Events in History on July 13

  • 574 John III ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1174 William I of Scotland, key rebel in Revolt of 1173-1174, captured at Alnwick by forces loyal to Henry II of England.
  • 1522 Hunger appeal by women of Utrecht
  • 1558 Battle of Gravelines: In France, Spanish forces led by Count Lamoral of Egmont defeat the French forces of Marshal Paul des Thermes at Gravelines.
  • 1568 Dean of St Paul's Cathedral perfects a way to bottle beer
  • 1573 Haarlem surrenders after 7 months to Spanish army
  • 1643 Battle at Roundway Down: Royalists beat parliamentary armies
  • 1645 Aleksei Romanov succeeds his father Michael as Tsar of Russia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1657 Oliver Cromwell constrains English army leader John Lambert

English Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell
English Military and Political Leader
Oliver Cromwell
  • 1700 Treaty of Constantinople establishes peace after Russo-Turkish war

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1772 Captain James Cook begins 2nd voyage aboard the Resolution to the South Seas to search for Terra Australis (Southern continent)

Captain/Explorer James Cook
James Cook
  • 1787 Congress establishes Northwest Territory (excludes slavery)
  • 1787 Ord of 1787-a territory can become 3 to 5 states at 60,000 population
  • 1794 Battle of the Vosges between French forces and those of Prussia and Austria
  • 1832 Source of Mississippi River discovered by American geographer Henry Schoolcraft
  • 1836 US patent #1 (after 9,957 unnumbered patents), for locomotive wheels

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1837 Queen Victoria is 1st monarch to live in present Buckingham Palace

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
  • 1851 John F Loudon discovers tin on East Indian Island of Billiton
  • 1854 US forces shell & burn San Juan del Norte, Nicaragua
  • 1854 In the Battle of Guaymas, Mexico, General Jose Maria Yanez stops the French invasion led by Count Gaston de Raousset Boulbon.
  • 1861 Battle of Corrick's Ford, VA (Carrick's Ford) - Union army takes total control of western Virginia CS20 US53
  • 1862 Battle of Murfreesboro, Tennessee (Forrest's Raid) US895 CS150 (US Civil War)
  • 1863 Anti-draft mobs lynch blacks in NYC; about 1,000 die
  • 1863 Battle of Bayou La Fourche, LA
  • 1863 Battle of Tupelo, MS (Harrisburg) [->JUL 15] US648 CS700
  • 1863 Rebellion at Morgan's, Ohio [->JUL 26]
  • 1864 Early retreats from Washington City back to Shenandoah Valley
  • 1865 Horace Greeley reputedly advises his readers to "Go west young man"
  • 1865 P T Barnum's museum burns down
  • 1868 Oscar J Dunn, former slave, installed as lt governor of Louisiana

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1870 King Wilhelm of Prussia sends "Emser Depeche" on Bismarck

German Statesman Otto Von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto Von Bismarck
  • 1876 29th US Postmaster General: James N Tyner of Ind takes office
  • 1878 Congress of Berlin discussing division of African colonies ends
  • 1878 Treaty of Berlin amended terms of Treaty of San Stefano
  • 1882 200 die as train derails near Tcherny, Russia
  • 1898 SF Ferry Building at foot of Market St opens
  • 1911 Great Britain and Japan renew their alliance of 1902 for another four years; the reason Japan joins WWI on the Allies side
  • 1917 Vision of Virgin Mary appeared to children of Fatima, Portugal
  • 1919 Race riots in Longview & Gregg counties Texas
  • 1923 American explorer Roy Chapman Andrews discovers the first recognised dinosaur eggs, in the Gobi Desert, Mongolia
  • 1925 French occupation force begins evacuating country

Sports record brokenWorld Record

1926 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 3000m (8:20.4)

Runner nicknamed the
Runner nicknamed the "Flying Finn"
Paavo Nurmi
  • 1930 Sarnoff reports in NY Times "TV would be a theater in every home"
  • 1935 Richard Strauss resigns as chairman of Reichskulturkammer
  • 1935 US-Russian commerce treaty takes effect
  • 1936 112°F (44°C), Mio, Michigan (state record)
  • 1936 114°F (46°C), Wisconsin Dells, Wisc (state record)
  • 1938 Kroller-Muller museum opens in Holland
  • 1941 Eddie Mayo (LA-Pacific Coast League), spits in face of ump Ray Snyder
  • 1941 World War II: Montenegrins start popular uprising against the Axis Powers (Trinaestojulski ustanak).
  • 1942 5,000 Jews of Rovno Polish Ukraine, executed by nazis
  • 1942 German occupiers imprison 800 prominent Dutch as hostages
  • 1942 SS shoots 1,500 Jews in Josefov Poland
  • 1943 Greatest tank battle in history ends with Russia's defeat of Germany at Kursk, almost 6,000 tanks take part, 2,900 lost by Germany
  • 1944 Vilnius, Lithuania, liberated
  • 1949 Pope Pius XII excommunicates communist catholics
  • 1950 René Pleven forms French government
  • 1953 Battle of the Kumsong River begins - last major battle of the Korean war
  • 1954 Dean Stone gets credit for AL win, although he didn't retire a batter, he threw out Shoendienst trying to steal home, AL-11 NL-9
  • 1955 The last execution of a woman in Britain, Ruth Ellis, takes place at Holloway Prison, London.
  • 1960 KDBQ-AM in San Francisco CA changes call letters to KYA

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1960 US Democratic convention nominates JFK as presidential candidate

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1962 500 Indonesian parachutist land on New-Guinea
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1963 Early Wynn, wins his 300th & last game at 43
  • 1963 Indian government announces it will cut last remaining links with South Africa by refusing landing facilities to South African aircraft
  • 1966 Richard Speck murders 8 nurses in Chicago
  • 1967 Race riots break out in Newark, 27 die
  • 1968 French government-Couve de Murville forms
  • 1969 Russia launches unmanned Luna 15 to Moon
  • 1969 North Ireland loyalist Ian Paisley addresses a crowd at Loughgall, County Antrim, and is reported to have said: "I am anti-Roman Catholic, but God being my judge, I love the poor dupes who are ground down under that system."
  • 1970 Building begins of Amsterdam metro
  • 1970 The annual 'Twelfth' parades passes off without serious incident in Northern Ireland
  • 1972 A series of gun-battles and shootings erupt across Belfast between the Provisional Irish Republican Army and British Army soldiers
  • 1973 Bobby Murcer's 3 homers accounted for all RBIs, beating KC 5-0
  • 1973 Hector de Campora resigns as President of Argentina
  • 1974 India's 1st one-day international (v England, Headingley)
  • 1975 8.5" (21.6 cm) of rainfall, Dover, Delaware (state record)
  • 1976 Court martial begins in USSR for Valeri Sablin (Hunt for Red Oct)
  • 1977 NYC experiences 25 hr black-out
  • 1978 Albania drops diplomatic relations with China PR
  • 1978 Alexander Ginzburg sentenced by Soviet court to 8 years
  • 1978 Lee Iacocca fired as Ford Motor Pres by chairman Henry Ford II
  • 1978 Russian dissident Ginsburg/Piatkus/Sjtsjaranki sentence to work camp
  • 1978 Walter Poenisch completes swim of 207 km from Cuba to Florida
  • 1980 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1982 Train crash at Aalter Belgium, 5 killed
  • 1982 Iran launches first attack into Iraq
  • 1983 The Transvaal Attorney General announces that Eugène Terre'Blanche, leader of the far-right Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging (AWB) and three associates will face terrorism charges, South Africa
  • 1984 Jeff Beck quits Rod Stewart's tour after 7 shows
  • 1984 The last sitting of an all-white Parliament in South Africa
  • 1985 "Live Aid" concert held both at Wembley Stadium (London) and John F. Kennedy Stadium (Philadelphia) raises over $70 million for African famine relief
  • 1986 Zola Budd and Annette Cowley are banned from the Commonwealth Games, a direct consequence of Britain's refusal to support economic sanctions against the apartheid government of South Africa
  • 1988 Sting performs his 1st Rain Forest benefit concert
  • 1992 The Tripartite Alliance, consisting of the African National Congress, South African Communist Party and Congress of South African Trade Union, outlines a mass action plan for August
  • 1994 Jeff Gillooly sentenced to 2 years for attack on Nancy Kerrigan
  • 1995 Space shuttle STS-70 (Discovery 20), launches
  • 1996 Cigar wins record 16th straight win, (ties Citation in 1940)
  • 1997 Indonesian ferry sinks, killing at least 77
  • 2011 Mumbai is rocked by three bomb blasts during the evening rush hour, killing 26 and injuring 130.
  • 2011 19th ESPY Awards: Dirk Nowitzki, Lindsey Vonn win
  • 2012 China's economic growth drops to 7.6%, its lowest level for three years
  • 2012 19-30 people are killed after a train collides with a truck in Malelane, South Africa
  • 2012 Financially troubled Scottish football club, Rangers, is voted into the third division
  • 2013 18 people are killed and 40 are injured after a gravel truck collides with a bus in Podolsk, Russia
  • 2013 Ten people are killed after a bus crash in Minas Gerais, Brazil
  • 2015 Greek Credit Crisis: Eurozone agrees conditional deal to lend €86bn over 3 years if Greece passes reforms.
  • 2015 Sandra Bland is found dead in Waller County jail, Texas after spending weekend in jail after a traffic offence. Her family disputes her supposed suicide