Events in History on July 1

Events 1 - 200 of 251

  • 69 Bataafs nobleman Gaius Julius Civilis proclaimed emperor of Syria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

70 Roman General Titus and his forces set up battering rams to assault the walls of Jerusalem

Roman Emperor Titus
Roman Emperor
  • 251 The Battle of Abrittus is won by the Goths against the Romans. Roman Emperors Decius and Herennius Etruscus are killed.
  • 649 Pope Martinus I elected to succeed Theodore I
  • 1097 1st Crusaders defeat Sultan Kilidj Arslan of Nicea
  • 1200 In China, sunglasses are invented
  • 1233 Earl Otto II van Gelre grants Arnhem state justice
  • 1252 King Alfonso X "el Sabio" of Castile/Leon crowned
  • 1253 Battle at Westkapelle-Floris the Guardian beats Gwijde van Dampierre
  • 1347 Engagement of Count Louis of Male to Margaretha, daughter of Jan III
  • 1390 French & Genuese armada sails out against barbarian pirates
  • 1517 1st burning of Protestants at stake in Netherlands
  • 1517 Inquisitor Adrian Boeyens (pope Adrianus VI) becomes cardinal
  • 1535 Sir Thomas More goes on trial in England charged with treason
  • 1543 England & Scotland sign Peace treaty of Greenwich
  • 1569 Latvian Parliament accepts Union of Lublin, incorporate into Poland
  • 1600 Prince Maurits' army occupies Newport Flanders Neth
  • 1656 1st Quakers (Mary Fisher/Ann Austin) arrives in Boston (arrested)
  • 1674 Spain, France & Netherlands form Triple Alliance
  • 1689 Matsuo Basho, zen poet, leaves for 150 days journey on Honshu Japan
  • 1690 Battle of Colors: French beats Spanish/Dutch army
  • 1690 Army of Protestant King William III defeats deposed Roman Catholic King James II in Battle of Boyne in Ireland
  • 1745 Warship Elisabeth joins Bonnie Prince Charlie's frigate Doutelle [OS]
  • 1747 Battle at Lafeld: France beat British/Dutch army

AgreementUnited States Declaration of Independence

1776 1st vote on Declaration of Independence for Britain's North American colonies

  • 1782 American privateers attack Lunenburg, Nova Scotia.
  • 1795 John Rutledge becomes 2nd chief justice of US Supreme Court

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1798 Napoleon's fleet reaches Alexandria Egypt

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1810 Louis Napoleon abdicates as king of the Netherlands
  • 1816 French frigate Medusa wrecked; basis of Géricault's painting "Raft of the Medusa"
  • 1820 1st edition of newspaper "Courrier de la Meuse" published
  • 1823 9th US Postmaster General: John McLean of Ohio takes office
  • 1823 United Provinces of Central America gain independence from Mexico
  • 1831 Admiral James C Ross reaches magnetic North Pole

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1836 US President Andrew Jackson announces to Congress bequest by James Smithson of 100,000 gold sovereigns to found institution in Washington.

US President & General Andrew Jackson
US President & General
Andrew Jackson
  • 1839 Abdul-Medjid succeeds Mahmud II as Sultan of Turkey
  • 1847 1st US postage stamps go on sale, 5 cent Franklin & 10 cent Washington, NYC
  • 1850 At least 626 ships lie at anchor around SF Bay
  • 1858 1st Canadian coins minted (1, 5, 10 and 20 cent)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1858 The joint reading of Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace's papers on evolution to the Linnean Society.

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
Naturalist, biologist, and explorer Alfred Russel Wallace
Naturalist, biologist, and explorer
Alfred Russel Wallace
  • 1859 Balloon covers a record 809 miles over St Louis
  • 1861 1st public schoolhouse opens at Washington & Mason St, SF
  • 1861 US War Dept decrees that Kansas and Tennessee are to be canvassed for volunteers
  • 1862 Battle at Booneville Mississippi: Confederate superior power driven out
  • 1862 Congress outlaws polygamy for the 1st time
  • 1862 US Civil War: Day 7 of 7 Days-Battle of Malvern Hill (Poindexter's Farm) Union forces repel Confederate attack
  • 1862 Emperor Alexander II grants Jews right to publish books
  • 1862 US Internal Revenue Law imposes 1st federal taxes on inheritance, tobacco & on incomes over $600 (progressive rate)
  • 1862 The Russian State Library is founded.
  • 1863 -2] Battle at Baltimore: Crump's Crossroads Virginia
  • 1863 Battle of Gettysburg, Pa; Lee's northward advance halted
  • 1863 Free city delivery of mail begins in 49 US cities; postage 3 cents per oz
  • 1863 Slavery abolished in Suriname & Dutch Antilles
  • 1864 Battle of Petersburg, VA [->JUL 31] -front US3695 CS---

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1867 The Dominion of Canada is formed, comprising the provinces of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario & Quebec, with John A. Macdonald serving as the first Prime Minister

Prime Minister of Canada John A. Macdonald
Prime Minister of Canada
John A. Macdonald
  • 1869 Dutch newspaper stamp tax repealed
  • 1869 US mint at Carson City, Nevada opens
  • 1870 James W Smith of SC is one of 1st African Americans to enter West Point
  • 1871 The decimal currency system is made uniform in Canada

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1873 Henry Ossian Flipper of Georgia one of the first African Americans enters West Point Military Academy

Soldier and Former Slave Henry Ossian Flipper
Soldier and Former Slave
Henry Ossian Flipper
  • 1873 Prince Edward Island becomes 7th Canadian province
  • 1874 1st Chamber accept law against child labor
  • 1874 1st US kidnapping for ransom, 4-year-old Charles Ross, $20,000
  • 1874 1st US zoo opens (Philadelphia)
  • 1875 Universal Postal Union established
  • 1877 1st edition of "Amsterdammer" published
  • 1878 Canada joins the Universal Postal Union.
  • 1879 Ex-khedive Ismael Pasha sails from Alexandria to Naples
  • 1879 Charles Taze Russell publishes the first edition of the religious magazine The Watchtower.
  • 1881 1st international telephone conversation, Calais, ME-St Stephen, NB
  • 1881 US Assay Office in St Louis, Missouri opens
  • 1881 General Order 70, the culmination of the Cardwell-Childers reforms of the British Army's organisation, comes into effect.
  • 1883 ANWB forms in Utrecht, the Netherlands
  • 1885 The United States terminates reciprocity and fishery agreement with Canada.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1889 Frederick Douglass named Minister to Haiti

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass
  • 1889 US mint at Carson City, Nevada reopens
  • 1890 Great Britain & Germany sign Zanzibar-Helgoland Treaty
  • 1890 Canada and Bermuda are linked by telegraph cable.
  • 1896 Harbor of Ymuiden opens
  • 1896 Wilfrid Laurel sworn in as 1st French speaking premier of Canada
  • 1897 Bronx acquires Hutton Square

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1898 Theodore Roosevelt and his Rough Riders charge up San Juan Hill

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1899 Gideon Society established to place bibles in hotels
  • 1899 SF City Hall turned over to city, after 29 years of building
  • 1902 Ranji (230) & Newham (153) add 344 for 7th wkt, Sussex v Essex
  • 1902 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Disappearance of Lady Frances Carfax" (BG)
  • 1902 US Congress passes the Philippines Government Act, providing that the Philippines be governed by a commission appointed by the President, with consent from the senate; Filipinos are to be treated as citizens of their land, no the USA

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1905 Albert Einstein introduces his theory of special relativity

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • 1907 World's 1st air force established (US Army)
  • 1907 The Orange River Colony, known as the Orange Free State, is granted self-government by the British
  • 1910 Union of South Africa becomes a dominion
  • 1911 Proclamation removes "Dei Gratia" (by the Grace of God) from Canadian coins
  • 1911 The German gunboat 'Panther' arrives off Agadir allegedly to protect German interests and nationals in Morocco
  • 1913 Serbia & Greece declare war on Bulgaria
  • 1914 Gen. J.B.M. Hertzog founds the Free State National Party
  • 1915 Australia begins Commonwealth Lighthouse Service
  • 1915 Australian Survey Corps becomes part of Military Forces
  • 1916 British court martial (Easter uprising)
  • 1916 Coca-Cola brings current coke formula to the market
  • 1916 First day of the Battle of the Somme: the British Army suffers its worst day, losing 19,240 men (WWI)
  • 1917 257cm-mirror for Mount Wilson Observatory mounted
  • 1917 Race riots in East St Louis Illinois (40 to 200 reported killed)
  • 1917 Reds' Fred Toney pitches completes doubleheader victories over Pirates
  • 1919 US 1st class postage drops from 3 cents to 2 cents
  • 1920 Sir Herbert Samuel takes over as high commissioner over Palestine, where Arab resistance to the British mandate continues
  • 1921 The Communist Party of China is founded and Chen Duxiu elected its leader
  • 1923 1st permanent radio network-AT&T (WEAF NY & WMAF Mass)
  • 1924 Dircet regular transcontinental airmail service between New York and San Francisco forms
  • 1925 SDAP wins 4 chairs in Second-Parliamentary election
  • 1925 Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs created in UK
  • 1926 Canada restores gold standard
  • 1929 US Immigration law of 1924 in effect
  • 1929 US cartoonist Elzie Segar creates "Popeye"
  • 1930 Great Britain signs accord for Independence of Iraq
  • 1931 Cleveland Municipal Stadium is completed
  • 1931 Ice vending machines introduced in LA 25 lbs, 15 cents
  • 1931 Trans African Railway in use (Benguela, Angola-Jadotville, Congo)

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1932 NY Gov FDR nominated for president at Democratic Convention in Chicago

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1932 NY newspaper Evening Standard goes bankrupt
  • 1933 German nazi regime declares that married women shouldn't work
  • 1933 The Canadian Parliament suspends all Chinese immigration.
  • 1934 1st x-ray photo of entire body, Rochester, NY
  • 1935 Algemeen Nederlands Persbureau (ANP, General Dutch Press Agency) forms in Amsterdam
  • 1936 AVRO radio broadcast studios in Hilversum opens
  • 1936 Watchfulness Committee forms in Amsterdam
  • 1937 Britain begins using 999 emergency phone number
  • 1937 Rev Martin Niemöller (Bekennende Kirche) arrested in Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1937 Spanish bishops support Franco & fascists

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • 1938 The South African Press Association (SAPA) is established as a non-governmental institution by South Africa's major newspapers to facilitate the sharing of news, both national and international
  • 1940 Australia refuses entry to Dutch Jewish refugees
  • 1941 Bulova Watch Co pays $9 for 1st ever network TV commercial
  • 1942 German troops conquer Sebastopol
  • 1943 "Pay-as-you-go" - 1st withholding tax from paychecks
  • 1944 2,500+ killed in London/SE England by German flying bombs
  • 1944 Bretton Woods Conference starts, establishing IMF & World Bank
  • 1944 Graf (Count) Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to colonel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 General Eisenhower visits front in Normandy

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1944 US headquarter moves to Colombières Normandy
  • 1944 Von Rundstedt against Keitel: "Sign peace, idiots!"
  • 1945 55th Postmaster General: Robert E Hannegan of Mo takes office
  • 1945 Allies troop land on Balikpapan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1946 The last White Rajah, Charles Vyner Brooke cedes Sarawak to the British Crown

3rd and Last White Rajah of Sarawak Charles Vyner Brooke
3rd and Last White Rajah of Sarawak
Charles Vyner Brooke
  • 1946 US drops atom bomb on Bikini atoll (4th atomic explosion)
  • 1947 192m long passenger ship Willem Ruys (Achille Lauro) launched
  • 1947 British Dominion Affairs office becomes Commonwealth Relations office
  • 1948 NYC subway fare goes to 10 cents, bus fare to 7 cents and combo fare at 12 cents
  • 1949 Bao Dai's Republic of Vietnam gains independence from France
  • 1950 1st 407 US soldiers flown to South Korea
  • 1950 NYC bus fare rises to 10 cents equal to subway fare, combo fare at 15 cents
  • 1954 Cards' Joe Cunningham hits 2 HRs for record 3 HRs in his 1st 2 days
  • 1956 Ibrahim Hashiroe succeeds Said el-Moefti as premier of Jordan
  • 1957 International Geophysical Year begins (until Dec 31, 1958)
  • 1959 Heinrich Lubke elected president of West Germany
  • 1959 Israeli Knesset agrees to weapon sales to West Germany
  • 1959 World Refugee Year begins
  • 1959 The Party of the African Federation (PFA) holds its constitutive conference.
  • 1960 Benjamin Britten's cantate "Carmen Baseliense" premieres in Basel
  • 1960 The independent Somali Democratic Republic, commonly known as Somalia, is formed out of former British and Italian territories

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960 Fidel Castro nationalizes Esso, Shell & Texaco in Cuba

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • 1960 Ghana becomes a republic
  • 1960 No passports needed inside Benelux
  • 1960 USSR shoots down US RB-47 reconnaissance plane
  • 1960 Robert Bolt's "A Man For All Seasons" premieres in London
  • 1961 Haleakala National Park forms in Hawaii
  • 1962 Algeria votes for independence from France
  • 1962 Burundi & Rwanda gain independence from Belgium (National Days)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 US President JFK arrives in Rome

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1963 ZIP (Zone Improvement Plan) Codes are introduced for United States mail
  • 1965 Kinderstraf trial starts
  • 1966 Construction crews begin tearing up Market St to build BART
  • 1966 NASA launches spacecraft Explorer 33
  • 1966 Medicare goes into effect
  • 1967 Canada celebrates the 100th anniversary of the 1867 British North America Act which served as Canada's constitution for over 100 years
  • 1968 Bob Gibson's streak of 47 2/3 inn scoreless streak ends on wild pitch
  • 1968 Fortuna Sittard soccer team forms in Sittard
  • 1968 US, Britain, USSR & 58 nations sign Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty
  • 1968 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1968 The CIA's Phoenix Program is officially established.
  • 1968 Formal separation of the United Auto Workers from the AFL-CIO.
  • 1969 Charles Philip Arthur George invested as Prince of Wales
  • 1969 Shelby Singleton buys Sun Records from Sam Phillips
  • 1970 British Home Secretary Reginald Maudling visits N. Ireland and is reported as saying: "For God's sake bring me a large Scotch. What a bloody awful country!"
  • 1971 Britain & Argentina sign accord about Falkland Islands
  • 1971 Debt raised to build San Franisco's Golden Gate Bridge paid off
  • 1971 State of Washington becomes 1st state to ban sex discrimination
  • 1972 Ms. magazine begins publishing
  • 1972 The first Gay Pride march in England takes place.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1973 Tom Bradley becomes the 38th Mayor of Los Angeles, the first (and only) African-American to hold that position

American Politician Tom Bradley
American Politician
Tom Bradley
  • 1974 1st Laura Ashley store in the US opens (San Francisco)
  • 1974 General Pinochet becomes president of Chile
  • 1974 Isabel Peron succeeds husband Juan as President of Argentina
  • 1974 Monmouthshire renamed Gwent & becomes part of Wales
  • 1975 WEDway People Mover opens in Tomorrowland, Disney World, Florida
  • 1976 Kenneth Gibson, is 1st black president of US Conference of Mayors
  • 1976 Portugal grants autonomy to Madeira.
  • 1977 Marlies Gohr runs Europen record 100m (10.88 sec)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1978 Former US President Richard Nixon makes 1st public speech since resigning in 1974

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1978 Northern Territory of Australia becomes self-governing
  • 1979 Stampede Pass, Washington is covered with 6" of snow
  • 1979 Sony introduces the Walkman.