Events in History on July 5

  • 649 St Martin I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 767 Duke of Nepi names his brother (leek) Pope Constantine II
  • 1294 Pietro del Murrone elected as Pope Coelestinus V
  • 1295 Scotland and France form an alliance, the beginnings of the Auld Alliance, against England.
  • 1436 German emperor Sigismund signs peace with Hussieten
  • 1450 Pope Nicolas V names Walraven van Meurs bishop of Munster
  • 1596 English fleet under Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, captures Cadiz
  • 1610 John Guy sets sail from Bristol with 39 other colonists for Newfoundland.
  • 1626 Battle at Lenz: Rebel Austrian Boers defeated
  • 1643 1st recorded tornado in US (Essex County, Massachusetts)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1687 Isaac Newton's great work PRINCIPIA published by Royal Society in England. Outlines his laws of motion and universal gravitation.

Physicist & Mathematician Isaac Newton
Physicist & Mathematician
Isaac Newton
  • 1750 Slave revolt on Curacao
  • 1770 Battles of Chesma and Larga between the Russian and Ottoman Empires.
  • 1775 Second Continental Congress drafts the Olive Branch Petition to King George III.
  • 1791 Jose Maria Narvaez discovers Point Grey (now Vancouver BC)
  • 1803 The convention of Artlenburg leads to the French occupation of Hanover (which had been ruled by the British king).
  • 1808 Battle of Buenos Aires

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1809 -6) Battle of Wagram - Napoleon beats archduke Charles

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1811 Venezuelan Declaration of Independence: 7 provinces declare themnselves independent of Spain
  • 1813 War of 1812: Three weeks of British raids on Fort Schlosser, Black Rock and Plattsburgh, New York begin.
  • 1814 Americans defeat British & Canadians at Chippewa, Ontario
  • 1830 France invades Algeria, begins a 40 year conquest

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1832 HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin departs Rio de Janeiro

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
  • 1834 Provisional government forms in Oregon Country
  • 1841 Thomas Cook opens first travel agency
  • 1843 Committee of 9 appointed to establish civil government in Oregon Country

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1852 Frederick Douglass, fugitive slave, delivers his 'What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July?' speech to the Ladies' Anti-Slavery Society in Rochester, condemns the celebration as hypocritical sham

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass
  • 1859 Capt N C Brooks discovers Midway Islands
  • 1861 Battle of Carthage, MO - US Gen Sigel attacks pro-secessionist
  • 1863 Battle of Jackson, MS & Battle of Birdsong Ferry, MS
  • 1864 Battle of Smith's Expedition, MS (Tupelo, Harrisburg)
  • 1865 Great Britain creates world's 1st speed limit law
  • 1865 US Secret Service begins operating under the Treasury Department
  • 1871 Trial against Kiowa chief Satanta (White Bear) & Big Tree, begins
  • 1878 The coat of arms of the Baku governorate was established.
  • 1884 German consul-general Gustav Nachtigal takes possession of Cameroon
  • 1884 US Congress accept 2nd Chinese Exclusion Act
  • 1891 Hail kills 6 horses in Rapid City, SD
  • 1900 Compulsory education law passes Dutch 1st Chamber
  • 1908 Niazi Bey, a chief organizer of the revolutionary movement in Turkey, raises the standard of revolt at Resna, Macedonia
  • 1913 Queen Wilhelmina meets SDAP-leader Troelstra
  • 1914 Germany offers Austria war aid to fight against Russia in Serbia
  • 1922 1st general election in Netherlands
  • 1922 Uprising of social righteousness in Rio de Janeiro
  • 1922 Women 1st vote in Dutch elections, Christian parties win
  • 1924 Military revolt in Sao Paulo Brazil
  • 1929 WOWO-AM, Indiana returns to air, 1 day after transmitter burns down
  • 1932 Antonio de Oliveira Salazar becomes premier/dictator of Portugal
  • 1933 German party Catholic Center disbands
  • 1934 "Bloody Thursday" - Police open fire on striking longshoremen in San Francisco.
  • 1935 1st "Hawaii Calls" radio program is broadcast
  • 1935 1st time brothers on opposing teams hit HRs, Tony & Al Cuccunello

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1935 FDR signs National Labor Relations Act

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1936 120°F (49°C), Gannvalley, South Dakota (state record)
  • 1937 117°F (47°C), Medicine Lake, Montana (state record)
  • 1937 Chicago Cub Frank Demaree gets 6 hits in 1st game & 2 in 2nd game
  • 1937 Republican offensive by Brunete in Spain
  • 1937 Spam, the luncheon meat, was introduced into the market by the Hormel Foods Corporation.
  • 1938 Herb Caen's 1st column in SF Chronicle
  • 1940 Diplomatic relations broken between Britain & Vichy government in France
  • 1941 German occupiers disband political parties
  • 1942 1st performance of Heitor Villa-Lobos' Choros 6/9/11
  • 1942 Ian Fleming graduates from a training school for spies in Canada
  • 1943 Battle of Gulf of Kula
  • 1943 Battle of Koersk, USSR begins (6,000 tanks)
  • 1943 Liberator bombers sink U-535 in Gulf of Biskaye
  • 1943 US invasion fleet (96 ships) sails to Sicily
  • 1944 Harry Crosby takes 1st rocket airplane, MX-324, for maiden flight

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1945 Labour Party under Clement Attlee wins British parliamentary elections (results not declared until 26 July)

British Prime Minister Clement Attlee
British Prime Minister
Clement Attlee
  • 1945 World War II: Liberation of the Philippines declared.
  • 1946 Louis Reard's bikini swimsuit design debuts at Paris fashion show
  • 1948 Britain's National Health Service Act begins
  • 1950 Law of Return passes, guarantees all Jews right to live in Israel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1951 Dr William Shockley invents junction transistor (Murray Hill, NJ)

Physicist William Shockley
William Shockley
  • 1954 B-52A bomber made its maiden flight
  • 1955 Six week old British dock strike ends as London dockers return to work
  • 1956 France raises tobacco tax 20% due to war in Algeria
  • 1957 Tom Graveney of England scores 258 v West Indies at Trent Bridge
  • 1958 J Pengel forms government/Emanuels premier of Suriname
  • 1958 First ascent of Gasherbrum I, 11th highest peak on the earth.
  • 1959 Ben-Gurion's Israeli government resigns
  • 1959 Indonesia restores constitution
  • 1959 Jack Gelber's "Connection" premieres in NYC
  • 1960 Mongolia adopts constitution
  • 1961 80 die in collisions in Algiers
  • 1962 96 murder at massacre in Oran, Algeria
  • 1962 Algeria gains independence after 132 years of French rule
  • 1962 Mantle hits 2 homers en route to 4 consecutive homers
  • 1966 NYC transit fare rises from 15 cents to 20 cents
  • 1966 National Guard mobilizes in Omaha after 3rd night of rioting
  • 1966 Saturn I rocket launched at Cape Kennedy
  • 1967 Congo uprising under Belgian mercenary Jean Schramme
  • 1968 "Manifest of 1000 words" published in Prague
  • 1968 John Lennon sells his psychedelic painted Rolls-Royce
  • 1970 Air Canada DC-8 crashes 7 miles from Toronto's airport killing 109
  • 1970 20th Berlin International Film Festival cancelled due to controversy surrounding the participation of Michael Verhoeven's anti-war film "o.k."
  • 1971 26th amendment to the US constitution certified (reduces voting age to 18)
  • 1971 Simon Gray's "Butley" premieres in London
  • 1972 Pierre Messmer appointed French premier
  • 1972 Two Protestant brothers are found shot dead outside of Belfast (There was speculation that they were killed by Loyalists because they had Catholic girlfriends)
  • 1973 Isle of Man begins issuing its own postage stamps
  • 1973 Maj Gen Juvenal Habyarimana becomes president of Rwanda following military coup
  • 1975 Cape Verde Is gain independence after 500 years of Portuguese rule
  • 1977 Pakistani army, led by Gen Mohammad Zia ul-Haq, seizes power
  • 1978 Soyuz 30 spacecraft touches down in Soviet Kazakhstan
  • 1978 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1981 Premier Begin's Likud party wins Israeli elections
  • 1981 Rajan Mahadevan recites 31,811 digits of π (Pi) from memory
  • 1981 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1982 Challenger flies to Kennedy Space Center via Ellington AFB, Texas
  • 1982 ICC Trophy record p/ship, 257 Schoonheim/Liffman, Hol v Malay
  • 1983 France invades Algeria
  • 1983 Woman gives birth to baby 84 days after brain death (Roanoke, VA)
  • 1984 Supreme Court weakens 70-year-old "exclusionary rule"-evidence seized with defective court warrants can now be used in criminal trials

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1985 Robert Mugabe wins Zimbabwean elections

Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe
Zimbabwean President
Robert Mugabe
  • 1985 Nicholas Mark Sanders (England) begins circumnavigation of globe, covering 13,035 road miles in 78 days, 3 hr, 30 min
  • 1986 Ingrid Kristiansen of Norway sets 10K woman's record (30:13.74)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1986 Nancy Reagan cuts a red, white and blue ribbon to reopen Statue of Liberty after refurbishment

US First Lady Nancy Reagan
US First Lady
Nancy Reagan
  • 1988 Malcolm Marshall takes 7-22 at Old Trafford, England all out 93
  • 1989 Barry Bond's HR sets father-son (Bobby) HR record at 408

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1989 South African President PW Botha visits ANC leader Nelson Mandela

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela
  • 1991 France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
  • 1992 Sixto Durán Ballén elected president of Ecuador
  • 1993 Kurd guerrillas murder 32 villager in East Turkey
  • 1993 Richard Chelimo run world record 10 km (27:07.91)
  • 1994 The United States announces it will no longer accept unrestricted immigration from Haiti
  • 1996 A's scores 13 in 1st vs Angels
  • 1996 NY Yank John Weteland ties Lee Smith's record of 19 consecutive saves
  • 1997 NY Yanks withdraw Kenny Rogers & Mariano Duncon deal for SD Padre
  • 2001 Australia and East Timor sign an agreement to share royalties from oil and natural gas production in the Timor Sea, which separates the two countries
  • 2003 SARS is declared "contained" by the WHO
  • 2004 First Indonesian presidential election by the people - first round (eventually won by Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono)
  • 2006 North Korea missle tests: at least two short-range Nodong-2 missiles, one SCUD missile and one long-range Taepodong-2 missile.
  • 2006 Emergency United Nations Security Council meeting at the U.N in New York City because of North Korean missile tests that day
  • 2009 Ethnic rioting broke out in Ürümqi, Xinjiang, People's Republic of China
  • 2012 The Shard, the tallest building in Europe, is opened in London, at 309.6 metres (1,016 ft)
  • 2012 South Korea announce plans to begin "scientific' whaling of minke whales
  • 2012 Enrique Pena Nieto of the Institutional Revolutionary Party is elected President of Mexico after a recount following irregularities
  • 2013 15 people are killed by a bomb attack on a Shia mosque in Baghdad, Iraq
  • 2015 7th Womens' Football World Cup: USA defeat Japan 5-2 in Vancouver
  • 2016 NASA's Juno spacecraft successfully enters Jupiter's orbit

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2016 FBI releases report stating Hillary Clinton "extremely careless" in handling classified emails but don't recommend prosecuting

Politician and US First Lady Hillary Clinton
Politician and US First Lady
Hillary Clinton