Events in History on July 2

  • 311 St Militiades begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 626 Incident at Xuanwu Gate: in fear of assassination, Li Shimin ambushes and kills his rival brothers Li Yuanji and Li Jiancheng
  • 706 Remains of Chinese Emperor Gaozong, his wife Empress Wu Zetian and family members interred in Qianling Mausoleum by Emperor Zhongzong, outside Chang'an on Mount Liangshan
  • 963 The imperial army proclaims Nicephorus Phocas to be Emperor of the Romans on the plains outside Cappadocian Caesarea
  • 1140 Hartbert becomes bishop of Utrecht
  • 1214 Battle of La Roche-aux-Moines (Angers), part of King John of England attempt to reclaim Normandy from France
  • 1298 Battle on Hasenbuhl (Gollheim) between German kings Adolf & Albrecht I

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1505 After an encounter with a violent thunderstorm, Martin Luther declares that he will become a monk

Founder of Protestanism Martin Luther
Founder of Protestanism
Martin Luther
  • 1555 Turgut Reis sacks the Italian city of Paola.
  • 1561 Menas, Emperor of Ethiopia, defeats a revolt in Emfraz.
  • 1576 Muitende Spanish soldiers conquer Zierik Sea
  • 1578 Martin Frobisher sights Baffin Island.
  • 1582 Battle of Yamazaki: Toyotomi Hideyoshi defeats Akechi Mitsuhide.
  • 1600 Battle at Newport: Earl Mauritius van Nassau beats Spanish Army
  • 1613 The first English expedition from Massachusetts against Acadia led by Samuel Argall.
  • 1644 Battle of Marston Moor, North Yorkshire: Parliamentary forces under Lords Fairfax and Manchester defeat royalists led by Prince Rupert
  • 1679 Europeans first visit Minnesota and see headwaters of Mississippi in an expedition led by Daniel Greysolon de Du Luth.
  • 1681 Earl of Shaftesbury arrested for high treason
  • 1687 King James II disbands English parliament
  • 1698 Thomas Savery patents the first steam engine
  • 1776 NJ Jersey gives the right to vote to all adults who could show a net worth of 50 pounds
  • 1776 Continental Congress resolves "these United Colonies are & of right ought to be Free & Independent States"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1776 At the Continental Congress, John Dickinson abstains from the votes that declare independence

Founding Father of the United States John Dickinson
Founding Father of the United States
John Dickinson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1787 Marquis de Sade shouts from Bastille that prisoners are being slaughtered

Philosopher and Writer Marquis de Sade
Philosopher and Writer
Marquis de Sade
  • 1794 2nd Battle of Seneffe: France-Austria
  • 1808 Simon Fraser completes his trip down Fraser R, BC, lands at Musqueam
  • 1823 Bahia Independence Day: the end of Portuguese rule in Brazil, with the final defeat of the Portuguese crown loyalists in the province of Bahia.
  • 1839 Slaves aboard a Spanish schooner La Amistad revolt to secure their freedom while being transported from one Cuban port to another

CommunicationThe Day an Alligator Fell from the Sky

1843 An alligator falls from sky during a thunderstorm in Charleston, South Carolina

  • 1847 Envelope bearing 1st US 10 cent stamps used (still exists today)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1849 Giuseppe Garibaldi begins hunger strike in Rome

Unifier of Italy Giuseppe Garibaldi
Unifier of Italy
Giuseppe Garibaldi
  • 1850 Benjamin Lane patents gas mask with a breathing apparatus
  • 1858 Partial emancipation of Russian serfs
  • 1861 Battle of Hoke's Run, WV - small Union victory
  • 1862 Lincoln signs act granting land for state agricultural colleges
  • 1863 Battle of Gettysburg (2nd day)
  • 1863 R Morgan's: Burksville, KY to Salineville, OH [->JUL 26]
  • 1864 Gen Early & Confederate forces reach Winchester en route to Washington, D.C.
  • 1864 Statuary Hall in US Capitol forms
  • 1865 One-time Methodist Reform Church minister William Booth and his wife Catherine found the Salvation Army (Army of the Salvation) as the East London Christian Mission
  • 1867 1st US elevated railroad begins service, NYC
  • 1870 Jules Joseph d'Anethan is elected the tenth Prime Minister of Belgium.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1881 US President James Garfield shot by Charles J. Guiteau a disappointed office-seeker; Garfield died 79 days later

20th US President James Garfield
20th US President
James Garfield
Assassin Charles J. Guiteau
Assassin
Charles J. Guiteau
  • 1885 Canada's North-west Insurrection ends with surrender of Big Bear
  • 1890 Congress passes Sherman Antitrust Act
  • 1894 Government obtains injunction against striking Pullman Workers
  • 1900 Sibelius' "Finlandia" premieres in Helsinki

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1900 First flight LZ-1, of a dirigible airship designed by Graf Ferdinand von Zeppelin, at Lake Constance near Friedrichshafen, Germany.

Inventor of the Zeppelin Ferdinand von Zeppelin
Inventor of the Zeppelin
Ferdinand von Zeppelin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1901 Butch Cassidy & Sundance Kid rob train of $40,000 at Wagner, Montana

  • 1903 AL/NL batting champ Ed Delahanty, disappears, found dead days later
  • 1906 Yanks win by forfeit for the 1st time
  • 1915 Erich Muenter, an instructor in German at Cornell University, explodes a bomb in the US Senate reception room

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1916 Lenin says Imperialism is caused by capitalism

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • 1916 Russian offensive in Armenia
  • 1917 Riots in East St Louis Mo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1921 Warren G. Harding signs a joint congressional resolution declaring the official end of war with Germany

29th US President Warren G. Harding
29th US President
Warren G. Harding
  • 1926 US Army Air Corps created; Distinguish Flying Cross authorized
  • 1927 Jericho Earthquake in Palestine kills about 500
  • 1928 British parliament reduces the age at women can vote to 21 - the same as men (Representation of the People Act 1928)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 FDR makes 1st presidential nominating conventional acceptance speech

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1933 Carl Hubbell shuts-out Cards 1-0 in 18 innings without a walk
  • 1934 General Lazaro Cardenas elected president of Mexico

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1937 Amelia Earhart & Fred Noonan disappear over Pacific Ocean

Aviation Pioneer Amelia Earhart
Aviation Pioneer
Amelia Earhart
  • 1940 Dutch PM Colijn publishes "Borders of 2 Worlds" (German victory)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 Hitler orders invasion of Britain (Operation Sealion)

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1940 Lake Washington (Seattle) Floating bridge dedicated

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 British PM Churchill meets Major General Bernard Montgomery

British WWII Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery
British WWII Field Marshal
Bernard Montgomery
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1940 Indian independence leader Subhas Chandra Bose is arrested and detained in Calcutta.
  • 1941 DiMaggio breaks Willie Keeler's 44 game hitting streak (45th of 56)
  • 1941 Nazi mass murder in Lvov/Lemberg (7,000 dead)
  • 1941 Noel Coward's "Blithe Spirit" premieres in London
  • 1943 Gulf of Biskaje: Liberator bombers sinks U-126
  • 1943 Lt Charles Hall becomes 1st black pilot to shoot down a Nazi plane
  • 1944 Field Marshal von Kluge replaces General von Rundstedt
  • 1946 Dutch Beel government forms
  • 1946 Harbor workers end strike at Rotterdam & Amsterdam
  • 1947 Military coup discovered in France
  • 1950 Indian Bob Feller, wins his 200th game, 5-3 over Detroit
  • 1950 Kinkaku-ji in Kyoto, Japan, burns down.
  • 1950 Henri Queuille is elected the seventh Prime Minister of the Fourth French Republic.
  • 1951 Bill Veeck buys St Louis Browns from Bill & Charlie DeWitt
  • 1951 Hugo Yarnold stumps 6 at Dundee, Worcester v Scotland
  • 1951 Island advisor of Curacao installed
  • 1951 Leidse astronomers discover radio signal out of Milky Way system
  • 1952 Princess Beatrice opens miniature city of Madurodam
  • 1954 Denis Compton scores 278 in 290 minutes v Pakistan
  • 1956 US performs nuclear test at Enwetak (atmospheric tests)
  • 1957 1st submarine designed to fire guided missiles launched, Grayback
  • 1957 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Le pelerinage De Lourdes
  • 1958 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
  • 1961 Maris hits 29th & 30th en route to 61 homers
  • 1962 Cubans minister of Foreign affairs RaulCastro arrives in Moscow

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 Fidel Castro visits Moscow

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • 1964 Grand jury indicts Beckwith in murder of Medger Evers

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 US President Lyndon B. Johnson signs Civil Rights Act & Voting Rights Act into law

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
  • 1966 1st France nuclear test on Mururoa atoll
  • 1967 Catherine Lacoste becomes youngest (22), 1st foreigner (France) & 1st amateur to US Women's open golf tournament
  • 1968 An El Al Israeli airliner is hijacked and diverted to Algeria by three armed members of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP)
  • 1969 Ireland bowl out West Indies for 25 at Londonderry, win by 9 wkts
  • 1970 1st Boeing 747 to land in Amsterdam & Brussels
  • 1970 The Prevention of Incitement to Hatred Act (Northern Ireland) is introduced; it proved difficult to secure convictions under its provisions and was seldom enforced
  • 1970 Neil Blaney is found not guilty of illegal arms importation to the Irish Republican Army by a Dublin jury
  • 1971 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1972 India & Pakistan sign Simla Agreement peace accord
  • 1972 Two Catholic civilians are shot and killed in Belfast by Loyalist paramilitaries, probably the Ulster Defence Association (UDA)
  • 1973 James R Schlesinger ends term as 9th director of CIA
  • 1973 Nation Black Network begins operation on radio
  • 1974 Fernando Mameda of Portugal sets record for 10,000 m (27:13.81)
  • 1976 Formal reunification of North & South Vietnam
  • 1976 Supreme Court rules death penalty not inherently cruel or unusual
  • 1976 Ramble Inn attack: the Ulster Volunteer Force killed 6 civilians (5 Protestants, 1 Catholic) in a gun attack at a pub near Antrim; the pub was targeted because it was owned by Catholics

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1979 Susan B. Anthony dollar is issued, 1st US coin to honor a woman

Suffragette Susan B. Anthony
Suffragette
Susan B. Anthony
  • 1980 Julie Marie Bryan, 18, of Georgia, crowned America's Young Woman of Yr
  • 1982 Larry Walters using lawn chair & 42 helium balloons, rose to 16,000'
  • 1982 Soyuz T-6 returns to Earth
  • 1982 In South Africa, the Internal Security Act is passed, giving massive powers to the authorities to investigate any organization or publication
  • 1985 Andrei Gromyko appointed president of USSR
  • 1985 European Space Agency launches Giotto (Halley's Comet Flyby)
  • 1986 General strike against Pinochet regime in Chile
  • 1986 US Supreme Court upholds affirmative action in 2 rulings
  • 1987 Jim Eisenreich's comeback after nervous disorder in 1984
  • 1987 Nilde Iotti is named as the first female President of the Italian Chamber of Deputies.
  • 1988 Lester Dumakude, commander of an Umkhonto we Sizwe special operations unit, detonate a car bomb by remote control outside Ellis Park Stadium in Johannesburg, South Africa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990 Imelda Marcos & Adnan Khashoggi found not guilty of racketeering

First Lady and Politican Imelda Marcos
First Lady and Politican
Imelda Marcos
  • 1990 Panic in tunnel of Mecca: 1,426 pilgrims trampled to death
  • 1991 Riot at Guns N' Roses concert in St Louis
  • 1992 Braniff Airlines goes out of business
  • 1993 Boat sinks at Bocaue Philippines, 325 die
  • 1993 F-28 crashes at Sorong Irian Barat, 41 die
  • 1993 Kansas Royals rename stadium Ewing Kaufman Stadium after founder
  • 1993 Muslim fundamentalists in Sivas, Turkey, set hotel on fire, kill 36

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1993 Pope John Paul II hospitalized for Cat Scan test

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1994 John Wayne Bobbitt & Kristina Elliot arrested for domestic battery
  • 1994 Richard Johnson takes 10-45 for Middlesex against Derbyshire
  • 1994 US Air DC-9 crash in North Carolina, 37 killed
  • 1995 Thailand: Banharn Silpa-Archa's party wins election
  • 1998 "Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets" the 2nd book in the series is published by Bloomsbury in the UK
  • 2000 Vicente Fox Quesada is elected the first President of México from an opposition party, the Partido Acción Nacional after more than 70 years of continuous rule by the Partido Revolucionario Institucional.
  • 2001 AbioCor self contained artificial heart created.
  • 2001 Bush Administration announce that it will seek to let oil companies drill on about 1,500,000 acres of the Gulf of Mexico
  • 2001 UN Security Council, facing an almost certain Russian veto, agrees to postpone indefinitely a vote on the US-led "smart sanctions" package for Iraq
  • 2002 Steve Fossett becomes the first person to fly solo around the world nonstop in a balloon.
  • 2003 Silvio Berlusconi, Prime Minister of Italy, insults German MP Martin Schulz by calling him a "kapo" during a session of the European Parliament.
  • 2004 ASEAN Regional Forum accepts Pakistan as its 24th member.
  • 2008 Ingrid Betancourt and 14 other FARC hostages are rescued by the Colombian armed forces.
  • 2010 Oil tanker truck explosion in South Kivu, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, kills at least 230 people
  • 2012 GlaxoSmithKline settles the largest healthcare fraud case in history for US$3 Billion
  • 2012 Monsoon rain in East India kills at least 79 people and leaves 2.2 million homeless
  • 2013 16 people are killed and 200 are injured in protest clashes at Cairo University against Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2014 Former French President Nicolas Sarkozy is criminally charged with corruption by French prosecutors

President of France Nicolas Sarkozy
President of France
Nicolas Sarkozy
  • 2015 BP agrees to compensate US government & gulf states $18.7 billion for the 2010 Gulf of Mexico oil spill
  • 2015 62 people are killed after the Kim Nirvana ferry capsizes off the coast of the Philippines
  • 2016 Large lorry bomb in Baghdad kills at least 125 people and wounds 150, Islamic State claims responsibility