Events in History on July 30

  • 579 Benedict I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 657 St Vitalian begins his reign as Catholic Pope succeeding Eugene I

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1178 Frederick I (Barbarossa), Holy Roman Emperor, crowned King of Burgundy

Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa
Holy Roman Emperor
Frederick Barbarossa
  • 1419 First defenestration of Prague: anti-Catholic Hussites, followers of executed reformer Jan Hus, storm Prague town hall and throw the judge, mayor and several city council members out the windows. They die in the fall or killed by crowd outside.
  • 1537 Resistant of Bomy: French/Dutch cease fire
  • 1601 Spanish garrison of Rhine birch surrenders to Earl Mauritius
  • 1618 Prince Maurits' troops pull into Utrecht
  • 1619 House of Burgesses Virginia forms, 1st elective American governing body

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1646 English parliament sets king Charles I Newcastle Propositions

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I
  • 1650 Prince Willem II occupies Amsterdam
  • 1653 Johan de Witt sworn in as pension advisor of Holland
  • 1655 Dutch troops occupy Fort Assahudi Seram
  • 1678 English troops land in Flanders
  • 1715 Spanish gold & silver fleet disappears off St Lucie, Florida
  • 1729 City of Baltimore founded
  • 1733 Society of Freemasons opens 1st American lodge in Boston
  • 1739 Caspar Wistar begins glass manufacturing in Allowaystown, NJ
  • 1756 Bartolomeo Rastrelli presents the newly-built Catherine Palace to Empress Elizabeth and her courtiers.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1775 Captain James Cook with Resolution returns to England

Captain/Explorer James Cook
Captain/Explorer
James Cook
  • 1792 500 Marseillaisian men sing France's national anthem for 1st time
  • 1809 British armed force of 39,000 lands in Walcheren
  • 1811 Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, leader of the Mexican insurgency, is executed by the Spanish in Chihuahua, Mexico.
  • 1822 James Varick becomes 1st bishop of Afr Meth Episcopal Zion Church
  • 1824 Gioacchino Rossini becomes manager of Theatre Italian, Paris
  • 1825 Malden Island is discovered.
  • 1826 Java prince Dipo Negoro surprise attacks Dutch colony, 82 killed
  • 1836 First English language newspaper published in Hawaii
  • 1863 President Lincoln issues "eye-for-eye" order to shoot a rebel prisoner for every black prisoner shot
  • 1863 Indian Wars: Chief Pocatello of the Shoshone tribe signs the Treaty of Box Elder, promising to stop harassing the emigrant trails in southern Idaho and northern Utah.
  • 1864 Battle of Chambersburg, Pennsylvania - burned by Union forces under McCausland
  • 1864 Battle of the Crater: Gen Burnsides fails on attack of Petersburg
  • 1865 Pope Pius IX visits Suriname
  • 1866 New Orleans's Democratic government orders police to raid an integrated Republican Party meeting, killing 40 people and injuring 150.
  • 1869 The Charles, considered the world’s first "oil tanker", departs from the United States headed for Europe with a bulk capacity of 7,000 barrels of oil
  • 1870 Staten Island ferry "Westfield" burns, killing 100
  • 1870 The Republic of Klipdrift is proclaimed by Transvaal President Andries Pretorius after the discovery of diamonds in South Africa in 1866 resulted in a flood of treasure hunters; ownership of the diamond fields was contested by the Boer republics
  • 1872 Mahlon Loomis patents wireless telegraphy
  • 1878 German anti-semitism begins during the Reichstag election
  • 1889 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Naval Treaty" (BG)
  • 1898 Will Kellogg invents Corn Flakes
  • 1900 British Parliament passes several progressive social acts: a Mines Act, a Workmen's Compensation Act and a Railway Act
  • 1902 Anti-Jewish rioters attack funeral procession of Rabbi Joseph (NYC)
  • 1905 Dutch Covenant of Worker's union, NVV, forms
  • 1907 Russia and Japan sign an agreement guaranteeing freedom of China while recognizing each other's special interests
  • 1907 The Filipinos elect their first legislature; it will meet on 16 October
  • 1907 Starting today, the French bombard Casablanca and land troops to occupy the Atlantic-coast region of Morocco after attacks on foreigners
  • 1908 Around the World Automobile Race ends in Paris
  • 1909 Wright Brothers deliver 1st military plane to the army
  • 1913 Conclusion of 2nd Balkan War
  • 1914 Austrian-Hungary & Russia proclaim general mobilization
  • 1914 French troops withdraw 10 km from German border
  • 1914 John French appointed British supreme commander

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914 After initial reluctance, Tsar Nicholas II of Russia is persuaded to decree a general mobilizations in response to Austria; 'Think of the thousands and thousands of men who will be sent to their deaths!' he claims

  • 1916 German saboteurs blow up a munitions plant on Black Tom Island, NJ
  • 1917 Board of Commissioners of Cleveland Metroparks has its 1st meeting
  • 1921 The Communist Party of South Africa (CPSA) forms; the party changed its name to the South African Communist Party (SACP) in 1953, after it had been forced underground
  • 1923 New Zealand claims Ross Dependency
  • 1926 Albanian boundaries deduced

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1928 George Eastman shows 1st color motion pictures (US)

Founder of the Eastman Kodak Company George Eastman
Founder of the Eastman Kodak Company
George Eastman
  • 1935 1st Penguin book is published, starting the paperback revolution
  • 1938 Gen Metaxas names himself premier of Greece
  • 1941 German occupiers forbid SDAP, VDB, ARP, RKSP, CHU & SGP in Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 FDR signs bill creating women's Navy auxiliary agency (WAVES)

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1942 German SS kills 25,000 Jews in Minsk, Belorussia
  • 1942 German occupiers set night curfew on Jews in Netherlands
  • 1943 US 45th Infantry division occupies San Stefano
  • 1944 Heavy battles at Tessy-sur-Vire & Villebaudon Normandy
  • 1944 US 30th division reaches suburbs of St-Lo Normandy
  • 1945 Philippines Sea: US cruiser Indianapolis torpedoed/sinks, 880 die
  • 1946 1st rocket attains 100 mi (167 km) altitude, White Sands, NM
  • 1949 British warship HMS Amethyst escapes down Yangtze River, having been refused a safe passage by Chinese Communists after 3-month standoff
  • 1952 Ford Frick sets waiver rule to bar inter-league deals until all clubs in same league get right to bid
  • 1954 5th British Empire Games and Commonwealth Games open in Vancouver, Canada
  • 1956 US motto "In God We Trust" authorized

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 British spy Kim Philby found in Moscow

  • 1964 US naval fire on Hon Ngu/Hon Mo, North Vietnam
  • 1965 Charles Ives' "From the Steeples & the Mountains" premieres

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1965 LBJ signs Medicare bill, which goes into effect in 1966

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
  • 1966 US airplanes bombs demilitarized zone in Vietnam
  • 1967 Clifford Ann Creed/Margie Masters wins Yankee Ladies' Team Golf Champ
  • 1967 Race riot in Milwaukee (4 killed)
  • 1968 Wash Senator Ron Hansen makes 1st unassisted triple-play in 41 years
  • 1970 -Aug 5] Hurricane Celia, kills 31 in Cuba, Florida & Texas
  • 1970 Riots hit Belfast, North Ireland
  • 1971 Japanese Boeing 727 collides with an F-86 fighter killing 162
  • 1971 US Apollo 15 (Scott & Irwin) lands on Mare Imbrium on the Moon
  • 1974 House Judiciary Committee votes on 3rd & last charge of "high crimes & misdemeanors" to impeach President Nixon in the Watergate cover-up
  • 1975 Simon Gray's "Otherwise Engaged" premieres in London
  • 1975 US Teamsters President Jimmy Hoffa disappears in suburban Detroit; Hoffa was legally declared dead in 1982
  • 1976 Giulio Andreotti sworn in as premier of Italy for the 2nd time
  • 1976 4 Protestant civilians were shot dead at a pub off Milltown Road, Belfast; the attack was claimed by the Republican Action Force
  • 1980 Vanuatu (New Hebrides) gains independence from Britain & France
  • 1981 Belgian Senate accept laws against racism
  • 1981 Simon Gray's "Quartermaine's Terms" premieres in London
  • 1982 USSR performs underground nuclear Test
  • 1983 Official speed record for a piston-driven aircraft, 832 kph, Calif
  • 1984 Alvenus tanker at Cameron La, spills 2.8 million gallons of oil
  • 1984 Holly Roffey aged 11 days is the youngest ever to receive a heart transplant
  • 1985 Discovery moves to Vandenberg AFB for mating of STS 51-I mission
  • 1985 Valerie Lowrance, of Texas, 18, crowned America's Junior Miss
  • 1987 An ANC car bomb directed at the headquarters of the Wits Command in Johannesburg South Africa kills 1 person and injures 68
  • 1988 Harry Drake shoots arrow record 1873m
  • 1988 John Franco saves record 13th game of July
  • 1988 Jordanian King Hussein renounces sovereignity over West Bank to PLO
  • 1988 King Hussein dissolves Jordan's House of Representatives
  • 1988 Ronald J Dossenbach begins world record ride, pedaling across Canada from Vancouver BC, to Halifax, NS (13 days, 15 hr, 4 min)
  • 1989 Chile amends its constitution
  • 1990 Five Bank of Credit & Commerce members found guilty of money laundering
  • 1990 Soldiers opens fire on worshippers in Monrovian church, 200-600 die
  • 1990 The first Saturn automobile rolls off the assembly line.
  • 1992 Lin Li swims female world record/OR 200m medley (2:11.65)
  • 1994 Record 103.8°F (39.9°C) in Preschen Lausitz Germany
  • 1997 Terrorist double suicide bombing in Jerusalem, kills 14
  • 1997 Eighteen lives are lost in the Thredbo Landslide in New South Wales, Australia.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2002 The accounting law referred to as "The Sarbanes Oxley Act" is signed into law by President George W. Bush.

43rd US President George W. Bush
43rd US President
George W. Bush
  • 2003 The last 'old style' Volkswagen Beetle rolls off the assembly line in Mexico
  • 2009 A bomb explodes in Palma Nova, Mallorca, killing 2 police officers. Basque separatist group ETA is believed to be responsible.
  • 2012 Train fire kills 32 and injures 27 people in Andhra Pradesh, India
  • 2012 Indian power grid failure leaves over 300 million without electricity
  • 2013 28 people are killed in a series of bombings in Kano, Nigeria
  • 2013 134 people are killed in tribal conflicts in Darfyr, Sudan
  • 2013 9 children are killed and 20 are injured after a school bus collides with a truck in Hanumangarh, India
  • 2013 Mamnoon Hussain is elected President of Pakistan
  • 2013 Wikileaks discloser Bradley [later Chelsea] Manning convicted of 17 espionage charges
  • 2014 Death toll in Gaza reaches 1,346, while 56 Israeli soldiers and 3 civilians have been killed
  • 2014 The EU and US extend sanctions on Russia to include banks, energy, and defense firms; Moscow denies the allegation that Russia is arming rebels in Eastern Ukraine
  • 2015 In Bandar Mahshahr, Iran, the temperature reaches 46C (109F), humidity makes it feel like 73C
  • 2016 Air balloon crashes into power lines near Lockhart, Texas, killing all 16 on board