Events in History on July 3

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

324 Battle of Adrianople: Roman Emperor Constantine I defeats his co-emperor Licinius, who flees to Byzantium

Roman Emperor Constantine the Great
Roman Emperor
Constantine the Great
  • 683 St Leo II ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 987 Hugh Capet (Hugh the Great) crowned King of the Franks
  • 1090 Battle at Hagenoorde: German emperor beats earl Egbert II
  • 1187 Crusaders enter Tiberias

BattleBattle of Interest

1187 Battle of Horns of Hattin: Saladin, Sultan of Egypt and Syria, destroys Jerusalem's crusader army

1st Sultan of Egypt and Syria Saladin
1st Sultan of Egypt and Syria
  • 1250 Louis IX of France is captured by Baibars' Mamluk army at the Battle of Fariskur while he is in Egypt conducting the Seventh Crusade; he later has to ransom himself.
  • 1428 Treaty of Delft between Jacoba of Bavaria & Philip the Good of Burgundy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1608 Samuel de Champlain founds city of Quebec

French Explorer Samuel de Champlain
French Explorer
Samuel de Champlain
  • 1630 Emperor Ferdinand II opens German Parliament

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1661 Portugal gives Tangier & Bombay to English King Charles II

  • 1720 Sweden & Denmark sign peace treaty

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1754 George Washington surrenders to French, Fort Necessity (7 Years' War)

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1767 Pitcairn Island is discovered by Midshipman Robert Pitcairn on an expeditionary voyage commanded by Philip Carteret.
  • 1767 Norway's oldest newspaper still in print, Adresseavisen, is founded (first edition published this date).
  • 1775 Washington takes command of Continental Army at Cambridge, Mass
  • 1778 British forces massacre 360 men, women & children in Wyoming, Pa
  • 1778 Prussia declares war on Austria
  • 1806 Michael Keens exhibits 1st cultivated strawberry
  • 1814 Americans capture Fort Erie, Canada (War of 1812)
  • 1816 French frigate "Medusa" runs aground off Cap Blanc. Gross incompetence kills 150 in calm seas
  • 1819 1st savings bank in US (Bank of Savings in NYC) opens its doors
  • 1839 1st state normal school in US opens, Lexington, Mass, with 3 students
  • 1841 John Couch Adams decides to determine position of an unknown planet by irregularities it causes in the motion of Uranus
  • 1844 The last pair of Great Auks is killed.
  • 1848 Slaves freed in Danish West Indies (now US Virgin Islands)
  • 1849 The French entered Rome in order to restore Pope Pius IX to power. This would prove a major obstacle to Italian unification.
  • 1852 Congress authorizes US's 2nd mint (San Francisco, California)
  • 1861 Colonel Jackson receives his commission as brigadier general
  • 1861 Pony Express arrives in SF with overland letters from NY
  • 1861 Martinsburg, VA - Confederate forces pull out before US advance
  • 1863 Battle of Donaldsonville, LA
  • 1863 Battle of Gettysburg: Largest battle ever fought on the American continent, ends in a major victory for the Union during the US Civil War
  • 1864 Battle of Chattahoochie River, GA [until Jul 9]
  • 1864 Harpers Ferry, WV - Federals evacuate in face of Early's advance

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1871 Jesse James robs bank in Corydon, Iowa ($45,000)

Outlaw Jesse James
Jesse James
  • 1876 Montenegro declares war on Turkey
  • 1883 SS Daphne sinks on Clyde River Scotland; 195 die
  • 1884 Dow Jones publishes its 1st stock index, the Dow Jones Transportation Average
  • 1886 1st NY Tribune printing using 1st commercial linotype machine

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1886 In Germany, Karl Benz drives 1st automobile

Automobile Engineer and Inventor Karl Benz
Automobile Engineer and Inventor
Karl Benz
  • 1890 Idaho admitted as 43rd US state
  • 1890 King Leopold II gives Congo, previously a private possession, to Belgium
  • 1895 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Black Peter" (BG)
  • 1898 American troops captured deserted Wake Island
  • 1898 Dutch Automobile Club forms (KNAC)
  • 1898 Joshua Slocum completes 1st solo circumnavigation of the globe
  • 1898 US Navy defeats Spanish fleet in Santiago harbor, Cuba
  • 1900 Trying in stem the growing popular resentment, Tsar Nicholas of Russia issues a decree that abolishes the banishment of dissidents and troublemakers to Siberia
  • 1900 The British evacuate Rustenburg and occupy Commando Nek and Silkaatsnek in the Anglo-Boer war
  • 1905 Kuyper government forms in Holland
  • 1907 Pope decree forbids modernization of theology
  • 1913 Common tern banded in Maine; found dead in 1919 in Africa (1st bird known to have crossed the Atlantic)
  • 1913 Confederate veterans at the Great Reunion of 1913 reenact Pickett's Charge; upon reaching the high-water mark of the Confederacy they are met by the outstretched hands of friendship from Union survivors.
  • 1915 After exploding a bomb in the US Senate reception room the previous day, Erich Muenter, an instructor in German at Cornell University, shoots JP Morgan for representing the British government in war contract negotiations
  • 1916 1st of 3 fatal shark attacks occurred near NJ shore (4 die)
  • 1917 Spontaneous demonstration at Tauride-palace Petrograd
  • 1918 SDAP'er Suze Groenweg elected 1st woman in Dutch parliament
  • 1920 Java Technical School Bandung opens
  • 1920 Royal Air Force holds an air display at Hendon, England
  • 1923 Dockers' strike in Hull/Grimsby/Cardiff/Bristol over to London
  • 1928 1st colour TV broadcast in London (John Logie Baird)
  • 1929 Dunlop Latex Development Laboratories made foam rubber
  • 1930 US Veterans Administration created
  • 1934 FDIC pays off 1st insured depositors, Fon du Lac Bank, East Peoria IL

BattleBattle of Interest

1938 President Franklin Roosevelt dedicates the Eternal Light Peace Memorial and lights the eternal flame at Gettysburg Battlefield.

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939 Ernst Heinkel demonstrates 800 kph (500 mph) rocket plane to Hitler

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1940 ARP-leader/ex-premier Colijn argues cooperation with Germany
  • 1940 British Royal Navy sinks French fleet in Mers-el-Kebir, Algeria, to prevent Germany seizing it.
  • 1940 German occupiers forbid using Dutch royal names
  • 1942 German troops march into Sebastopol, Crimea
  • 1942 Hitler visits Field Marshal Von Bock's headquarters in Ukraine
  • 1943 Liberator bombers sinks U-628
  • 1944 US V-III-E Army corp opens assault on Coutances Cotentin
  • 1946 1st Dutch government of Beel forms
  • 1946 The Cape Passive Resistance Council is formed at a mass meeting in Cape Town, attended by 1,500 people
  • 1947 252,288 people (record) pass through Grand Central Station, NYC
  • 1947 Soviet Union doesn't participate in Marshall Plan
  • 1948 Kidnapper Caryl Chessman sentenced to death, California; the execution didn't happen until 1960
  • 1950 1st time US & North Korean forces clash in Korean War
  • 1950 Casey Stengel asks Joe DiMaggio to play 1st base (handles 13 chances)
  • 1952 Puerto Rico's constitution approved by US Congress
  • 1954 Food rationing ends in Britain
  • 1962 Algerian Revolution against French rule ends (Algeria gains independence on 5th July)
  • 1963 In New Zealand, a National Airways Corporation Dakota DC-3 crashes in the Kaimai Ranges; all 23 passengers and crew are killed in what is still New Zealand’s worst internal civil aviation accident
  • 1965 USSR & Persia sign dam building & economic aid pact
  • 1965 Harold Strachan, member of the Communist Party of South Africa and Umkhonto we Sizwe, the armed wing of the African National Congress, is served with a restriction order in terms of the Suppression of Communism Act
  • 1966 Race riots in Omaha Nebraska
  • 1967 "News at 10" premieres on English TV
  • 1968 41°F lowest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in July
  • 1968 As part of a series of protests against housing conditions in Derry, the Derry Housing Action Committee (DHAC) hold a sit-down protest on the newly opened second deck of the Craigavon Bridge in the city, Northern Ireland
  • 1970 British aircraft crashes at Barcelona, 112 killed
  • 1970 The British Army imposed a curfew on the Falls Road area of Belfast as they search for weapons; during the operation they come under attack from the Official IRA (OIRA) and republican rioters
  • 1972 Themba Sono is forced to resign as president of South African Student Organisation (SASO)
  • 1972 The Ulster Defence Association and the British Army come into conflict about a 'no-go' area at Ainsworth Avenue, Belfast
  • 1973 Brothers Jim & Gaylord Perry face each other for only time, Tigers beat Indians 5-4, as Gaylord loses
  • 1973 General Walters, serves as acting director of CIA
  • 1974 Soyuz 14 carries 2 cosmonauts to space station Salyut 3
  • 1974 Mike Marshall saves Tommy John's 4-1 win
  • 1976 Adolfo Suarez becomes premier of Spain
  • 1976 Brian Wilson performs with the Beach Boys after 12 years apart
  • 1976 Israel launches rescue of 103 Air France crew & passengers being held at Entebbe Airport in Uganda by pro-Palestinian hijackers
  • 1977 The Senegalese Republican Movement (MRS) is founded.
  • 1978 US Supreme Court rules 5-4, FCC had a right to reprimand NY radio station WBAI for broadcasting George Carlin's "Filthy Words"
  • 1981 NYC transit fare rises from 60 cents to 75 cents, new brass Y-cut-out token
  • 1983 Calvin Smith of US becomes fastest man alive (9.93 for 100m)
  • 1983 Rangers explode for 12 runs in 15th inning of a 16-4 win over the A's
  • 1984 Derek Underwood's maiden FC century after 22 yrs of trying
  • 1984 Dolphin rocket launched off San Clemente Island
  • 1984 Greenidge scores brilliant 214 off 241 balls to win Lord's Test
  • 1984 Supreme Court rules Jaycees may be forced to admit women as members
  • 1985 Tinker Bell's first nightly flight at Walt Disney World Resort, Florida
  • 1986 Kuwait's National Assembly (Majlis al Umma) dissolves
  • 1987 2 men became 1st hot-air balloon travelers to cross Atlantic
  • 1988 US Vincennes in Strait of Hormoez shoots Iran Airbus A300, kills 290
  • 1988 The Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge in Istanbul, Turkey is completed, providing the second connection between the continents of Europe and Asia over the Bosporus.
  • 1989 Peter Koech of Kenya sets 3k steeplechase rec (8:05.39) in Stockholm
  • 1989 US Supreme Court rules states do not have to provide funds for abortions
  • 1990 Members of 2 Live Crew formally charged with obscenity in Florida
  • 1990 Liberian President, Samuel Kanyon Doe offers to resign in response to rebel incursions in his country; he will later be kidnapped and executed
  • 1992 Thirty-one years after being expelled, South Africa has its FIFA membership reinstated
  • 1994 The deadliest day in Texas traffic history, according to the Texas Department of Public Safety. Forty six people were killed in crashes.
  • 1996 British House of Commons annouces Stone of Scone, used in the coronation of Scottish and British monarchs, will be returned to Scotland after 600 years
  • 1997 Mississippi becomes 1st state to settle tobacco suit
  • 2001 A Vladivostok Avia Tupolev TU-154 jetliner crashes on approach to landing at Irkutsk, Russia killing 145 people.
  • 2001 At a meeting of its oil ministers, OPEC agrees to maintain current production quotas; ministers indicate that, if Iraqi oil returns to the market, they may cut production in response to maintain their desired level of prices
  • 2004 Official opening of Bangkok's subway system.
  • 2005 The national law legalizing same-sex marriage takes effect in Spain.
  • 2006 Asteroid labeled as 2004 XP14 flies 432,308 km (268,624 miles) by Earth.
  • 2009 Mark II.5 Skytrain cars enter service in Metro Vancouver.
  • 2012 Truck bombing kills 25 people and wounds 40 in Diwaniyah, Iraq
  • 2012 Antonio Esfandiari wins a record $18.3 million in poker after winning the 2012 World Series of Poker $1,000,000 Buy-In
  • 2013 Egypt's president, Mohammed Morsi, is deposed by the military with Adly Mansour appointed interim president
  • 2014 Germany passes first nation-wide minimum wage law – at 8.5 euros