Events in History on July 28

  • 388 Battle at Aquileja: Emperor Theodosius beats emperor Magnus Maximis
  • 754 Pope Stephen II, [III] makes Pippin de Korte, King of France
  • 1148 Second Crusade: Crusaders abandon their seige of Damascus
  • 1330 Battle of Velbuzd: Serbian forces defeats Bulgarian army
  • 1434 Navigator Gil Eanes leaves Cape Bojador for Lisbon
  • 1579 Cardinal Granvelle returns to Madrid
  • 1586 Sir Thomas Harriot introduces potatoes to Europe on return to England
  • 1609 Admiral George Somers settles in Bermuda
  • 1635 Spanish marshal Piccolomini conquerors Schenkenschans
  • 1696 De Croissy succeeds Le Plectia as French minister of Finance
  • 1708 Monarch Amengkurat II [Sunan Mas] of Mataram gives himself up to VOC
  • 1717 Prussian king Frederik Willhelm I gives compulsory education to 5-12 yrs
  • 1741 Capt Bering discovers Mount St Elias, Alaska
  • 1742 Prussia & Austria sign peace treaty
  • 1790 Henry James Pye appointed British Poet Laureate by King George III
  • 1794 French Revolution figure Robespierre & 22 other leaders of "the Terror" guillotined to thunderous cheers in Paris
  • 1808 Mahmud II succeeds Mustafa IV as sultan of Turkey
  • 1821 Peru declares independence from Spain (National Day)
  • 1849 Memmon is first clipper to reach San Francisco, 120 days out of NY
  • 1851 Total solar eclipse captured on a daguerreotype photograph
  • 1858 First use of fingerprints as a means of identification is made by Sir William James Herschel of the Indian Civil Service
  • 1858 Nadar takes 1st airborne photo (in a balloon)
  • 1862 Confederate forces defeated at More's Hill, Mo
  • 1864 2nd day of battle at Deep Bottom Run, Virginia
  • 1864 Battle of Atlanta, Georgia (Ezra Church) - second sortie US700 CS4642
  • 1866 Metric system becomes a legal measurement system in US
  • 1868 US Secretary of State William H. Seward announces 14th Amendment ratified by states, grants citizenship to ex-slaves
  • 1883 Shocks triggered by volcano Epomeo (Isle of Ischia, Italy) destroyed 1,200 houses at Casamicciola killing 2,000
  • 1886 British government led by Lord Salisbury forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1893 A petition organised by Kate Sheppard, demanding women's suffrage, is delivered to New Zealand's parliament; signed by over 25,000 women, a 5th of the adult European female population

Suffragette Kate Sheppard
Kate Sheppard
  • 1896 City of Miami incorporated
  • 1898 Spanish troops in Ponce, Puerto Rico, surrender
  • 1898 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Retired Colourman"(BG)
  • 1900 Hamburger created by Louis Lassing in Connecticut
  • 1904 Rafael Reyes becomes dictator of Colombia after losing Panama
  • 1904 Interior Minister of Russia, Vyacheslav Plehve is assassinated; as leader of the most reactionary elements of government, he was hated for his repressive policies
  • 1906 Yankees turn triple-play, beat Cleveland 6-4
  • 1911 96°F (35.6°C) in De Bilt, Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914 First Lord of the Admiralty Winston Churchill orders British Grand Fleet to Scapa Flow

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1914 Austria-Hungary decides against mediation and declares war on Serbia - first declaration of war of WWI
  • 1915 Because of virtual anarchy, US Marines go ashore in Haiti on orders from President Wilson; this will lead to an occupation that will last until 1934

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 Silent Parade organised by James Weldon Johnson of 10,000 African-American march on 5th Ave (NYC) protesting against lynching

Writer and Civil Rights Activist James Weldon Johnson
Writer and Civil Rights Activist
James Weldon Johnson
  • 1919 Vrije Vakbewegings Internationale (VVI) forms in Amsterdam
  • 1926 US & Panamanian pact about safeguard of Panama Canal
  • 1930 114°F (46°C), Greensburg, Kentucky (state record)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1931 Mob hitman Mad Dog Coll allegedly participates in a kidnapping attempt that results in the shooting death of a child, which earns him the nickname "Mad Dog"

Mob Hitman Mad Dog Coll
Mob Hitman
Mad Dog Coll
  • 1932 Battle between unemployed war veterans & federal troops, 4 die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 US President Hoover evicts bonus marchers from their encampment

31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover
  • 1933 1st singing telegram delivered (to Rudy Vallee), NYC
  • 1933 Spain recognizes the USSR
  • 1934 118°F (48°C), Orofino, Idaho (state record)
  • 1937 Eddie Paynter scores 322 for Lancashire against Sussex
  • 1937 Richard Moore scores 316 for Hampshire against Warwickshire
  • 1938 34,000-ton Cunard-White Star liner Mauretania launched at Birkenhead
  • 1939 5th Dutch government of Colijn falls
  • 1940 Radio Orange begins broadcasting from London
  • 1942 Nazis liquidate 10,000 Jews in Minsk Belorussia Ghetto
  • 1942 Zionists partisans ZOB forms in Poland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Italian Facist dictator Benito Mussolini resigns

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 US President FDR announces end of coffee rationing in US

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1943 World War II: Operation Gomorrah: The British bomb Hamburg causing a firestorm that kills 42,000 German civilians

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 Hitler routes 4 division of South France to Normandy

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1944 US 8th Army corp occupies Coutances France
  • 1945 Japanese premier Suzuki disregards US ultimatum to surrender
  • 1945 US Army B-25 crashes into 79th floor of Empire State Bldg, 14 die

AgreementUnited Nations Charter

1945 US Senate ratifies United Nations charter 89-2

BattleNuclear Bombing of Nagasaki

1945 Physicist Raemer Schreiber and Lieutenant Colonel Peer de Silva arrive on the Pacific island of Tinian with the plutonium core used to assemble the Fat Man bomb used in the bombing of Nagasaki on August 9

  • 1947 Iuliu Maniu's Farmers' Party is banned in Romania
  • 1948 I G Farben chemical plant explodes in Ludwigshafen, Germany, 182 die
  • 1948 London's Metropolitan Police Flying Squad foils a bullion robbery in the "Battle of London Airport".
  • 1954 Ernest Bloch's 4th string quartet premieres
  • 1955 The Union Mundial pro Interlingua is founded at the first Interlingua congress in Tours, France.
  • 1957 Heavy rain and a mudslide in Isahaya, western Kyūshū, Japan, kill 992.
  • 1959 United Kingdom starts using postal codes
  • 1959 Hawaii's 1st US election sends 1st Asian-Americans to Congress

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960 Republican National convention selects Richard Nixon as candidate

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1962 19 die in a train crash in Steelton Pa
  • 1962 Mariner I launched to Mars falls into Atlantic Ocean
  • 1964 England all out 611 in reply to Australia's 8-656 Match a draw
  • 1964 Ranger 7 launched toward the Moon; sent back 4308 TV pictures

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1965 LBJ sends 50,000 more soldiers to Vietnam (total of 125,000)

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
  • 1967 Pirate Radio Station 390 (Radio Invicta) (England) closes down
  • 1971 16 time gold glover Brook Robinson commits 3 errors in 6th inning
  • 1973 France performs nuclear Test at Muruora Island
  • 1973 Skylab 3's astronauts (Bean, Garriott & Lousma) launched
  • 1974 69 die when packed bus strikes heavy truck (Belem, Brazil)
  • 1976 Tangshan Earthquake: over 240,000 killed (8.2 magnitude). Largest loss of life by an earthquake in the 20th century
  • 1976 Eldon Joersz & Geo Morgan set world air speed record of 3,530 kph
  • 1977 1st oil through the TransAlaska Pipeline System reach Valdez, Alaska
  • 1977 Roy Wilkins turn over NAACP leadership to Benjamin Hooks
  • 1978 600,000 attend Watkins Glen Summer Jam in NY
  • 1978 At Old Timer's Game it's announced Martin will again manage Yankees
  • 1978 Price of gold tops $200-an-oz level for 1st time
  • 1978 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1979 Dave Kingman becomes 6th to have a 2nd 3 HR game
  • 1979 France performs nuclear Test
  • 1980 Peru adopts constitution, Fernando Belaúnde Terry becomes president
  • 1983 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1983 NASA launches Telstar-3A
  • 1985 Alan Garcia sworn in as president of Peru
  • 1985 L Brock, Slaughter, A Vaughan, & H Wilhelm inducted into Hall of Fame
  • 1986 Bomb attack in East Beirut, 25 killed
  • 1986 NASA releases transcript from doomed Challenger, pilot Michael Smith could be heard saying, "Uh-oh!" as spacecraft disintegrated
  • 1988 IBM announces price hike on older models
  • 1988 Israeli diplomats arrive in Moscow for 1st visit in 21 years
  • 1988 Jordan cancels $1.3 billion development plan in West Bank
  • 1988 Winnie Mandella's home in Soweto, South Africa, destroyed by arson
  • 1989 Cards' Vince Coleman is caught stealing ends record streak at 50

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990 Alberto Fujimori installed as President of Peru

President of Peru Alberto Fujimori
President of Peru
Alberto Fujimori
  • 1990 Blackout hits Chicago
  • 1993 Mariner Ken Griffey Jr is 3rd to hit HRs in 8 straight games
  • 1995 Art Modell's rep begins secrets talks to move team to Baltimore
  • 1995 Norwegian Finance Minister Sigbjorn Johnsen says that Norway should not lower its crude oil production in an attempt to boost world oil prices
  • 1996 Kennewick Man, the remains of a prehistoric man, is discovered near Kennewick, Washington.
  • 1997 Peter Graf, father of Steffi, enters German jail for tax evasion
  • 1997 Guatemala becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
  • 2002 Nine coal miners trapped in the flooded Quecreek Mine in Somerset County, Pennsylvania, are rescued after 77 hours underground.
  • 2005 The Provisional Irish Republican Army call an end to their thirty year long armed campaign in Northern Ireland
  • 2005 A tornado touches down in a residential area in south Birmingham, England, causing £4,000,000 worth of damages and injuring 39 people.
  • 2008 The historic Weston-super-Mare Grand Pier burns down for a second time in 80 years.
  • 2012 18 people are killed and 11 injured in ethnic clashes in Ethiopia
  • 2012 Ye Shiwen of China sets world record in the women's 400m individual medley in 4:28.43
  • 2013 39 people are killed after a bus veers off a bridge in Avellino Province, Italy
  • 2014 UN Security Council hold emergency meeting calling for an immediate and indefinite humanitarian ceasefire between Israel and Hamas
  • 2014 Missiles strike near Gaza's main hospital and a nearby refugee camp Monday, leaving 10 dead and many wounded; Israeli Defence Force say they are not responsible

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2014 Israel criticizes John Kerry's proposed ceasefire, stating that no ceasefire deal will be accepted without the destruction of tunnels leading from Gaza to Israel and the demilitarization of the Gaza Strip

United States Secretary of State John Kerry
United States Secretary of State
John Kerry
  • 2016 Earliest evidence of cancer found in 1.7 million-year-old toe fossil from Swartkrans Cave, South Africa, published in "South African Journal of Science"
  • 2061 31st recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet