Events in History on July 23

  • 636 Arabs gain control of most of Palestine from Byzantine Empire
  • 685 John V begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1148 Crusaders attack Damascus
  • 1215 Frederick II crowned King of the Romans (King of the Germans) in Aachen
  • 1253 Jews are expelled from Vienne France by order of Pope Innocent IV
  • 1298 Rindfleisch ("Beef") Persecutions - Jewish community in Wurzburg Germany massacred
  • 1431 G Cesarini opens Counsil of Basel (Ferrara/Florence)
  • 1453 Battle at Gavere: Philip the Good beats Gentse rebellion
  • 1532 Emperor Charles V and the Schmalkaldic League sign Peace of Nuremberg
  • 1540 Turkey recognizes Janos Sigismund Zapolyai as vassal-king of Hungary
  • 1558 Battle of Grevelingen: Lamoraal, Count of Egmont beat France
  • 1572 William of Orange's troops occupy Roermond on the Spanjaarden
  • 1594 Groningen surrenders to Count Mauritius/Willem Louis
  • 1599 Caravaggio's 1st public commission for paintings
  • 1632 Three hundred colonists bound for New France depart from Dieppe, France.
  • 1664 4 British ships to drive Dutch out of NY, arrive in Boston

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1726 Benjamin Franklin sails back to Philadelphia

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin
  • 1745 Charles Edward Stuart, "the Young Pretender", lands at Eriskay Island, Hebrides
  • 1764 James Otis publishes views on taxation without representation
  • 1793 The Prussians conquer Mayence.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1798 Napoleon captures Alexandria, Egypt

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1803 Robert Emmett leads rebellion in Dublin
  • 1812 Battle of Mogilev Russia-Napoleon fights Tsar Alexander I
  • 1829 American William Austin Burt patents "typographer" (typewriter)
  • 1833 Cornerstones are laid for the construction of the Kirtland Temple in Kirtland, Ohio.
  • 1834 HMS Beagle anchors in Bay of Valparaiso
  • 1840 Union Act passed by British Parliament, uniting Upper & Lower Canada
  • 1848 Battle of Custoza-Italian War of Independence, starts
  • 1850 17th Postmaster General: Nathan K Hall of NY takes office
  • 1851 Treaty of Traverse des Sioux signed by Sioux Indians & US
  • 1852 1st interment in US National Cemetery at Presidio
  • 1858 Jewish Disabilities Removal Act passed by British Parliament
  • 1863 Alexandra Park opens in North London
  • 1864 Battle of Woodstock, VA
  • 1870 Emperor Napoleon III appoints Empress Eugenie as Regent of France
  • 1874 Aires de Ornelas e Vasconcelos is appointed the Archbishop of the Portuguese colonial enclave of Goa.
  • 1877 1st US municipal railroad, Cincinnati Southern, begins operations
  • 1877 1st telephone & telegraph line in Hawaii completed
  • 1880 1st commercial hydroelectric power planet begins, Grand Rapids, Michigan
  • 1886 Steve Brodie supposedly survives plunge from Brooklyn Bridge
  • 1888 John Boyd Dunlop applies to patent pneumatic tire
  • 1900 Pan-African Congress meets in London
  • 1900 The Canadian government reviews immigration policy, prohibiting criminals and paupers from landing in Canada
  • 1904 Ice cream cone created during St Louis World Fair - the 1st cone reputedly by Charles E. Menches
  • 1906 Pogroms against Jews in Oddessa
  • 1913 Arabs attack Jewish community of Rechovot, Palestine
  • 1914 Austria-Hungary presents an ultimatum to Serbia; that A-H demands acceptance within 48 hours make peacekeeping difficult
  • 1917 Cleveland Metropolitan Park District establishes
  • 1920 British East Africa renamed Kenya & becomes a British crown colony
  • 1921 Chinese communist party forms under guidance of Henk Sneevliet
  • 1926 Belgian NMBS/SNCFB forms
  • 1926 French government of Poincaré forms
  • 1929 The Fascist government in Italy bans the use of foreign words.
  • 1930 Earthquake strikes Ariano Italy, 1,500 killed
  • 1930 Pitts Pie Traynor ends both games with HRs (1st in 9th, 2nd in 13th)
  • 1931 Ashmore & Cartier Is in Indian Ocean transferred to Australia
  • 1937 Isolation of pituitary hormone announced (Yale University)
  • 1942 German troops conquer Rostow

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Hitler's Directive number 45: order to occupy Stalingrad

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1942 World War II: Operation Edelweiss (a German plan to gain control over the Caucasus) begins.
  • 1943 Battle of Koersk, USSR ends in Nazi defeat (6,000 tanks)
  • 1943 US 45th Infantry division occupies north coast of Termini
  • 1944 Conference of Bretton Woods signed; IMF operations begin
  • 1944 Soviet Army marches into Lublin Poland
  • 1944 US forces invade Japanese-held Tinian in WW II
  • 1944 US troops occupy Pisa Italy
  • 1945 Marshal Henri Pétain, leader Vichy-regime, goes on trial

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1946 Menachem Begin's Zionist militant group Irgun bombs the King David Hotel, the then British administrative headquarters for Palestine

Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin
Israeli Prime Minister
Menachem Begin
  • 1947 1st (US Navy) air squadron of jets, Quonset Point, RI
  • 1948 Progressive party convention nominates Henry Wallace for President
  • 1952 General Neguib seizes power, Monarchy overthrown in Egypt (National Day)
  • 1956 Bell X-2 rocket plane sets world aircraft speed record of 3,050 kph
  • 1956 The Loi Cadre is passed by the French Republic in order to order French overseas territory affairs.
  • 1958 1st 4 women named to peerage in House of Lords

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 VP Richard Nixon begins visit on USSR

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1962 The International Agreement on the Neutrality of Laos is signed.
  • 1964 As' Bert Campaneris HRs on 1st pitch, hits a 2nd HR on 2nd at bat
  • 1964 Egyptian munition ship "Star of Alexandria" explodes at dockside in Bone, Algeria. 100 die, 160 injured, $20 million damage
  • 1966 Cavern Club in Liverpool reopens
  • 1966 Napoleon XIV releases "They're Coming to Take Me Away, Ha! Ha!"
  • 1967 -27] 43 die in race riot in Detroit (2,000 injured, 442 fires)
  • 1967 Pirate Radio Swinging Scotland closes down for financial reasons
  • 1968 Fred Blasie wins 5th wrestling world championship belt
  • 1968 PLO's 1st hijacking of an El Al plane
  • 1968 Race riot in Cleveland, 11 including 3 police officers killed
  • 1969 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1970 Qaboos ibn Sa'id becomes Sultan of Oman after overthrowing his father, Sa'id ibn Taimur.
  • 1970 A ban on parades and public processions until January 1971 is announced by the Stormont government (North Ireland Parliament)
  • 1971 The British Army carry out early morning raids across Northern Ireland and arrest 48 people
  • 1972 1st Earth Resources Technology Satellite (ERTS) is launched
  • 1973 Ozark AL plane knocked out of air by lightning, St Louis-36 die
  • 1973 Qaboos bin Said Al Said becomes Sultan & Prime Minister of Oman
  • 1973 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1973 US President Richard Nixon refuses to release Watergate tapes of conversations in the White House relevant to the Watergate investigation
  • 1974 Greek military dictatorship collapses
  • 1975 Alan Ayckbourn's "Absent Friends" premieres in London
  • 1976 France performs nuclear Test at Muruora Island
  • 1976 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1977 Washington jury convicts 12 Hanafi Muslims on hostage charges
  • 1978 Israeli government rejects Sadat's call for return of 2 Sinai areas
  • 1978 Franklin Bradshaw is murdered in Salt Lake City by his grandson Marc Schreuder at the instigation of his mother Frances Schreuder
  • 1980 Billy Carter admits to being paid by Libya

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1980 River of No Return Wilderness Area designated by Jimmy Carter

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
  • 1980 Soyuz 37 ferries 2 cosmonauts (1 Vietnamese) to Salyut 6
  • 1982 FCC approves AM stereo radio, KTSA San Antonio goes stereo
  • 1982 International Whaling Commission votes for total ban on commercial whaling (starting 1985)
  • 1983 Gimli Glider: Air Canada Flight 143 runs out of fuel and makes a deadstick landing at Gimli, Manitoba.

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1986 Moroccan King Hassan II meets with Israeli Prime Minister Shimon Peres

Israeli Statesman Shimon Peres
Israeli Statesman
Shimon Peres
  • 1987 RNI (Brooklyn New York pirate radio station) begins broadcasting on 1620 AM
  • 1987 Said Aouita of Morocco runs world record 5,000 m (12:58.39)
  • 1988 Saskatchewan's Dave Ridgway kicks record 8 field goals vs Edmonton
  • 1989 Winds gust to 85 MPH at Fort Smith, Arkansas
  • 1990 Rosie Jones (St Louis), 26, crowned 22nd Miss Black America
  • 1990 South Africa workers' union leader Billy Nair arrested
  • 1991 James Farentino of "Dynasty" arrested in Canada for cocaine possession
  • 1992 Bruce Springsteen begins a world tour
  • 1992 Emperor Haile Selassie, [Ras Tafari Makonnen] of Ethiopia's, funeral
  • 1993 China Northwest Airlines BAe146-300 crashes at Yinchuan, 55 killed
  • 1994 All 40,000 ceiling tiles in Kingdome must be replaced
  • 1994 Amy Osmond of Utah, 17, crowned America's Junior Miss
  • 1994 Goodwill Games open in St Petersburg
  • 1994 Space shuttle STS-65: Columbia 17, lands after record 14 days 55 mins
  • 1995 Comet Hale-Bopp is discovered and becomes visible to the naked eye nearly a year later
  • 1997 The US State Department rules that Turkey's agreement to purchase $23 billion worth of natural gas from Iran does not violate the Iran and Libya Sanctions Act
  • 1999 Crown Prince Mohammed Ben Al-Hassan is crowned King Mohammed VI of Morocco on the death of his father.
  • 1999 ANA Flight 61 is hijacked in Tokyo, Japan.
  • 2005 Three bombs explode in the Naama Bay area of Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt, killing 88 people.
  • 2008 Cape Verde joins the World Trade Organization, becoming its 153rd member.
  • 2009 The Bank of Canada announces the end of the recession even though it remains nascent and still dependent on government stimulus money
  • 2012 A series of attacks across Iraq kill 103 people
  • 2013 19 people are killed and 22 are injured after a tour bus collides with a truck in Saraburi, Thailand
  • 2014 2014 Commonwealth Games in Glasgow holds its opening ceremony
  • 2014 44 people are killed after TransAsia Airways Flight 222 crashed into buildings in Taiwan
  • 2015 NASA's Kepler mission announces discovery of the most Earth-like planet yet - Kepler-452b, 1,400 light years from Earth
  • 2016 Suicide bomb in Kabul kills 80 during a protest march, Islamic State claim responsibility