Events in History on January 9

  • 475 Byzantine Emperor Zeno is forced to flee his capital at Constantinople.
  • 1296 Earl Floris V signs accord with French King
  • 1317 Phillips V, the Tall, crowned king of France
  • 1349 700 Jews of Basel Switzerland, burned alive in their houses

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1431 Judges' investigations for the trial of Joan of Arc begin in Rouen, France, the seat of the English occupation government.

French Soldier and National Heroine Joan of Arc
French Soldier and National Heroine
Joan of Arc
  • 1464 1st meeting of States-General of Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1493 1st sight of manatees (by Christopher Columbus)

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus
  • 1522 Adriaan F Boeyens elected only Dutch pope (Adrian VI)
  • 1558 Geneva becomes independent from Berne canton, Switzerland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1570 Tsar Ivan the Terrible kills 1,000-2,000 residents of Novgorod

Russian Tsar Ivan the Terrible
Russian Tsar
Ivan the Terrible
  • 1718 France declares war on Spain
  • 1760 Afghans defeat Marathas in battle of Barari Ghat
  • 1768 Philip Astley stages the first modern circus in London.
  • 1788 Connecticut becomes 5th state to ratify the US constitution
  • 1792 Russia & Turkey sign Peace of Jassy
  • 1793 1st hot-air balloon flight in the US lifts off in Philadelphia, piloted by Jean Pierre Blanchard
  • 1793 Dutch Prince Willem V establishes 2 brigades Drive Artillery

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1799 British Prime Minister William Pitt introduces income tax to raise funds for the war against Napoleon.

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1806 Admiral Viscount Horatio Nelson receives a state funeral and is interred in St Paul's Cathedral.

British Admiral Horatio Nelson
British Admiral
Horatio Nelson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1834 HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin arrives in Port San Julian, Patagonia

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
  • 1839 Daguerrotype photo process announced at French Academy of Science
  • 1839 Thomas Henderson measures 1st stellar parallax (Alpha Centauri)
  • 1847 1st SF newspaper published (California Star)
  • 1848 1st commercial bank in SF established
  • 1848 People's uprising in Palermo, Sicily
  • 1854 Astor Library opens in NYC
  • 1855 Clipper "Guiding Star" disappears in Atlantic, 480 dead
  • 1857 7.9 earthquake shakes Fort Tejon, California
  • 1858 Anson Jones, the last President of the Republic of Texas, commits suicide.
  • 1861 A Union merchant ship, the Star of the West, is fired upon as it tries to deliver supplies to Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina
  • 1861 Mississippi secedes from the Union (US Civil War)
  • 1862 The first petroleum shipment (1,329 barrels) from the U.S. to Europe arrives at Victoria Docks, London, England aboard the Elizabeth Watts
  • 1863 -Jan 11th] Battle of Arkansas Post, AR (Ft Hindman)
  • 1866 Fisk University opens in Nashville, Tennessee
  • 1878 Umberto I becomes King of Italy.
  • 1879 Cheyenne prisoners led by Dull Knife revolt at Ft Robinson
  • 1879 Kirland Warbler discovered on Andros Island in Bahamas
  • 1880 6' (1.83 metres) of snow falls in Seattle in 5 days
  • 1880 The Great Gale of 1880 devastates parts of Oregon and Washington with high wind and heavy snow.
  • 1894 Georges Feydeau's "Un à la Patte" premieres in Paris
  • 1894 New England Telephone and Telegraph installs the first battery-operated telephone switchboard in Lexington, Massachusetts.
  • 1901 NSW (918) defeat S Australia (157 & 156) by innings & 605
  • 1903 Wind Cave National Park, SD established
  • 1908 Frans Schollaert succeeds De Trooz as premier of Belgium
  • 1908 Muir Woods National Monument, California, established

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1909 Ernest Shackleton as part of the British Nimrod Expedition reaches a record farthest South latitude (88°23' south)

Polar Explorer Ernest Shackleton
Polar Explorer
Ernest Shackleton
  • 1912 US Marines send troops to Honduras
  • 1915 Exposition (now Civic) Auditorium dedicated, SF
  • 1916 The Ottoman Empire prevails in the Battle of Çanakkale, as the last British troops are evacuated.
  • 1917 World War I: the Battle of Rafa occurs near the Egyptian border with Palestine.
  • 1922 KQV-AM in Pittsburgh PA begins radio transmissions
  • 1922 Rotterdam metal strike ends
  • 1923 Juan de la Cierva makes 1st autogiro flight, Spain
  • 1925 German Postal Minister A Hofle resigns due to corruption
  • 1927 Dmitri Shostakovitch' Octet opus 11, premieres in Moscow
  • 1927 Fire in Laurier Palace cinema in Montreal, 78 children died
  • 1928 Eugene O'Neill's "Marco Millions" premieres in NYC
  • 1929 KDB-AM in Santa Barbara CA begins radio transmissions
  • 1933 Amsterdam confectionery worker go on strike against wage reduction
  • 1936 Noel Coward's "Astonished Heart" premieres in London
  • 1936 Semi-automatic rifles adopted by US army
  • 1937 Italian regime bans marriages between Italians & Abyssinians
  • 1937 Maxwell Anderson's "High Tor" premieres in NYC
  • 1940 2 German officers make emergency landing in Belgium
  • 1940 J Thurber & E Nugent's "Male Animal" premieres in NYC
  • 1941 6,000 Jews exterminated in pogrom in Bucharest, Romania
  • 1941 Maiden flight by Canada's British-built Avro Lancaster military plane
  • 1942 US Joint Chiefs of Staff created
  • 1943 Japanese government in Java limits sale & use of motorcars

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 US soldiers led by Gen Douglas MacArthur invades Philippines

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 Elizabeth "Betty" Short, the black dahlia, is last seen alive.

Murder victim Elizabeth Short
Murder victim
Elizabeth Short
  • 1951 "Life After Tomorrow", 1st film to receive an "X" rating, premieres
  • 1952 Belgian Pholien government resigns
  • 1953 Korean ferryboat "Chang Tyong-Ho" sank off Pusan killing 249
  • 1954 -87°F (-66°C), Northice Station, Greenland (Greenland record)
  • 1954 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Louise Bogan & Leonie Adams
  • 1956 Abigail Van Buren's "Dear Abby" column 1st appears in newspapers
  • 1956 Samir el-Rifai forms government in Jordan
  • 1957 British premier Anthony Eden resigns
  • 1957 Checheno-Ingush ASSR reformed in RSFSR
  • 1957 Dutch Newspaper Society expels communist daily paper "Truth"
  • 1957 Kalmyk Autonomous Region reformed in RSFSR
  • 1957 Karachayevo-Cherkess Autonomous Region reestablished in RSFSR
  • 1959 Dam across Tera River collapses after heavy winter rains, 135 die
  • 1959 Pat O'Connor beats Dick Hutton in St Louis, to become NWA champ
  • 1960 Building of Aswan dam in Egypt, begins
  • 1961 Twins agree on $500,000 payment to AA for Minn/St Paul territory
  • 1962 Mister M (Dr X) beats Verne Gagne in Minn, to become NWA champ
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 Mao Zedong writes his poem "Reply to Comrade Kuo Mo-jo"

Chinese Communist Revolutionary Mao Zedong
Chinese Communist Revolutionary
Mao Zedong
  • 1964 Anti-US rioting broke out in Panama Canal Zone
  • 1966 Polish government denies exit visa to Cardinal Wyszynski revisionism
  • 1967 Georgia legislature seats Rep Julian Bond
  • 1968 1st ABA All-Star Game: East 126 beats West 120 at Indiana
  • 1968 Surveyor 7 space probe soft lands on Moon
  • 1969 First trial flight of Concorde supersonic jetliner, Bristol, England
  • 1969 Prime Minister of Northern Ireland Terence O'Neill travels to London to meet Home Secretary James Callaghan and brief him on the growing violence in Northern Ireland
  • 1970 Constitution of Singapore enacted
  • 1972 Billionaire Howard Hughes says Clifford Irving's bio is a fake
  • 1972 Retired passenger liner Queen Elizabeth destroyed by fire in Hong Kong harbour
  • 1972 British coal miners begin a national strike, the first for half a century
  • 1973 Luna 21 launched, to Moon
  • 1975 600 employees of Royal Canadian Mint go on strike
  • 1975 Australia beat England by 171 runs in 4th Test to regain Ashes
  • 1976 Ringo releases "Oh My My" in UK
  • 1978 Commonwealth of Northern Marianas established
  • 1979 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to WS Merwin
  • 1979 High-school player Daryl Moreau makes 126th consecutive free throws
  • 1979 Supreme Court strikes down (6-3) PA law requiring doctors performing an abortion to try to preserve lives of potentially viable fetuses
  • 1980 63 beheaded in Mecca, Saudi Arabia
  • 1981 Francisco Balsamao elected President of Portugal
  • 1982 5.9 earthquake in New England & Canada; 1st since 1855
  • 1982 Steve D'Innocenzo scores 3 hockey goals in 12 sec in Mass HS game

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1983 British PM Margaret Thatcher visits Falkland Islands

British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
British Prime Minister
Margaret Thatcher
  • 1984 EAA moves operations to Oshkosh
  • 1984 John Lennon single "Nobody Told Me" released posthumously
  • 1986 After losing a patent battle with Polaroid, Kodak must give up its instant camera business.
  • 1987 Chinese/Vietnamese border fights, 1500 killed
  • 1987 New Nicaraguan constitution takes effect
  • 1988 August Wilson's "Piano Lesson" premieres in Boston
  • 1988 US male Figure Skating championship won by Brian Boitano
  • 1990 64th US manned space mission STS 32 (Columbia 10) launches into orbit
  • 1990 US Supreme Court strikes down Dallas' ordinance imposing strict zoning on sexually oriented businesses
  • 1991 Baker & Aziz meet in Geneva; talks fail to defuse gulf crisis
  • 1992 Alison Halford, Assistant Chief Constable of Merseyside Police (Britain's most senior policewoman) is suspended after allegations of misconduct
  • 1994 14th United Negro College Fund raises $11,000,000
  • 1994 Gunda Niemann skates world record (167.282 pts)
  • 1994 Rintje Ritsma skates world record (156.201 points)
  • 1995 Ecuador & Peru involved in boundary fight
  • 1995 Worker accidentally cuts electrial wires at Newark Airport
  • 1997 After 5 days missing, Tony Bullimore rescued alive after his boat capsized in Southern Ocean
  • 1998 Anatoly Karpov defeats Viswanathan Anand to retain chess title
  • 1998 Anatoly Solovyov & Pavel Vinogradov spacewalk record 3 hrs 8 mins
  • 1998 Decapitated head of Danish Little Mermaid is returned
  • 2001 Shenzhou 2, an unmanned Chinese spacecraft, is launched.
  • 2005 The signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, commonly known as the Naivasha Agreement between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement rebel group in Naivasha, Kenya.

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

2005 Elections are held to replace Yasser Arafat as head of the Palestine Liberation Organization. He is succeeded by Rawhi Fattouh.

Palestinian Leader Yasser Arafat
Palestinian Leader
Yasser Arafat

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2007 Apple Inc CEO, Steve Jobs announces the iPhone.

Apple Co-founder Steve Jobs
Apple Co-founder
Steve Jobs
  • 2014 5 people are killed in a Mitsubishi Materials chemical plant, Yokkaichi, Japan
  • 2014 Taliban suicide car bomb assassinates senior police officer Chaudhry Aslam and kills three others in Pakistan, Pakistan