 1988 Ashland Oil storage tank spills 3.8 million gallons, Penn
  • 1988 Right-wing guerrillas ambush a train near Mozambique's western border, killing at least 22 people and injuring 71.
  • 1989 UCLA wins a record 7th consecutive bowl game
  • 1990 Dow Jones hits record 2,800 (2,810.15)
  • 1990 Sting joins wrestlings 4 Horsemen (Flair, Arn Anderson, Ole Anderson)
  • 1991 Colorado wins its 1st AP national title poll
  • 1992 Test debut of Shane Warne, v India at Sydney
  • 1993 Opposing factions in the Bosnian conflict hold meetings with the aim of ending the nine month conflict
  • 1994 Battles between army & rebellious indians in South Mexico, kill 57
  • 1995 Bus crashes in Luzon Philippines, 29 killed
  • 1995 Carquest Bowl 5: South Carolina beats West Virginia, 24-21
  • 1995 Most distant galaxy yet discovered found by scientists using Keck telescope in Hawaii (est 15 billion light years away)
  • 1996 The US deploys troops in Northern Bosnia with the intention of maintaining order and peace between Bosnian Serbs and Muslims
  • 1997 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Columbus OH on WBZX 99.7 FM
  • 1998 Autopsy of Chris Farley shows he overdosed of opiates & cocaine
  • 1999 A brutal snowstorm smashes into the Midwestern United States, causing 14 inches (359 mm) of snow in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and 19 inches (487 mm) in Chicago, where temperatures plunge to -13°F (-25°C); 68 deaths are reported.
  • 2001 Sila Calderón becomes the first female Governor of Puerto Rico.
  • 2002 Eduardo Duhalde is appointed interim President of Argentina by the Legislative Assembly.
  • 2004 Stardust successfully flies past Comet Wild 2, collecting samples that it will return to Earth two years later.
  • 2014 30 people are killed after a bus plunges off a cliff and falls 400 ft in Malshej Ghat, India

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2014 Raul Castro gives a speech commemorating the 55th anniversary of the Cuban revolution and warns of "neo-liberal and neo-colonial thinking" entering the country

President of Cuba Raúl Castro
President of Cuba
Raúl Castro
  • 2016 Saudi Arabia executes 47 alleged terrorists, including Shia cleric Sheikh Nimr al-Nimr