Events in History on June 18

  • 618 Coronation of the Chinese governor Li Yuan as Emperor Gaozu of Tang, the new Emperor of China, initiating three centuries of the Tang Dynasty's rule over China
  • 860 Rus Vikings attack Constantinople

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1155 Pope Adrian IV crowns Frederick I Barbarossa Roman-German Emperor

Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa
Holy Roman Emperor
Frederick Barbarossa
  • 1178 Five monks at Canterbury report explosion on moon (only known observation)
  • 1264 The Parliament of Ireland meets at Castledermot in County Kildare, the first definitively known meeting of this Irish legislature
  • 1316 Peace of Fexhe: prince-bishop Adolf II of Mark & Luikse towns

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1529 Blackfriars begin: Henry VIII & Catharina of Aragon

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1538 Treaty of Nice: ends war between Emperor Charles V & King French I

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
  • 1541 Irish parliament selects Henry VIII of England as King of Ireland
  • 1574 Polish King Hendrik of Anjou secretly leaves Poland
  • 1580 States of Utrecht forbid catholic worship
  • 1583 Richard Martin of London takes out first life insurance policy, on William Gibbons; premium was £383
  • 1629 Sea battle at Dungeness: Piet Heyn beat the Dunkirkers, commerce raiders in the service of the Spanish Monarchy
  • 1639 Treaty of Berwick: Ends the First Bishops' War between England and Scotland
  • 1643 Skirmish at Chalgrove Field: Prince Rupert parliamentary armies

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1682 William Penn founds Philadelphia, US

English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania William Penn
English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania
William Penn
  • 1757 Battle at Kolin Bohemia: Austrian army beats Prussia
  • 1767 Samuel Wallis, an English sea captain, sights Tahiti and is considered the first European to reach the island
  • 1778 British Redcoats evacuate Philadelphia
  • 1779 French fleet occupies St Vincent
  • 1812 War of 1812 begins as US declares war against Britain

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1815 Battle of Waterloo; Napoleon and France defeated by British forces under Wellington and Prussian troops under Blucher

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1822 Part of US-Canadian boundary determined
  • 1822 Slave revolt leaders Denmark Vesey & Peter Poyas arrested in SC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1836 HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin leave South-Africa

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
  • 1837 Spain gets new Constitution
  • 1863 After long neglect, Confederates hurriedly fortify Vicksburg

BattleBattle of Interest

1864 Battle of Petersburg: Ulysses S. Grant ends four days of assaults and begins a nine month siege

US President & Union General Ulysses S. Grant
US President & Union General
Ulysses S. Grant
  • 1872 Woman's Suffrage Convention held at Merchantile Liberty Hall

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1873 Susan B. Anthony fined $100 for voting for President

Suffragette Susan B. Anthony
Susan B. Anthony
  • 1879 W H Richardson, a black inventor, patents the children's carriage
  • 1887 The Reinsurance Treaty between Germany and Russia is signed
  • 1892 Macadamia nuts 1st planted in Hawaii
  • 1894 Premier Roseberry declares Uganda a British protectorate
  • 1898 1st amusement pier opens in Atlantic City, NJ
  • 1900 Gen Luigi Pelloux resigns as premier of Italy
  • 1903 1st transcontinental auto trip begins in San Francisco; arrives in New York 3-months later
  • 1908 Japanese immigration to Brazil begins when 781 people arrive in Santos aboard the Kasato-Maru ship
  • 1909 Nannie Burroughs forms national training School for Women

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1912 The Chicago national Republican Convention splits between President Taft and Theodore Roosevelt; after Taft is nominated, Roosevelt and progressive elements of the Party form the Progressive Party (also known as the 'Bull Moose Party')

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft
  • 1924 Pope Pius XI's encyclical Maximam gravissimamque
  • 1926 Theodor Lessing laid-off "because he is a Jew" in Hanover

Sports record brokenWorld Record

1927 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 2000 m: 5:24.6

Runner nicknamed the
Runner nicknamed the "Flying Finn"
Paavo Nurmi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1928 American aviator Amelia Earhart becomes the 1st woman to fly across the Atlantic Ocean landing at Burry Port, Wales

  • 1930 Groundbreaking ceremonies for the Franklin Institute held
  • 1934 US Highway planning surveys nationwide authorized
  • 1936 Polish parliament gives President Ignacy Mościcki dictatorial power
  • 1940 German occupiers slaughter cattle, pigs & chickens

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1940 Winston Churchill's "this was their finest hour" speech urging perseverance during Battle of Britain delivered to British House of Commons

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1941 Turkey signs peace treaty with nazi-Germany
  • 1942 Bernard W Robinson, becomes 1st black ensign in US Navy

  • 1942 Eric Nessler of France stays aloft in a glider for 38h21m
  • 1943 SS Police in Amsterdam sentence for 12 resistance fighter to death (Jewish, communists, homosexuality) at the census bureau
  • 1944 Farewell concert of Willem Mengelberg in Paris
  • 1944 German submarine U-767 sunk by English Navy destroyers in the English Channel
  • 1945 William Joyce (Lord Haw-Haw) charged with treason
  • 1946 Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia, a Socialist calls for a Direct Action Day against the Portuguese in Goa. A road is named after this date in Panjim
  • 1948 American Library Association adopts Library Bill of Rights
  • 1948 National Security Council authorizes covert operations for 1st time
  • 1948 UN Commission on Human Rights adopts the International Declaration of Human Rights

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1951 Charles de Gaulle wins French parliamentary election

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • 1951 In South Africa, the Suppression of Communism Act commences
  • 1953 Egypt proclaimed a republic, General Neguib becomes president
  • 1953 USAF C124 Globemaster crashes near Tokyo killing 129 servicemen
  • 1953 3rd Berlin International Film Festival: "The Wages of Fear" wins Golden Bear (audience vote)
  • 1954 Pierre Mendès forms French government
  • 1954 4th Berlin International Film Festival: "Hobson's Choice" wins Golden Bear (audience vote)
  • 1957 John Diefenbacker (C) takes office as PM of Canada
  • 1959 1st telecast transmitted from England to US
  • 1959 Governor of Louisiana Earl K. Long is committed to a state mental hospital; he responds by having the hospital's director fired and replaced with a crony who proceeds to proclaim him perfectly sane
  • 1963 3,000 blacks boycott Boston public school
  • 1964 African Groundnut Council forms in Dakar
  • 1968 Supreme Court bans racial discrimination in sale & rental of housing
  • 1969 A report published by the International Commission of Jurists on the British government's policy in Northern Ireland is critical of both the British government and the Northern Ireland government
  • 1970 Edward Heath's Conservative Party win the General Election in UK, replacing the Labour Party
  • 1971 Social Democratic and Labour Party and Nationalist Members of Parliament refuse to attend the state opening of Stormont (North Ireland Parliament)
  • 1972 BEA Trident crashes after takeoff from Heathrow killing 118
  • 1972 3 members of the British Army are killed by an Irish Republican Army (IRA) bomb in a derelict house near Lurgan, County Down

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1973 Soviet General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev visits the US and President Nixon

Soviet General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev
Soviet General Secretary
Leonid Brezhnev
  • 1974 Gaston Thorn forms Luxembourg government
  • 1976 A Joseph William Turner watercolor auctioned for £340,000
  • 1976 St Louis Cards Lou Brock & Hector Cruz hit inside-the-park HRs
  • 1977 Space Shuttle test model "Enterprise" carries a crew aloft for 1st time, it was fixed to a modified Boeing 747
  • 1978 Victor de la Torre wins Peru election
  • 1979 Billy Martin becomes Yankee manager (2nd time), replacing Bob Lemon
  • 1979 US President Carter & Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev sign SALT II treaty limiting nuclear weapons
  • 1980 Dutch 2nd Chamber joins oil boycott of South Africa
  • 1980 Mrs Shakuntala Devi mentally multiplies 2 13-digit #s in 28 sec
  • 1981 Kimberley Ann Smith, of NC, 17, crowned America's Junior Miss
  • 1981 Supreme Court Justice Potter Stewart retires (replaced by Sandra Day O'Connor, 1st woman on US Supreme Court)
  • 1981 Vaccine to prevent hoof & mouth disease announced
  • 1981 The AIDS epidemic is formally recognized by medical professionals in San Francisco, California
  • 1982 Voting Rights Act of 1965 extended by Senate by 85-8 vote

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1983 7th Shuttle Mission-Challenger 2 launches Sally Ride as 1st US woman in space

1st American Woman in Space Sally Ride
1st American Woman in Space
Sally Ride
  • 1983 IRA's Joseph Doherty arrested in NYC
  • 1986 De Havilland Twin Otter & Bell 206 helicopter collide, kills 25
  • 1986 Heike Friedrich swims female world record 200m freestyle (1:57.55)
  • 1986 Papua New Guinea score 9-455 in 60 overs v Gibraltar, ICC Trophy
  • 1986 US House of Representatives approves Bill to impose stricter sanctions on Apartheid South Africa
  • 1988 Jeff Hamilton, hits 8,000th Dodger home run
  • 1989 Comet Churyunov-Gerasimenko at perihelion

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1991 Boris Yeltsin, President of Russia, arrives in US

Russian President Boris Yeltsin
Russian President
Boris Yeltsin
  • 1991 Mud storm in Antofagasta Chile, kills 80
  • 1993 Toru Takemitsu's "Archipelago" premieres in Aldeburgh England
  • 1994 Gay Games open in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1996 Ted Kaczynski, suspected of being the Unabomber, is indicted on ten criminal counts

Serial Murderer and Domestic Terrorist Ted Kaczynski
Serial Murderer and Domestic Terrorist
Ted Kaczynski
  • 2001 Protests occur in Manipur over the extension of the ceasefire between Naga insurgents and the government of India
  • 2003 Google launches AdSense, a program that enables website publishers to serve ads targeted to the specific content of their individual web pages, many of which like go on to start their own publishing businesses
  • 2006 The first Kazakh space satellite, KazSat is launched
  • 2012 15 people are killed and 40 injured in a suicide attack in Baquba, Iraq
  • 2013 31 people are killed and 60 are injured by two suicide bombings in al-Qahira, Baghdad
  • 2013 27 people are killed and 30 are injured by a suicide bomb in Sher Garh, Pakistan
  • 2013 Russia passes a law banning foreign same-sex couples from adopting children

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2015 Pope Francis blames human selfishness for global warming in his encyclical, named "Laudato Si (Be Praised), On the Care of Our Common Home"

Pope Francis
  • 2015 18 vigilantes are killed & 53 are injured after an accidental detonation of an explosive device in Monguno, Nigeria
  • 2016 Soyuz capsule returns to Earth 1st British International Space Station astronaut Tim Peake, Russian Yuri Malenchenko and American Timothy Kopra after 186 days

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

2017 French President Emmanuel Macron's party La République en Marche and allies win a majority in 2nd round French legislative elections

President of France Emmanuel Macron
President of France
Emmanuel Macron
  • 2017 Rare magnitude-four earthquake causes a tsunami to hit Nuugaatsiaq in northwestern Greenland