Events in History on July 20

  • 514 St Hormisdas elected as Pope succeeding Pope Sympowerus
  • 1031 Henry I succeeds father Robert II as King of France
  • 1304 Wars of Scottish Independence: Fall of Stirling Castle - King Edward I of England takes the last rebel stronghold of the war.
  • 1402 Battle at Ancyra/Angora/Ankara: Timur' beats Sultan Bajezid I's Ottoman forces
  • 1495 French viceroy of Naples Montpensier surrenders
  • 1498 Emperor Maximilian names Albrecht governor of Netherlands
  • 1553 John Dudley, Lord President of the Council under Edward VI, captured in Cambridge
  • 1609 Emperor Rudolf II grants Silezische protestants freedom of religion
  • 1619 Gerardus Vossius resigns as Dutch regent States college leader
  • 1627 English fleet under George Villiers reaches La Rochelle [OS=June 10]
  • 1654 Anglo-Portuguese treaty, Portugal comes under English control
  • 1712 The Riot Act takes effect in Great Britain.
  • 1738 North America: French explorer Pierre Gaultier de Varennes et de la Vérendrye reaches the western shore of Lake Michigan.
  • 1749 Earl of Chesterfield says "Idleness is only refuge of weak minds"
  • 1773 Scottish settlers arrive at Pictou, Nova Scotia (Canada)
  • 1801 Elisha Brown Jr pressed a 1,235 pound cheese ball at his farm

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1808 Napoleon decrees all French Jews adopt family names

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1810 Citizens of Bogotá, New Granada (now Colombia), declare independence from Spain.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1836 Charles Darwin climbs Green Hill on Ascension

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin

CommunicationOpening of Euston Station

1837 Euston railway station opens in London as the terminus of the London and Birmingham Railway (L&BR), the city's 1st intercity railway station

  • 1847 German astronomer Theodor discovers Comet Brorsen-Metcalf
  • 1849 Start of 1st Lancashire-Yorkshire clash at Hyde Park, Sheffield
  • 1855 1st train from Rotterdam to Utrecht in Netherlands
  • 1858 Gathering of Plombieres - Napoleon III meets Cavour
  • 1861 Confederate states' congress began holding sessions in Richmond, Va
  • 1862 Guerrilla campaign in GA (Porter's & Poindexter's) [->SEP 20] US580 CS2866
  • 1864 Battle at Stephenson's Depot Virginia: 200 killed or injured
  • 1864 Battle of Peachtree Creek-Atlanta Campaign
  • 1866 Sea battle of Lissa-Austria vs Italy
  • 1868 1st use of tax stamps on cigarettes
  • 1871 British Columbia joins the confederation of Canada.
  • 1876 1st US intercollegiate track meet held, Saratoga, NY; Princeton wins
  • 1877 Military shoots on stopped railroad workers in Balt, kills 9
  • 1878 1st telephone introduced in Hawaii

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1881 Sioux Indian Chief Sitting Bull, surrenders to US federal troops

Lakota Sioux Chief Sitting Bull
Lakota Sioux Chief
Sitting Bull
  • 1890 "Gibbons Stamp Monthly" begins publishing
  • 1890 Snow & hail in Calais, Maine
  • 1894 2000 fed troops recalled from Chicago, having ended Pullman strike
  • 1901 Morocco signs an agreement with France fixing Morocco's frontier with Algeria, a French colony
  • 1903 Giuseppe Sarto elected Pope Pius X, known as the 'pope of the poor and humble'
  • 1906 Bkln Dodger Mal Eason no-hits St Louis Cards, 2-0
  • 1907 A train wreck on the Pere Marquette Railroad near Salem, Michigan kills thirty and injures seventy more.
  • 1910 Former Dutch premier Abraham Kuyper acquitted of corruption
  • 1911 Generals Henry Wilson/Auguste Dubail sign plan for British Expeditionary army in case of war with Germany
  • 1913 Turkish troops take Adrianopel & Erdine from Bulgaria
  • 1914 Armed resistance against British rule begins in Ulster
  • 1917 Pact of Corfu signed: Serbs, Croats & Slovenes form Yugoslavia
  • 1917 WW I draft lottery held; #258 is 1st drawn
  • 1921 Congresswoman Alice Mary Robertson becomes the first woman to preside over the US House of Representatives
  • 1922 Togo made a mandate of League of Nations
  • 1923 Yanks hit into a triple-play but beat A's 9-2
  • 1924 Federation Internationale des Echecs (FIDE) forms in Paris
  • 1924 Tehran, Persia comes under martial law after the American vice consul, Robert Imbrie, is killed by a religious mob enraged by rumors he had poisoned a fountain and killed several people.
  • 1925 Beirut sultan Pasja al-Atrasj calls Druzen for holy war against France
  • 1925 Italian-Serbian/Croatian/Slav treaty about Dalmatie
  • 1926 A convention of the Methodist Church votes to allow women to become priests.
  • 1928 The government of Hungary issues a decree ordering Gypsies to end their nomadic ways, settle permanently in one place, and subject themselves to the same laws and taxes as other Hungarians.
  • 1930 106°F (41°C), Washington, D.C. (district record)
  • 1932 In Washington, D.C., police fire tear gas on World War I veterans part of the Bonus Expeditionary Force who attempt to march to the White House.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 Vatican state secretary Pacelli (Pius XII) signs accord with Hitler

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1933 In London, 500,000 march against anti-Semitism.
  • 1933 Germany: Two-hundred Jewish merchants are arrested in Nuremberg and paraded through the streets.
  • 1934 118°F (48°C), Keokuk, Iowa (state record)
  • 1935 Switzerland: A Royal Dutch Airlines plane en route from Milan to Frankfurt crashes into a Swiss mountain, killing thirteen.
  • 1940 Germany occupiers forbid Dutch Communist Party (CPN) in Netherlands
  • 1940 Nazi collaborator Rost of Tonningen appointed director of Marxist
  • 1941 Yanks beat Tigers 12-6 in 17
  • 1942 1st detachment of Women's Army Auxiliary Corps, begin basic training
  • 1942 Barbados dismiss Trinidad for 16 in 69 minutes, Derek Sealy 8-8
  • 1942 Legion of Merit Medal authorized by US congress

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 US Joint Chiefs of Staff question Admiral Nimitz over the landing on Gilbert Island

US Admiral Chester Nimitz
US Admiral
Chester Nimitz
  • 1944 British and Canadian troops occupy Hill 67/Ifs/Bras/Frenouville, Normandy
  • 1944 Canadian Cameron Highlanders conquer St Andre
  • 1944 Death March of 1,200 Jews from Lipcani Moldavia begins
  • 1944 Fieldmarshal von Kluge consults with German commandant at Caen
  • 1944 Flying Fortresses of US 8th Air Force attack Leipzig/Dessau

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 General Eisenhower visits Montgomery's headquarter in Normandy

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1944 Heavy storm hampers British offensive at Caen
  • 1944 Japanese aircraft carrier Hijo sunk by US air attack
  • 1944 Liberators of US 8th Air Force attack Gotha Russelsheim/Eisenach

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1944 US President FDR nominated for an unprecedented 4th term at Democratic convention

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1944 US 15th Air Force attacks Friedrichshaven Memmingen
  • 1944 US 9th Air Force bombs railroad at Chaulnes Sable-sur-Sarthe/Dreux
  • 1944 US invades Japanese-occupied Guam
  • 1944 Violent battles in Verrieres-hill (Normandy)
  • 1944 Fifty are hurt in rioting in front of the presidential palace in Mexico City.
  • 1944 Adolf Hitler survives an assassination attempt led by German army officer Claus Von Stauffenberg
  • 1947 1st political action of Neth Army on Java & Sumatra
  • 1948 Lou Thesz beats Bill Longson, to become NWA wrestling champion

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1948 Syngman Rhee elected President of South Korea

First President of South Korea Syngman Rhee
First President of South Korea
Syngman Rhee
  • 1948 US Communist Party chairman William Forster arrested
  • 1949 Israel's 19 month war of independence ends
  • 1949 Vasil Kolarov elected premier of Bulgaria
  • 1951 King Abdullah I of Jordan is assassinated by a Palestinian while attending Friday prayers in Jerusalem.
  • 1953 USSR/Israel recover diplomatic relations
  • 1953 The United Nations Economic and Social Council votes to make UNICEF a permanent agency.
  • 1954 Armistice for Indo-China signed, Vietnam separates into North & South
  • 1954 West German secret service head Otto John defects to German DR
  • 1956 France recognizes Tunisian independence
  • 1956 Great Britain refuses to lend Egypt money to build Aswan Dam
  • 1956 US performs atmospheric nuclear Test at Bikini Island
  • 1958 King Hussein of Jordan breaks off diplomatic relations with UAR
  • 1960 1st submerged submarine to fire Polaris missile (George Washington)
  • 1960 Sirima Bandaranaike becomes 1st female premier of Ceylon
  • 1960 USSR recovered 2 dogs; 1st living organisms to return from space
  • 1960 The head of the Physics Department at the Israel Institute of Technology, Kurt Sitte, is arrested for espionage.
  • 1961 French military forces break the Tunisian siege of Bizerte.
  • 1962 France & Tunisia recover diplomatic relations
  • 1963 17 African states & Madagascar sign peace treaty with EC
  • 1963 Verne Gagne beats Crusher Lisowski in Minneapolis, to become NWA champ
  • 1963 Riots break out at Mt Eden Prison, Auckland, New Zealand
  • 1964 1st surfin' record to go #1-Jan & Dean's "Surf City"
  • 1964 Dmitri Shostakovitch completes his 10th String quartet
  • 1965 18.18" (46.18 cm) of rainfall, Edgarton, Missouri (state 24-hr record)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 Pablo Neruda receives 1st Viareggio-Versile prizes

  • 1967 Race riots in Memphis Tenn
  • 1968 Jane Asher breaks her engagement with Paul McCartney on live TV

1stApollo 11 Bootprint

1969 1st Moon Landing: Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin from Apollo 11, 530 million watch live global broadcast

  • 1972 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1973 Jack Brisco beats Harley Race in Houston, to become NWA champ
  • 1973 The US Senate passes the War Powers Act.
  • 1974 Heng Yo & Heng Ju, completes 1,000 mile (SF-Seattle) pilgrimage
  • 1974 Turkey invades Cyprus
  • 1975 India expels three reporters from The Times, The Daily Telegraph, and Newsweek because they refused to sign a pledge to abide by government censorship.
  • 1976 US Viking 1 lands on Mars at Chryse Planitia, 1st Martian landing
  • 1976 Vietnam War: The US military completes its troop withdrawal from Thailand.
  • 1976 Rev. Samuel Mutendi, founder of the first African Independent Church, dies
  • 1977 Flash flood hits Johnstown, Pa, kills 80 & causing $350 mil damage
  • 1977 The Central Intelligence Agency releases documents under the Freedom of Information Act revealing it had engaged in mind control experiments.
  • 1979 44-kg Newfoundland dog pulls 2293-kg load, Bothell, Wash
  • 1981 England set for innings loss v Aust, Botham hits 100 in 87 balls
  • 1982 Hyde Park and Regent's Park bombings: 11 British soldiers and 7 military horses killed in Provisional Irish Republican Army bomb attacks during military ceremonies in London
  • 1983 France performs nuclear Test at Muruora Island
  • 1985 Divers find wreck of Spanish galleon Atocha
  • 1985 The government of Aruba passes legislation to secede from the Netherlands Antilles.
  • 1987 Don Mattingly ties 1st base fielding record with 22 put-outs
  • 1988 Michael Dukakis selected Democratic presidential nominee
  • 1989 93°F, highest overnight low ever recorded in Phoenix Arizona

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1989 Burma government puts author Aung San Suu Kyi under house arrest

Burmese Politician Aung San Suu Kyi
Burmese Politician
Aung San Suu Kyi
  • 1989 Photographer Robert Mapplethorpe's show opens at Washington, D.C.'s Project for the Arts after the Smithsonian Institution's Corcoran Gallery cancels it.
  • 1990 Justice William J. Brennan Jr. resigns from the Supreme Court after 36 years
  • 1992 Round World Air Race begins in Paris
  • 1992 Václav Havel resigns as president of Czechoslovakia.
  • 1993 Fire in the press box at Altanta Fulton County Stadium
  • 1994 Major parts of Comet Shoemaker-Levy hit Jupiter (July 16th-22nd)
  • 1995 The Regents of the University of California vote to end all affirmative action in the UC system by 1997.
  • 1996 In Spain an ETA bomb at an airport kills 35
  • 1998 Two hundred aid workers from CARE International, Médecins Sans Frontières (Doctors Without Borders) and other aid groups leave Afghanistan on orders of the Taliban.
  • 1999 Falun Gong is banned in the People's Republic of China, and a large scale crackdown of the practice is launched.
  • 2000 In Zimbabwe, Parliament opens its new session and seats opposition members for the first time in a decade.
  • 2000 Terrorist Carlos the Jackal sues France in the European Court of Human Rights for allegedly torturing him.
  • 2001 The London Stock Exchange goes public.
  • 2001 Italy: The 27th Annual G8 summit opens in Genoa. An Italian protester in Genoa, Carlo Giuliani, is shot by police.
  • 2002 South America: A fire in a discotheque in Lima, Peru kills over twenty-five.
  • 2003 France: Sixteen people are injured after two bombs explode outside a tax office in Nice.
  • 2005 Canada becomes the fourth country in the world to legalize same-sex marriage, after the bill C-38 receives its Royal Assent.
  • 2012 21 people are killed and 29 injured in a bus accident in Nayarit, Mexico
  • 2014 Patrick Sawyer arrives in city of Lagos in Nigeria and collapses; he dies of Ebola five days later
  • 2014 The Israeli Defence Force enter Shuja'iyya, a populous neighbourhood of Gaza City, as part of their ground offensive focused on destroying tunnels crossing the Israel border
  • 2015 Suicide bomber kills 30 in Turkish town of Suruc near Syrian border
  • 2015 Hacker group the Impact Team annouce they have hacked married dating site Ashley Madison