Events in History on July 9

  • 455 Roman military commander Avitus is proclaimed emperor of the Western Roman Empire.
  • 660 Battle of Hwangsanbeol: At Nonsan, China a 50,000 strong Silla force led by general Kim Yu-shin annihilate the army of Baekje and kill their leader general Gyebaek.
  • 711 Berbers under Tarik-ibn Ziyad occupies North Spain
  • 1357 Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor assists laying the foundation stone of Charles Bridge in Prague.
  • 1371 Pope Gregory XI names Arnold II of Horne as bishop of Utrecht
  • 1386 Battle at Sempach: Swiss beat duke Leopold III of Austria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1401 Turko-Mongol ruler Tamerlane (Timur) destroys Baghdad, killing 20,000

Turkic Conqueror Tamerlane
Turkic Conqueror
  • 1517 Gelderse crowd robber murders population of Asperen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1536 French navigator Jacques Cartier returns to Saint-Malo from Canada

French Explorer Jacques Cartier
French Explorer
Jacques Cartier
  • 1541 Estevão da Gama departs Massawa, leaving behind 400 matchlock men and 150 slaves under his brother Christovão da Gama, with orders to help the Emperor of Ethiopia defeat Ahmad ibn Ibrihim al-Ghazi who has invaded his Empire.
  • 1553 Battle at Sievershausen Solingen: van Saksen beats Alcibiades
  • 1553 Lady Jane Grey, daughter of the Duke of Suffolk, is proclaimed queen of England in succession to Edward VI, who died three days earlier having proclaimed both his half-sisters illegitimate. She reigned for nine days before being deposed by Mary Tudor, who had Jane executed the following February.
  • 1572 19 Catholic priests hanged in Gorcum
  • 1609 Emperor Rudolf II grants Bohemian protestants freedom of religion
  • 1672 William III inaugurated as viceroy of Holland/Zealand
  • 1686 Germany, Sweden & Spain sign anti-French League of Augsburg
  • 1745 Bonnie Prince Charlie's "Elisabeth" battles with HMS Lion
  • 1755 Battle at Duquesne (Pittsburgh): French troops beat British
  • 1755 British General Edward Braddock mortally wounded during French & Indian War
  • 1766 British premier Rockingham resigns

AgreementUnited States Declaration of Independence

1776 Declaration of Independence is read to George Washington's troops (NY)

  • 1780 Denmark declares neutrality
  • 1790 Russo-Swedish War: Second Battle of Svensksund - in the Baltic Sea, the Swedish Navy captures one third of the Russian fleet.
  • 1795 James Swan pays off the $2,024,899 US national debt
  • 1800 Mt Vernon Gardens becomes site of 1st summer theater in US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1807 Treaties of Tilsit signed by Napoleon I and Alexander I.

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1810 Napoleon annexes the Kingdom of Holland as part of the First French Empire.
  • 1815 1st natural gas well in US is discovered

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1815 King Louis XVIII leaves Ghent for France

King of France Louis XVIII
King of France
  • 1815 Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord, Prince de Benevente becomes Prime Minister of France.
  • 1816 Argentina declares independence from Spain
  • 1835 St Etienne-Lyons railway opens in France
  • 1842 Notary Stamp Law passes
  • 1846 Capt Montgomery claims Yerba Buena (SF) for US
  • 1846 The territory of the District of Columbia south of the Potomac River (39 mi² or about 100 km²) is returned to Virginia through an Act of Congress.
  • 1852 Fire destroys 1,100 construction sites in Montreal, Canada
  • 1853 Adm Perry & US Navy visit Japan
  • 1860 Temperature hits 115°F in Ft Scott & 112°F in Topeka Kansas
  • 1862 Gen John Hunt Morgan captures Tompkinsville, Ky
  • 1863 R Morgan's: Indiana [->JUL 13]
  • 1863 Union troops enter Port Hudson
  • 1864 Battle of Monocacy, MD US1959 CS400

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1867 An unsuccessful expedition led by E.D Young sets out to search for Dr David Livingstone (Scottish missionary and explorer).

Physician and Explorer David Livingstone
Physician and Explorer
David Livingstone
  • 1868 1st black cabinet member in SC (Francis L Cardozo-sect of state)
  • 1869 Corncob pipe, made from small corn kernels, invented
  • 1872 Doughnut cutter patents by John Blondel, Thomaston, Me
  • 1876 Black landowner murdered in Hamburg SC
  • 1878 An improved corncob pipe patents by Henry Tibbe, Washington, Mo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1893 Daniel Williams performs 1st successful open heart surgery without anesthesia

Heart surgeon Daniel Williams
Heart surgeon
Daniel Williams
  • 1900 The Commonwealth of Australia is established by the British House of Commons
  • 1908 CHU (Christian Historic Union) Dutch political party forms
  • 1910 Walter Brookins becomes 1st to pilot an airplane to 1 mile altitude
  • 1914 1st US duplicate auction bridge championship held, Lake Placid, NY
  • 1915 Germany surrenders South West Africa to Union of South Africa
  • 1916 1st cargo submarine to cross Atlantic arrives in US from Germany

CommunicationHMS Vanguard Disaster

1917 British battleship Vanguard explodes at Scapa Flow (the result of an internal explosion of faulty cordite), killing 804

  • 1918 101 killed & 171 injured in worst US train wreck, Nashville, Tenn
  • 1918 US Congress creates Distinguished Service Medal (not to be confused with other countries' decorations of the same name)
  • 1922 Johnny Weissmuller swims 1st 100 m free style under 1 minute

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1926 Chiang Kai-shek appointed to national-revolutionary supreme commander

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • 1926 Coup under Gen Sinel de Cordes in Portugal
  • 1926 Murphy Anderson, American comic artist (DC Comics), born in Asheville, North Carolina (d. 2015)
  • 1927 William T Francis named US minister to Liberia
  • 1932 Yanks' Ben Chapman hits 2 inside-the-park HRs, tying record
  • 1932 The state of São Paulo revolts against the Brazilian Federal Government, starting the Constitutionalist Revolution
  • 1934 SS-Reichsfuehrer Himmler takes command of German Concentration Camps
  • 1940 German Evangelist Church protests against euthanasia pogroms
  • 1941 Dutch-American Physicist Abraham Pais is awarded his Ph.D. in Holland five days before a Nazi deadline banning Jews from receiving degrees
  • 1943 5th day of battle at Kursk: Germans occupy Verchopenje
  • 1943 British air raid sinks U-435
  • 1944 In World War II, US troops secure Saipan as Japan fell
  • 1944 U-740 sunk by depth charges from a British Liberator aircraft
  • 1947 Engagement of Britain's Princess Elizabeth & Lt Philip Mountbatten

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 Spain votes for Franco monarchy

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • 1948 Satchel Paige, 42, debuts in majors pitching 2 scoreless inn for Cleve
  • 1950 13.15" (33.40 cm) of rainfall, York, Nebraska (state 24-hour record)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1951 US President Harry Truman asks Congress to formally end state of war with Germany

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1953 1st helicopter passenger service (NYC)
  • 1955 First black executive on White House staff (E Frederic Morrow)
  • 1955 Bill Haley & Comets' "Rock Around the Clock" tops billboards chart
  • 1955 Strike in Belgium for 5 day work week

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1955 The Russell-Einstein Manifesto is released by Bertrand Russell in London.

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1956 Dick Clark's 1st appearance as host of American Bandstand

Radio and Television Personality Dick Clark
Radio and Television Personality
Dick Clark
  • 1957 Discovery of element 102 (Nobelium) announced
  • 1958 Giant splash caused by fall of 90 million tons of rock & ice into Lituya Bay, Alaska washes 1,800 feet up the mountain
  • 1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 Andy Warhol's first West Coast gallery exhibition in the Ferus Gallery of Los Angeles

Pop Artist Andy Warhol
Pop Artist
Andy Warhol
  • 1963 Crusher Lisowski beats Verne Gagne in Minneapolis, to become NWA champ
  • 1965 John Edrich completes 310* v NZ in 532 minutes, 52 fours 5 sixes
  • 1965 Senators Frank Howard ties record with 7 strikeouts in DH
  • 1968 15.68" (39.83 cm) of rainfall, Columbus, Miss (state 24-hour record)
  • 1970 In Atlanta, Chief-No-ka-homa is joined by cousin Chief Round-the-Horn

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1971 Henry Kissinger visits China PR

Politician, statesman Henry Kissinger
Politician, statesman
Henry Kissinger
  • 1972 USSR performs underground nuclear test

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972 Kwame Nkrumah, re-buried in Nkroful, Ghana

First President of Ghana Kwame Nkrumah
First President of Ghana
Kwame Nkrumah
  • 1972 Springhill Massacre: British snipers shoot dead five Catholic civilians and wounded two others in Springhill, Belfast.
  • 1972 The ceasefire between the Provisional IRA and the British Army comes to an end
  • 1973 9th Maccabiah games opens in Tel Aviv, Israel

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1974 Pierre Trudeau's Liberal Party wins Canadian parliamentary election

Prime Minister of Canada Pierre Trudeau
Prime Minister of Canada
Pierre Trudeau
  • 1975 The National Assembly of Senegal passes a law that paves way for a (albeit highly restricted) multi-party system.
  • 1976 England all out for 71 v WI at Old Trafford, Holding 14 5-7-17-5
  • 1976 Houston Astro Larry Dierker no-hits Montreal Expos, 6-0
  • 1976 Uganda asks UN to condemn Israeli hostage rescue raid on Entebbe
  • 1978 American Nazi Party holds a rally at Marquette Park, Chicago
  • 1978 Nearly 100,000 demonstrators march on Washington, D.C. for ERA
  • 1979 Dr Walter Massey named director of Argonne National Laboratory
  • 1979 Voyager 2 flies past Jupiter
  • 1979 A car bomb destroys a Renault owned by famed "Nazi hunters" Serge and Beate Klarsfeld at their home in France. A note purportedly from ODESSA claims responsibility.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1980 7 die in a stampede to see Pope John Paul II in Brazil

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1980 Dutch war criminal Pieter Menten sentenced to 10 years
  • 1980 Walt Disney's "Fox & The Hound" released
  • 1981 Jacksons begin a 36-city tour
  • 1982 Botham scores 208 in 225 balls, England v India at The Oval
  • 1982 Pan Am Boeing 727 crashes in Kenner La, killing 153
  • 1984 12th Century York Minster damaged in lightning storm
  • 1985 South Africa police arrested Dutch ANC'er Klaas de Jong
  • 1986 Atlanta's Dale Murphy doesn't play ending consecutive streak at 740
  • 1986 Attorney General's Commission on pornography links hard-core porn to sex crimes
  • 1986 The New Zealand parliament passes the Homosexual Law Reform Bill legalising consensual sex between men aged 16 and older
  • 1987 1 million South Koreans demonstrate against Chun Doo Hwan regime
  • 1987 Colonel Oliver North admits to shredding Iran-Contra evidence
  • 1988 Chris Speier hits for the cycle & Ernest Riles hits 10,000th Giant HR
  • 1989 Two bombs explode in Mecca, killing one pilgrim and wounding 16 others.
  • 1992 Space Shuttle STS 50 (Columbia 13) lands
  • 1994 Sonia O'Sullivan runs world record 2k (5:25.36)
  • 1994 Soyuz TM-19 lands
  • 1995 US international postage rates rise to 60 cents per ounce
  • 1995 Former South Africa President F. W. de Klerk is implicated of knowing and condoning a 'dirty tricks' campaign that was waged against the ANC between 1990 and the 1994 election in a bid to destabilise the organisation
  • 1996 US Senate approves 90 cent raise to $4.25 minimum wage
  • 1999 Days of student protests begin after Iranian police and hardliners attack a student dormitory at the University of Tehran.
  • 2002 The African Union is established in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The first chairman is Thabo Mbeki, President of South Africa.
  • 2006 At least 122 people are killed after a Sibir Airlines Airbus A310 passenger jet, carrying 200 passengers on board veers off the runway while landing at Irkutsk Airport in Siberia in wet conditions.
  • 2011 South Sudan gains independence and secedes from Sudan.

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

2014 Joko Widodo is elected President of Indonesia

President of Indonesia Joko Widodo
President of Indonesia
Joko Widodo
  • 2014 Typhoon Rammasun begins and kills 151 people
  • 2014 Spokesperson for Medical Aid for Palestinians claims that at least 7 children have been killed by Israeli air strikes
  • 2016 In Dallas Texas, lone gunman shots and kills five police officers, wounding others during a protest march against fatal police shootings of African Americans