Events in History on July 26

  • 657 Battle of Siffin during the first Muslim civil war between Ali ibn Abi Talib and Muawiyah I beside Euphrates River
  • 811 Battle of Pliska: Bulgarians under Krum beat Byzantines
  • 920 Rout of an alliance of Christian troops from Navarre and Léon against the Muslims at Pamplona.
  • 1267 Inquisition forms in Rome under Pope Clement IV
  • 1309 Henry VII is recognized King of the Romans by Pope Clement V
  • 1469 Wars of the Roses: Battle of Edgecote Moor - Pitting the forces of Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick against those of King Edward IV.
  • 1497 "Edward IV's son" Perkin Warbeck's army lands in Cork
  • 1499 Spanish conquistador Alonso de Ojeda discovers Curacao Island

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1519 Francisco Pizarro receives royal charter for the west coast of South America

Spanish Conquistador Francisco Pizarro
Spanish Conquistador
Francisco Pizarro
  • 1524 James V declared fit to govern by the Scottish Parliament
  • 1529 Francisco Pizarro appointed governor of Peru
  • 1576 Muitende Spanish troops conquer Aalst

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1579 Francis Drake leaves San Francisco to cross Pacific Ocean

Vice Admiral and Navigator Francis Drake
Vice Admiral and Navigator
Francis Drake
  • 1588 English Admiral John Hawkins knighted for his actions against the Armada

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1656 Dutch painter Rembrandt van Rijn declares he is insolvent

  • 1663 France annexes Venaissin
  • 1678 England & Netherlands signs treaty: sending ultimatum to France
  • 1757 Battle at Hastenbeck: French army beats Duke of Cumberland

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1758 British battle fleet under gen James Wolfe conquerors Louisbourg

British Army Officer James Wolfe
British Army Officer
James Wolfe
  • 1759 French troops vacate Ticonderoga NY
  • 1760 Austrian troops occupy Fort Glatz Silezie

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1775 United States Post Office (U.S.P.O.) created in Philadelphia under Benjamin Franklin

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin
  • 1788 New York becomes 11th state to ratify US constitution
  • 1790 US passes Assumption bill making US responsible for state debts
  • 1803 The Surrey Iron Railway, arguably the world's first public railway, opens in south London.
  • 1805 Naples/Calabria struck by Earthquake; about 26,000 die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1822 Secret meeting of Simon Bolivar & Jose de San Martin

Military and Political Leader Simon Bolívar
Military and Political Leader
Simon Bolívar
Revolutionary Leader José de San Martín
Revolutionary Leader
José de San Martín
  • 1826 Vilnus Lithuanian riots cause death of many Jews
  • 1832 HMS Beagle anchors in Montevideo
  • 1835 1st sugar cane plantation started in Hawaii
  • 1847 Moses Garrish Farmer builds 1st miniature train for children to ride
  • 1847 The Liberian Declaration of Independence is signed making Liberia a sovereign nation, independent from the American Colonization Society
  • 1858 Baron Lionel de Rothschild becomes the 1st Jewish person elected to the British Parliament
  • 1863 Battle of Salineville OH, John Hunt Morgan & 364 troops surrender
  • 1864 -31] Riot at McCook's to Lovejoy Station GA, US600 CS---
  • 1864 -31] Riot at Stoneman's to Macon GA, US1000 CS---
  • 1864 Battle at Ezra Chapel (Church), Georgia [Hood's Third Sortie]
  • 1865 Patrick Francis Healy is 1st African American awarded PhD (from University of Leuven, Belgium)
  • 1865 The capital of New Zealand moves from Auckland to Wellington
  • 1866 Canoe Club opens in England
  • 1878 In California, the poet and American West outlaw calling himself "Black Bart" makes his last clean getaway when he steals a safe box from a Wells Fargo stagecoach. The empty box will be found later with a taunting poem inside.
  • 1881 French marines occupy Tunisian harbor city Sfax
  • 1887 1st Esperanto book published
  • 1891 Henry James' "American" premieres in London
  • 1891 France annexes Tahiti.
  • 1897 37.5 cm rainfall at Jewell, Maryland (state record)
  • 1902 Australia beat England by 3 runs at Old Trafford
  • 1903 1st automobile trip across the United States (SF-NY) completed by Horatio Nelson Jackson and Sewall K. Crocker
  • 1908 United States Attorney General Charles Joseph Bonaparte issues an order to immediately staff the Office of the Chief Examiner (later renamed the Federal Bureau of Investigation).

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914 First Lord of the Admiralty (British Minister of Navy) Winston Churchill orders British fleet to remain

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1914 For the next two days, the foreign ministries and leaders of major states work feverishly to avert war
  • 1914 Irish Volunteers unload a shipment of 1,500 rifles and 45,000 rounds of ammunition arrived from Germany aboard Erskine Childers' yacht the Asgard; British troops fire on jeering crowd on Bachelors Walk, Dublin, killing three citizens
  • 1915 International School for Wijsbegeerte forms
  • 1916 The US Protests the 'Blacklist' issued by the British forbidding trade with some 30 US firms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 J. Edgar Hoover gets job in US Department of Justice

First Director of the FBI J. Edgar Hoover
First Director of the FBI
J. Edgar Hoover
  • 1918 Race riot in Philadelphia (3 whites & 1 black killed)
  • 1926 National Bar Association incorporates
  • 1926 Philippines government asks USA for a plebiscite on independence
  • 1928 Yanks score 11 runs in 12th beating Tigers 12-1
  • 1936 The Axis Powers decide to intervene in the Spanish Civil War.
  • 1937 End of the Battle of Brunete in the Spanish Civil War.
  • 1941 1st Dutch Austrians depart Hague
  • 1941 US embargo on oil-export to Japan
  • 1942 RC churches protest, Dutch bishops stand against spread of Judaism
  • 1943 120°F (49°C), Tishmoningo, Oklahoma (state record)
  • 1943 Otto Skorzeny's commando group arrives in Rome
  • 1944 Japanese suicide attack on US lines in Guam
  • 1944 Russian troops arrive in Weichsel
  • 1944 US offensive at St-Lo/2nd Armour div occupies St Gilles
  • 1944 The first German V-2 rocket hits Great Britain (nicknamed "gasometer").

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1945 After Labour landslide in general election, Clement Attlee becomes British Prime Minister

British Prime Minister Clement Attlee
British Prime Minister
Clement Attlee
  • 1945 Declaration of Potsdam: US, Britain and China demand the Japanese surrender during WWII
  • 1945 Japanese government disregards US ultimatum
  • 1945 US cruiser Indianapolis reaches Tinian with atom bomb
  • 1945 Winston Churchill resigns as Britain's Prime Minister after election defeat

BattleNuclear Bombing of Nagasaki

1945 Physicist Raemer Schreiber and Lieutenant Colonel Peer de Silva depart Kirtland Army Air Field to transport the plutonium core for the Fat Man bomb (bombing of Nagasaki) to the island of Tinian where the bomb is assembled

  • 1946 President Harry Truman orders desegregation of all US forces
  • 1946 Aloha Airlines began service from Honolulu International Airport

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 President Truman signs National Security Act (1947), establishing Department of Defense, CIA, National Security Council and Joint Chiefs of Staff

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1948 Presient Harry Truman issues Executive Order No. 9981 directing "equality of treatment & opportunity" in US armed forces
  • 1950 KNIL (Royal Dutch East Indies Army) unites
  • 1951 Netherlands ends state of war with Germany
  • 1952 King Farouk I of Egypt abdicates [Black Saturday]
  • 1953 Cuban pirate radio station's 1st transmission at Santiago de Cuba

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 Fidel Castro begins rebellion, the "26th of July Movement," against Fulgenico Batista's regime in Cuba

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
Cuban President and Dictator Fulgencio Batista
Cuban President and Dictator
Fulgencio Batista
  • 1953 Arizona Governor John Howard Pyle orders an anti-polygamy law enforcement crackdown on residents of Short Creek, Arizona, which becomes known as the Short Creek Raid.
  • 1955 Ted Allen throws a record 72 consecutive horseshoe ringers
  • 1956 Egypt seizes the Suez Canal
  • 1957 USSR launches 1st intercontinental multistage ballistic missile
  • 1957 Carlos Castillo Armas, dictator of Guatemala, is assassinated
  • 1958 Army launches 4th US successful satellite, Explorer IV
  • 1958 6th British Empire Games and Commonwealth Games close in Cardiff, Wales
  • 1960 Italian government of Fanfani forms
  • 1962 Maria Oeljanov, 1st airship with nuclear missiles, arrives in Cuba
  • 1963 Skopje, Yugoslavia, destroyed by earthquake, kills 1,000+
  • 1963 US Syncom 2, 1st geosynchronous communications satellite, launched
  • 1963 The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development votes to admit Japan.
  • 1964 Teamsters President Jimmy Hoffa convicted of fraud & conspiracy
  • 1964 Train from Povoa de Varzin, Portugal derails near Oporto, 94 die
  • 1964 US union leader James Hoffa sentenced for fraud
  • 1965 Republic of Maldives gains independence from Britain (National Day)
  • 1966 Lord Gardiner issues the Practice Statement in the House of Lords stating that the House is not bound to follow its own previous precedent
  • 1967 Twins beat Yanks 3-2 in 18
  • 1969 Sharon Sites Adams, 39, becomes 1st lady to solo sail the Pacific
  • 1971 Apollo 15 launched (Scott & Irwin) to 4th manned landing on Moon
  • 1972 Rockwell receives NASA contract to construct Space Shuttle
  • 1973 Peter Shaffers "Equus" premieres in London
  • 1974 France performs nuclear Test at Muruora Island
  • 1974 USSR's Soyuz fails to dock with Salyut 3
  • 1975 Soyuz 18B returns to Earth
  • 1977 USSR performs underground nuclear Test
  • 1977 The 'Committee of 10' formed by prominent Soweto residents, issues a programme for the election of a new community board to have total autonomy in Soweto, South Africa
  • 1978 France performs nuclear Test at Muruora Island
  • 1979 Estimated 109 cm (43") of rain falls in Alvin, TX (national record)
  • 1981 2 climbers fall 550 m down cliff near Angel Falls, Venezuela
  • 1981 NY Mayor Ed Koch is given Heimlich maneuver in a Chinese restaurant
  • 1982 Canada's Anik D1 Comsat launched by US Delta rocket
  • 1983 Challenger moves to Vandenberg AFB for mating for STS-8
  • 1983 Jarmila Kratochvilova of Czech sets 800m woman's record (1:53.28)
  • 1983 Light flashes seen on Jupiter moon Io
  • 1983 US threatens action to preserve navigation in Persian Gulf
  • 1984 Kuhn announces Vida Blue is suspended due to cocaine conviction
  • 1986 Lebanese kidnappers released Rev Lawrence Martin Jenco
  • 1990 General Hospital records its 7,000th episode

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990 US President George H. W. Bush signs Americans With Disabilities Act

41st US President George H. W. Bush
41st US President
George H. W. Bush
  • 1992 Britain honours her dead in the Falklands War
  • 1993 Boeing 737-500 crashes in South Korea, 66 killed
  • 1993 Mars Observer takes 1st photo of Mars, from 5 billion km
  • 1994 Cambodia's Red Khmer surprise attack on train, kills 13
  • 1994 Turkish air force bombs Kurds, struggle in Iraq, 70 killed
  • 2005 Space Shuttle program: STS-114 Mission - Launch of Discovery, NASA's first scheduled flight mission after the Columbia Disaster in 2003.
  • 2005 Mumbai, India receives 99.5cm of rain (39.17 inches) within 24 hours, bringing the city to a halt for over 2 days.
  • 2005 Samir Geagea, the Lebanese Forces (LF) leader, is released after spending 11 years in a solitary confinement. His release came after the end of the Syrian occupation to Lebanon.
  • 2012 At least 200 people are killed in a day of violence in Syria
  • 2012 Insurgent attack kills 19 people and destroys a helicopter at Baqubah, Iraq
  • 2012 North Korea is hit by Tropical Storm Khanun, killing 88 people and leaving 60,000 people homeless
  • 2013 57 people are killed in a market bombing in Parachinar, Pakistan
  • 2014 Taghrooda wins the King George VI and Queen Elizabeth Stakes
  • 2014 While Israel reject long-term ceasefire that does not include destroying the Hamas tunnels, they agree to 12 hour ceasefire; Palestinian death toll in the Gaza Strip now exceeds 1000
  • 2014 The Chinese government suspendes the operations of a Shanghai meat dealer and has makes arrests after the company sold out-of-date meat to fast food chains, including McDonalds and Kentucky Fried Chicken