Events in History on June 23

  • 930 World's oldest parliament, the Icelandic Parliament, the Alþingi (anglicised as Althing or Althingi), established
  • 1295 Pope Boniface VIII enters Rome
  • 1298 Duke Albrecht von Habsburg crowned King of Germany
  • 1305 French-Flemish peace treaty signed at Athis-sur-Orge

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1532 Henry VIII of England & Francois I of France sign secret treaty against emperor Karel V

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
  • 1565 Turgut Reis (Dragut), commander of the Ottoman Navy, dies during the Siege of Malta.
  • 1585 Spanish army under Tassis beats Amerongen Staatse troops
  • 1658 Dutch troops occupy last Portuguese Fort at Jafnapatnam in Ceylon

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1661 Marriage contract for Charles II of England & Catharina of Portugal

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1683 William Penn signs friendship treaty with Lenni Lenape indians in Pennsylvania; only treaty "not sworn to, nor broken"

English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania William Penn
English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania
William Penn
  • 1713 The French residents of Acadia are given one year to declare allegiance to Britain or leave Nova Scotia, Canada.
  • 1724 Russia & Turkey sign Treaty of Constantinople
  • 1757 Robert Clive defeats army led by Suraja Dowlaat Plassey, wins control of Bengal
  • 1758 Seven Years' War: Battle of Krefeld - British forces defeat French troops at Krefeld in Germany.
  • 1760 Battle of Landshut Silesia: Austria beats Prussia
  • 1775 1st regatta held on Thames, England
  • 1780 American Revolution: Battle of Springfield fought in and around Springfield, New Jersey (including Short Hills, formerly of Springfield, now of Millburn Township.
  • 1784 1st US balloon flight (13 year old Edward Warren)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1794 Russian Empress Catherine II (Catherine the Great) grants Jews permission to settle in Kiev

Empress of Russia Catherine the Great
Empress of Russia
Catherine the Great
  • 1810 John Jacob Astor organizes Pacific Fur Co (Astoria, Oregon)
  • 1821 Dutch troops conquer Palembang
  • 1848 Bloody insurrection of workers in Paris
  • 1854 Antwerp-Roosendaal railway goes into use
  • 1860 Congress establishes Government Printing Office
  • 1863 Tullahoma campaign, TN
  • 1865 At Fort Towson, General Stand Watie surrenders last sizeable confederate army
  • 1868 Christopher Latham Sholes patents the "Type-writer"

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1888 Frederick Douglass is 1st African-American nominated for US President

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass
  • 1890 In an effort to solve the "Uitlander" grievances regarding voting rights, President of Transvaal Paul Kruger institutes a Second Volksraad, responsible for controlling local matters

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1898 Emilio Aguinaldo issues a decree replacing his dictatorial government with a revolutionary government, with himself as President

Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines Emilio Aguinaldo
Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines
Emilio Aguinaldo
  • 1900 British Governor Frederick Hodgson and some of his British supporters flee Fort Coomassie, Gold Coast, Africa, where they have been under siege since 6 April
  • 1900 The Young Turks present a manifesto to the major foreign embassies in Constantinople demanding that these foreign powers end the Ottoman Sultan's rule
  • 1902 Gioacchino Rossini's unveils monument to Santa-Croce
  • 1908 The USA suspends diplomatic relationships with Venezuela after the refusal of Cipriano Castro's government to compensate Americans for injuries suffered in the uprising of 1899
  • 1908 Shah Mohammed Ali leads a successful counter-revolution in Persia, aided by the Russian legation and a Cossack brigade
  • 1909 Confessional parties win Dutch parliamentary elections
  • 1915 Yanks get record 16 walks & 3 wild pitches beat A's Bruno Hass, 15-0
  • 1915 Italians launch the first of what will become 11 battles to dislodge the Austrians from the Isonzo River, which keeps the Italians from Trieste
  • 1917 Ammunition factory in Boleweg Bohemia explodes, killing 1,000
  • 1919 Marcus Garvey's Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) incorporates
  • 1919 Nitti government forms in Italy
  • 1924 8 month Twenste textile strike ends
  • 1925 British warship fires on Hong Kong harbor strikers
  • 1925 Landslides create 3-mile long "Slide Lake" (Gros Ventre Wyoming)
  • 1926 8th government of Briand van France forms
  • 1926 The College Board administers the first SAT exam in USA
  • 1931 Wiley Post & Harold Catty took off for flight around world
  • 1935 British PM Anthony Eden offers Benito Mussolini a Somalian harbor
  • 1938 Civil Aeronautics Authority (US) established
  • 1938 Marineland opens in Florida-1st aquarium
  • 1938 NYC Mayor LaGuardia assigns 21 cops to patrol subway
  • 1939 France turns over Sanjak of Alexandretta (Hatay) to Turkey
  • 1939 US Congress establishes US Coast Guard Reserve (renamed US Coast Guard Auxiliary 1941) as uniformed volunteer units supporting the Coast Guard
  • 1940 Marcel Louette seeks opposition group "White Brigade" on Antwerp
  • 1940 RAF bombs Schiphol, Netherlands
  • 1941 Germany occupies Telz, Lithuana
  • 1942 World War II: Germany's latest fighter, a Focke-Wulf FW190 is captured intact when it mistakenly lands at RAF Pembrey in Wales.
  • 1943 Dutch artsens protest against nazis

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 RAF discovers Werner von Braun's V1/V2-base in Peenemunde

Rocket Scientist Werner von Braun
Rocket Scientist
Werner von Braun
  • 1944 4 tornadoes strike Appalachia, killing 153
  • 1944 Russian offensive in central front sector

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 Thomas Mann becomes a US citizen

Novelist Thomas Mann
Thomas Mann
  • 1945 Last organized Japanese defiance broken (Tarakan)
  • 1946 In South Africa, a group of white men attack and assault Indian Passive Resisters
  • 1947 Compton & Bill Edrich make 370 stand for 3rd wkt v South Africa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 US President Truman's veto of Taft-Hartley Act overridden by Congress

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1949 First twelve women graduate from Harvard Medical School
  • 1949 Dutch Constellation aircraft plunges into the sea near Bari, 33 die
  • 1950 Swiss parliament refuses voting right for women
  • 1950 Yanks & Tigers hit record 11 HRs, Tigers win 10-9
  • 1950 Indians' Luke Easter hits longest ball in Cleveland Stadium history, 477 feet, into upper deck, Section 4
  • 1951 Treacherous British diplomats Guy Burgess & Donald Maclean flee to USSR
  • 1951 Most expensive US hailstorm ($1.5M crop damage & $14M property-Kansas)
  • 1952 US airplanes bomb energy centers at Yalu Korea
  • 1954 122°F (50°C), Overton, Nevada (state record until June 29, 1994)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1955 Walt Disney's "Lady & the Tramp" released

Animator Walt Disney
Walt Disney
  • 1956 "Transfusion" by Nervous Norvous peaks at #8
  • 1956 Gamal Abdel Nasser elected president of Egypt
  • 1958 Dutch Reformed Church accepts women ministers
  • 1958 US Federal judge rules race separation must end in 2½ years in Little Rock, Arkansas
  • 1958 Foundation Praemium Erasmianum (Erasmus Prize) established
  • 1959 Convicted Manhattan Project spy Klaus Fuchs is released after only nine years in prison and allowed to emigrate to Dresden, East Germany (where he resumed a scientific career).
  • 1959 A fire in a resort hotel in Stalheim, Norway kills 34 people.
  • 1960 Japan signs security treaty with the US
  • 1961 The Antarctic Treaty, ensuring that Antarctica is used for peaceful purposes; for international cooperation in scientific research; and does not become the scene or object of international discord, comes into force
  • 1961 USAF Major Robert M White takes X-15 to an altitude of 32,830 m
  • 1961 11th Berlin International Film Festival: "The Night" wins the Golden Bear
  • 1962 Suvanna Phuma forms government in Laos

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 US President John F. Kennedy tours Western Europe

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1964 Gen Maxwell Taylor appointed US ambassador in South Vietnam
  • 1967 Jim Ryun sets mile record (3:51.1, Bakersfield CA)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 LBJ & Alexei Kosygin hold 1st of 2 summit meetings in Glassboro, NJ

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
  • 1967 US Senate censures Thomas J Dodd (D-Ct) for misusing campaign funds
  • 1967 17th Berlin International Film Festival: "The Departure" wins the Golden Bear
  • 1968 74 are killed and 150 injured in a football stampede towards a closed exit in a Buenos Aires stadium.
  • 1969 French government of Couve de Murville resigns
  • 1969 Warren E Burger sworn in as US Supreme Court Chief Justice
  • 1969 24 Africans from the Graaff-Reinet district, Cape Province, appear in the Grahamstown Supreme Court on charges under the Sabotage Act; alleged they had conspired or incited others to kill White people or police
  • 1970 Charles Rangel defeats Adam Clayton Powell in Democratic primary
  • 1972 Hurricane Agnes becomes US's costliest natural disaster, effecting 15 states, with 119 deaths, $3 billion damage
  • 1972 US President Nixon & his Chief of Staff H. R. Haldeman agree to use CIA to cover up Watergate
  • 1972 45 countries leave the Sterling Area, allowing their currencies to fluctuate independently of the British Pound.
  • 1972 22nd Berlin International Film Festival: "The Canterbury Tales" wins the Golden Bear
  • 1973 World Court condemns French nuclear tests in the Pacific
  • 1974 1st extraterrestrial message sent from Earth into space
  • 1976 CCN Tower in Toronto, tallest free-standing structure (555 m) opens
  • 1976 The U.S. vetoes Angola’s application for membership of the United Nations Security
  • 1977 13th Mayor's Trophy Game, Mets beat Yanks 6-4
  • 1977 Violence erupts in Soweto, South Africa, again and the police make at least 146 arrests
  • 1979 Charlie Daniels Band releases "The Devil Went Down to Georgia"
  • 1979 Rock group the Knack releases "My Sharona"
  • 1980 1st solar-powered coast-to-coast two-way radio conversation
  • 1980 South African Prime Minister P. W. Botha warns the country that confrontation will be inevitable if his proposed President's Council fails
  • 1981 Amanda Maccaro becomes 1st American to win Russian Ballet Competition
  • 1981 French government of Mauroy forms, with 4 communists
  • 1981 Dave Koza scores Marty Barrett with bases-loaded single in bottom of 33rd inning, Pawtucket beats Rochester 3-2
  • 1982 "Cleavage" opens & closes at Playhouse Theater NYC
  • 1982 -117°F; All time low at South Pole
  • 1982 Himmy, of Australia, weighs in at domestic cat record 20.7 kg (45 lb)
  • 1982 Intelligence Identities Protection Act (Public Law 97-200)
  • 1983 Syria throws out PLO leader Arafat
  • 1983 US Supreme Court ruled Congress could not veto presidential decisions

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1983 Solidarity leader Lech Walesa meets Pope John Paul II during papal visit to Poland

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1985 Bomb destroys Air India Boeing 747 in air near Ireland, 329 die
  • 1988 Yanks manager Billy Martin's 5th term ends, Lou Pinella named manager
  • 1990 A rally to save Alien Nation from cancellation held at Statue of Liberty
  • 1990 Moldavia declares independence
  • 1990 Police find marijuana at Chuck Berry's home
  • 1990 Zimbabwe beat the Netherlands by 6 wickets to win ICC Trophy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990 African National Congress leader Nelson Mandela, on a US tour, receives a tumultuous welcome in Boston.

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela
  • 1991 "Odd Couple" opens & closes at Belasco Theater NYC
  • 1991 A peace summit, brokered by the clergy and business and attended by all major political parties, but boycotted by the Conservative Party, is held to end the violence in South Africa
  • 1992 "Tin Bigha Day" protest in India of corridor opening to Bangladesh
  • 1992 Emmy 19th Daytime Award presentation - Susan Lucci loses for 13th time
  • 1992 Rabin wins Israeli parliamentary election
  • 1993 Lorena Gallo Bobbitt amputates husband's John Wayne Bobbitt's penis
  • 1993 UN authorizes worldwide oil embargo against Haiti
  • 1993 Nigeria's military dictator, General Ibrahim Babangida, annuls results of presidential elections and halts a return to democracy
  • 1994 South Africa reclaims its seat in UN
  • 1994 Replay shows A's Bobby Witt beat KC's Gagne to 1st in 6th but ump Gary Cedarstrom calls him safe, runing Witt's perfect game
  • 1994 South Africa is readmitted to the United Nations Organisations (UNO)
  • 1994 Some 2,500 French troops head into Rwanda to protect civilians, the first outside forces sent there since UN
  • 1996 Nintendo 64 goes on sale in Japan
  • 1996 Archbishop Tutu retires as Archbishop of Cape Town and head of the Anglican Church in South Africa
  • 1997 Dow Jones drops 192.25 pts
  • 1997 In the Central African Republic, soldiers fire on foreign peacekeepers in the third major rebellion since May
  • 2000 The bulk ore carrier MV Treasure sinks off the western coast of South Africa, soiling more than 19 000 penguins; this resulted in the world's largest ever rescue of birds from an oiling event
  • 2000 The Cotonou Agreement, a trade and aid framework, is signed in Cotonou, Benin
  • 2012 Greece proposes to slow down austerity measures by two years
  • 2012 A coach crashes in Croatia killing 8 Czech tourists and injuring 44
  • 2012 76 monks are hospitalized in Thailand following an attack by a swarm of bees
  • 2013 9 tourists and 1 tour guide are killed after gunmen storm a hotel near Nanga Parbat, Pakistan
  • 2013 18 Romanians are killed and 32 are injured after a bus crash in Montenegro

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2014 Claude Monet's Water Lilies is sold at auction for US$54 million

Impressionist Painter Claude Monet
Impressionist Painter
Claude Monet
  • 2014 Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz is re-elected President of Mauritania
  • 2016 Ceasefire agreement signed between Colombian government and Farc rebels - ending more than 50 years of conflict
  • 2016 United Kingdom votes to leave the European Union in their "Brexit" referundum
  • 2016 Storms and widespread flooding in West Virginia leave at least 24 dead