Events in History on July 11

  • 911 Signing of the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte between Charles the Simple and Rollo of Normandy
  • 1156 Siege of Shirakawa-den in Japan.
  • 1244 Khwarezmian Tatars sack Jerusalem, decimating the city's Christian population and driving out the Jews
  • 1302 Battle of the Golden Spurs (Guldensporenslag in Dutch) near Kortrijk, Belgium. Flemish coalition defeat French army
  • 1346 Charles IV of Luxembourg is elected emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
  • 1347 Heir to the Bohemian throne elected German anti-king Charles IV
  • 1376 English "Good Parliament" meets
  • 1405 Chinese fleet commander Zheng He sets sail to explore the world for the first time
  • 1423 Arnold van Egmont becomes Duke of Gelre
  • 1476 Giuliano della Rovere is appointed bishop of Coutances
  • 1525 Trial against "heretic" John Pistorius at The Hague

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1533 Pope Clement VII excommunicates England's King Henry VIII

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
  • 1576 Martin Frobisher sights Greenland.
  • 1588 French King Henri III accept demands of Catholic League

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1616 Samuel de Champlain returns to Quebec.

French Explorer Samuel de Champlain
French Explorer
Samuel de Champlain
  • 1635 Armies of Savoye/Mantua/Parma occupy Milan
  • 1673 Netherlands & Denmark sign defense treaty
  • 1690 Battle of Drogheda Boyne (William III beat deposed James II)
  • 1708 Battle at Oudenaarde: Great Alliance beats France
  • 1735 Mathematical calculations suggest that it was on this day that Pluto moved from the ninth to the eighth most distant planet from the Sun for the last time before 1979.
  • 1740 Jews are expelled from Little Russia by order of Tsarina Anne
  • 1750 Halifax, Nova Scotia, is almost completely destroyed by fire.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1776 Captain James Cook begins his third voyage

Explorer James Cook
James Cook
  • 1781 Thomas Hutchins designated Geographer of US
  • 1792 Prussia army moves into French territory
  • 1798 US Marine Corps established by an act of Congress
  • 1801 French astronomer Jean-Louis Pons discovers his 1st comet

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1804 Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr mortally wounds former Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton in a pistol duel

1st US Secretary of Treasury Alexander Hamilton
1st US Secretary of Treasury
Alexander Hamilton
3rd Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr
3rd Vice President of the United States
Aaron Burr

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1811 Italian scientist Amedeo Avogadro publishes his memoir on the molecular content of gases

Scientist Amedeo Avogadro
Amedeo Avogadro
  • 1812 US invades Canada (Detroit frontier)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1818 John Keats writes "In the Cottage Where Burns is Born", "Lines Written in the Highlands", & "Gadfly"

Romantic Poet John Keats
Romantic Poet
John Keats
  • 1848 Edmund Hickly gets 1st known 10 wicket innings (Kent v England)
  • 1848 London's Waterloo Station opens
  • 1861 Battle of Laurel Mountain VA - Gen Morris forces retreat of rebels
  • 1861 Battle of Rich Mountain, VA - Rosecrans forces rebels to surrender
  • 1862 Lincoln appoints General Halleck general-in-chief
  • 1863 Battle at Green River, Ky (Morgan's Ohio Raid)
  • 1863 Japanese battle cruiser shoots at Dutch warship Medusa, kills 4
  • 1864 Battle of Fort Stevens, DC (Early's Raid, Tennallytown, MD)
  • 1864 Confederate forces led by Gen J Early begin invasion of Washington, D.C.
  • 1877 Kate Edger becomes New Zealand’s first woman graduate and the first woman in the British Empire to earn a Bachelor of Arts
  • 1882 British fleet bombards Alexandria
  • 1888 118°F (48°C), Bennett, Colorado (state record)
  • 1888 Pennsylvania's Monongehela River rises 32' after 24 hour rainfall
  • 1889 Tijuana in Mexico becomes a city

1stHistoric Invention

1892 US Patent Office says Joseph Swan rather than Thomas Edison, invented the electric light carbon for the incandescent lamp

Inventor Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison
  • 1893 The first cultured pearl is obtained by Kokichi Mikimoto.
  • 1893 A revolution led by the liberal general and politician, José Santos Zelaya, takes over state power in Nicaragua.
  • 1895 Auguste & Louis Lumière show film for scientists

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1896 Wilfrid Laurier sworn in as the 7th Prime Minister of Canada

Prime Minister of Canada Wilfrid Laurier
Prime Minister of Canada
Wilfrid Laurier
  • 1897 Salomon August Andrée leaves Spitsbergen by balloon headed for the North Pole

  • 1900 Boer general De la Rey captures Scots Greys & Lincolns

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1902 British Prime Minister Lord Salisbury resigns

British Prime Minister Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
British Prime Minister
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
  • 1905 Black intellectuals & activists lead by WEB Dubois organize the civil rights Niagara Movement
  • 1906 The Gillette-Brown murder inspires Theodore Dreiser's An American Tragedy.
  • 1915 German cruiser Königsberg sinks off Dar-es-Salam
  • 1916 US Congress passes Federal Aid Road Act
  • 1916 Germany launches final offensive in the Battle of Verdun
  • 1919 Dutch 2nd chamber approves 8-hour day/No Sunday work
  • 1920 East and West Prussia vote in a plebiscite to become part of Germany, though a slice of West Prussia will be handed to Poland to provide a 'Polish Corridor'
  • 1921 Mongolia gains independence from China (National Day)
  • 1924 Muslim-Hindu rebellion in Delhi, India
  • 1925 Queen Wilhelmina names H Colijn head of government

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934 FDR became 1st US president to travel through Panama Canal

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1936 Triborough Bridge linking Manhattan, Bronx & Queens opens
  • 1940 British & German dogfight above Lyme Bay
  • 1940 Marshall Henri Petain, French hero of World War One, becomes head of the collaborative Vichy government of France.
  • 1941 German troops attack Dnjepr
  • 1943 7th day of battle at Kursk

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Counter attack by Hermann Goering's Armoured division in Sicily

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • 1943 US 45th Division occupies airport Comiso Sicily
  • 1943 US 82nd Airborne division shot at by "friendly fire" in Sicily
  • 1943 Massacres of Poles in Volhynia.
  • 1944 Franklin Roosevelt announces that he will run for a fourth term as President of the United States
  • 1946 Kingman Douglass ends term as deputy director of CIA
  • 1948 1st air bombing of Jerusalem

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1952 Gen Eisenhower nominated as Republican US presidential candidate

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1954 1st White Citizens Council organizes in Indianola, Miss
  • 1955 Congress authorizes all US currency to say "In God We Trust"
  • 1955 New USAF Academy dedicated at Lowry AFB in Colorado with 300 cadets
  • 1960 Czechoslovakia adopts Constitution
  • 1960 Ivory Coast, Dahomey, Upper Volta & Niger declare independence
  • 1960 Moise Tsjombe declares Congolese county Katanga independence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960 "To Kill a Mockingbird" by Harper Lee is first published by J. B. Lippincott & Co.

Author Harper Lee
Harper Lee
  • 1961 Gene Kiniski beats Verne Gagne in Minneapolis, to become NWA champ
  • 1962 1st transatlantic TV transmission via satellite (Telstar I)
  • 1962 Brothers Hank & Tommie Aaron homer in same inning
  • 1962 Cosmonaut Micolaev set then record longest space flight - 4 days
  • 1962 Fred Baldasare is 1st to swim English Channel underwater (scuba)
  • 1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1963 South-African ANC Walter Sisulu/Andrew Mlangeni/Govan Mbeki arrested

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1965 Israeli Mapai-party nominates David Ben-Gurion

First Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion
First Israeli Prime Minister
David Ben-Gurion
  • 1968 Start of Colin Cowdrey's 100th Test, 1st person to do so
  • 1971 Chilean parliament nationalizes American copper mines
  • 1971 The Irish Republican Army set off a number of bombs in the centre of Belfast injuring a number of people
  • 1973 Brazilian Boeing 707 crashes near Paris, 122 killed
  • 1974 House Judiciary Committee releases evidence on Watergate inquiry
  • 1974 World Football League plays 1st games
  • 1976 1st US football club in Austria forms (FAAFC-1st Austrian American)
  • 1976 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1976 In pre-game promo at Atlanta County Stadium, 34 couples wed at home plate followed by Championship Wrestling "Headlocks & Wedlocks"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977 US Medal of Freedom awarded posthumously to Rev Martin Luther King Jr

Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • 1978 Auto with liquid gas crashes & explodes in Spain, 160 killed
  • 1979 US Skylab enters atmosphere over Australia & disintegrates
  • 1980 American hostage Richard Queen freed by Iran militants due to illness
  • 1981 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1981 Neva Rockefeller is 1st woman ordered to pay her husband alimony
  • 1981 Sebastian Coe of UK sets record for 1K (2:12.18)
  • 1984 All star MVP: Gary Carter (Mont Expos) awarded for 2nd time
  • 1984 Government orders air bags or seat belts would be required in cars by 1989
  • 1984 Lucas Mangope re-elected president of Bophuthatswana
  • 1985 Refurbished space shuttle Columbia moves overland from Palmdale to Dryden
  • 1985 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1986 Ingrid Kristiansen of Norway runs 10,000 m in world record 30:13.74
  • 1986 Maricica Puica of Romania runs 2,000 m in 5:28.69 (record for women)
  • 1986 Mary Beth Whitehead christens surrogate Baby M, Sara
  • 1987 Heart's "Alone" single goes #1 for 3 weeks
  • 1990 NYC police arrest "Dartman" (stabbed over 50 women with darts)
  • 1990 Oka Crisis: First Nations land dispute in Quebec, Canada begins.
  • 1991 Total solar eclipse is seen in Hawaii
  • 1991 Nigeria Airways DC-8 crashes at Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, killing all 261 passengers and crew on board
  • 1992 Presidential candidate Ross Perot at NAACP speech calls them "you people"
  • 1994 Suriname guilder devalued: NŸ1 = SŸ105
  • 1995 7,000 Bosnian Muslim men are massacred when Bosnian Serbs overrun the UN 'safe haven' of Srebrenica.
  • 2001 Iraq resumes oil exports, ending a 5-week halt in protest of a US and British-sponsored UN Security Council resolution
  • 2006 209 people are killed in a series of bomb attacks in Mumbai, India.
  • 2007 15th ESPY Awards: LaDainian Tomlinson, Taryne Mowatt win
  • 2011 Neptune completes its first orbit since its discovery on September 23, 1846.
  • 2012 Police academy suicide bombing kills 20 in Sana'a, Yemen
  • 2012 S/2012 P 1, the fifth moon of Pluto is discovered
  • 2013 30 people are killed in a wave of bomb and gun attacks across Iraq
  • 2014 The UN Security Council calls for a special meeting to discuss the current Israel–Palestinian conflict; Israel continue attacks on Gaza

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2015 Mexican drug lord Joaquín "El Chapo" Guzmán escapes from Altiplano maximum-security prison west of Mexico City via a specially constructed 1.5 km tunnel from his cell to a nearby house